Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3738387 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 12, 1973
Filing dateJan 11, 1971
Priority dateFeb 28, 1970
Also published asCA936149A1, DE2107886A1, DE2107886B2, DE2107886C3, US3843211
Publication numberUS 3738387 A, US 3738387A, US-A-3738387, US3738387 A, US3738387A
InventorsHarries D, Ingram B, Phoenix L
Original AssigneeGirling Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Control valves for hydraulic fluids
US 3738387 A
Abstract
In a solenoid-operated control valve a spring loaded push-rod assembly for urging a valve member into engagement with a seating in a housing is coupled to the armature of the solenoid by a lost-motion connection permiting movement of the armature relative to the solenoid through a limited range. Movement of the armature in a direction towards the seating is arrested by a fixed abutment after the push-rod assembly has engaged with a stop limiting movement of the push-rod in a direction to urge the valve member into engagement with the seating and before the armature has moved relative to the push-rod through the said limited range.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Ingram et al.

[ CONTROL VALVES FOR HYDRAULIC FLUIDS Filed: Jan. 11, 1971 Appl. No.: 105,356

Assignee:

Foreign Application Priority Data Feb. 28, 1970 Great Britain 9769/70 Mar. 18, 1970 Great Britain 13116/70 UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,557,514 6/1951 Ray 251/129 X 959,618 5/1910 Schmidt 1,944,113 l/l934 Shenton 251/129 X June 12, 1973 3,451,429 6/1969 Vick 251/129 X 1,333,681 3/1920 l37/625.27 UX 2,284,234 5/1942 Seegers et al 138/44 X 2,296,132 9/1942 251/138 X 3,236,256 2/1966 Valentine 251/77 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 498,849 12/1953 Canada 251/129 1,151,483 1/1956 France 251/129 Primary Examiner-Henry T. Klinksiek Assistant ExaminerRobert J. Miller Att0rneylmire & Smiley [57] ABSTRACT In a solenoid-operated control valve a spring loaded push-rod assembly for urging a valve member into engagement with a seating in a housing is coupled to the armature of the solenoid by a lost-motion connection permiting movement of the armature relative to the solenoid through a limited range. Movement of the armature in a direction towards the seating is arrested by a fixed abutment after the push-rod assembly has engaged with a stop limiting movement of the push-rod in a direction to urge the valve member into engagement with the seating and before the armature has moved relative to the push-rod through the said limited range.

5 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure PATENIEUJumms 3,738,387

INVE'NT0RS em'lm INGRAM DAVID A- HARRiEe LANfiELOT PHOENIX QM At rs CONTROL VALVES FOR HYDRAULIC FLUIDS This invention relates to an improved control valve foruse in controlling the flow of fluid through a seating in a housing of the kind in which a valve member is normally urged against the seating to cut off fluid flow by a pre-loaded spring acting on the valve member through a push-rod assembly, and the push-rod assembly is movable in an opposite direction away from the seating upon energisation of a solenoid.

Hitherto in control valves of that kind the push-rod assembly is rigidly connected to the armature of the solenoid so that, when the solenoid is de-e nergised and the valve member is urged into engagement with the seating by the push-rod assembly, the closing force of the pre-loaded spring, which is applied to the valve member through the push-rod, is augmented by the inertia of the armature. In some constructions, particularly where the area of the valve seat is relatively small, the augmented closing force may be sufficiently large to cause the valve seat to become damaged by the engagement with it of the valve member.

According to our invention, in a control valve of the kind set forth the push-rod assembly is coupled to the armature of the solenoid by a lost-motion connection permitting movement of the armature relative to the push-rod assembly through a limited range, at least in a direction towards the seating, and movement of the armature in a direction towards the seating is resisted by a fixed abutment after the push-rod assembly has engaged with a stop limiting movement of the push-rod in a direction to urge the valve member into engagement with the seating and before the armature has moved relative to the push-rod through the said limited range.

Thus the inertia of the armature is taken by the fixed abutment and the closing force comprises the force in the preloaded spring and the inertia of the push-rod, which is small in comparison with that of the armature.

The stop limiting movement of the push-rod conveniently comprises the engagement between the valve member and the seating.

A longitudinal section through a control valve in accordance with our invention is illustrated in the single FIGURE of the accompanying drawings.

In the control valve illustrated 1 is a housing having a stepped cylindrical through-bore 2 of which portions of the bore are separated by a partition member 3 having a central opening 4. A chamber 5 defined in the bore between one face of the partition member 3 and one end of the housing is formed with a radial port 6 adapted to be connected to a return line to a reservoir for supplying fluid to a high pressure pump. The opposite face of the partition member 3 forms an abutment for the inner end of a cup-shaped sleeve 7 which is formed in its closed end with a central opening 8. The sleeve 7 is held in engagement with the partition member 3 by a plug 9. The plug 9 is screwed in a portion 10 of enlarged diameter at the opposite end of the bore 2.

A spacer member 11 having a central opening 12 of substantial diameter is clamped between the sleeve 7 and an adjacent face of an annular member 13 of which the opposite face is in abutment with the inner end of the plug 9. The annular member 13 is provided with a central opening 14 of a diameter substantially equal to or slightly smaller than that of the opening 8. The opening 14 is in communication with chamber 15in the plug 9 adapted to be connected to a source of high pressure fluid, for example, the pump or an hydraulic accumulator supplied by the pump, through a connection 16.

A valve member in the form of a ball 17 is located in a chamber 18 disposed between the sleeve 7 and the annular member 13 and defined by the opening 12. The ball 17 is adapted to engage with one of a pair of axially spaced seatings surrounding the openings 8 and 14, and the chamber 18 is adapted to be connected to an actuator for controlling a wheel brake slave cylinder through a radial passage 19 in the member 11 and a communicating radial port 20 in the wall of the housing 1.

Normally the ball 17 is held against the seating surrounding the opening 14 to cut-off communication between the high pressure source and the actuator by a push-rod assembly located in the chamber 5.

The push-rod assembly comprises a cylindrical holder 21 from the inner end of which projects a stem 22 of reduced diameter which normally extends through the opening 8 and engages at its free end with the ball 17. A central axial recess 23 extending inwardly from the opposite end of the holder 21 receives, in screw-threaded engagement, the outer end of a threaded stem 24 of an axially extending actuating rod 25. A locking nut 26 screwed onto the stem 24 abuts against the adjacent end of the holder 21 to lock the stem 24 and the holder 21 against relative rotation. The face of the nut 26 remote from the holder 21 forms an abutment for a plate 27 of dished outline which in turn forms an abutment for one end of a pre-loaded spring 28. The outer opposite end of the spring 28 engages with an inwardly extending radial abutment flange 29 engaging with a shoulder 30 at the base of an annular recess 31 in the wall of the housing 1 at that end in which the chamberS is located. The flange 29 is integral with a ring 32 of an axial length equal to that of the recess 31. The outer end of the ring 32 is clamped in engagement with a casing 33 incorporating solenoid windings (not shown) which surround an armature 34.

The actuating rod 25 works through a central opening in a bushing 35 screwed into an axially extending recess 36 in the inner end of the armature 34. An enlarged head 37 carried by the inner end of the rod 25 is located in a chamber 38 defined between the inner end of the recess 36 and the bushing 35. The head 37 is of an axial length less than that of the chamber 38 and of a diameter less than that of the recess 36. The head 37 is this axially movable relative to the armature 34 to form a lost-motion connection between the armature 34 and the actuating rod 25.

An abutment ring 39 for engagement with the outer face of the flange 29 is carried by the armature 34 adjacent to its inner end In the position shown in the drawing in which the solenoid windings are de-energised the ring 39 engages with the flange 29 and the head 37 is spaced from the bushing 35. In that position the ball 17 is held against the seating 14 to cut-off communication between the chamber 15 and the ports 20 and 6 due to the influence of the spring 28.

When the solenoid windings are energised in response to a signal received from a control module sensing excessive deceleration of a braked wheel, the armature 34 is moved away from the housing 1 and, after the lost motion clearance between the head 37 and the bushing 35 has been taken-up, the armature withdraws the actuating rod 25 against the loading of the spring 28. This permits the ball 17 to move out of engagement with the seating 14 and engage the seating 8 due to the high pressure fluid supplied to thechamber 15 through the port 16. That movement of the ball 17 places the chamber 15 in communication with the port 20 so that fluid from the pressure source is supplied to the actuator.

When the solenoid windings are again de-energised, the pre-loaded spring 28 moves the actuating rod in the opposite direction-taking with it the armature 34 and the free end of the stem 22 acts on the ball 17 to urge it into engagement with the seating 14 which acts as a stop preventing further movement of the rod 25 in that direction. Due to the provision of the lost-motion connection any inertia applied to the armature 34 during this movement is not transferred to the actuating rod 25 but is taken by the flange 29 before relative movement between the head 37 and the armature 34 is sufficient to enable the head 37 to engage with the base of the recess 38.

When the control valve described above is incorporated in an hydraulic braking system, conveniently of the kind described in our patent application Ser. No. 73,081, the connection 16 is connected to a source of high pressure fluid, the radial port 6 is connected to a return line to a reservoir for supplying fluid to the high pressure source through a union 40 screwed into a passage in the housing 1 and having an axial passage 42 in communication with the port 6, and the port 20 is connected to an actuator for controlling the pressure of hydraulic fluid applied to at least one wheel brake. Preferably the actuator is of the construction described in our patent application Ser. No. 73,202. In normal operation of the hydraulic braking system the control valve is in the position shown in the drawings with the solenoid windings de-energised and the ball 17 held in engagernent with the seating 14 to cut-off communication between the source of high pressure fluid and the actuator through the port 20. In that position fluid can return from the actuator to the reservoir through the ports 20 and 6 which are in communication by a flow path in the housing 1 defined by the chamber 5, the opening 4, the opening 8 in the sleeve 7, and the radial passage 19.

When the deceleration of the braked wheel exceeds a predetermined value the solenoid windings are energised and the armature 34 is withdrawn to permit the ball 17 to engage with the seating 8 as described above. Communication between the ports 20 and 6 is cut-off and high pressure fluid from the high pressure source is then supplied to the actuator to relieve the braking effort. Fluid within the chamber 5 and the opening 4 is then retruned to the reservoir through the port 6 and the communicating passage 42.

In such a hydraulic braking system a restriction may be provided within the return line between the port 6 and the reservoir. The provision of the restriction reduces the rate at which hudraulic fluid is returned to the reservoir form the actuator through the flow path in the housing 1 between'the ports 20 and 6, thereby controlling the rate of re-application of the wheel brake.

In one construction the restriction comprises an orifice formed in a plate which is located in the return line at any convenient location. As illustrated in the drawings the restriction comprises an orifice 43 provided in a plate 44 disposed between the inner end of the union 40 and a shoulder 45 at the inner end of the passage 41 into which the union 40 is screwed.

This has the advantage that, by unscrewing the union 40 from the passage 41, the orifice plate 44 can be removed and replaced by a plate provided with an orifice of a different diameter, whereby the characteristics of wheel brake re-application can be controlled in accordance with the requirements of any, or one particular, wheel brake of a particular vehicle. For example, if the orifice plate is replaced by a plate provided with an orifice of greater diameter the rate of re-application of the wheel brake is increased. Similarly if the orifice plate is replaced by a plate provided with an orifice of lesser depend entirely upon the braking characteristics of a system in accordance with the requirements of a vehicle in which it is to be installed.

The plate 44 is of a minimum thickness consistent with enabling the plate to define an orifice 43 of a particular diameter. Thus the ration of plate thickness to orifice diameter is maintained at a minimum value. At least the edge of the plate 44 which defined th end of the orifice 43 remote from the chamber 5 and facing the union 40 is of a sharp outline.

The construction or orifice plate described above is of advantage in that its characteristics remain substantially constant irrespective of changes in the viscosity of the hydraulic fluid. For example the orifice operates satisfactory when the temperature of the hydraulic fluid is at low as -2C.

We claim:

1. In a fiuid flow solenoid-operated control valve comprising a housing, a first seating in said housing surrounding a port through which fluid can flow, a valve member for engagement with said first seating, a pushrod assembly for urging said valve member into engagement with said first seating, a pre-loaded spring acting on said push-rod assembly to urge said valve member into engagement with said first seating, a solenoid, an armature for moving said push-rod assembly away from said first seating upon energisation of said solenoid, and a lost-motion connection between said armature and said push rod assembly, the invention wherein saidlostmotion connection comprises a first fixed abutment provided on said housing, a second abutment provided on the armature for direct mechanical engagement with said first abutment, the armature being free to remain with the two abutments in engagement with the solenoid is de-energised, and stop means for limiting movement of said push rod in a direction to urge said valve member into engagement with said first seating, the arrangement of the connection being such as to permit lost motion movement of said armature relative to said push-rod assembly in each direction of movement of said armature, the extent of said lost motion after said push rod assembly has engaged with said stop means being limited by engagement of said first and second abutments, whereby upon energisation of said solenoid said armature attains an initial momentum in taking up said lost before picking up the push-rod assembly,

said push-rod assembly carrying a radial plate forming an abutment for one end of said pre-loaded spring of which the other end is in engagement with said first abutment at the end of said housing adjacent to said solenoid, whereby said pre-loaded spring acts in a direction to urge said valve member into engagement with said first valve seating.

2. In a fluid flow solenoid-operated control valve comprising a housing, a first seating in said housing surrounding a port through which fluid can flow,a valve member for engagement with said first seating, a pushrod assembly for urging said valve member into engagement with said first seating, a pre-loaded spring acting on said push-rod assembly to urge said valve member into engagement with said first seating, a solenoid, an armature for moving said push-rod assembly away from said first seating upon energisation of said solenoid, and a lost-motion connection between said armature and said push-rod assembly, the invention wherein said lostmotion connection comprises a first fixed abutment provided on said housing, a second abutment provided on the armature for direct mechanical engagement with said first abutment, the armature being free to remain with the two abutments in engagement when the solenoid is de-energised, an enlarged head carried by said push-rod assembly at an end remote from said first seating, said head being received in a recess formed in said armature, screw means for adjusting the effective length of said push-rod assembly, and stop means for limiting movement of said push rod in a direction to urge said valve member into engagement with said first seating, the arrangement of the connection being such as to permit lost-motion movement of said armature relative to said push-rod assembly in each direction of movement of said armature, the extent of said lost motion after said push-rod assembly has engaged with said stop means being limited by engagement of said first and second abutments and the extent of said lost motion in the other direction being adjustable by said screw means and being limited by engagement of said armature and said head, whereby upon energisation of said solenoid said armature attains an initial momentum in taking up said lost motion before picking up the push-rod assembly.

3. The invention as claimed in claim 2 wherein said housing is provided with an outlet connection which incorporates a restriction to regulate flow of hydraulic fluid therethrough.

4. The invention as claimed in claim 3, wherein said restriction comprises an orifice in a plate removably mounted in a passage in said housing in connection with and of a diameter greater than, a port defining said outlet connection, and said plate is clamped between an inner end of a union screwed into said passage and a shoulder at a step in diameter between said passage and said port.

5. The invention as claimed in claim 4, wherein at least the edge of said plate which defines the end of said orifice facing said port is of a sharp substantially outline.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US959618 *May 6, 1909May 31, 1910George P CarrollElectric valve.
US1333681 *Apr 5, 1916Mar 16, 1920Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoControl apparatus
US1944113 *Apr 2, 1932Jan 16, 1934Frick CoSolenoid shut-off valve
US2284234 *Nov 3, 1938May 26, 1942Jas P Marsh CorpGauge construction
US2296132 *May 15, 1939Sep 15, 1942Wiseley Don CMagnetic check and release valve
US2557514 *Oct 16, 1945Jun 19, 1951Gen Controls CoFluid control valve
US3236256 *Jan 28, 1963Feb 22, 1966Bendix Westinghouse AutomotivePressure protection valve
US3451429 *Sep 28, 1966Jun 24, 1969Bendix CorpControl valve providing means for minimizing seat wear
CA498849A *Dec 29, 1953Mine Safety Appliances CoAutomatic multiple sampling valve
FR1151483A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4030668 *Jun 17, 1976Jun 21, 1977The Bendix CorporationElectromagnetically operated fuel injection valve
US4050477 *Oct 31, 1975Sep 27, 1977International Telephone And Telegraph CorporationValve
US4057190 *Jun 17, 1976Nov 8, 1977Bendix CorporationFuel break-up disc for injection valve
US4130188 *Aug 1, 1977Dec 19, 1978Askew Crawford SBraking device for a motor
US4662567 *Oct 17, 1985May 5, 1987Robert Bosch GmbhElectromagnetically actuatable valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/625.65, 251/129.14
International ClassificationB60T8/36, B60T8/32
Cooperative ClassificationB60T8/32, B60T8/3635
European ClassificationB60T8/32, B60T8/36F4B