US 3740680 A
This is an actuating device to be attached to a wall-mounted switch plate for actuating a light switch in a room or other place at a predetermined time interval either for turning such light on or off, or a combination. The device is particularly characterized in that it may mount flush into the wall and in a standard light box receptacle or it may be attached to an existing light switch. It is further characterized by a simple, manual override switch.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Schneidinger LIGHT SWITCH TIMING DEVICE Inventor: Carl Schneidinger, 4 Sorrel Lane, Rolling Hills Estates, Calif. 90274 Filed: -Oct. 12, 1971 Appl. No.: 188,235
[ June 19, 1973 951,750 3/1910 Stuparich 335/68 2,870,288 1/1959 Schmidt 335/69 1/1967 Kiesel et a1. 335/69 Primary ExaminerHarold Broome Attorney-Herbert C. Schulze  ABSTRACT This is an actuating device to be attached to a wallmounted switch plate for actuating a light switch in a room or other place at a predetermined time interval either for turning such light on or off, or a combination. The device is particularly characterized in that it may mount flush into the wall and in a standard light box receptacle or it may be attached to an existing light switch. It is further characterized by a simple, manual override switch.
1 Claim, Drawing Figures PATENTEDJUNIQ'W Y 5.740. 80
FIG. I. FIG. 2. 5
$5 I INVENTOR g CARL SCHAIEIDINGER & /Mm/ C SW ATTORNEY LIGHTSWITCII TIMING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION actuate electrical currents for such purposes as turning lights on and off, for actuating radios and other utensils, and thelike. All of such inventions are characterized by the necessity of an independent connection such as an independent time actuating device into conditions of light or the like.
which a light or the utensil is connected, or a separate timing device connected into a circuit which is the sole means of actuating the light or other device being acti-, vated. The present invention includes a device to cooperate with and, in combination with, to activate a customary wall switch upon the wall in existing buildings and the like. There is no priorart to my knowledge in this specific field of cooperating with and combining with light switches of a customary nature in houses and in this respect, there is no prior art. 7
I SUMMARY OF INVENTION There is .a constantly increasing demand, desire, and
requirement,.for protective devices and for security in I all fields, as well asfor-convenience.
In the past, there have been devices designed to turn on lights of one sort or. another about buildings at various times of day or to be actuated by approaching darkwithin, a wall or the like. There has not, so far, been a device developed to activate those customarily used lights and, thus one who is intent upon intrusion, may recognize the artificiality of protective lights being lighted at various times.
Up until now, it has been impractical to activate a light or all lights which are toggle switch actuated by an automatictiming or light-sensitive device.
I have approached this problem in a manner by which l am able to provide a device which is easily and safely installed -bya homeowner without large expense, and which can activate individual, normally used, lights within a home by a cooperative arrangement such customary switches as are found in most homes. l have accomplished this by combining a timing device and a switch-actuating device controlled by the timing device together with a power supply and which is so designed and constructed as to cooperate with an existing switch plate (which are virtually standard throughout the United States). I
lt has been my purpose, therefore, to provide a device which will not interfere with a normal switch operation, but will cooperate with the same, and yet have an override for either a manual or automatic operation.
It is an object of this invention to provide a timing device to actuate customary electric wall switch;
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of this invention will'be clear to those skilled in the art upon reading the description of a preferred embodiment in conjunction with the appended drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective of a customary electric light wall switch;
FIG. 2 is a perspective of the same device of FIG. 1 with the invention of this application shown in place and the switch-actuating lever itself shown in phantom;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view through 3-3 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an alternate embodiment of the device of this invention in partial section and partial schematic;
FIG. 5 is a perspective of an alternate embodiment of the device of this invention; and
FIG. 6 is a perspective of another alternate embodiment.
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT It will be clear that a basic light switch and face plate 10 comprises the switch toggle 18, the face place 12 with the toggle protruding through an appropriate opening therein, and screws 14 and 16, which hold the face plate to the switch box in the wall, which is wellknown in art. A
In FIG. 2 there is seen the face plate 12 covered by the device of this invention, and in which an intregal part of the case is a generally U-shaped hanger with an appropriate hole to accommodate screw 14 as is best illustrated in FIG. 3.
The case 11 may be formed of plastic, metal or any other suitable material and contains therein the power unit 26 which may be a battery or-the like suitable to actuate the timing device and solenoid hereinafter described. r
The timing device 24 is of a customary electronic timing device such as a capacitor-type timer which is well-known in the art. There are many electrical timers and any would be suitable.
Likewise, the timer 24 may be a spring-actuated timer such as, for example, the type of timer used in photographic work or an ordinary clock work timer such as an alarm clock type mechanism.
The two leads from the battery or power source are connected into the timer at 30 and 32 and two leads out of the timer at 34 and 36 take power to solenoid 28. The solenoid 28 is preferably a push-pull type solenoid or lineal actuator so that it may actuate both to turn on the switch or to turn it off. An override knob 30 is provided and a bracket 33 which can be a U- shaped-offset attachment to the end of the solenoid core as roughly shown, and, as is well understood in the art, completes the mechanical arrangement to the switch.
In phantom on FIG. 3 are shown the two electrical leads 52 and 54, the switch itself 50 and the customary switch mounting box 60.
As previously indicated, all of the elements shown may be replaced by spring-actuated, lever-actuated, or other similar mechanical devices all of which are wellknown in the art and all of which are well-known and well-developed for the art of timing.
In the particular illustrations, the control dial 22 (and in FIG. 4, 122) is a'simple representation of a control dial such as is customarily used with such devices to set a time for the actuation of the unit. As is well-known in the art, there may be two control dials, one setting a time for actuation and one setting a time for a reverse actuation. Likewise, the timer itself may be so constructed as to be only actuated once and in its own mechanism (not shown) to reverse its actuation after a given elapsed time. Likewise, there may be two or more control dials or settings for control of the timing device. Some timers become very complex and such timer can be used within this device, whether or not they are electrically operated, spring operated, or actuated in some other manner. It will also be understood that the device can be operated by manually making an initial setting by utilization of the knob 30, and then allowing all further settings or changes of position of the switch toggle 18 to take place by the use of the timer.
Although not commented upon at great length, the override knob 30 is of importance in that it is frequently desirable to override, or cancel, the action of the automatic timing device because of changed or unusual circumstances. Many times timers are so constructed, that their entire timing cycle must be altered by use of the control knob, or otherwise, in order to override the single cycle concerned. In the case of my device, I make it possible, by the simple addition of the override knob to override any given cycle without changing the basic configuration.
Also, although only commented upon briefly, the cooperative arrangement of the entire unit, with a wall plate, requiring the removal of only one mounting screw on the face plate is of importance. In this manner, an individual who is not technically qualified to work upon a light switch in safety, may install the device on one or more electrical switches already in an older building. He may also move such device from one switch to another as desired to create a changing effect within the house and yet with a simple, nonprofessional approach.
FIG. 4 illustrates an alternate arrangement in which the customary wall box switch is replaced by a new switch which mounts withinthe wall cavity said switch being generally 150, comprising a case as shown in partial section together with an appropriate timing device 124, solenoid 128, override knob 130, face plate 110, and electrical leads 130 and 132, together with switch 133. The switch 133 may be actuated by the solenoid 128 and this connection is shown by phantom lines 129. The switch will go to the light or the like being actually activated, and the current in the regular line will activate and actuate the timing mechanism 124. While the device of FIG. 4 is of importance in those instances where it may be desired to mount the entire device within the wall, it is of somewhat less interest to a homeowner or other individual who may wish to do the work without requiring a professional electrician. FIG.
4 shows a basic schematic arrangement, lacking in detail, since the details are well-known in the art. In this case, arrangements are made for the electrical current available at and 132 to be utilized to activate the timer. The electrical current, it will be noted, also is used as activation for the solenoid when the line 130 is closed within the timer.
The switch 133 is simply used to control the light, or other device operated by electricity. In this case, one portion of the electrical energy required for the light, or other device, is directed through the switch when it is closed (details not shown) as will be understood. It is likewise clear that the same effect may be achieved within a wall-mounted unit, by substituting a mechanical timer 124 and/or mechanical actuator for 128. In these cases, once again, a control knob 130 is utilized by direct connection to the actuating device in order to provide for manual override without effecting any permanent settings which may have been made in the device.
FIG. 5 illustrates in perspective an alternate embodi ment of the device in which the device has been so con- 'structed as to have two tabs 222 and 224 connected to the housing 220 of the device in such manner that screws or the like may be used to fasten the device to the sides of the wall, or in other convenient manner, without interfering with the switch plate at all, not even the removal of the one screw.
It will be clear that the mechanism within the housing 220 will be essentially the same as the mechanism within the other housings shown and described.
FIG. 6 illustrates a switch plate which becomes an altemate embodiment of this device in which the switch plate 310 has formed as an intregal part thereof timing device generally 320 and two standard-spaced holes for screws 314 and 316.
Within the device 320, the mechanism will be generally the same as shown although the override mechanism may preferably be a switch 330 protruding from the front of the case 320. The standard switch lever 318 will be engaged substantially as heretofore described and shown in the other embodiments.
In this instance, the entire existing face plate would be removed and the new face plate 310 carrying the entire mechanism would merely be replaced and would serve the purpose of making a neater and simpler installation.
The mechanism may be the same as any of those heretofore described.
As heretofore mentioned any of the mechanisms may have two setting dials for example 322 and 324 or one as shown in the other examples or no setting dials having the entire setting arranged internally.
It should be clear, also, to those skilled in the art that the setting dial 22 and 122; 322, 324, all as shown in the drawings, may be eliminated completely and all of the settings may take place within the device, if desired.
It will further be clear that a simple knob as shown at 30 and 130, attached to the actuating device for purposes of override may be in the form of a toggle switch or the like, which is well-known in the art. In this case, appropriate lovers and connections will be provided so that the manual actuation of the switch toggle is easily accomplished.
Throughout, no details of construction of timers and the like have been shown since these are well-known to those skilled in the art. Likewise, the mechanical connections and the solenoid have been shown schematically for simplicity since mechanical details will be a matter of choice.
While the devices illustrated and described herein are fully capable of achieving the objects and advantages desired, it will be clear that many modifications may be made without departing from the inventive concepts disclosed. For example, the timing device itself may be actuated by a photo-electric cell or other lightsensitive device or even by proximity devices and the like.
The particular descriptions are for illustrative purposes only and not for purposes of limitation.
1. An automatic electrical wall-mounted toggle switch actuating means comprising: a case having a front, top and bottom and two sides, with its back having an opening therein, suitable to receive a standard toggle switch handle; a bracket attached to said case and depending upwardly from the top thereof and having a U-shape at its upper extremity suitable to slip over the top of a standard switch wallplate, and having a hole therein to accommodate a screw at the location of the upper hole on a standard two-hole wall switch plate, whereby the upper screw in the switch faceplate may be removed, the U-shaped bracket hung over the top of the switchplate and the screw replaced through the hole in the bracket and the switchplate without removing the switchplate from the switch; a timing device located within said case having means to adjust the time cycle; said timing device so adapted as to impart power at a preset time to a device located within and connected to said case for actuating said toggle switch; and means operable from the exterior of said case to overridesaid timing device actuated switch operating device.