|Publication number||US3737604 A|
|Publication date||Jun 5, 1973|
|Filing date||Nov 3, 1971|
|Priority date||Nov 3, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3737604 A, US 3737604A, US-A-3737604, US3737604 A, US3737604A|
|Inventors||Dietrich B, Huber E|
|Original Assignee||Schaltbau Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (10), Classifications (12), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Dietrich et al.
[ June 5, 1973  SINGLE SWITCH WITH MULTIPLE TRANSVERSE ACTUATORS  Inventors: Bernhard Dietrich, Eichenau; Erich Huber, Munich, both of Germany  Filed: Nov. 3, 1971  Appl.No.: 195,251
 US. Cl. ..200/153 LB, 200/5 E, 200/172 A,
. 251/289  Int. Cl....'. ..H0lh 3/00 . Field of Search ..200/l53 LB, 157,
200/6 R, 6.8, 153 T, 83 D, 81.5,172 A, 153 LA, 61.69, 5 E, 5 EA, DIG. 2.9; 337/12, 2;
Balch ..200/153 W UX FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS- 922,699 l/l955 Germany ...200/83D 693,593 7/1940 Germany ..200/5 EA Primary Examiner-Robert K. Schaefer Assistant Examiner-Robert A. Vanderhye Attorney-Ralph H. Siegemund [5 7] 7 ABSTRACT Apparatus for operating an electrical switch including 1 an actuator disposed for displacement in a particular direction from a first position with displacement to continue towards a second position, the switch having different switching states in the two positions of the actuator, actuator means operating in and along a plurality of different directions having angle smaller than 180 relative to the particular direction. Displacement transmission means including at least one transmission element and being operated by the actuator means for engagement with and displacement of the actuator, for the actuator to move in the particular direction as the actuator means is displaced in one of the different directions of the plurality. Means for limiting the displacement of the transmission element along one or more linear paths, the number of paths not exceeding the number of different directions of the plurality.
19 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures rality, e.g., in a row, one next to the other, and their mechanical actuating and triggering elements (e.g., push buttons) are disposed in one plane. These actuator buttons may be operated upon by cam action to be operated, forexample, in a predetermined sequence and/or timing relation. It is a disadvantage of such an arrangement that the individual switches are not accessible for purposes of testing, control or any other unprogrammed operation, unless the cam shaft is removed first. This is, of course, quite undesirable because the removal and re-installation of the cam shaft may require an extensive period of time. This then isja particular example for the problem of obtaining switching operating from different, independent sources by means of one and the same switch but through ently directed actuation displacement.
Generally, then, the invention relates to switching differ- -operations on basis of differently directed actuation forces, as it cannot be expected that in conventional switching arrangements differently directed operations provide the sameswitching action, nor are they amenable for supplemental structure to this effect, at least not without reverse engineering.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide for pivoting or parallely displacing of an a'ctuator for immediate or indirect triggering of electrical switching operations by means of forces that may act from different directions. For this, actuator means are provided, such as plural trigger pins or the like, operating along different directions that have angle smaller than 180, preferably smaller than 90 relative to the direction of initial displacement of the actuator. Displacement transmission means are provided having one or more transmission elements and operated by the actuator means, whereby the displacement of the transmission element or elements is limited'to linear displacement path or paths, not exceeding in number, the
number of different directions. The transmission means displace the actuator in each case along the displacement path direction thereof. In the preferred, though not exclusive form of practicing the invention, a single transmissionelement is provided and subject to constraint of movement along one linear path, or along as many linear, but angularly oriented paths, as there are independent actuator means.
While the specification concludes with claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invention, it is believed that the invention, the objects and features of the invention and further objects, features and advantages thereof will be better understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 illustrates somewhat schematically a force and action diagram relevant for explaining the principle of the present invention, but incorporating also the essential features of the preferred embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 illustrates a cross section view through a switch constructed in accordance with the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 illustrates somewhat schematically a different example of the preferred embodiment of the present invention; and p FIG. 4 illustrates somewhat schematically another embodiment of the present invention.
Proceeding now to the detailed description of the drawings, 1 refer at first to an explanation of displacements and motions in a rather general configuration and as they occur in accordance with the teaching of the invention. The object is to displace a switch arm 1, that is also the switch actuator, for'example, by pivoting the arm on pivot '2. For this, the arm 1 is subject to displacement along arrow 4, indicating the direction of the displacement, at least out of an initial position of arm 1 (representing, for example, a switch closing position).
The actuation forces that produce displacement act preferably radially on the surface of a ball, guided for moving only along a path that is colinear with-direction 4. The ball constitutes a single transmission element for converting plural, differently directed actuator forces into a displacement along arrow 4.The arrow 4 can be considered as being on an axis of displacement for the apex of a cone 5, which is a hypothetical and geometric figure in this drawing and used for explanation purposes only; it is not a real object. The apex of the cone is assumed to be in the center of ball 3.
Now, it is assumed that 6 and 7'denote two vectors among many, in representation of differently directed forces that may act on the ball 3. The forces are assumed to arise-in the developing surface as geniatrix of a cone extending around arrow 4 as axis. The apex of the cone is always on that axis. Therefore, any force can be regarded as aforce that acts radially. upon the ball 3. The displacement path of ball 3 under the influence of such force is constrained, so that'by necessity the ball will be displaced along the direction of arrow 4, and the switch arm 1 or actuator is pivoted similarly in either case. In the preferred embodiment, therefore, forces act preferably radially on a single transmission element, here a ball.
Another example of the preferred embodiment is shown in FIG. 2. In this example, the number of available directions iron'i' which to act on a single transmission element is reduced further by the requirement that they extend in a plane. This permits employment of a cylindrical body 11, guided for displacement along a direction that is transverse to the axis of the cylinder.
FIG. 2 illustrates a housing 8, which includes a switch arm or lever 15, pivoted on a pin 16. One end of double arm lever 15 is spring biased by means of a spring 17; the same arm carries a contact 151 for co-action with a stationary contact 152. The spring 17 biases the switch into a contact open position. The other end of arm 15 carries an actuator element 13 for engagement on a shoulder 81 in housing 8, but be displaceable therefrom by means to be described next.
There are two displaceable actuator pins 9 and 10 disposed as actuator means in two transversely oriented bores, 91 and 101, in housing 8.The two pins can be moved and displaced along their respective axes only,
which are the respective axes of the two bores 91 and 101 in-housing 8. The cylindrical element 11 is dis- I posed so that its axis extends transversely to the plane of-the drawing in FIG. 2. Therefore, the end faces 92 and 102 respectively of the two pins 9 and 10, face'the cylindrical periphery of body 11.
. There is provided a bore 12 in the housing which permits movement of the cylinder only in a direction transverse to the axis and coplanar with the directions of permissible displacement of actuator pinsv 9 and 10. The direction of permissible displacement of cylindri cal transmission element 11 is furthermore characterized in that it has angle'to the axes of displacement of guides pins 9 and 10 that is about 45 in each case.
Now, if one of the'pins 9.or 10 is pushed into the housing, the cylinder body 11 will move in direction of the'axis of bore 12, and the cylindrical transmission element 11 will be displaced towards the element 13 7 which is the switch actuator proper in this case. Ac-
cordingly, switch arm lever 15 is pivoted about pivot point 16, against the bias of spring 17 so that contact pieces 151 and 152 engagefor a switchclosing operation.
t u should be considered that'FlG. '2 can be interpreted actually as a cross section through an arrangement that extends over a considerable length transverse to' the plane of the drawing. Thus, itwill be apparent that a number of similar switches are provided and stacked in a row. They are individually operated and separatedfromeach other except for being mounted in 'a common housing. Therefore, it can readily be assumed that, forexample, 'the'severalpins correspond- Therefore, the second pin' foreach switch such as pin 4 9, is provided as an alternative actuatonand' its operation is'not impeded as toaccess by cam shaft'30; pins 1 9 are easily accessible from the side. Each pin, 9 or 10, acts on transmission element 11 from a different direction, but the operation is the same as far as switch actuation is concerned. Furthermore, it can be seen that the spring 17 operates as a'reset element for either pin, 9 and 10, whichever has been actuated but released.'The example of the preferred embodiment, as illustrated in FIG. 2, shows also that actually each pin, when pressed, provides a lateral barrier for the actuating face (92 or 102) of the respective othe'r'pin, i.e., thepins mutually block each other. 7
Turning now' to FIG. 3, there is illustrated a prismlike body 18 having cross section in the geometric configuration of an isocoles, triangle .l9 with a right angle 1 between the two short sides. As illustrated,the particular body-18 can be moved along either cathetus or short side of the rectangle-triangle, through properly oriented guiding means. The pins 19 and .20 correspond 'to the pins 9 and 10 in HO. 2 as far as the actuator means is concerned, and they serve to move the prism along one or the other of the shortside surfaces depending upon which oneof the pinsis being pushed.
Moreover, eachpin 19 and 20 when protracted (i.e.',
means for the prism to permit its displacement along two linear paths only, each being colinear with the displacement of one of the pins, 19 or 20. d g
The hypotenuse of the triangle of body 18 has func tion somewhat analogous to lever 13 in FIG. 2, but for purposes of providing for parallel displacement, the body 18 serves as functional-replacement for the cylinder body 11 in FIG. 2 with. the provision :that actuation 1 is byparallel shift, and not pivotal, along arrow The. p switching operatio may also be cam operatedas de scribed with "reference toFlG.
Another embodiment of the inventiony-isshown FIGA. A rocking lever 2l-is provided in the form of a rectangular, contoured element with two arms extending at an obtuse angle from a fulcrum point 22. The lever is pivoted at fulcrum 22 accordingly. One arm carries a switching contact 27 the' other-arm is ac-. mated by two transmission elements-23 and 24 extend ing from pins 25 "and 26 coline'arly and being integral therewith. Therefore, transmission pins 23 and 24 follow by necessity displacement of the respective actuator pins. One or the other of the two actuators 25 'and 26 pivots lever element 21 on fulcrum point 22, and-:it;
can also be seen here in this case that the pins when extendedblock each other. The pivotinotion imparted upon the element 21 is used again for purposes of obtainingelectric switching operations. The invention is not limited to the'embodiment'sdescribed above 1 but all changes and modifications thereof not constituting departuresifrom thespirit and scope of the invention'arefintended-to be include'di"f v p 1. Apparatus for operating an "electrical switch iiicluding an actuatordisposedfor displacement in a' particular direction from afirst 'posi't'ionvwith displacement to continue towards'a second position, the switch havactuator, comprising: =3 t ing different switching states in the twolposition of the I i 0 actuator meansoperating in and'along-a; plurality :of
different directions, each Sdirectionhaving an angle positively smaller than relative to the particular direction and beingdirected towards. a common center or centerline;
said center or center linearid being physically separatedfro'm and disposed for beingoperated by the actuator means from each of said-'different-directions as directed towards said center or center line for displacement of theelement in direction which includes-always at least-a component of displacement in said particular direction,i the element when displaced and operated by the actuatormeans,providing for engagement with and displacement of i w the actuator, so that the actuator moves inthe par i I =ticular direction as the actuator. meansiisdisplaced in one of the different directions-of theplurality; and a. means for limiting'the' displacement'of 'thef trans'mis sion element along one or more linear paths but resulting in a displacement component in saidparticular direction in either case,- the number of paths not exceeding the number of different directions of the plurality.-;
2. Apparatusasin claim 1, the actuator means including a plurality of individual actuator elements, each one movable in one particular direction of the plur lity. I V
single, movable transmission 'elem'ent'loc'ated-on 3. Apparatus as in claim. 2, the single transmission element limited in its movement along alinear path colinear with the particular direction.
4. Apparatus as in claim 2, the actuator means being plural actuator pins each having a displacement path for acting axially on the transmission element from different directions of advance and each one disposed for advancing into the displacement path and blocking the others when theone has been actuated and when having displaced the element so as to obtain mutually blocking displacement of the element by more than one actuator pin. 1'
5. Apparatus asin claim 1, wherein the single element transmission means is a cylindrical body with an axis, being the center axis towards which the actuator means is directed, the means for limiting defining a displacement path for the body transverse to the axis thereof.
6. Apparatus as in claim 1, the transmission element being a prism having in cross section contour of a right angle i soceles triangle, the actuator means being two pins acting on the cathedes thereof, the hypothenuse being in engagement with the actuator.
7. Apparatus as in claim 1, the transmission element being a ball, the actuator means acting within a cone on the ball, the apex of the cone coinciding with the center of the ball when in resting position, the means for limiting, limiting the:di'splacement of the path to displacement colinearwith said one. direction.
8. Apparatus as in claim 1, the transmission element acting onto the actuator for pivoting same.
9. Apparatus as in claim 1, the actuator means being two transversely oriented and acting actuator pins, the
particular direction having about a 45 angle to each element. v
10. Apparatus as in claim 9, there being a single transmission element peripherallyacted upon by the pins, and including a cam for actuating one of the pins,
while permittingunimpeded access to the other pin.
a cylindrical transmission element having an axis and disposed for being acted upon by the actuator means from different directions and moved by the actuator means so that the resulting displacement the cylinder disposed for a linear displacement path having similar angles to the two different directions.
15. Apparatus for operating an electrical switch including an actuator disposed for displacement in a particular direction from a first position with displacement to continue towards a second position, the switch having different switching states in the two positions of the actuator; actuator means including two actuator pins,
movable respectively in two directions, oriented by 90, each direction having an angle smaller than 90 to the particular direction;
a prism having a cross section contour of a right angle, isosceles triangle, the hypothenuse being in engagement with the actuator for moving the actuator in direction transverse to the hypothenuse of the triangle, the pins acting respectively on the cathedes of the triangle; and
means for limiting displacement of the pins to run along said cathodes.
16. Apparatus for operating an electric switch including a switching arm operated as a pivot lever, having a particular fulcrum'point, one lever arm provided for receiving pivot action for pivoting the switch arm on prism by the I the fulcrum point;
of the transmission element includes always a comsmaller than 90"; and means'for limiting the displacement of the cylindrical ponent in the particular direction, said angle being transmission "element along one or more linear.
a single transmission element having a center or center axis, the transmission element having disposition for displacement in a particular direction, running from the center'or center axis (transverse to the latter) towards the one lever arm and engaging the lever arm remote from the fulcrum and when displaced in the particular direction for causing the switch arm to pivot on the fulcrum; and
plural actuator elements disposed for acting on the.
transmission element from different directions, each having a non zero anglebut less than to the particular direction, and eachacting towards the center or center axis of the transmission ele ment for causing the transmission. element to be displaced in the particular direction to. obtain pivot action of the switch arm.
17. Apparatus as in claim 16, and means for limiting the displacement of the single transmission element along plural linear paths colinear respectively with the different directions of the plurality.
18. Apparatus as in claim 16, and including means for limiting the displacement of the single transmission element along said particular direction.
19. Apparatus for operating an electric switch including a switching arm operated as a pivot lever, having a particular fulcrum point; a plurality of actuator pins each having a transmission pin, the actuator pins with transmission pins each mounted for displacement and guided in one particular direction for each pin, the several actuator pins with transmission pin each displaceable in different directions, each direction having an angle less than 90 to a particular direction of actuation, the transmission pins all directed towards one particular point on the lever arm remote from the fulcrum, so that upon displacement of the respective pins 2. component direction of displacement of the respective pins the transmission pins being mounted and having dis- 1 position to be normally disengaged from the lever arm so that upon actuation of one of them, the others are blockedfrom engagement of the lever arm.
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|U.S. Classification||200/518, 200/330, 200/5.00E, 251/289|
|International Classification||H01H13/14, H01H11/00, H01H13/70|
|Cooperative Classification||H01H11/0006, H01H13/14, H01H13/70|
|European Classification||H01H13/14, H01H13/70|
|Jul 15, 1981||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD., 1048, KADOMA, 571
Effective date: 19810416
Owner name: SCHALTBAU GESELLSCHAFT MBH
|Jul 15, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD., 1048, KADOMA, 571
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SCHALTBAU GESELLSCHAFT MBH;REEL/FRAME:003883/0614
Effective date: 19810416
Owner name: MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD., A CORP. OF JAPAN,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHALTBAU GESELLSCHAFT MBH;REEL/FRAME:003883/0614