US 3740822 A
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Singleton June 26, 1973 METHOD OF MAKING PROTECTED METAL ARTICLE  Inventor: Fred G. Singleton, Pittsburgh, Pa.
[7 3] Assignee: H. H. Robertson Company,
 Filed: Apr. 12, 1971  Appl. No.: 133,148
Related U.S. Application Data  Division of Ser. No. 795,845, Feb. 3, 1969, Pat. No.
 U.S. Cl 29/419, 29/195, 29/473.1, 29/527.2  Int. Cl. 823k 31/02, B23p 17/00  Field of Search 29/419 G, 419 R, 29/527.2, 195 G, 473.1
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,631,641 3/1953 Coffman 29/473.1 X 3,077,032 2/1963 Oganowski 29/473.1 3,262,192 7/1966 Vukovcan et al 29/473.l X 3,274,679 9/1966 Kennedy 29/473.1 2,068,533 l/1937 Coffinan 29/195 G 3,224,847 12/1965 Schnedler... 29/195 G 2,951,771 9/1960 Butler 29/419 G 3,038,248 6/1962 Kremer 29/419 G 2,472,963 6/1949 Singleton et al. 29/195 X 2,668,348 2/1954 Hubbell 29/195 G 2,714,246 8/1955 Coffman et a1. 29/195 6 2,903,787 9/1959 Brennan 29/419 3,150,465 9/1964 Johnson 52/537 Primary Examiner-Charles W. Lanham Assistant Examiner-D. C. Reiley, lll Attorney-Harry B. Keck ABSTRACT A protected metal article is produced by combining a core of sheet steel with a protective metal consisting essentially of zinc; thereafter impressing a fibrous glass cloth into the protective metal and applying a weatherresistant outer coating applied to the fibrous glass cloth. The fibrous glass cloth may comprise either a glass fiber thread woven fabric or a bonded mat formed from randomly oriented continuous glass fiber filaments. The article is prepared by applying a molten protective metal coating consisting essentially of zinc to a steel sheet and, while the coating is in its molten condition, impressing a fibrous glass cloth into the protective metal and fusing the protective metal whereby the fibrous glass cloth is partially embedded within the protective metal.
2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 2 5 m3 FJi/g. A
FRED G. SINGLETON METHOD OF MAKING PROTECTEDME'TAL ARTICLE CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application is a division of my co-pending US. patent application Ser. No. 795,845 filed-Feb. 3, 1969, now US. Pat. No. 3,615,276.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relatesto the method of making protected metal articles especially for usein'building construction.
2. Description of the Prior Art Enormous quantities of protected metal have been produced in the past by impressing asbestos fiber felt into a molten zinccontaining coating on a'steel sheet, US Pat. No. 2,073,334. Subsequently, the asbestos felt coated sheet is dipped into an asphaltic impregnant and thereafter a weather-resistant coating is applied to the asphalt impregnated asbestos felt'which is itself mechanically bonded to the steel core by its partial embedment in the coating of zinc-containing material. Since the original development of this protected metal sheet which is sold throughout the world under the registered trademark GLABESTOS, substantial improvements have been made in the fabrication facilities and techniques and composition of the weather-resistant coating materials. GALBESTOS walls and roofs have already demonstrated life expectanciesgreater than 30 years; many of the original installationsare still in active use. The protected metal sheets are sometimes corrugated or otherwise profiled to produce building roofing and sheathing panels. See US. Pat. No. 3,150,465. The sheets occasionally are'rolled to produce tubular products, such as round ventilator housings.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention, a protected metal sheet can be produced by embedment of a fibrous glass cloth into a molten protective metal coating consisting essentially of zinc which is adhered directly to a steel core. The resulting article consists of a steel core which has adhered to at least one surface of a metal protective coating essentiallyof zinc. Impressed into the metal protective coating is a fibrous glass cloth which is retained in the metal protective coating by partial embedment. The fibrous glassxcloth may be either a. glass fiber thread woven fabric having essentially uniformly shaped interstices between the warp and woof threads and including from about 25 to SOthreads per inch as warp threads and from about 25m 50 threads per inch as woof threads; or
b. a continuous filament glass fiber bonded mat fabricated from glass filaments which are retained in a random orientation by a suitable binder of starch, resin or the like. 1
If desired, an outer weather-resistant coating, preferably pigmented to a desired color, may be applied to the surface of the protected metal sheet having the fibrous glass cloth partially embedded therein. If the weather-resistant coating is extremely thin, e.g., 1 mil or thereabout, the texture of the fibrous glass cloth will be visually discernible in the protected-metal surface.
If heavier weather-resistant coatings are employed,
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional illustration of a protected metal sheet fabricated in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of typical apparatus adapted to produce the present protected metal sheets on a continuous basis;
FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration similar to FIG. 2 illustrating an alternative embodiment of typical apparatus adapted to produce the present protected metal 7 sheet in a continuous strip form; and
FIG.4 is a schematic illustration of alternative terminal apparatus which may be substituted in FIGS. 2 or 3.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, the present protected metal sheet includes a core sheet 11 which is ordinarily carbon steel having a thickness from about 28 gauge through about 10 gauge. Thicknesses from about 26 gauge to about 18 gauge are preferred.
Directly bonded to one surface of the steel core 11 is a suitable film 12 of a protective metal material, consisting essentially of zinc metal. The zinc metal is adhered to the steel core 1 l in the manner of a galvanized coating. Embedded within the protective metal coating 12 over substantially the entire surface there is a tibrous glass cloth identified by the numeral 13. When the fibrous glass cloth is a glass-fiber threaded woven fabric, the cloth presents warp threads 14 and woof threads 15.
The view of FIG. 1 is taken along a single warp thread 14 which exposes to view the weaving undulations including crests 14a and valleys 14b. In this view, the woof threads 15 include threads 15a which pass beneath the warp crests 14a and include threads 15b which pass above the valleys 141). It will be observed that the underneath woof thread segments 15a and the valley portions 14b of the warp threads are embedded within the protective metal coating 12 whereas the warp crests 14a and the woof thread portions 15b are outboard from the protective metal coating 12 and are not embedded therein. This desired partial embedment of the glass fiber thread woven fabric 13 is achieved by careful control of the amount of protective metal which is applied as the coating 12.
When a continuous filament bonded mat is selected as the fibrous glass cloth, the filaments cross over and under one another and create interstices which resemble those of the warp and woof threads of FIG. 1. Each filament is partially embedded in the protective metal and secured by the partial embedment.
An outer weather-resistant coating 16 is applied over the fibrous glass cloth 13. As seen-in FIG. 1, the weather-resistant outer coating 16 is relatively thick and as a result, the configuration of the fibrous glass cloth 13 is not discernible when the exposed surface of the coating 16 is inspected.
The weather-resistant outer coating 16 may be an alkyd resin, a urethane coating, a polyvinyl chloride or polyvinyl fluoride resin, a silicone-modified polyester resin, paints, lacquers or the like. Preferably, the weather-resistant outer coating 16 will retain sufficient ductility to permit the bending and/or rolling of the sheet after the coating 16 has been applied to the outer surface.
As shown in FIG. 2, the present protected metal sheet can be fabricated in a continuous strip form from a coil 20 of strip steel having a thickness of 28 gauge to 10 gauge and a width from about 1.5 feet to about 5 feet. A strip 21 of'the steel is uncoiled and delivered into a vat 22 containing an inventory 23 of molten protective metal consisting essentially of zinc. The molten metal inventory 23 may contain aluminum or lead in small quantities, if desired. Other molten metals may accumulate within the vat 23 as impurities in insignificant amounts. The strip 21 preferably is subjected to cleaning, oxide removal and grease removal washings prior to entry into the vat 22 over an idler roller 24. Customarily, a hold-down roller 25 is provided within the vat 22 to maintain the strip 21 under the surface of the inventory 23 for a desired period of time to allow the strip 21 to develop a molten-metal coating of acceptable thickness. As the strip 21 exits from the vat 22, it passes through a heating zone 26 which provides extrinsic heat to the molten-metal-coated strip to prevent the premature solidification of the molten coating on the outer surfaces of the strip. The molten-metalcoated strip is delivered between a pair of bonding rolls 27, 28 which have their axes in vertical alignment and are pressed together at the nip by a substantial pressure. Pressures of the order of 40,000 pounds are contemplated. The bonding rolls 27, 28 preferably are fabricated from tool steel and serve to extract the residual heat from the molten protective metal and to cause the molten metal to be chilled and fused as it passes into and through the nip of the rolls.
A reel 29 of fibrous glass cloth is provided adjacent to the bonding rolls 27, 28. A sheet 30 of the cloth is drawn from the reel 29 over idler rollers 31, 32 and is fed into the nip between the rolls 27, 28 along with the molten-metal-coated steel strip. The sheet 30 is pressed into the molten-metal-coating at the same instant that I the metal-coating is being chilled by its initial contact at the nip between the rolls 27, 28 whereby the metalcoating fuses with the fabric sheet 30 partially embedded therein.
The underside of the strip 2l is preferably not coated with thefibrous glass cloth and is preferably coated with a relatively thin film of the protective metal to provide some corrosion resistance for the surface of the steel sheet. Coating thickness control'on the underside of the sheet may be achieved by impingement of flames, steam, heated gases, against the surface, or by mechanical wiping or rolling of the under surface while the protective metal-coating is in a molten condition.
From the nip between the bonding rolls 27, 28, the product sheet is delivered over suitable idler rollers 33 to a terminal apparatus 34 including a recoiling device 35 where the continuous strip is formedinto coils 36 of suitable length for subsequent coating.
If desired, as shown in FIG. 4, the resulting protected metal sheet may be introduced into alternative terminal apparatus 34' where the sheets are coated immediately by passing through a suitable zinc-phosphate conversion coating system indicated schematically at 37 and thereafter through a suitable coating system indicated schematically at 38. The resulting coated sheet is cut to length in a suitable guillotine 39 and the cut lengths of coated product are accumulated in a stack 40.
The embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3 employs corresponding numerals and includes, essentially the same components illustrated in FIG. 2. In FIG. 3, the bonding rolls 27 28' are presented in horizontal axial alignment whereas the bonding rolls 27, 28 of FIG. 2 are presented with vertical axial alignment.
GENERAL COMMENTS The protected metal articles according to the present inventionachieve a high degree of corrosion protection without requiring an 'asphaltic or bituminous coating of the type previously required in protected metal sheets. Thefibrous glass cloth provides an excellent surface for the adhesion of a weather-resistant outer coating.
EXAMPLES A number of specimens of metal sheets were prepared from 22 gauge steel coated with molten zinc metal.
1. glass thread woven fabric 40 X 40 threads per inch 2. glass thread woven fabric 40 X 32 threads per inch 3. continuous filament glass fiber bonded mat having thickness of 10 mils, bonded with an adhesive material:
a. starch b. polyester resin c. acrylic resin d. epoxy resin In each instance, the fibrous glass cloth successfully bonded to the molten zinc coating with the filaments or thread being partially embedded within the metal. Multiple identical specimens of the glass fiber thread woven fabric embedded sheets were obtained. Several were dipped in a zinc-phosphate conversion bath; others were dipped in a chromate conversion bath; others were untreated. The glass fabric was much more difficult to remove from the sheets which had received the zinc-phosphate conversion treatment. The glass fabric was attached about equally to the untreated sheets and to the sheets which had been chromate conversion treated.
Outer weather-resistant coatings of alkyd resins and of silicone-modified polyesters adhered well to all speclmens.
The continuous glass fiber mats described in this specification should be distinguished from the chopped glass fiber mats which are widely employed in manufacturing glass-fiber-reinforced plastic laminates. Such chopped glass fiber mats can be applied to a molten zinc coating, but the resulting product is unacceptable as a protected metal sheet.
1. A method for fabricating protected metal sheets which comprises applying a protective metal coating consisting essentially of zinc to a steel core while the said protective metal is in a heated fluid condition and thereafter applying fibrous glass cloth thereto before the protective metal has solidified, and squeezing the tributed interstices between the fibrous glass components of the said glass cloth.
2. The method of claim 1 including the additional steps of immersing the sheet product in a zincphosphate conversion bath and recovering the immersed sheet product.
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