|Publication number||US3743284 A|
|Publication date||Jul 3, 1973|
|Filing date||Feb 22, 1971|
|Priority date||Feb 22, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3743284 A, US 3743284A, US-A-3743284, US3743284 A, US3743284A|
|Inventors||C Freeman, R Heights, R Rhodes|
|Original Assignee||R Rhodes, C Freeman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (7), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Rhodes et al.
[451 July 3, 1973 ARM WRESTLING DEVICE Inventors: Robert V. Rhodes, Pasadena; I
Charles D. Freeman, Rowland Heights, both of Calif.
Assignee: said Rhodes, by said Freeman Filed: Feb. 22, 1971 App]. No.: 117,235
U.S. Cl. 273/1 R, 272/79 R Int. Cl A63f 9/00, A63b 67/00 Field of Search 273/1 R; 272/67,
9/1969 Feinberg 272/67 X 5/1963 l-lotas 272/31 X Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham Assistant Examiner-Paul Shapiro Attorney-D. Gordon Amgus and Donald D. Mon
[ 5 7 ABSTRACT A device for use in the athletic contest of arm wrestling which reduces or eliminates the advantage to a participant who has the longer length of arm between elbow and wrist, and prevents either contestant from taking advantage of the other by cocking his wrist. The device includes a pivoted lever with handles to be grasped and, in different embodiments variously includes; a plurality of stackable elbow rest blocks to adjust the elevation of the elbow; a sliding block to which the handle is attached, the sliding blocks being mounted to the pivoted lever on each side thereof, or a plurality of holes on each side of the lever into which the handles may be fitted, to allow adjustment of the spacing between the handles and the pivot; and a second handle on the leve to restrain the wrist from cocking.
5 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures Patented July 3, 1973 3,743,284
2 Sheets-Sheet I u 2' IlIIF' 6 mmnmm 8 IIIIIIIIIHI $6 1% INVENTORS: lllllllhti ARM WRESTLING DEVICE This invention relates to a device for equalizing the advantages of two contestants in an arm wrestling contest.
Arm wrestling is an ancient sport derived from prehistoric times which is still popular in many cultures as a recreational contest. Its purpose is to determine the physical superiority among individuals. The ordinary arm wrestling contest has two individuals place their elbows on a planar surface while sitting facing each other clasping hands palm to palm, with the elbows of their arms on a co-planar or axis with elbows and hands in line. Assuming this position, the contestants exert their maximum force, and the winner is determined by the individual who is capable of forcing his opponents forearm over to a horizontal position so that the back of his opponents hand touches the planar surface.
One object of this invention is to provide mechanical means for eliminating the effects of differences in the length of the forearms, thereby to provide a more equal evaluation of the muscular strength of the opponents.
Another object of this invention is to provide a device which will eliminate the effects of the length of the hand from the palm to the wrist, thereby more nearly to standardize the evaluation of the physical strength of the opponents.
Still another object of the invention is to prevent the cocking of the wrist out of the axis of the forearm which would give a substantial advantage to an opponent that is generally barred in the contest.
An optional object of the invention is to provide means to standardize the relative positions of the contestants. i
This invention is accomplished by providing a base, a journal pivoting a lever member to the base, a pair of opposed handles on said lever member, and means for causing the elbow to be rested on the base or on an extension thereof when the hand grips the respective handle.
According to a preferred but optional feature of the invention, the spacing of the handles from the journals is independently adjustable. According to still another preferred but optional feature of the invention, means is provided for supporting the elbow upon an extension of the base so that the hands of each of the contestants reach handles which are equally spaced from the pivot point of the lever member.
According to still another preferred but option feature of the invention, two handles are placed on each side of the lever member, one of them to be grasped by the fingers and the other to bear against the wrist to keep it in line.
Yet another optional feature of the invention resides in means, such as a grip or edge, which must be held by the other hand, thereby to standardize the posture of the contestants.
The above and other features of this invention will be fully understood from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings in which:'
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the presently preferred embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of FIG. 1 taken at line 2-2 thereof;
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of FIG. 1 taken at line 3-3 thereof;
FIG. 5 is a side elevation of still another embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a side view, partly in cutaway cross-section, taken at line 6-6 thereof;
FIG. 7 is a top view of FIG. 5 taken at line 7-7 thereof; and
FIG. 8 is a cross-section taken at line 8-8 of FIG. 7.
The presently preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 1. Base 10 has fixed to it two journals 1]., 12. A pivot pin 13 is rotatably mounted in journals l1 and 12 and supports the lever member 14, so that the lever member can rotate about the axis 14a of journals 11 and 12.
Sliding blocks 15 and 16 are engaged in dovetail channels 17, 18 on the lever member. These channels extend toward and away from axis 14a.
Handles 19 and 20 (sometimes called first handles) are mounted to sliding blocks 15 and 16. Clamp handles 21 and 22 (sometimes called second handles") are threadedly engaged in the sliding blocks 15 and 16 so that these handles may be turned, and their ends project through the sliding blocks 15 and 16 to lock them at an adjusted position: in the dovetail channels 18 relative to the axis 14a. The resulting arrangement is that of two handles projecting from each side of the lever at respectively adjusted distances from the pivot.
In use, the apparatus of FIG. 1 is adjusted so that eachcontestant moves handles 19 and 20 for gripping with the palm of the hand while the elbow is in contact with the platform 10. The blocks are locked in position by turning handles 21 and 22 to exert their clamping action. The function of the pair of second handles 21 and 22 is also to react against the wrists of the contestants so that their cupped hands are held in line with the forearm to prevent cocking of the wrist which would give either contestant an unfair advantage because it can be demonstrated that such cocking of the wrist can produce more applied pressure.
Although this embodiment does not remove the variable due to the length of the forearm, it does accomplish several advantages, such as removing the advantage of cocking of the wrist, and providing for a reduced friction pivot to apply forces and to isolate the effects of shoulder movements and body attitude. It does remarkably improve the performance of the individuals as compared to a direct hand-to-hand grasp, because without the lever, it is necessary for the party with the longer arm to adjust his arm at a different angle relative to the base. Therefore, even though the length from the pivot is different in each case, a substantial improvement in standardization is attained.
FIG. 4 illustrates another embodiment of the invention which, instead of providing the handles in sliding blocks, provides a pair of handles on each side of the lever member in a series of cylindrical holes 16 into which handles 23 and 24 for each side may be inserted. This provides for adjustment of length for contestants in exactly the same manner as in FIGS. 1-3, but in a simplified device. FIG. 5 illustrates still another embodirnent of the invention where a single handle 27 protrudes from both sides of the lever member 28. The lever member 28 is pivotally mounted to journals 29 and 30 by pivot pin 31. The journals 29 and 30 are fixed to a base 32.
A series of elevating blocks (sometimes called height adjustment means" or "elbow height adjustment means) are located on the base 32 by dowel pins 34 and 35, as typical examples. Each of the blocks 33 is equipped with dowel pins, and each intermediate each grasps the handle his elbow rests upon the top of the stack of blocks as an extension of the base.
As an additional feature, a second handle, such as shown in FIG. 1, could be added below the handle to prevent the cocking of the wrist of the contestants.
In this device, again the forearm length is adjusted, and each contestant is able to align himself properly with the device and with his elbow resting upon a surface and his hand grasping a handle located at a specified distance from the pivot. I
FIGS. 1 and 3 also serve to illustrate an optional feature of the invention. Contestants are expected to remain seated, or at least not to raise up as they exert their arm force. However, they often do move around. In FIGS. 1 and 3 there are shown hand grips 50 andSl to the left of the pivot on the respective sides of the device. If each contestant is required to hold his own grip with his left hand, and rest his left forearm on the base, then his posture will be defined, and the contest will be still more standardized.
Instead of a peg for a hand grip, a hold could be cut in the base, or any other means, so long as there is a relatively immovable object to be grasped.
It is clear that the base need not be a movable plate (although it could be). Instead, base could be a table top fitted with legs, if a piece of equipment, rather than an accessory, were desired.
This invention is not to be limited by the embodiments shown in the drawings and described in the description, which are given by way of example and not of limitation, but only in accordance with the scope of the appended claims.
1. An athletic contest apparatus for two contestants which comprises: a base; a journal fixed to said base with an axis of rotation; a pivot pin in said journal; a lever mounted to said pivot pin for rotation around said axis; a pair of handles, mounted one on each side of said lever member and spaced from the axis of rotation, said handles being parallel to the axis of the journal; and individual elbow height adjustment means mounted to the base upon which the elbow of each respective contestant may be rested while his hand grasps the handle, said height adjustment means comprising a plurality of blocks to form a stack adapted to be adjustable in height by adding to or subtracting from the number of blocks in the stack, upon the top of which the elbow is to be rested.
2. An athletic contest apparatus for two contestants which comprises: a base; a journal fixed to said base, with an axis of rotation; a pivot pin in said journal; a lever mounted to said pivot pin for rotation around said axis; a pair of first handles, mounted one on each side of said lever member and spaced from the axis of rotation, said first handles being parallel to the axis of the journal; means for individually adjusting the distance between each of said first handles and said pivot pin along said lever means; and a pair of second handles, one of each of said second handles being provided on each side of the lever, axially spaced from the respective first handle for restraining the wrist of the contestant.
3. An athletic contest apparatus for two contestants which comprises: a base; a journal fixed to said base, with an axis of rotation; a pivot pin in said journal; a lever mounted to said pivot pin for rotation around said axis; a pair of handles, mounted one on each side of said lever member and spaced from the axis of rotation, said handles being parallel to the axis of the journal; hand grip means on said base to be grasped by the other hand of both contestants; and a second handle on each side of the lever, axially spaced from the respective first handle for restraining the wrist of the contestant.
4. An athletic contest apparatus for two contestants which comprises: a base; a journal fixed to said base, with an axis of rotation; a pivot pin in said journal; a lever mounted to said pivot pin for rotation around said axis; a pair of first handles, mounted one to each side of said lever member and spaced from the axis of rotation, said first handles being parallel to the axis of the journal; means for individually adjusting the distance between each of said first handles and said pivot pin along said lever, said means including a channel on each side of the lever and a pair of blocks adapted to be slid in a respective channel, each said block carrying a respective handle; and a pair of .second handles, one of each of said second handles being provided on each side of the lever, axially spaced from the respective first handle for restraining the wrist of the contestant.
5. Apparatus according to claim 4 in which at least one of said handles is adapted to be tightened against the lever member so as to set the spacing thereof from thejournal.
Page 1 of 2 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE g CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. 3,743,284 DATED July 3, 1973 INVENTOR(S) 1 ROBERT Va RHODES & CHARLES Do FREEMAN It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:  References Cited "Ogartechea" should read --Ugartechea-- C01,, 1, line 12, cancel "or" C01,, 1, line 48, "option" should read "optional-- Col 2 line 4 "thereof" should read -Fi 5-- Col: 2: line 7: "a" should read --an explo ed Col, 2, line 12, after "axis" insert --of rotation-- Col, 2, line 31, "platform" should read --base-- 601,, 2, line 44 greduced friction" should read --reducedriction-- C010 2, line 56, "16'' should read -23a-- Col, 2, line 64, between "31" and the period insert --which defines an axis of rotation 3la-- ii 3; E3: i2: $1? "fi ififii ii eii fi Colo 3, line 22, after "pivot." insert new paragraph: --In all embodiments, the first handles (i.ee, those which are gripped by the fingers) extend parallel to this axis of rotation, and, where provided, the second handles are mounted to the lever member between their respective first handle and the pivot pin. Blocks l5 and 16, and holes 23a, provide means for ingivtidually adjusting the distance between the first handles an t e pivot pin.
Col, 3 line 33 "hold" should read --hole-- ((301, 3: line 49: after "lever" insert -member-- Cl. 1 line 4) C010 4: line-l1, after "lever" insert --member-- (Cl. 2, line 4) Col, 4, line 17, "means" should read --member-- (c1. 2, line 10 Colo 4, line 19, between "lever" and the comma insert --membert (C1,, 2, line 12) C010 4, line 19, "axially spaced from" should read --between-- (C1. 2, line 12) Page 2 of 2 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION PATENT NO. 1 3,743,284 DATED July 3, 1973 INVENTOR(S) 3 ROBERT V. RHODES & CHARLES D. FREEMAN It is certified that error appears in the ab0veidentified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below: ((1010 4, line %0), after "handle" insert --and the pivot pin-- Cl. 2 line 3 Col. 4: line 25, after "lever" insert member-- (cla 3 line 4) C010 4: line 26, before"hand1es"' insert -first-- (C10 3 line 5) $01,, 4: line 28, before "handles" insert --first-- C10 3 line 7) %ol 4: Eli-ine 31), between "lever" and the comma insert --mem- C1,, 3 ine 0 bar-- C010 4: line 315 "axially spaced from" should read --between-- (C1,, 3 line 10 C01. 4: line 32, after "handle" insert --and the pivot pin-- (c1, 3 line 11 C01,, 4: line 36, after "lever" insert ---member--- (610 4 line 4) Col. 4 line 42, between "lever" and the comma insert memine er-- p Col, 4: line 43, after "lever" insert --member-- (Clo 4, line 11) C01. 4, line 45, before "handle' insert --first-- (Clo 4, line 13) Col, 4, line 47, after "lever" insert --member-- (c1, 4, line 15 ((3010 4, line 47), "axially spaced from" should read --between-- Clo 4 line 15 C01. 4: line 48, after "handle" insert --and the pivot pin-- (clo 4, line 16) Signed and Sealed this 1 tenth Day Of February 1976 [SEAL Arrest:
RUTH c. MASON C. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Officer Commissioner ofPatenrs and Trademarks
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2782033 *||Jan 13, 1956||Feb 19, 1957||Rolando Ugartechea||Wrist and forearm exerciser|
|US3013799 *||Mar 9, 1960||Dec 19, 1961||Charles S Wise||Shoulder exerciser|
|US3089700 *||May 24, 1960||May 14, 1963||Hotas Leon G||Shoulder exercising machines|
|US3467376 *||Aug 8, 1967||Sep 16, 1969||Sherwood E Feinberg||Indian wrestling amusement device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4039185 *||Sep 5, 1975||Aug 2, 1977||Rhodes Robert V||Indian-wrestling device|
|US4131275 *||Sep 1, 1977||Dec 26, 1978||Gandy Eleanor J||Arm wrestling device|
|US4463949 *||Nov 21, 1983||Aug 7, 1984||Mccoy Manufacturing Company||Machine for arm wrestling|
|US4509747 *||Jul 18, 1983||Apr 9, 1985||Martin Research & Development||Arm wrestling apparatus|
|US4577857 *||Jun 8, 1983||Mar 25, 1986||Exsior Dion||Simplified apparatus for use in arm wrestling or wrist pulling contests|
|US4834364 *||Oct 26, 1987||May 30, 1989||Innerspace Corporation||Exercise pole with cross members|
|US9314657 *||Jun 2, 2014||Apr 19, 2016||Antonio L. Martinez||Exercise assembly|
|U.S. Classification||273/451, 273/452, 482/905, 482/906|
|International Classification||A63B21/28, A63B23/12|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S482/905, Y10S482/906, A63B23/129, A63B21/28|