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Publication numberUS3742660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1973
Filing dateApr 3, 1972
Priority dateApr 3, 1972
Publication numberUS 3742660 A, US 3742660A, US-A-3742660, US3742660 A, US3742660A
InventorsBierweiler R
Original AssigneeBierweiler R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 3742660 A
Abstract
A method of building construction utilizing novel precast, prefabricated concrete components having innovations in component arrangement, tolerance control and connection design which reduce field labor and engineering thereby increasing construction efficiency.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[4 1 July 3,1973

United States Patent [1 1 'ler Bierwel 3,496,692 2/1970 Melcher............................... 52/583 3,593,532 7/1971 52/587 Villaneu........ 52/587 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Grazel.........

2 7 9 n 0 7 6 5 6 9 3 ma ma BM m 6 e N m, hm B0 .R w 0 d 3 0 RM n 0 t n 8 V n I m 7 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Filed:

Apr. 3, 1972 Appl. No.: 240,434

Primary Examiner-John E. Murtagh Attorney-Rowland V. Patrick v Ha T .mm C mo A u R Um T m S 0H m en 0 m c d e U w i M d 2 l 7 mm "DAG 74 7 8mw8 M15 5%6 0 2 E 1 m r a "C s m mm e .mF N 55 [56] References Cited vations in component arrangement, tolerance control UNITED STATES PATENTS and connection design which reduce field labor and engineering thereby increasing construction efficiency.

2,969,619 I 52/601 3,238,732 3/l966 'Aas-Jakobsen.......................52/601 3 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures swims FIG FIG 2 SHEEIJU3 FIG 5 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION This invention relates to building construction and more particularly to multi-layer precast concrete unit construction and to a method of erecting buildings utilizing such units.

The primary object of this invention is to provide precast concrete components that can be assembled with such accuracy and tolerance as to assure that acceptable horizontal alignment of the structure is maintained during and after erection without field supervision.

To this end this invention provides connections between vertically stacked components for transmission of horizontal shears from one vertical component to the corresponding vertical component below.

The invention in all forms uses the same connections for the transmission of vertical loads on a temporary basis down to that part of the structure where such transmission of load is handled by other permanent means (such as grout or elastomeric filler) or for the permanent transmission of vertical loads where no other means of vertical load transmission is deemed necessary.

The invention in the preferred form incorporates flat horizontal bearing plates on the top and bottom of vertical precast concrete components located with such accuracy and tolerance with respect to vertical spacing within a particular component and to flatness as to assure that acceptable vertical alignment (levelness and height) of the structure is maintained during and after erection without use of leveling shims or field supervision.

Simple means for handling the precast concrete components in the manufacturing plant and field are also provided.

By the use of monolithically cast boxes with associated slabs and walls lateral support is given during construction facilitating erection in that no guying or other temporary forms of support are required.

These objects and advantages in addition to others will become apparent from the following description used in conjunction with the drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a portion of a building constructed in accordance with'the invention;

FIG. 2 is a first floor plan of the structure shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an isometric view, not to scale, of a bearing plate framework which forms part of the units of this invention;

FIG. 4 is an isometric diagrammatic view of an empty concrete mold form having positioned therein three of the frameworks shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is an isometric view of the unit with three bearing plate frameworks cast in concrete in the mold shown in FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is an elevational view indicating how one of the cast concrete units is lowered by crane hooks onto an identical underlying unit.

FIG. 1 shows typical components of a building constructed in accordance with this invention. Infill slabs 101 and corridor slabs 105 are set down on foundation walls. This is followed by the placement of typical boxes 100 and single corridor walls 103.

Infill walls 104 run between and parallel to two boxes. This is supported laterally by first installing a double corridor wall 102. Finally a stair box 107 and elevator box 106 may also be included. Additional stories are added by putting similar components on top of those below (i.e. boxes on boxes) until the top of the .building is reached. While FIG. 1 shows a portion of a long building with rooms off either side of a central corridor and a stair well at the end, this invention covers the use of these components in any of many floor plans that may be generated with their use. In addition, the above description is only to introduce the components and is not meant to indicate that only one erection sequence is possible.

A typical box has a floor 108 and three walls 109. Notches 113 allow the box walls to line up and yet provide for bearing of adjacent slab components. Doorways 114 may be placed where required both in the boxes and in the walls.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a framework 116 which includes a top plate 118 and a bottom plate 119 which are held apart a correct distance by rods 120 so that when vertical precast components are stacked a constant story height will be maintained. The plates 118 and 119 have aligned holes 121, 122 and socket forming assemblies 123 are suspended beneath each hole 121.

As shown in FIG. 4 three of these framework structures 116 are precisely located in a U-shaped concrete form 117 prior to pouring the concrete and when the concrete is poured it is poured up so that the top plates 1 18 of the frameworks will be flush with the top surface of the poured concrete, as shown in FIG. 5. During pouring a can 124 is placed over each bottom hole 122 so that when, as shown in FIG. 6, one unit has been placed at the building site in vertical position, its top plates may be provided with pintles 125 held in sockets 123 which extend through plate holes 121 into the holes on the overlying unit thus giving a horizontal alignment when an overlying unit is brought down on top of the underlying previously positioned box as by crane hooks 125a engaging eyes 126 temporarily positioned in the screw-threaded socket assemblies 123.

An elastomeric pad 127 may if desired be positioned between the plates on vertically adjacent units so that if it is desired that the metal frameworks not carry all the vertical load, it may be distributed to the adjacent concrete through interposed grout and resilient pads will allow for shrinkage of the grout.

A plumbing chase opening, electrical conduits and outlet boxes may be cast into one or more of the walls of the box 100.

What is claimed is:

1. A building component comprising an integrally cast concrete unit having a floor panel, parallel upstanding walls and a third upstanding wall connecting the ends of said parallel walls,

said unit having on its upper wall and lower floor surfaces at least three pairs of metal bearing plates embedded in said concrete and held in parallel precise vertically aligned spaced relation by vertically extending solid connecting rods, whereby regardless of dimensional discrepancies in the remaining surfaces of the unit, said plates act when an equal number of said units are stacked on one another in two separate columns to position said units so that their heights at the upper surface of the topmost bearing plates will be equal.

2. A building component as claimed in claim 1 having three of said plate pairs to provide tripodal support for each unit as it is stacked on an underlying unit.

3. A building component as claimed in claim 1 having in addition means for guiding the units in each column into precise horizontal alignment as they are stacked. t t I! [UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CQRRECTION Patent No. 307420660 Dated y r 1973 Inven or BIERWEILER) ROBERT A.

It is certifiedwhet error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below: 7

On the cover sheet, insert [73] As signee New England Concrete Pipe Corporation, New Upper Falls,

Mass. a corporation of Mass.

Signed and sealed this 25th day vof December; 1973 (SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M. FLETCHER ,JR RENE D. TEGTMEYER Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents FORM 130-1050 (19-69)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2969619 *Sep 15, 1958Jan 31, 1961John Didrick EdwardReinforced hollow concrete building panel
US3238732 *Dec 12, 1962Mar 8, 1966Brynildsens Sonner BArrangement for jointing pile sections
US3496692 *Sep 18, 1967Feb 24, 1970Bally Case & Cooler IncInsulated panel assembly
US3593532 *Oct 2, 1968Jul 20, 1971Grazel Inc JohnConcrete pile sections and joints therefor
US3696567 *Dec 21, 1970Oct 10, 1972Ibs Industrialized Building SyPrefabricated building panel having positioner means
DD53287A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3867995 *Mar 1, 1974Feb 25, 1975Fair CompanyHigh density sound transmission loss system
US3971175 *Oct 28, 1975Jul 27, 1976Houilleres Du Bassin Du Nord Et Du Pas-De-CalaisFactory-made habitation cell
US4054014 *Sep 4, 1975Oct 18, 1977Lely Cornelis V DMethods of erecting prefabricated buildings and equipment employed in such methods
US4073102 *May 29, 1973Feb 14, 1978Fisher John SergioPremanufactured modular town house building construction
US4194339 *Aug 7, 1978Mar 25, 1980Fisher John SMethod for constructing town houses and the like
US4195453 *Nov 9, 1977Apr 1, 1980Komendant August EModular, multi-floor building
US4282690 *Aug 23, 1979Aug 11, 1981Meheen H JoePrecast building construction
US4974380 *Jan 15, 1988Dec 4, 1990Bernander Karl GFraming for structural walls in multistory buildings
US6658799Oct 19, 1999Dec 9, 2003William Richard Charles StoodleyVolumetric modular building system
US8113740Feb 6, 2009Feb 14, 2012Oldcastle Precast, Inc.Method and apparatus for capturing, storing, and distributing storm water
US8985897Feb 13, 2012Mar 24, 2015Oldcastle Precast, Inc.Method and apparatus for capturing, storing, and distributing storm water
US9010037 *Jan 16, 2014Apr 21, 2015Alfredo I. GonzalezIntermodal concrete building unit
US20130326967 *Feb 21, 2012Dec 12, 2013Yujoo Co., Ltd.Large concrete block for crane lifting, method for manufacturing same, and method for installing same
US20150040499 *Aug 7, 2013Feb 12, 2015Benjamin BravoPrecast concrete module which can be adapted internally to multiple uses
DE19827075B4 *Jun 18, 1998Dec 14, 2006Betonbau GmbhBetonraumzelle mit wenigstens zwei monolithisch an eine Bodenplatte aus Beton angegossenen Stirnwänden
DE102008008582A1 *Feb 12, 2008Aug 13, 2009Schiedel AgFixing device i.e. transport anchor, for pipe in sewer, has retaining elements brought in engagement with component, where retaining regions of respective retaining elements are arranged at distance from fixing regions
DE102008008582B4 *Feb 12, 2008Dec 3, 2009Schiedel AgBefestigungsvorrichtung
EP0717158A2 *Nov 16, 1995Jun 19, 1996Gewie Technologietransfer GmbHSystem of constructional volumes for the erection of buildings
WO1999057388A1 *May 6, 1999Nov 11, 1999D D C Planungs Entwicklungs UnHousing module, building part comprising several housing modules and method for producing a housing module or building part
WO2000023666A1 *Oct 19, 1999Apr 27, 2000Stoodley William Richard CharlVolumetric modular building system
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/79.13, 52/79.14, D25/4, 52/583.1, 52/125.5
International ClassificationE04B1/348, E04G21/14
Cooperative ClassificationE04G21/14, E04B1/34823
European ClassificationE04G21/14, E04B1/348C2