|Publication number||US3742425 A|
|Publication date||Jun 26, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 7, 1970|
|Priority date||Dec 7, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3742425 A, US 3742425A, US-A-3742425, US3742425 A, US3742425A|
|Inventors||R Guarnero, R Peltola|
|Original Assignee||Tektronix Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Peltola et al.
[ COAXIAL CABLE CONNECTOR FOR CIRCUIT BOARD  Inventors:' Ronald W. Pcltola, Beaver-ton;
Richard F. Guarnero, Lake Oswego, both of Greg.
 US. Cl. 339/17 R, 339/177 R, 339/256 R  Int. Cl. H01r 17/18, HOSk 1/10  Field of Search 174/35, 68.5;
339/17 R, 177 R, 177 E, 256 R; 332/21, 84, 97
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS l/1959 Engel 339/17 R 9/1969 Florer 339/177 R X 3,496,515 2/1970 Painter, Sr. 339/17 R 3,243,760 3/1966 Dupre et a1... 339/17 R X 3,258,735 6/1966 Valle 339/177 E FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 8/1960 Canada.; 339/177 R [4 1 June 26, 1973 Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion Assistant Examiner-Terrell P. Lewis AttorneyBuckhorn, Blore, Klarquist & Sparkman [5 7] ABSTRACT Connector apparatus for connecting a coaxial cable to a strip transmission line on an etched circuit board is described including a resilient socket member mounted on the circuit board and a plug member attached to the end of the cable. The plug includes a tubular inner eyelet crimped onto the jacket of the cable and surrounded by an outer eyelet which clamps a portion of the outer conductor of the cable between such two eyelets by an interference fit. One end of the inner conductor of the coaxial cable extends out of the eyelets and is inserted into a hole in the circuit board which may contain a separate tubular inner socket member for connection to the signal conductor of the strip line. An outer socket member in the form of a split sleeve having a plurality of legs attached to the circuit board is connected to the ground conductor of the strip line and resiliently holds the plug member inserted therein.
10 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PAIENIEnJme 1925 FIG. I i I sum 1 OF 2 '.'FTF I RONALD W. PELTOLA RICHARD F GUARNERO INVENTORS.
BUCKHORN, BLORE, KLARQUIST 8. SPARKMAN ATTORNEYS COAXIAL CABLE CONNECTOR FOR CIRCUIT BOARD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The subject matter of the present invention relates generally to electrical connectors for cables and, in particular, to connectors for connection of a coaxial cable to a strip line typetransmission line on an etched circuit board.
The coaxial cable connector of the present invention includes a resilient outer socket member in the form of a split sleeve having legs which are soldered to the circuit board, and a plug member including't'wo tubular eyelets attached to the end of the outer conductor of such cable. The plug member is inserted into such outer socket member which acts as a'guide so that 'the end of the inner conductor of the cable extending out of the plug member is also inserted through a hole in the circuit board which may contain a separate inner socket member. The circuit board may have a stripline type transmission line formed thereon with a uniform characteristic impedance equal to that of the coaxial cable, and includes a signalconductor and a ground conductor, respectively connected to the inner socket member and the outer socket member. As a result of its simplified construction, the coaxial connector apparatus of the present invention is inexpensive to manufacture and is provided with an extremely high frequency response as well as a low standing wave ratio due to the fact that the characteristic impedance of the cable is maintained throughout the entire length of the connector which minimizes signal reflections.
The connector apparatus of the present invention is especially useful for connecting the signal input of a wide band cathode ray oscilloscope to its vertical amplifier.
Previous coaxial cable connectors for connecting to etched circuit boards have employed a plug member including a pin connected to the inner conductor of the cable and a resilient outer shield connected to the outer conductor of such cable which mate with corresponding inner and outer socket members joined together by solid dielectric material, as shown in U. S. Pat. No. 2,869,090 of Johanson, granted Jan. 13, 1959. In addition to being simpler and less expensive in construction due in part to the use of a split sleeve socket member and the use of a bare end portion of the inner conductor of such cable as the inner plug member, the connec tor apparatus of the present invention also has a higher frequency response and a lower standing wave ratio than such prior apparatus.
It is therefore one object of the present invention to provide an improved cable connector apparatus of simple and inexpensive construction.
Another object of the invention is to provide such a connector apparatus for connecting a coaxial cable to a strip transmission line on a circuit board in which the characteristic impedance of the cable is maintained through the entire length of the connector apparatus to provide a higher frequency response and a lower standing wave ratio.
An additional object of the invention is to-provide such a connector apparatus with a plug means which may be attached to the cable and a socket means which may be mounted on the circuit board by automatic assembly.
A further object of the present invention is to provide such a connector apparatus with a socket member in the form of a split sleeve which resiliently engages a rigid plug member attached to the cable and guides the insertion of a bare end portion of the cable into a hole in the circuit board for easy reliable connection operation.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide such connector apparatus in which the socket means includes an inner socket member mounted in the hole in a circuit board and separate from the split sleeve socket member for releasable connection of the cable to the circuit board while enabling a permanent connection merely by replacing the inner socket member with a soldered connection.
A still further object of 'the present invention is to provide such a connector apparatus in which the plug means is formed by a pair of tubular eyelet members clamping the shield wires at one endof the outer conductor of such cable therebetween to form a connector of short length so that the cable can extend parallel to the circuit board a short distance therefrom for less mounting space.
An additional object of the invention is to provide an improved electrical connector socket in the form of a split sleeve member having a polygonal cross section with flat sides and mounting legs extending from such sides to provide good mechanical contact with a plug member of circular cross section inserted into such socket.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a connector socket with a lower inductance to ground by providing one of the leg portions with a shorter length extending substantially perpendicular to the main body of the socket and by providing a slot in such main body extending longitudinally along its full length.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof and from the attached drawings of which:
FIG. 1 is a for elevation view of the connector apparatus of the present invention with a portion of the circuit board broken away fro clarity;
FIG. 2 is a front elevation view of the connector apparatus of FIG. 1 with the plug shown removed from the socket;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the connector apparatus of FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged horizontal sectional view taken along the line 44 of FIG. 1;
FIG. Sis an enlarged plan view of the inner socket member taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a horizontal sectional view taken along the line 6-6 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of the circuit board taken along the line 7--7 of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 8 is an enlarged vertical section view taken along the line 88.of FIG. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The electrical connector apparatus of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and includes a socket l0 mountedon an etched circuit board 12 and a plug 14 attached to one end of an electrical cable 16. The cable 16 may be a coaxial cable includingan inner signal conductor 18 and an outer shield conductor 20 separated bysoliddielect'ric material 22 of a suitable plastic material, and a protective jacket 24 of plastic material provided over the outer conductor 20.
The outer conductor 20 may be in the form of braided wire strands woven together along its entire length except for shield wires 26 at one end thereof which, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 8, are separated and bent back along the cable over an inner plug member 28. The inner plug member is in the form of a tubular metal eyelet having an outer flange portion 30 extending outwardly from the side of the eyelet one end thereof, such eyelet being crimped onto the jacket 24 of the cable. An outer plug member 32 in the form of a second tubular metal eyelet is forced over the inner eyelet 28 to clamp the shield wires 26 between such eyelets. Thus, the inner diameter of eyelet 32 is just slightly larger than the outer diameter of eyelet 28, in
order to provide the proper spacing for a good friction fit when the shield wires 26 are between such two eyelets. The outer eyelet 32 is also provided with a flange 34 extending radially outward at one end thereof. Flange 34 engages the flange 30 on the inner eyelet and during assembly such flanges shear off any excess length of shield wires 26 which may extend between them.
The plug means 14 also includes a bare end portion of the inner conductor 18 which extends out of the eyelets 28 and 32 after some of the dielectric 22 is trimmed off in the region where the shield wires have been removed. This bare end of the inner conductor is inserted through an opening in the circuit board as hereafter discussed.
The socket means includes an outer socket member in the form of split-sleeve of spring metal having a slot 36 extending longitudinally. through one side of the sleeve to provide a resilient socket member. Three mounting legs 38, 40 and 42 extend from one end of the sleeve into holes through the circuit board and are soldered to a ground conductor strip 44 on the bottom of such circuit board. An inner socket member 46 may also be'provided to form a releasable connection with the bare end of the inner conductor 18. The inner socket member 46 is a tubular member separate from the outer 'socket member 10, and is mounted in an opening extending through the circuit board by soldering to metal plating 47 on the walls of such opening as shown in FIG. 6. A signal conductor strip 48 is provided on the bottom of the circuit board uniformly spaced from the ground conductor 44 to form a strip line type transmission line having a uniform characteristic impedance equal to that of the coaxial cable 16, as shown in FIG. 7. The inner socket member 46 is connected'to one end of the signal conductor 48 by its soldered connection. Thus, the inner conductor 18 of the coaxial cable is connected to the signal conductor 48 of the strip line through the inner socket member 46, while the outer conductor of the cable is connected to the ground conductor 44 of such strip line through the outer socket member 10 and plug eyelet 32. It should be noted that the inner socket member 46 can be eliminated and the bare end of the inner conductor l8 soldered in the plated hole 47 to form a permanent connection to the signal conductor strip 48. Also, a ground plane 49 and an annular soldering tab 51 spaced therefrom may be provided on the top of the As shown in FIG. 4, the outer socket member 10 is of a polygonal cross sectional shape which may be an octagon including four flat side portions 50 which engage the outer eyelet 32 of the plug at point contact areas since such eyelet has a circular cross section whose outer diameter is slightly larger than the distance between two opposed flat side portions 50. The three mounting legs 38, 40 and 42 extend from three of the four flat sides 50 while the fourth flat side is divided by the slot 36. As a result, it is easier to form the leg portions merely by bending flat sheets of metal extending from the main body portion of the socket. I
The two opposed legs 38 and 42 each extend at an acute angle of approximately 45 to the side of the main body portion of the socket member 10 at a point midway down such sides as shown in FIG. 2. Legs 38 and 42 are formed by providing notches 52 in the main body portion on opposite sides of such legs extending approximately half the length of such body portion as shown in FIG. 1. The third leg 40 extends substantially perpendicular to the side of the main body portion of the socket member 10 at a point on its bottom end so that such leg is of a shorter length than the other legs 38 and 40 in order to reduce its inductance and provide good electricalground for the socket member to the ground plane 49 on the circuit board. The other two legs, 38 and 40 primarily serve as the resilient mounting legs which resiliently urge the flat side portions 50 of the socket 10 into engagement with the outer eyelet member 32 of the plug 14. The longitudinal slot 36 in the socket member 10 not only enables it to resiliently engage the plug with a springlike action but also reduces the inductance of such socket member.
As shown in FIG. 3, each of the legs 38, 40 and 42 are each provided with a pair of shoulders 54 which act as stops for engagement with the surface of the etched circuit board. The legs also each include a tab portion 56 projecting from such shoulders through the mounting hole in the printed circuit board to enable soldering to the conductive surface of such printed circuit board. In addition, while not shown, such tabs 56 can be made sufficiently long to enable the end of the tab portion on the opposite side of the circuit board from the shoulder 54 to be bent over for preliminary attachment of the socket to the etched circuit board before soldering. In any event, the socket members 10 and 46 are automatically machine assembled on the circuit board and dip soldered.
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the inner eyelet 28 of the plug is crimped onto the jacket 24 of the coaxial cable 16 at three crimp areas 58 on the eyelet about mid-way along its length, such crimp portions projecting inwardly into frictional engagement with such jacket.
As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the inner socket member 46 includes a conventional spring insert member 60. The spring insert 60 may be in the form of a strip of spring metal having a plurality of slits therein to provide separate strips, alternate ones of which are bent inwardly toward the axis of the socket member 46 and act as leaf springs.
The inner socket member 46 and the outer socket member 10 are both flared outwardly at the top end of such socket members to enable easier insertion of the inner conductor 18 and the outer eyelet 32 of the plug. Also, during insertion, the outer eyelet 32 of the plug engages the outer socket member 10 first and guides the inner conductor 18 into the inner socket member 46 upon further insertion.
It will be obvious to those having ordinary skill in the art that many changes may be made in the details of the preferred embodiment of the present invention without departing from the spirit of the invention. For example, two wire cables may be employed rather than coaxial cables merely by attaching the ground wire between the two eyelets and using the signal wire as inner conductor 18. Therefore, the scope of the present invention should only be determined by the following claims.
1. An electrical connector apparatus comprising:
cable means including first and second conductors separated by dielectric material;
electrical circuit board means including a support member of insulating material having separate conductive regions thereon;
plug means including one tubular plug member disposed on said cable means and having a portion of said first conductor extending back along said cable means and over said one tubular plug member, another tubular plug member telescopically fitting over said one tubular plug member clamping said portion of said cable means therebetween, said plug members defining an outer plug member,and one end of said second conductor protruding from one end of said outer plug member defining an inner plug member; and
socket means including anouter socket member attached to the circuit board and connected to a conductive region thereon so that, when said outer plug member is inserted into said outer socket member, said outer socket member resiliently engages said outer plug member and causes said inner plug member to be inserted into a hole in said circuit board to enable it to be connected to a different conductive region than that of said socket member.
2. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the outer socket member is in the form of a split sleeve providing a resilient socket.
3. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the socket means includes an inner socket member mounted in said hole in said circuit board for receiving said one end of said second conductor, said inner socket member being separate from said outer socket member.
4. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 2 in which the outer socket member has a plurality of legs projecting from one end thereof which are attached to the circuit board.
5. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the plug members are of a circular cross section and the outer socket member is of a polygonal cross section to provide flat sides which engage said another plug member at contact areas adjacent the legs, said legs each extending from a different one of said flat sides.
6. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which the cable means is a coaxial cable of uniform characteristic impedance including an outer conductor surrounding an inner conductor, respectively providing said first and second conductors, and the circuit board means is an etched circuit board having a strip line transmission line formed thereon with a uniform characteristic impedance equal to that of said cable including a signal conductor strip connected to the inner conductor of said cable and a ground conductor strip connected to the outer conductor of said cable through said socket means.
7. Connector apparatus in accordance with claim 1 in which said other plug member is crimped on said one end of said cable and is provided with an outer flange which engages the other end of said one plug member.
8. An electrical socket device comprising:
a resilient split sleeve member having a polygonal cross section with a plurality of flat sides and a longitudinal slot extending through one of said plurality of flat sides of said sleeve member to enable said sleeve member to resiliently engage a plug member inserted into said sleeve member; and
a plurality of legs extending from certain ones of said plurality of flat sides at one end of said sleeve member, said legs having outer ends spaced laterally outward from said sleeve member, at least one of said legs having an intermediate section extending substantially perpendicular to the flat side from which it extends while the other legs have intermediate sections extending at an acute angle to the flat sides from which they extend.
9. A socket device in accordance with claim 8 in which the sleeve member is attached to an electrical circuit board by said legs.
10. An electrical socket device comprising:
a resilient split sleeve member having a longitudinal slot extending through said sleeve member to enable said sleeve member to resiliently engage a plug member inserted into said sleeve member; and
a plurality of legs extending from one end of said sleeve member, said legs having outer ends spaced laterally outward from said sleeve member, at least one of said legs having an intermediate section extending substantially perpendicular to the flat side from which it extends while the other legs have intermediate sections extending at an acute angle to the flat sides from which they extend.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3910665 *||Feb 7, 1975||Oct 7, 1975||Amp Inc||Vertical mounted circuit board connector|
|US3980382 *||Jun 3, 1974||Sep 14, 1976||Raychem Corporation||Matched impedance coaxial cable to printed circuit board terminator|
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|US8777637 *||Jul 10, 2012||Jul 15, 2014||Wistron Corporation||Connector for connecting a coaxial cable and a circuit board and related transmission interface as well as assembly method therewith|
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|US20130078824 *||Jul 10, 2012||Mar 28, 2013||Rong-Cheng Sun||Connector for connecting a coaxial cable and a circuit board and related transmission interface as well as assembly method therewith|
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|EP2417670A1 *||Mar 30, 2010||Feb 15, 2012||Raytheon Company||Low profile compact rf coaxial to planar transmission line interface|
|WO2010117421A1||Mar 30, 2010||Oct 14, 2010||Raytheon Company||Low profile compact rf coaxial to planar transmission line interface|
|WO2013026505A1 *||Jun 20, 2012||Feb 28, 2013||Rosenberger Hochfrequenztechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg||Device for connecting a coaxial cable to a printed circuit board|
|International Classification||H01R13/11, H01R24/02, H01R12/16, H01R9/05, H01R13/646|
|Cooperative Classification||H01R2103/00, H01R24/52, H01R9/0515|
|European Classification||H01R24/52, H01R9/05F|