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Publication numberUS3741409 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1973
Filing dateDec 1, 1971
Priority dateDec 1, 1971
Publication numberUS 3741409 A, US 3741409A, US-A-3741409, US3741409 A, US3741409A
InventorsP Painter
Original AssigneeFreeport Brick Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Transfer apparatus for articles with a vertical passage
US 3741409 A
Abstract
An inflator head provided with an opening through it is supported for vertical and lateral movement. Secured to the head around its opening is the open upper end of a resilient bag that extends downwardly from the head for insertion in an article having a vertical opening in it. There are means connected with the head opening for delivering air under pressure to the bag to inflate it and for releasing the air pressure from the bag. Means are also provided for raising the head-supporting means so that after the bag has been inflated in an article to grip the wall of the opening therein the article can be picked up by the bag and transferred to another location.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 Painter June 26, 1973 TRANSFER APPARATUS FOR ARTICLES WITH A VERTICAL PASSAGE [75] Inventor: Paul C. Painter, Natrona Heights,

21 Appl. No.: 203,721

[52] US. Cl. 214/1 BC, 214/38 CA, 214/1 BD,

Neumeier 214/1 BC 3,510,018 5/1970 Mork 214/147 R FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,159,361 7/1969 Great Britain ..294/99R I Primary Examiner-Gerald M. Forlenza Assistant Examiner-George F. Abraham Attorney-Brown, Murray, Flick & Peckham 5 7] ABSTRACT An inflator head provided with an opening through it is supported for vertical and lateral movement. Secured to the head around its opening is the open upper end of a resilient bag that extends downwardly from the head for insertion in an article having a vertical opening in it. There are means connected with the head opening for delivering air under pressure to the bag to inflate it and for releasing the air pressure from the bag. Means are also provided for raising the head supporting means so that after the bag has been inflated in an article to grip the wall of the opening therein the article can be picked up by the bag and transferred to another location.

10 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PAIENIEnJum ms 3.741.409

sum 1 ar 5 6- INVENTOR.

PAUL C PAINTER BY ATTORA/EKS.

PAIENIEBJmsma 3.141.409 SHEEI 2 OF 5 INVENTOR.

PAUL C. PAINTER ,amyzm ATTOR/VEVS.

PAIENTEDJUNZB I973 SHEEI30F5 Fig. #3

INVENTOR. PAM/Z C. PA/IVTER BY A TTOR/VEYS PATENTEDJUHZS ma SHEEISUFS IN VE N TOR.

PAUL c. PAINTER ATTORNEYS.

TRANSFER APPARATUS FOR ARTICLES WITH A VERTICAL PASSAGE In the making of refractory sleeves for the stopper rods of ladles for molten steel, the practice has been to transfer these articles from one location to another, such as to and from a drier or kiln car, by manual labor. Since some of the articles are very heavy, the manual exertion required has been very great, and the number of pieces that a man can handle per hour has been rather limited, with the work usually confined to young men with great physical stamina. Also, the products frequently are damaged by workmen tossing and catching them, or by hand and finger marks and indentations in undried articles or by distortion, chipping, rounding off of edges and injury to the joints due to the manual handling of these articles.

It is among the objects of this invention to provide apparatus which is easy to use for quickly transferring hollow articles from one location to another with extremely little effort, which can be adapted for handling articles of various sizes and weights without requiring a prolonged shut-down period, which is capable of handling a plurality of objects simultaneously, which increases productivity, which eliminates product damage, which is easily controlled by one hand, and which can be operated by an older man as well as by a young man.

The preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is a plan view;

FIG. 2 is a side view;

FIG. 3 is an enlargedfragmentary end view;

FIG. 4 is a further enlarged vertical section of a detail; and

FIG. 5 is a pneumatic and electric circuit diagram.

Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawings, a kiln car 1 is shown in front of a tunnel kiln (not shown). In its empty state the car is positioned beside an endless conveyor belt 2 or below one that extends across the car as shown. Between the belt and the kiln a working platform 3 is supported a short distance above the car, with the front end of the car projecting from it. The platform is some distance below the level of the top of the conveyor belt. The conveyor is for carrying ceramic articles to be stacked on the kiln car so that they can be moved into the kiln and fired. The articles illustrated in the drawing are refractory sleeves 4 for steel ladle stopper rods. Some of these sleeves may weigh as much as 80 pounds. The articles could also be refractory pouring nozzles for steel ladies, or be other articles provided with vertical openings or passages. Before this invention, the articles were transferred by hand to the kiln car from a conveyor or other car.

It is a feature of this invention that the sleeves can be quickly transferredfrom the conveyor to the kiln car with extremely little manual effort. Accordingly, at one sidd of the kiln car a pair of steel columns 5 are connected by one side of a horizontal frame 6, the opposite side of which is supported by inclined braces 7 connected at their upper ends to the columns. Supported by this frame is a pair of parallel tracks 8 that extend over the working platform. These tracks support a carriage 9 that can be moved back and forth along them by chains 10 passing around sprockets 11 rotatably mounted at the opposite ends of the tracks. The

- sprockets at the column end of the tracks are driven by a motor 12 operated from a control panel 13 supported by one side of the conveyor at the working platform. From this panel a suitable device also is operated for indexing the kiln car ahead as it is being loaded.

As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the carriage 9 includes an upwardly extending central frame 16, from which a chain hoist 17 is suspended. This hoist, also controlled from panel 13, supports a non-rotatable post 18 that the hoist can raise and lower in the carriage as required. Rotatably supported on the lower end of the post are bearings 19 attached to the upper end of a frame 21 that supports a bracket 22 shown in FIG. 2. Pivotally mounted in the bracket is a parallel linkage system that includes parallel upper and lower arms 23 and 24 extending away from opposite sides of the bracket. The front ends of the arms are pivotally connected to the upper end portion of a leg 26 that extends downwardly. The rear ends of the arms are pivotally connected by a link 27 that supports a pair of counterweights 28 to balance the leg.

The lower end of leg 26 is connected by a double universal or flexible joint to a housing 31 having a downwardly extending cylindrical flange 32, shown in FIG. 4. The flexible joint is formed from a pair of resilient couplings 33 connecting short pipes 34. Rotatably mountedin housing flange 32 is a cylindrical hand grip swivel memeber 36 that is retained in the flange by a retaining ring 37 extending into an annular groove in the upper end of the swivel member and overlying a bushing 38 mounted in the upper end of the flange. Sealing rings 39 also encircle the swivel member inside the flange. The lower end of the swivel member is provided with an upwardly extending socket 41, the lower end of which is encircled by a flange 42. Engaging the bottom of this flange is the head 43 of an inflator, the head having a central opening and a neck 44 extending up into the socket of the swivel member. The flange and head are held together by bolts 45 screwed down into nuts 46 welded to the top of a metal ring 47.

The open upper end of a resilient bag 49 of rubber or similar material is secured to the bottom of the inflator head around its central opening. This is preferably done by first welding the upper end of a hollow ocre 50 to the bottom of the head and then bonding the upper portion of the bag to the outer surface of the core. For best results, the bottom of the core is solid and convex and the lower portion of the bag is bonded to it. Between the upper and lower bonded portions of the bag the side wall of the core is provided with openings 51 for supplying air to the inside of the bag so that it will inflate or expand. The length and diameter of the uninflated bag is such that is can readily be inserted in the vertical passage through any one of the refractory sleeves 4 for which the bag is designed. To prevent the upper ends of the sleeves from being damaged when the bag is inserted, a ring 52 of rubber or other cushioning material'is bonded to the bottom of ring 47 for engaging the upper ends of the sleeves.

To insert the inflator in one of the sleeves, an operator standing on the working platform 3 grasps swivel member 36 in one hand and moves it sideways until the inflator is directly over the passage through the sleeve. This can be done because the parallel linkage system can tilt and swing around post 18 supporting it, and the flexible joint 33, 34 will allow some lateral movement of the inflator relative to the supporting leg 26. The inflator then is lowered into the sleeve until the cushioning ring 52 rests on top of it. The bag then is inflated .lationtdthe len high on the conveyor,

pickedup togethenl s w of the bag should be .s'ecuredto the epr myem jecting button 53tliat 1 bore in the sw velmembenandashort distanceabove; it. The upper end of the rodengagestheac 5) mounted in: control ibdx isl fasten leg 26. 118 vaivesu n linefizthat cond f housing flange 32r'lfh sportpopens into n n nular p sage 63 around the nsiaer the flangegandthepassag that extend down lthroughflthe swivel member jlnto 1 1 to pass through a stabilizing further pressure jlredii box 61 between the we reducer is adjusted l to a safe value forthe inflatorj and theparticularobjeet c pof icanjf ease, the central port Inflation is accorjnplishedjby pressingfa;llaterall prof slidablyi x mountedin Swivel member 36. Asshowh f roffan 11in housing electricswitch sssjupbort a by fa bracltetj 5 y .31 Thewires from thisswitch are connected withdslipif 3 rings 58 carried theflowerend offpostds and en gaged y Sliding m 9 P1Tl 9t l8fPQm{P 521 The contacts arewiredl ib 3suitable electrical source Closing of the switchlo jp s am ed in und rpresstiredow o. n toapor n l we the leg and then ut side communicates with the upper"ends ofotherfpassagesfi socket 4L As shown inFIGL S, the inleto lower portion of the pojstatojan airline a pipe 68 connectedto a suitablesource o airundleru L pressure.

Before the air reaches the solenoid valvqitrnay pressurereducjer 169 an dthe inflat mitthe pressure being lifted. The same hand the operator uses to grip core limit expansion of the bag to the centralportion u ea ajoinins p rotimhe to qrthis butrdn is provided with al rejcess S4Lhaving a uo n ara yyand l inwardly. inclined bottom, lower endof a rodISSfthateXtends upjthrough 70 lin s: inside control n from the conveyor until itis balancedbyfthefcounter weights. The oprator then can swing theswivel member 3 and the refractory/sleeve around to adesired positioncx above the kiln car, whereupon he can pullthe swivel member downwardly with little effort until the sleeves rests on the car. The button is then released, which causes the lower end of the cylinder tofbe connected it with exhaust and the inflator bag to deflate. The counterweights then will be able to lift the inflatorout of the it sleeve so that the operator can swing'theinflator back to pick up the next sleeve.

As shown in FIG. 5, Inorder to deliver air under pressure to the lower end of cylinder 71 immediately after like by mereliypushirig a button; and helthencan east] leeve overltozthe car landj deposit it on;

group *0 lb erator can eng l r H. l r otherxThecarriage 9 andhoist 17 permit the sleeves t the swivel member also used to press t s; 1 bedeposited"throughouta large area andstacked to j order to admit the air under pressure totheinflator bag 7 so that it will be inflatedagainst the surrounding refrac tory sleeve. The end portions of the bag bondedto the I considerable height. Indexing of the kiln car. allowsthe 1 m? 9 the travel distance cr me stee r from thejconveyor tojthecar to a minimum. Sinceho jspace isrequired fora man's hands between the differentstacks ofsleeves, because the inflator gripsitheinside of the sleeves, the sleejves can beplac'ed side f sideuingengagernentwithone another. Thisrnaltesthe j. f

sleeves on a car very stable; as theysupport w oneanothj er againstlateral niovementh 3 Inflators of different diameters and lengthsfor different produots canfbequickly attachedto ordiscorv {nected from the swiveYrne mberJFor heavieror lighter 7 products the mount offpressure supplied to thelinflatorcanbe changed byadjusting pressure regulator 70.

According totheprovisions of the patentfstatutesfl have explained the principleof my invention and have illustratedanddescribed what I now consider to repre- S sent itsfbesternbodiment.However, Idesire to have it understood that, within the scope of the appendedlf,

.clams', the inventionrnay be practiced otherwisethan as specifically illustratedariddescribed.y l

1. Transfer apparatus for articles having a vertical passage therein, comprising overhead supporting means, suspension means hung from said supporting means and rotatable around a vertical axis, laterally extending arm means pivoted on a horizontal axis to said suspension means, a leg extending downwardly from one end of said arm means, means pivoting the upper end of the leg to the arm means on a horizontal axis, pneumatically operated means carried by said suspension means and connected with said arm means for tilting said end of said arm means up to raise the leg, a hand grip swivel member beneath said leg manually rotatable on its vertical axis, flexible joint means connected to the lower end of the leg and supporting said swivel member, an inflator head connected with the lower end of said swivel member and provided with an opening therethrough, a resilient bag with an open upper end secured to said head around said opening and extending downwardly therefrom for insertion in one of said articles, a manual control member carried by said swivel member, means controlled by said control member for supplying air under pressure to said bag and to said pneumatically operated means, and means for delaying saidsupplying of air pressure to said pneumatically operated means until the bag has been inflated, whereby a workman beneath said arm means and gripping said swivel member with one hand can control with that hand inflation of the bag and its vertical and lateral movements and can swing the swivel member laterally in a circle.

2. Transfer apparatus according to claim 1, in which said arm means extends laterally from opposite sides of said suspension means, the apparatus including a counterweight on the end of said arm means opposite said one end.

3. Transfer apparatus according to claim 1, including adjustable means for delivering air under pressure to said pneumatically operated means to balance said arm means while under no-load conditions.

4. Transfer apparatus according to claim 1, including a first conduit connected with said head opening, and a second conduit for delivering sufficient pressure to said pneumatically operated means to raise said end of said arm means, said delaying means comprising pilot valve means normally closing said second conduit, and means controlled by said control member for operating said pilot valve means to open the second conduit after the bag has been inflated.

5. Transfer apparatus according to claim 1, in which said delaying means include a pressure reducer.

6. Transfer apparatus according to claim 4, in which said second conduit is under continuous air pressure.

7. Transfer apparatus according to claim 4, in which said means controlled by said control member include a third conduit for delivering air under pressure to said pilot valve means to operate it, and a pressure reducer in the third conduit.

8. Transfer apparatus according to claim 4, in which said means controlled by said control member includes a shuttle valve controlling said pilot valve means, means for delivering air to said shuttle valve to shift it in one direction, and means operative when said control member is released to reverse the shuttle valve.

9. Transfer apparatus according to claim 4, including a first conduit connected with said head opening, and a second conduit for delivering sufficient pressure to said pneumatically operated means to raise said end of said arm means, said delaying means comprising pilot valve means normally closing said second conduit, a third conduit for delivering air under pressure to said pilot valve means to operate it, and a pressure reducer in the third conduit, air under pressure being delivered to said third conduit when said control member is actuated.

10. Transfer apparatus according to claim 9, including adjustable means for delivering air under pressure to said pneumatically operated means to balance said arm means while under no-load conditions.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3063574 *Jan 21, 1959Nov 13, 1962Union Special Machine CoMaterial handling apparatus
US3327450 *Aug 12, 1964Jun 27, 1967Carter Terry LCase packer
US3462934 *Apr 9, 1968Aug 26, 1969Zinser Textilmaschinen GmbhApparatus for gripping bobbins on textile machines
US3510018 *Feb 27, 1968May 5, 1970Bucyrus Erie CoCable support for the bucket attachment of a stick clam excavator or the like
US3540603 *Sep 23, 1968Nov 17, 1970Programmed & Remote Syst CorpMill liner handling machine
GB1159361A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3945486 *Oct 15, 1974Mar 23, 1976Glass Containers CorporationContainer supporting and transporting device
US4226567 *Jun 9, 1978Oct 7, 1980D. W. Zimmerman Mfg., Inc.Apparatus for handling bobbins
US4747316 *Mar 5, 1987May 31, 1988Millipore CorporationProbe-gripper
US4759674 *Apr 17, 1986Jul 26, 1988Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Wiederaufarbeitung Von Kernbrennstoffen MbhRemotely-operable positioning and carrying apparatus for remote-handling equipment
US5090758 *Nov 9, 1989Feb 25, 1992Lord Carter KRigid spine inflatable end effector
US5667353 *Mar 31, 1995Sep 16, 1997Inspex Inc.Robot system
US5820897 *Jul 27, 1995Oct 13, 1998Xerox CorporationApparatus for handling and dippling flexible belts using a blow molded polymer chucking device
US5934724 *Oct 9, 1995Aug 10, 1999Ferriere; ChristianMethod and device for accurately supporting and positioning mechanical parts
US6293750 *Mar 24, 2000Sep 25, 2001Bayer CorporationRobotics for transporting containers and objects within an automated analytical instrument and service tool for servicing robotics
US6332636 *Mar 24, 2000Dec 25, 2001Bayer CorporationRobotics for transporting containers and objects within an automated analytical instrument and service tool for servicing robotics
US7004338 *Jan 23, 2001Feb 28, 2006Demag Mobile Cranes GmbhEmpty container storage for the intermediate storage of empty ISO containers
US8317244 *Aug 12, 2009Nov 27, 2012Jay Wesley SchuylemanApparatus and method for positioning an object in a building
Classifications
U.S. Classification414/733, 901/30, 294/98.1, 414/917, 901/17, 901/39, 901/48
International ClassificationB65G61/00, B66C13/18, B66C1/46, B66C23/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65G61/00, B66C23/005, B66C1/46, B66C13/18, Y10S414/13
European ClassificationB66C1/46, B65G61/00, B66C23/00B, B66C13/18