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Publication numberUS3738212 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 12, 1973
Filing dateMay 14, 1971
Priority dateMay 14, 1971
Publication numberUS 3738212 A, US 3738212A, US-A-3738212, US3738212 A, US3738212A
InventorsGoodale R
Original AssigneeGoodale R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers
US 3738212 A
Abstract
An apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers as the cut flowers are conveyed into and past a cutting device. The cutting device is in the form of a shear employing a pair of sharp blades, one of which is movable and is supported by a pivot. The pivot is located well above the line of travel of the flower stems passing through the cutting device and the sharp edge of the movable blade is shaped so that the flower stem being cut by the cutting device is drawn into the device by the cutting action thereof simultaneously as the flower stem is conveyed through the cutting device.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 1 Goodale 11 3,738,212 June 12, 1973 APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING THE STEMS OF CUT FLOWERS [76] Inventor: Richard J. Goodale, P.O. Box 268,

Watsonville, Calif. 95076 221 Filed: May 14,1971

211 App]. No.: 143,495

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1930 Miller 30/228 6/1951 Kovacevich.... 5/1884 Nagley 761,314 9/1903 Marxmiller 83/602 Primary Examiner-Gil Weidenfeld Attorney-Allen 8L Chromy [57] ABSTRACT An apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers as the cut flowers are conveyed into and past a cutting device. The cutting device is in the form of a shear employing a pair of sharp blades, one of which is movable and is supported by a pivot. The pivot is located well above the line of travel of the flower stems passing through the cutting device and the sharp edge of the movable blade is shaped so that the flower stem being cut by the cutting device is drawn into the device by the cutting action thereof simultaneously as the flower stem is conveyed through the cutting device.

4 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures Pmmww 3.738.212

F7; 11 INVENTOR.

oomLE APPARATUS FOR T RIMMING THE STEMS OF CUT.FLOWERS DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a trimming device for trimming the stems of cut flowers.

' An object of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers.

Still another object of this invention is to provide an improved trimming device for cutting the stems of cut flowers as the cut flowers are carried past a cutting device, said cutting device being provided with a shear having a movable blade provided with a sharp edge that is shaped to draw the flower stem into the shearing device as the stem thereof is being cut.

Still another object of this invention is to provide an improved flower stem cutting device attached to the side of a conveyor of a rose or cut flower grading apparatus.

Other and further objects of this invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which it relates from the following specification, claims and drawing.

In accordance with this invention there is provided an improved flower stem trimming apparatus that may be used in conjunction with the apparatus for sorting and grading cut flowers disclosed in my Application Ser. No. 73,837, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,645,394 filed Sept. 21, 1970. The stem cutting device which is in the form of a shear is adapted to be attached to the frame of the cut flower grading apparatus so that the pivot of the movable shear blade is located well above the line of travel of the cut flower stems that are carried in the trays of the conveyor. The location of the shear pivot and the curved contourwof the pivoted shear blade provide an improved stern cutting action such that the flower stem being cut is actually drawn into the sharp blades thereby resulting in a clean cut.

Further details and features of this invention will be set forth in the following specification, claims and drawing in which briefly:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the cutting device of this invention located at one end of a cut flower carrying tray which is shown partially broken away; and

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view used to illustrate the improved cutting action of this device. I

Referring to the drawing in detail reference numeral designates a cut flower carrying tray which is partially broken away and which is of the type disclosed in my Application Ser. No. 73,837, now US. Pat. No. 3,645,394. The cut flower having the stem 11 is placed in the tray 10 and the tray is moved by a conveying apparatus such as disclosed in the aforesaid-applicationso that the stem 11 is moved through the cutting 'device 12 which is also attached to the frame of the cut flower grading apparatus disclosed :in the aforesaid application. I

The cutting device 12 is provided with a fixed blade 13 which has an upright portion 14 to which the movable blade 15 is attached by the pivoting bolt 16. The fixed blade 13 is provided witha sharp edge 17 that is substantially horizontal and ispositioned at the level' of the bottom of the tray 10 so that the flower stem 11 is moved upon this horizontal portion 17. One-end of the rod 18 is connected to;the moveable blade 15 by the pivot pin 19 and the other end'of this 'rodisconnected to the pin 20 of the eccentric drive 21 which is supported on the shaft 22. The shaft 22 is driven by -a motor (not shown) which is attached to the frame of the cut flower grading apparatus. A suitable speed reduction gearing (not shown) may be provided between the shaft 22 and the drive motor, if desired. This drive mechanism moves the blade 15 up and down with respect to the pivot 16 so that the sharp edge 23 of this blade and the sharp edge 17 of blade 13 provide a shearing action as the stem 11 of the cut flower is moved through the cutting device and the excess length of the stem is sheared off. The blade 15 is moved up and down several times while the cut flower is moved through the cutting device 12.

The location of the pivot 16 which supports the movable blade 15 on the upright 14 is located well above the bottom of the tray 10. The horizontal portion of the sharp edge 17 is located substantially in a line with the bottom of the tray 10 and is designated in FIG. 2 by the line 17a which indicates the locus of movement of flower stem 11. Point 16a corresponds to the pivot 16 and the line 23a designates the curvature of the cutting edge 23 of the movable blade 15. Broken line 23b designates the straight cutting edge of the conventional shear which would be pivotally attached to the other blade of the conventional shear at the pivoting point 16b.

As the blades of a conventional shear are brought together in the shearing process the action on the flower stem being cut is in the direction indicated by thearray of parallel lines 24. In the cutting action of a conventional shear there is therefor produced a horizontal force indicated by the member 25 in the force diagram tending to push the flower stem out of the shear. By locating the pivot of the movable blade at the point 16a which is well above the line of travel of the flower stem and also by providing a curved cutting edge 23 to the movable blade 15 as designated by the curved line 23a the cutting force exerted by this edge on the flower stem is in the direction designated by the array of broken lines 26. The directions of these lines are inward with respect to the cutting edges of the device and thus these cutting forces have a horizontal component 27 as shown in the right hand force diagram which draws the flower stem into the cutting device so that the device provides a clean cut to the flower stem.

While I have shown and described a preferred embodiment of the invention, it will be apparent that the invention is capable of variation and modification from the form'shown so that the scope thereof should be limited only 'by the proper scope of the claims appended hereto.

What I claim is:

1. In an apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers, the combination of means conveying cut flowers, flower stem cutting means, means supporting said cutting means adjacent to said conveying means so that the flower stems on said conveying means are moved to said cutting means, said cutting means comprising a pair of blades each having a sharp edge, means pivotally -supporting one of said blades, means moving said one of said blades with the sharp edge thereof toward the sharp "edge of the other of said blades as said conveying means moves the stem of a flower through said cutting means, said pivoting support of said one blade beinglocated well above the line of travel of the flower stems passingthrough said cutting means and the sharp edge-of saidone blade having means shaped so that the flowerstem being cut by said cutting means is drawn into said cutting means by the cutting action of said cutting means simultaneously as said flower stem is conveyed by said conveying means thereby resulting in a clean cut of said flower stem.

2. In an apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers, the combination as set forth in claim 1, further characterized in that the sharp edge of the other of said blades is provided with a substantially horizontal portion supported substantially on the line of travel of the flower stems as said flower stems are carried by said conveying means.

3. In an apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers, the combination as set forth in claim 2, further characterized in that said means moving said one of said blades comprises an eccentric, a connecting rod attached to said eccentric and to said movable blade so that said movable blade is oscillatedtwith respect to said other blade as a flower stem is moved by said conveying means through said cutting means.

4. In an apparatus for trimming the stems of cut flowers, the combination as set forth in claim 3, further characterized in that said means pivotally supporting said one blade comprises an upright member attached to said other blade, said upright member having a pivot in the upper part thereof pivotally supporting said one blade.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US298768 *Mar 1, 1884May 20, 1884 Itnesses
US761314 *Sep 14, 1903May 31, 1904Christopher MarxmillerMetal-cutting shears.
US1755511 *May 28, 1928Apr 22, 1930Miller Frank APower shears
US2557506 *Aug 30, 1946Jun 19, 1951John KovacevichPruning shears
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6080097 *Dec 8, 1997Jun 27, 2000Ranpak Corp.Cushioning conversion machine with single feed/cut motor
US6176818Dec 11, 1998Jan 23, 2001Ranpak Corp.Cushioning conversion machine cushioning conversion method and method of assembling a cushioning conversion machine
US6311596Aug 20, 1993Nov 6, 2001Ranpak Corp.Cutting assembly for a cushioning conversion machine
US7004056 *Jun 24, 2004Feb 28, 2006Carolyn ShorterCutting machine
US8438820Jul 20, 2012May 14, 2013NF GlobalFlower handling apparatus and method
DE102009043992A1 *Sep 14, 2009Jan 20, 2011Wolfcraft GmbhDevice for cutting a workpiece, particularly a laminate floor tile, has frame and support which is formed by frame, where cutting knife is fastened to frame
EP2272323A1 *Jul 7, 2010Jan 12, 2011NantoTool and method for cutting flower stems
WO1999043200A1 *Feb 22, 1999Sep 2, 1999Berg Blokker V D Expl Mij BvApparatus for shearing the stems of crops and the like
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/602, 30/259, 30/228, 83/607
International ClassificationA01G3/00, A01G5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01G5/00, A01G3/00
European ClassificationA01G5/00, A01G3/00