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Publication numberUS3737613 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 5, 1973
Filing dateSep 29, 1971
Priority dateSep 29, 1971
Publication numberUS 3737613 A, US 3737613A, US-A-3737613, US3737613 A, US3737613A
InventorsGillock J
Original AssigneePark Ohio Industries Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inductor for heating an elongated workpiece having different cross-sections
US 3737613 A
Abstract
An inductor for inductively heating an elongated workpiece having a length, central axis, a first cylindrical portion with a radius r and a second cylindrical portion with a radius r', wherein the cylindrical portions are generally concentric with the axis and r and r' are substantially different. This inductor includes first and second generally parallel conductors extending substantially the complete length of the workpiece, cross-over conductors connecting the parallel conductors at their respective ends and the parallel conductors each have a first section adjacent the first cylindrical portion of the workpiece and a second section adjacent the second cylindrical portion of the workpiece with the effective widths of these sections being different to effect uniform heating of the workpiece.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ 51 June 5,1973

United States Patent 1 GIIIOCk m w m m m m w v o m m M m .m 5 E m n w 1, m G N I w s m m wn m A EKS H R o FDC R 0mm mmm mm WED 4 U Assistant Examiner-Hugh D. Jaeger Jack Giuockv Parma Ohm Attorney-Robert V. Vickers [73] Assignee: Park-Ohio Industries, Inc., Cleve- 75] Inventor:

[57] ABSTRACT An inductor for inductively heatin workpiece having a length, central a drical portion with a radius r and a s land, Ohio g an elongated xis, a first cylin- 4 econd cylindrical portion with a radius r, wherein the cylindrical portions are generally concentric with the axis and r and r' are substantially different. This inductor includes first and second generally parallel conductors extending substantially the complete length of the workpiece, cross-over conductors connecting the parallel conductors at their respective ends and the parallel conductors each have a first section adjacent the first c drical portion of the workpiece and a second se [58] Field ofSearch";.........::::...:

ylinction References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS adjacent the second cylindrical portion of the workpiece with the effective widths of these sections bein different to effect uniform heating of the workpiece.

1 Claim, 6 Drawing Figures 6/1954 Great Britain.....................2 l9/l0.43

PATENTEDJL'H 5mm INVENTOR. JACK W. GILLOCK BY FIG, 6 May, 744% 8 Bad;

ATTORNEYS INDUCTOR FOR HEATING AN ELONGATED WORKPIECE HAVING DIFFERENT CROSS-SECTIONS This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 37,254, filed May 14, 1970, now abandoned.

The present invention relates to the art of induction heating and more particularly to an inductor for inductively heating an elongated workpiece having at least two different cross-sections along its length.

The invention is particularly applicable for heating the complete length of an axle shaft and it will be described with particular reference thereto; however, it should be appreciated that the invention has much broader applications and may be used for heating various other elongated workpieces.

It has become common practice to harden axle shafts by rotating them about a vertical axis and progressing an encircling inductor upwardly along the length of the axle shaft. This inductor progressively, inductively heats the length of the axle shaft. Directly below the encircling inductor there is provided an encircling quench body which progressively quench hardens the previously heated portions of the axle shaft. This arrangement has met with considerable success and is widely used; however, in recent times substantial development work has been devoted to induction heating equipment which inductively heat the total length of the axle shaft at one time. Thereafter, the total axle shaft is quench hardened. To accomplish this, there is provided an inductor having parallel conductors extending substantially the complete length of the axle shaft. Cross-over conductors are provided at the respective ends of these conductors, and leads are connected to one parallel conductor at a portion where it is divided to define an electrical path between the leads and through the various conductors. The present invention relates to an improvement in this type of conductor.

When progressively moving an encircling inductor along the length of an axle shaft, it is not difficult to adjust the power to the inductor when the diameter of the axle shaft changes along its length. When using a single inductor having two parallel conductors extending the complete length of the axle shaft, this adjustment to compensate for changes in the diameter and crosssection of the axle shaft, is not possible. The same current flows through all portions of the heating inductor. In accordance with the present invention, the parallel conductors are provided with means for modifying the flux field adjacent a certain cylindrical portion or portions of the axle shaft to reduce non-uniformity in the heating of the axle shaft. This modified means is prefer- The primary object of the present invention is the provision of an induction heating device for an. elongated workpiece having various cross-sections, which device includes an inductor having two parallel conductors with the effective widths of the conductors being varied to'change the heating effect of theparallel v conductors with respect to the different cylindrical porably a change in the effective width of at least one parallel conductor adjacent a cylindrical portion having a different diameter.

In accordance with the present invention, there is provided an inductor of the type having two parallel conductors extending along the length of the workpiece having a first cylindrical portion with a radius r and a second cylindrical portion with a radius r. At least one of these parallel conductors has a first section adjacent the first cylindrical portion of the workpiece and a second section adjacent the second cylindrical portion of the workpiece with the width of the first section: being 1: and the effective width of the second portion being y, and x and y being substantially different to effect more uniform heating along the total length of the workpiece.

tions of the workpiece.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of an inductor having two parallel conductors extending the length of the workpiece wherein at least one of the parallel conductors has a means for modifying the flux field in an area adjacent. a portion of the workpiece having a different cross-section.

Another object of the present invention is the provision of an inductor having two parallel conductors for heating the total length of an elongated workpiece, which inductor can uniformly heat the workpiece as it rotates, even though the workpiece has different cross sections.

These and other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken together with the accompanying drawings in which;

FIG. 1 is a pictorial view illustrating, schematically, the preferred embodiment of the presentinvention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken generally along line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken generally along line 33 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken generally along line 4-4 of FIG. 1; and,

FIGS. 5 and 6 are schematic views illustrating the op- Referring now to the drawings wherein the showings are for the purpose'of illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention only and not for the purpose of limiting same, FIGS. 1-4 show an induction heating apparatus A for inductively heating workpiece B having centers 10, 12 defining a central axis m and cylindrical portions 14, 16 having radius r, r, respectively. The apparatus A includes a means (not shown) for rotating the workpiece and an inductor 20 having parallel conductors 22, 24 divided into two separate sections defined by reduced portions or sections 26, 28. The effective width of the conductors 22, 24 adjacent cylindrical portion 14 is x whereas the effective width of the sections 26, 28 is y. This concept is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 and forms the essence of the present invention. Cross-over conductors 30, 32 connect the parallel conductors 22, 24 at their respective ends. Appropriate leads 34, 36 are connected with conductor 24, which is divided to form an electrical path through the inductor 20. These leads are, in turn, connected across the output of an appropriate high frequency power supply,

designated as generator 40. As so far described, the effective width of conductors 22, 24 is reduced at the reduced cylindrical portion 16. The purpose of this. reduction will be described in detail.

Referring now to FIG. 3, there is schematically illustrated, a field 50 which is generated around conductor 22. In a like manner, FIG. 4 illustrates, schematically, a field 52 created around the reduced portion 26 of conductor 24. The operation of these two schematically illustrated fields 50, 52 is depicted in FIGS. 5 and 6. Field 50 is created by the portion of conductor 22 having an effective width x. This field is coupled with eration of the preferred embodiment sas shown in FIG.

the cylindrical portion 14 of workpiece B over a circumferentially extending portion z defined by the included angle a. As the workpiece is rotated during the heating operation, the portion z is relatively wide, so that a large proportion of the surface 14 is being heated at any one instant. If the width of conductor 22 were the same adjacent the reduced portion 16, then the width of the portion being heated at a given instant would be substantially the same as portion z. This would cause an increased preheating of the workpiece and overheating in the reduced portion 16. Consequently, the core would become overheated and prevent a well defined hardened pattern after quench hardening. By providing the reduced portion 26 having a width y, as shown in FIG. 6, the schematically illustrated field 52 defines a smaller heating pattern within the reduced portion 16. This heating pattern has a width z' and is defined between the included angle b. By providing a smaller width z of the heated area in the reduced portion 16, portion 16 is heated substantially at the same rate as larger portion 14. This arrangement reduces the tendency of the smaller cross-section to be overheated during the heating process for the whole workpiece. Consequently, a better defined hardness pattern is created during subsequent quench hardening. The frequency of the current flowing in inductor 20 determines the depth of induction heating. This depth, d, is the same for both portions l4, 16 because the reduction in conductor width does not change the frequency. The change in effective width of the parallel conductor changes the circumferential heated area which effects the total heating of the respective portlons.

It is within the scope of the present invention to also provide other devices for modifying the flux field coupled with the reduced portion 16 to effect a reduced area of heating; however, in accordance with the preferred embodiment, the change in the coupling flux field is created by a reduction in the effective width of the parallel conductors. Effective width 11 means, primarily, the width of the conductor profile as viewed I from the center of the workpiece. As previously mentioned, the conductors 22, 24 are relatively long. This,

in accordance with the invention, indicatorthat the length of these conductors is at least ten times the largest diameter r of the workpiece being rotated and heated.

Having thus defined my invention, I claim:

1. In an inductor for inductively heating an elongated workpiece rotating about a central axis and having a length, a first cylindrical portion with a radius r and a second cylindrical portion with a radius r, wherein said cylindrical portions are generally concentric with said central axis and r is greater than r, said inductor comprising: first and second generally parallel conductors extending substantially the complete length of said workpiece in an axial direction and over both of said cylindrical portions, one of said parallel conductors being separated into two portions, cross-over conductors connecting said parallel conductors at their respective ends and lead-in conductor means at said separation of said one parallel conductor for connecting said inductor to a power means, the improvement comprising: at least one of said parallel conductors having a first section adjacent said first cylindrical portion and a second section adjacent said second cylindrical portion, the effective width of said first section being x, the width of said second section being y, and x being greater than y, and whereby said sections remain adjacent said respective portions during heating.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3483346 *Apr 1, 1968Dec 9, 1969Aeg Elotherm GmbhInductor for surface hardening flanged elongate workpieces
DE1947275A1 *Sep 18, 1969Apr 16, 1970Japan National RailwayInduktions-Haertungs-Verfahren
GB710426A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3872275 *Dec 12, 1973Mar 18, 1975Thermatool CorpForge welding with induction coil heating
US4054770 *Mar 10, 1976Oct 18, 1977The Electricity CouncilInduction heating of strip and other elongate metal workpieces
US4070740 *Aug 11, 1975Jan 31, 1978Automatisme & TechniqueContinuous production hot-setting installation
US4104498 *Jun 28, 1976Aug 1, 1978The Continental Group, Inc.Apparatus for and method of induction heating of metal plates with holes
US4418258 *Feb 11, 1982Nov 29, 1983Halliburton CompanyMethod for heat treating metal
US4535211 *Oct 24, 1984Aug 13, 1985Tocco, Inc.Inductor and method of making same
US4549057 *Oct 24, 1984Oct 22, 1985Tocco, Inc.Flux concentrator assembly for inductor
US4757175 *Jan 2, 1987Jul 12, 1988Continental Can Company, Inc.Induction heating coil
US4853510 *Jul 11, 1988Aug 1, 1989Continental Can Company, Inc.Induction heating coil
US5428208 *Nov 17, 1994Jun 27, 1995General Motors CorporationMethod of induction case hardening a rack bar
US6365883 *Sep 2, 1999Apr 2, 2002Robotron CorporationU-shaped adhesive bonding apparatus
US6903317 *Jun 25, 2003Jun 7, 2005Michael R. HammondInduction heating system having eccentric locator
US8723088 *Jan 31, 2011May 13, 2014Kudu Industries Inc.System and method for induction heating a helical rotor using a coil
US8829399 *Mar 11, 2009Sep 9, 2014Aktiebolaget SkfDevice for heating and method for heating
US20110174806 *Mar 11, 2009Jul 21, 2011Marco BurtchenDevice for Heating and Method for Heating
US20110186566 *Jan 31, 2011Aug 4, 2011Kudu Industries Inc.System and method for induction heating a helical rotor using a coil
EP0749267A2 *Apr 17, 1996Dec 18, 1996Nordson CorporationCan coating and curing system having focused induction heater using thin lamination cores
WO2004002195A2 *Jun 25, 2003Dec 31, 2003Michael R HammondInduction heating system having eccentric locator
Classifications
U.S. Classification219/652, 219/673, 219/639
International ClassificationH05B6/36
Cooperative ClassificationH05B6/362
European ClassificationH05B6/36B