|Publication number||US3738374 A|
|Publication date||Jun 12, 1973|
|Filing date||Mar 5, 1970|
|Priority date||Mar 5, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3738374 A, US 3738374A, US-A-3738374, US3738374 A, US3738374A|
|Original Assignee||B Lab|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (111), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Bennett CIGAR 0R CIGARETTE HAVING SUBSTITUTE FILLER [75 Inventor: Harry Bennett, Miami Beach, Fla.
 Assignee: B. R. Laboratory, Miami Beach,
 Filed: Mar. 5, 1970  Appl. No.: 16,964
 US. Cl. ..131/2,131/15  Int. Cl. A24b 15/00, A24d 1/18  Field of Search 131/2, 9, 10, 10.18,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,007,407 9/1935 Sadtler 131/17 X 2,063,014 12/1936 Allen 3,357,929 12/1967 Olstowski. 2,907,686 10/1959 Siegel 3,545,448 12/1970 Morman et a1. 131/2 1,518,944 12/1924 Sulzberger et a1. 131/15 A UX [111 3,738,374 June 12, 1973 3,368,566 2/1968 Avedikian 131/107 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,023,918 3/1966 Great Britain 131/107 Primary ExaminerMelvin D, Rein Att0rney-J0hn Cyril Malloy and Meredith P. Sparks  ABSTRACT This invention pertains to the production of cigars or cigarettes which have a tobacco substitute filler and a wrapper and which on burning produce vapors and condensates free from nicotine, and which have only a minute amount of tars. The tobacco substitute is made from carbon or graphite fibers, mat or cloth associated with an oxidizing agent. Other agents are added as needed or desired to improve texture or form, to give an improved burn, or to make the product more salable or economical to manufacture. The wrapper includes an impregnation of an ashing ingredient.
1 Claim, No Drawings CIGAR OR CIGARETTE HAVING SUBSTITUTE FILLER This invention relates to a tobacco substitute. More particularly, this invention pertains to the production of a substitute for tobacco in cigars, cigarettes, or as smoking tobacco which on burning produces vapors and condensates free from nicotine, and which have only a minute amount of tars. The tobacco substitute of this invention is believed to be relatively safe and non-toxic.
According to my invention, a tobacco substitute is made from carbon or graphite fibers, mat or cloth associated with an oxidizing agent. Other ingredients may be added, as desired, to improve the texture, give an improved burn, or to make the product more economical to manufacture. A filter tip may be added to absorb tars and gases, or to improve the flavor or taste of the product.
In order to make a cigarette substitute the product of this invention is made as a filler of the fiber which is wrapped in a sheet of the same material.
The filler is made by adding a solution of an oxidizing agent to carbon or graphite fibers, mat or cloth. The carbonaceous material is a commercial material which comes in several grades and several forms, such as fibers, a mat which is composed of man-y intertwined or tangled strands, or fibers woven into cloth.
The oxidizing agent is preferably an inorganic salt of an oxidizing acid, or a metal peroxide. Examples of suitable oxidizing agents are the alkali metal nitrates, especially potassium and sodium nitrates; the alkali metal chlorates such as sodium or potassium chlorate, or the alkaline earth metal peroxides, especially calcium or barium peroxide. Potassium nitrate is especially preferred.
The carbonaceous material is mixed with the oxidizing agent which is added preferably in the form of an aqueous solution in a concentration of about percent. A plasticizer such as a polyglycol may be added to provide the desired consistency. For this purpose polyethylene glycol of molecular weight in the range of about 1,450 is especially suitable. Other water dispersible, viscous or unctuous polyethylene glycols may be used.
To lower the cost, or to obtain more controlled burning of the cigarette, non-combustible materials may be used to replace part of the carbon. Suitable noncombustible materials are rock wool, steel wool, polyester flock, kaowool, ceramic fibers or asbestos fibers or mat. These may be obtained commercially in either short or long fibers and in various grades.
The carbonaceous material is mixed with the oxidizing agent, and with a plasticizer, as needed, to give a uniform dispersion, which may be extruded into flat filaments that are dried and cut to size. Another method is to form the material into sheets on a paper making machine, and then dry and cut to size.
The product from the paper making machine may be used both for the filler and the wrapper. The wrapper can be made white by coating it with a material such as the following:
sodium silicate 1 part by weight titanium dioxide 1 part by weight water 10 parts by weight A colored wrapper is made by adding a suitable coloring agent or dye to the above mixture.
The'wrapper is treated with a 10 percent solution of sodium or potassium silicate containing l0 percent of that amount of propylene glycol. The purpose of the plastic is to form an ash on burning.
A filter can be attached to one end of the cigarette, as is well known in the art. The portion of the filter which is adjacent to the cigarette can be filled with activated carbon to absorb tars and gases. Hemoglobin or other carbon monoxide absorbing material can also be added. A quantity of about 1 to 5 percent by weight is usually sufficient.
The filter may also contain a means for oxidizing carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. For this purpose copper oxide, manganese dioxide or a mixture of the two can be used. These are added in an amount of about 1 percent to 5 percent of the weight of the adsorbent.
The mouth-end of the filter can have a coating containing a flavor or fragrance material such as coffee essence, licorice, menthol or saccharine. Suitably this coating is covered with an outer layer of starch, talc or microcrystalline cellulose, perforated waxpaper or cork paper. Alternatively, all materials may comprise one coating.
The product will burn at a slow and even rate which can be controlled by the amount of the oxidizing agent added and/or any of the above-mentioned inorganic non-combustibles. Smoking of the substitute cigar or cigarette of this invention will give psychological satisfaction without nicotine and thus help the user to stop the habit. If a stimulant effect is desired, 0.1 percent of caffeine citrate, labeline, or the like is added to the mouth end of the filter tip.
The cigar is made of the same compositions as the cigarette. The size can be varied from that of a cigarillo to that of a full size cigar.
Smoking tobacco is made of the same compositions but is cut to give a flake, thread or mixture similar to regular smoking tobacco.
The following examples will serve to illustrate some of the mixtures or methods to which my invention is applicable. The detailed description has been given only for clearness and understanding as modifications will be obvious to those skilled in the art. A reasonable variation can be made in the relative proportions of the components. Also it is common practice to add various adjuvant materials.
The specific examples are illustrative of the nature of the present invention, but it is to be understood that the invention is not limited thereto.
EXAMPLE 1 Carbon fibers, mat or cloth Potassium nitrate, added as a l0% aqueous solution incombustible materials 2 parts by weight 2 parts by weight. 96 parts by weight EXAMPLE 2 Asbestos-long fiber Powdered charcoal Potassium nitrate, added as a 10% aqueous solution Polyethylene glycol, m.w. i 1450 (50% aqueous solution) 1 part by weight 2 parts by weight 2 parts by weight 3 parts by weight The above ingredients are mixed to give a uniform dispersion which is extruded into flat filaments, dried, and cut to size. The sheet material is used both for the filler and wrapper. Long fiber asbestos may be replaced by a short fiber asbestos, a polyester flock or by kaowool.
EXAMPLE 3 Carbon or graphite fiber,
mat or cloth Steel wool, very fine Sodium chlorate Barium peroxide 20-30 parts by weight 5-2O parts by weight 2 parts by weight 1 parts by weight using smaller amounts of the oxidizing material, or by replacing part of the carbonaceous material by incombustible fibers.
The foregoing examples illustrate embodiments of my invention, but the invention is not limited thereto. It will be understood that many modifications, changes and substitutions may be made therein without departing from the true scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
1. A slow and even burning tobacco substitute smoking article characterized by a low tar condensate on burning, said substitute consisting essentially of extruded carbon fibers having an impregnation of a small quantity of an oxidizing agent selected from the group consisting of inorganic peroxides, nitrates or chlorates, a plasticizer, and a wrapper having an impregnated ashing agent.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1518944 *||Sep 13, 1920||Dec 9, 1924||Sulzberger Nathan||Asbestos paper, etc.|
|US2007407 *||Mar 22, 1932||Jul 9, 1935||Samuel S Sadtler||Prepared smoking tobacco|
|US2063014 *||Dec 22, 1932||Dec 8, 1936||Allen Raymond P||Tobacco|
|US2907686 *||Dec 23, 1954||Oct 6, 1959||Siegel Henry I||Cigarette substitute and method|
|US3357929 *||Mar 22, 1965||Dec 12, 1967||Dow Chemical Co||Method of sorbing liquids|
|US3368566 *||Jun 17, 1964||Feb 13, 1968||Souren Z. Avediklan||Filter cigarette|
|US3545448 *||Dec 1, 1969||Dec 8, 1970||Ici Ltd||Process for making a modified carbohydrate material for smoking mixtures and the material made thereby|
|GB1023918A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3943941 *||Apr 18, 1973||Mar 16, 1976||Gallaher Limited||Synthetic smoking product|
|US4219031 *||Mar 5, 1979||Aug 26, 1980||Philip Morris Incorporated||Smoking product having core of fibrillar carbonized matter|
|US4347855 *||Sep 18, 1981||Sep 7, 1982||Philip Morris Incorporated||Method of making smoking articles|
|US4391285 *||May 9, 1980||Jul 5, 1983||Philip Morris, Incorporated||Smoking article|
|US4714082 *||Oct 23, 1985||Dec 22, 1987||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US4732168 *||May 15, 1986||Mar 22, 1988||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article employing heat conductive fingers|
|US4756318 *||Oct 28, 1985||Jul 12, 1988||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with tobacco jacket|
|US4771795 *||May 15, 1986||Sep 20, 1988||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with dual burn rate fuel element|
|US4793365 *||Sep 14, 1984||Dec 27, 1988||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US4819665 *||Jan 23, 1987||Apr 11, 1989||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Aerosol delivery article|
|US4854331 *||Nov 20, 1985||Aug 8, 1989||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US4881556 *||Jun 6, 1988||Nov 21, 1989||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Low CO smoking article|
|US4893639 *||Jul 22, 1986||Jan 16, 1990||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Densified particulate materials for smoking products and process for preparing the same|
|US4917128 *||Dec 22, 1987||Apr 17, 1990||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.||Cigarette|
|US4928714 *||Apr 15, 1985||May 29, 1990||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with embedded substrate|
|US4942888 *||Jan 18, 1989||Jul 24, 1990||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Cigarette|
|US4966171 *||Jan 27, 1989||Oct 30, 1990||Philip Morris Incorporated||Smoking article|
|US4981522 *||Jul 22, 1988||Jan 1, 1991||Philip Morris Incorporated||Thermally releasable flavor source for smoking articles|
|US4989619 *||Dec 9, 1986||Feb 5, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with improved fuel element|
|US4991606 *||Jul 22, 1988||Feb 12, 1991||Philip Morris Incorporated||Smoking article|
|US5020548 *||Aug 26, 1985||Jun 4, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with improved fuel element|
|US5027836 *||May 23, 1988||Jul 2, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Insulated smoking article|
|US5042509 *||Aug 21, 1987||Aug 27, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Method for making aerosol generating cartridge|
|US5060676 *||Oct 26, 1987||Oct 29, 1991||Philip Morris Incorporated||Process for making a carbon heat source and smoking article including the heat source and a flavor generator|
|US5067499 *||Aug 21, 1987||Nov 26, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US5074321 *||Sep 29, 1989||Dec 24, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Cigarette|
|US5076292 *||Aug 24, 1987||Dec 31, 1991||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US5092353 *||Jun 26, 1990||Mar 3, 1992||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Cigarette|
|US5105831 *||Nov 17, 1987||Apr 21, 1992||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with conductive aerosol chamber|
|US5105836 *||Aug 15, 1990||Apr 21, 1992||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor|
|US5119834 *||Apr 15, 1985||Jun 9, 1992||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article with improved substrate|
|US5144967 *||Oct 22, 1990||Sep 8, 1992||Kimberly-Clark Corporation||Flavor release material|
|US5148821 *||Aug 17, 1990||Sep 22, 1992||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Processes for producing a smokable and/or combustible tobacco material|
|US5345951 *||Aug 12, 1992||Sep 13, 1994||Philip Morris Incorporated||Smoking article|
|US5369723 *||Sep 11, 1992||Nov 29, 1994||Philip Morris Incorporated||Tobacco flavor unit for electrical smoking article comprising fibrous mat|
|US5443560 *||Dec 14, 1992||Aug 22, 1995||Philip Morris Incorporated||Chemical heat source comprising metal nitride, metal oxide and carbon|
|US5505214 *||Sep 11, 1992||Apr 9, 1996||Philip Morris Incorporated||Electrical smoking article and method for making same|
|US5573692 *||Sep 28, 1994||Nov 12, 1996||Philip Morris Incorporated||Platinum heater for electrical smoking article having ohmic contact|
|US5613504 *||May 24, 1995||Mar 25, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Flavor generating article and method for making same|
|US5649554 *||Oct 16, 1995||Jul 22, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Electrical lighter with a rotatable tobacco supply|
|US5665262 *||Jan 9, 1995||Sep 9, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Tubular heater for use in an electrical smoking article|
|US5666976 *||Jun 7, 1995||Sep 16, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Cigarette and method of manufacturing cigarette for electrical smoking system|
|US5666978 *||Jan 30, 1995||Sep 16, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Electrical smoking system for delivering flavors and method for making same|
|US5692291 *||May 25, 1995||Dec 2, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Method of manufacturing an electrical heater|
|US5692525 *||Apr 20, 1995||Dec 2, 1997||Philip Morris Incorporated||Cigarette for electrical smoking system|
|US5708258 *||May 25, 1995||Jan 13, 1998||Philip Morris Incorporated||Electrical smoking system|
|US5730158 *||May 24, 1995||Mar 24, 1998||Philip Morris Incorporated||Heater element of an electrical smoking article and method for making same|
|US5750964 *||Jan 29, 1997||May 12, 1998||Philip Morris Incorporated||Electrical heater of an electrical smoking system|
|US5816263 *||Dec 31, 1996||Oct 6, 1998||Counts; Mary Ellen||Cigarette for electrical smoking system|
|US5865185 *||May 24, 1995||Feb 2, 1999||Philip Morris Incorporated||Flavor generating article|
|US5915387 *||Dec 31, 1996||Jun 29, 1999||Philip Morris Incorporated||Cigarette for electrical smoking system|
|US6026820 *||Sep 12, 1997||Feb 22, 2000||Philip Morris Incorporated||Cigarette for electrical smoking system|
|US7334892||Dec 3, 2004||Feb 26, 2008||Searete Llc||Method and system for vision enhancement|
|US7503330||Sep 30, 2003||Mar 17, 2009||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smokable rod for a cigarette|
|US7726320||Oct 18, 2006||Jun 1, 2010||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Tobacco-containing smoking article|
|US7753056||Feb 24, 2009||Jul 13, 2010||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smokable rod for a cigarette|
|US8079371||Apr 20, 2010||Dec 20, 2011||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Tobacco containing smoking article|
|US8402976||Apr 17, 2009||Mar 26, 2013||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US8678013||Jan 15, 2010||Mar 25, 2014||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US8794231||Apr 29, 2009||Aug 5, 2014||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system having a liquid storage portion|
|US8851081||Mar 15, 2013||Oct 7, 2014||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US8899238||Nov 16, 2011||Dec 2, 2014||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Tobacco-containing smoking article|
|US8997753||Jan 31, 2013||Apr 7, 2015||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic smoking article|
|US8997754||Jan 31, 2013||Apr 7, 2015||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic cigarette|
|US9004073||Jan 31, 2013||Apr 14, 2015||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic cigarette|
|US9084440||Nov 26, 2010||Jul 21, 2015||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system with internal or external heater|
|US9220301||Mar 16, 2006||Dec 29, 2015||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|US9282772||Jan 14, 2013||Mar 15, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic vaping device|
|US9289014||Feb 22, 2013||Mar 22, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article and improved heater element|
|US9326547||Jan 14, 2013||May 3, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic vaping article|
|US9420829||Oct 27, 2010||Aug 23, 2016||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking system having a liquid storage portion|
|US9439454||Mar 16, 2009||Sep 13, 2016||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated aerosol generating system and method|
|US9456635||Feb 23, 2016||Oct 4, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic cigarette|
|US9474306||Jan 8, 2016||Oct 25, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic cigarette|
|US9499332||Jan 20, 2016||Nov 22, 2016||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US9510623||Jan 31, 2013||Dec 6, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic cigarette|
|US9668523||Oct 5, 2016||Jun 6, 2017||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic cigarette|
|US9750283||Aug 26, 2016||Sep 5, 2017||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic cigarette|
|US9775380||May 21, 2010||Oct 3, 2017||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US9801416||Oct 29, 2014||Oct 31, 2017||Rai Strategic Holdings, Inc.||Tobacco-containing smoking article|
|US20040173229 *||Mar 5, 2003||Sep 9, 2004||Crooks Evon Llewellyn||Smoking article comprising ultrafine particles|
|US20050066985 *||Sep 30, 2003||Mar 31, 2005||Borschke August Joseph||Smokable rod for a cigarette|
|US20050066986 *||Sep 30, 2003||Mar 31, 2005||Nestor Timothy Brian||Smokable rod for a cigarette|
|US20070215167 *||Mar 16, 2006||Sep 20, 2007||Evon Llewellyn Crooks||Smoking article|
|US20070215168 *||Mar 16, 2006||Sep 20, 2007||Banerjee Chandra K||Smoking article|
|US20080092912 *||Oct 18, 2006||Apr 24, 2008||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Tobacco-Containing Smoking Article|
|US20090151739 *||Feb 24, 2009||Jun 18, 2009||August Joseph Borschke||Smokable Rod for a Cigarette|
|US20090230117 *||Mar 16, 2009||Sep 17, 2009||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated aerosol generating system and method|
|US20090320863 *||Apr 17, 2009||Dec 31, 2009||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US20100186757 *||Jan 15, 2010||Jul 29, 2010||Crooks Evon L||Smoking Article|
|US20100200006 *||Apr 20, 2010||Aug 12, 2010||John Howard Robinson||Tobacco-Containing Smoking Article|
|US20100313901 *||May 21, 2010||Dec 16, 2010||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system|
|US20110094523 *||Oct 27, 2010||Apr 28, 2011||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Smoking system having a liquid storage portion|
|US20110126848 *||Nov 26, 2010||Jun 2, 2011||Philip Morris Usa Inc.||Electrically heated smoking system with internal or external heater|
|USD691765||Jan 14, 2013||Oct 15, 2013||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic smoking article|
|USD691766||Jan 14, 2013||Oct 15, 2013||Altria Client Services Inc.||Mouthpiece of a smoking article|
|USD695449||Jan 14, 2013||Dec 10, 2013||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic smoking article|
|USD722196||Oct 14, 2013||Feb 3, 2015||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic smoking article|
|USD738036||Dec 15, 2014||Sep 1, 2015||Altria Client Services Inc.||Electronic smoking article|
|USD738566||Dec 15, 2014||Sep 8, 2015||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article|
|USD738567||Dec 15, 2014||Sep 8, 2015||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article|
|USD743097||Dec 15, 2014||Nov 10, 2015||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article|
|USD748323||Dec 15, 2014||Jan 26, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article|
|USD749259||Oct 14, 2013||Feb 9, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Smoking article|
|USD749778||Oct 14, 2013||Feb 16, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Smoking article|
|USD770086||Nov 25, 2013||Oct 25, 2016||Altria Client Services Llc||Electronic smoking article|
|EP2241203A2||Feb 14, 2007||Oct 20, 2010||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking Article|
|EP2486812A1||Feb 14, 2007||Aug 15, 2012||R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|EP2762020A2||Feb 14, 2007||Aug 6, 2014||R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company||Smoking article|
|WO1994006313A1 *||Sep 10, 1993||Mar 31, 1994||Philip Morris Products Inc.||Tobacco flavor unit for electrical smoking articles|
|WO1996014762A1 *||Nov 10, 1995||May 23, 1996||Rothmans International Services Limited||Tobacco rod and/or filter for smoking article|
|International Classification||A24B15/00, A24B15/16|