Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3744160 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 10, 1973
Filing dateApr 17, 1972
Priority dateDec 10, 1969
Also published asCA942948A, CA942948A1, DE7045702U
Publication numberUS 3744160 A, US 3744160A, US-A-3744160, US3744160 A, US3744160A
InventorsJ Dymond
Original AssigneeJ Dymond
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Footwear
US 3744160 A
Abstract
An article of footwear has a portion on its underside that is rotatable with respect to the remainder of the article about an axis generally perpendicular to the underside thereof. A circular groove is provided on the underside of the article, extending concentrically of said axis, a rotatable component being engaged in the groove, and the rotatable portion being secured to said component.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Umted States Patent 1191 1111 3,744,160 Dymond 1451 July 10, 1973 FOOTWEAR [56] References Cited [76] Inventor: Joseph Francis Dymond, UNITED STATES PATENTS Eveswe" Park Road 3,354,561 11/1967 Cameron 36/2.5 R Monmouthshlre, Newport, England 3,081,562 3/ 1963 Oakley 36/2.5 AE 3,204,348 9/1965 Latson 36/2.5 AE [22] 1972 3,680,231 8/1972 Dymond 36/2.5 AB [21] Appl. No.: 244,725

Primary Examiner -Patrick D. Lawson .Related U'S' Apphcatmn Data Attorney-Marshall & Yeasting [62] D1v1s1on of Ser. No. 95,519, Dec. 7, 1970, Pat. No.

[57] ABSTRACT Foreign Application Priority Data An article of footwear has a portion on its underside Dec. 10, 1969 Great Britain 60,234/69 that is rotatable with respect to the remainder of the ar- Mar. 14, 1970 Great Britain.... 12,395/70 ticle about an axis generally perpendicular to the un- July 25, 1970 Great Britain 36,157/70 derside thereof. A circular groove is provided on the underside of the article, extending concentrically of [52] US. Cl. 36/2.5 AE said axis, a rotatable component being engaged in the [51] Int. Cl. A43b groove, and the rotatable portion being secured to said [58] Field of Search 36/2.5 R, 2.5 AE, component.

36/59 R 2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures x 1 V x v i I l 2 3O 3/ 30 FOOTWEAR CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a division of application Ser. No.- 95,519, filed Dec. 7, 1970, now patent No.' 3,680,231.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to footwear, and particularly but not exclusively, to sporting footwear such as football, hockey and like boots, and golf and tennis shoes for example. The invention may also have application to ballroom dancing shoes and other kinds of footwear.

An object of the invention is to provide an article of footwear which enables the wearer to pivot readily on one foot, even on non-slippery surfaces, or when the footwear is anchored as by studs or spikes for example, on a surface on which the wearer stands.

According to the invention, an article of footwear has a sole and/or heel portion rotatable with respect to the remainder of the article about an axis generally perpendicular to the sole or heel respectively thereof.

The rotatable portion may be pivoted directly on the sole or heel as the case may be, or on a base member secured to said sole or heel. The base may be fixed to the outer surface of the sole or heel or disposed within a recess formed in the sole or heel.

The invention also includes a device for use on the sole or heel of an article of footwear and comprising a ground engaging element and means for rotatably supporting said element on a sole or heel of said article.

The supporting means may conveniently be a base member for securing to the article and adapted rotatably to support said element, and the element itself may conveniently be adapted to resist sliding movement along the ground. The element may conveniently be provided with ground-engaging studs or spikes, or other non-skid devices such as ribs.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an article of footwear embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged cross-sectional elevation of part of the sole of an article of footwear showing one embodiment of the rotatable device.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, FIG. '1 shows an article of footwear in the form ofa football or hockey boot 1 for example, having a rotatable portion 2 on the sole thereof. The possiblility of a further or alternative r0- tatable portion at the heel of the boot is shown in broken lines at 3.

FIG. 2 shows a construction using the inner and outer soles 17 and 20 respectively of a boot, and having a retainer 27 secured within a recess of the inner sole 17 by bonding or means such as screws. A ring 29 of metal or moulded plastics material is captively but rotatably embedded in a circular groove in the retainer 27 and has a number of threaded holes around its periphery to receive screws 30 whereby a studded plate 31 is secured to the ring for rotation therewith. The ring may have a cross-section different from that shown, such as rectangular or triangular.

In one modification for example, the ring may be generally T shaped in cross-section with the cross bar of the T set into a groove of the sole and the stem of the T extending proud of the groove; a keeper plate which may be annular and carrying ground-engaging studs is arranged concentrically of the ring and secured to thelatter at a number of spaced points by means of screws or the like for rotation therewith. The plate is arranged to seal against the sole.

The rotatable portion of the footwear may be provided with any convenient form of skid resistant device or formation depending on the type of footwear concerned; for example, studs, spikes, ribs or brushes or various combinations thereof may be used.

In those embodiments in which the rear surface of the rotatable portion lies in contact with a similar area of sole or base, said portion or the sole or base may be ribbed, grooved or otherwise shaped to minimize the area of contact and thus reduce drag.

I claim:

1. An article of footwear which has a portion on its underside that is rotatable with respect to the remainder of the article about an axis generally perpendicular to the underside thereof, wherein a circular groove is provided on the underside of the article, extending concentrically of said axis, a rotatable component in the form of a complete ring being trapped in the groove, and the rotatable portion being secured to said component.

2. An article according to claim 1 wherein the ring is fixed to the rotatable portion by screws.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3081562 *Feb 9, 1962Mar 19, 1963John OakleyPivotal insert for shoe sole
US3204348 *Oct 7, 1963Sep 7, 1965Latson Claude HDevice for dancing the twist
US3354561 *Jan 28, 1965Nov 28, 1967Bruce M CameronAthletic shoe having rotatable cleat means
US3680231 *Dec 7, 1970Aug 1, 1972Joseph Francis DymondFootwear
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3816945 *Sep 10, 1973Jun 18, 1974Wolverine World Wide IncSwivel cleat shoe
US3824710 *Sep 10, 1973Jul 23, 1974Wollverine World Wide IncFriction-type swivel shoe
US4901454 *Sep 9, 1988Feb 20, 1990Raichle Sportschuh AgSki boot
US5377431 *Jun 15, 1993Jan 3, 1995Walker; Andrew S.Directionally yieldable cleat assembly
US5617653 *Apr 4, 1995Apr 8, 1997Andrew S. WalkerBreak-away cleat assembly for athletic shoe
US5682689 *Jan 9, 1995Nov 4, 1997Andrew S. WalkerRotating cleats for athletic shoes
US5685093 *Mar 29, 1996Nov 11, 1997Lin; Wen-HwaBicycle shoe
US5743029 *Sep 13, 1996Apr 28, 1998Walker; Andrew S.Break-away cleat assembly for athletic shoes
US7757413Jul 20, 2010Anderson Allen JMagnetic swivel sports shoes
US8074376Dec 13, 2011Skechers U.S.A. Inc. IiSpinning shoe
US8104193Jan 31, 2012Skechers U.S.A., Inc. IiSpinning shoe
US8341855Mar 29, 2011Jan 1, 2013Skechers U.S.A., Inc. IiSpinning shoe
US20090165336 *Dec 26, 2007Jul 2, 2009Anderson Allen JMagnetic swivel sports shoes
US20100186260 *Jan 12, 2010Jul 29, 2010James Richard ColthurstSports shoe and a ground plate device
US20130312288 *May 8, 2013Nov 28, 2013James Richard ColthurstSports shoe and a ground plate device
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/114
International ClassificationA43B5/12, A43B21/433, A43B5/00, A43C15/16
Cooperative ClassificationA43B5/12, A43C15/161, A43B3/0042, A43B21/433, A43C15/167, A43B5/00
European ClassificationA43B3/00S10, A43B5/00, A43C15/16A, A43B21/433, A43C15/16C1B, A43B5/12