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Publication numberUS3744483 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 10, 1973
Filing dateMay 2, 1972
Priority dateMay 7, 1971
Also published asDE2122739A1
Publication numberUS 3744483 A, US 3744483A, US-A-3744483, US3744483 A, US3744483A
InventorsW Picolin
Original AssigneeW Picolin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Physiotherapeutic mat
US 3744483 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1 PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC MAT BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The physiotherapeutic treatment of human feet and legs calls frequently for exercising mats made of rubber, or a like elastic material whose upper surface is undulated. Such mats have an elongated shape and are intended to form walking surfaces. The undulations of the surface of such mats when walked upon result in an exercise or massage beneficial to muscles of the feet and to the muscles of the portions of legs both below and above the knee as well as to all the joints involved in such kind of exercise. The use of exercising mats is indicated for both preventive and curative medical purposes. The undulations required for different persons, and more particularly the spacing between contiguous undulations required for different persons, may vary within relatively wide limits. Asa result, distributers of exercising mats of the kind under consideration must stock mats having undulations of various sizes. In families where children as well as adults are supposed to walk on an exercising mat, generally several mats must be provided for the several members of the family. This is inconvenient, particularly in view of the relative bulk of such exercising mats, and also because of the expense involved in procuring several mats.

In some instances it is medically indicated to exercise on walking mats whose surface is substantially flat rather than sinusoidal and has lump-like projections, knobs or burls. This increases the difficulty for dealers to keep an adequate supply of exercising mats in stock, and makes it difficult for users of mats to keep in readiness combinations of mats having various desired surface characteristics.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide an exercising mat for physiotherapy which is universally applicable, i.e., that can be adapted to conform to any specific surface requierement, or requirements.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Mats embodying this invention include an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lum'plike projections. Such mats further include a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon said upper surface of said base layer and extending in strip-like fashion transversely across said base layer. Each of said cover elements has a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer. Composite mats embodying this invention further include fastener means adapted to secure said cover elements to saidbase layer and to vary the positions of said cover elements relative to said base layer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a portion of a mat embodying the present invention showing but two cover elements on the base layer of which elements one is in position and the other is about to be placed in position; and

FIG. 2 is a top-plan view of a mat according to FIG. 1, some portions of the mat shown in FIG. 2 being broken away.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Reference character M has been applied to indicate an elastic base layer of natural rubber, or of a rubberlike substance, i.e., of an elastomer. Base layer M has an upper surface provided with lump-like projections N which may be more or less prismatic. Projections N stimulate the muscles of the feet and legs of any person walking barefoot on a base layer M.

As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a plurality of magnetizable units or plates E is arranged along both longitudinal edges of baselayer M and spaced equidistantly in a direction longitudinally of base layer M. A plurality of cover elements L of which but two are shown in FIG.l is superimposed upon-the upper surface of base layer M and extend in strip-like fashion transversely across base layer M. Cover elements L have a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to base layer M. This has been clearly shown in FIG]. Cover elements L are also made of natural rubber, or a rubber-like substance, or an elastomer. Permanent magnets Ma are inserted into the lower surfaces of cover elements L and cooperate with units or plates E to affix cover elements L to base layer M in any desired position relative to base layer M.

While FIG. 1 shows cover means L of which each is provided with one single permanent magnet Ma, the cover means may be provided with several such magnets, if desired. The positioning of permanent magnets Ma may differ from that shown in FIG. 1 as long as the permanent magnets Ma and the magnetizable elements E form a system of fasteners allowing to adjust the position of cover means L in a direction longitudinally of base layer M.

While magnetic fasteners E,Ma are the preferred way. of flexibly attaching cover means L to base layer M, this invention is not limited to magnetic fasteners since other means could be applied to attach cover means L to base layer M.

As indicated in FIG.l cover means L are provided on the upper surfaces thereof with lump-like projections similar to those provided on the upper surface of base layer M arid serving the same purpose as the lump-like projections on the upper surface of base layer M. Preferably the lump-like projections on cover elements L are lower, and spaced farther apart, than the projections N on the upper surface of base layer M.

It will be apparent that walking on the base layer M with the cover elements L removed from it provides one kind of exercise, and that walking on the cover element L affixed to the base layer M provides another different kind of exercise.

Exercising mats are often used in bathrooms, on walks around swimming pools or, more generally speaking, in locations where water is likely to be spilled. To adapt the mat for use in such places base layer M is provided as shown in FIG.2 with perforations Lo, forming passages allowing the flow of liquids, and more specifically of water, across base layer'M.

Mats embodying this invention may also be used in bath tubs as ordinary bath tub mats. If such use is intended, the cover elements L are removed and the base I layer is placed upside down into a bathtub.

I claim as my invention: 1. A mat for the physiotherapeutic treatment of human feet and legs including a. an elongated base layer of an elastic material having an upper surface provided with lump-like projections;

b. a plurality of cover elements superimposed upon said upper surface of said base layer and extending in strip-like fashion transversely across said base layer, each of said cover elements having a sinuous profile as seen in a direction transversely to said base layer; and

c. fastener means adapted to secure said cover elements to said base layer and to vary the positions of said cover elements relative to said base layer.

2. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said base layer and said cover elements consist substantially on an elastomeric material.

3. A mat as specified in claim 1 wherein said fastener means include a plurality of magnetizable units arlowing the flow of liquids across said base layer,

It i i t

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3881471 *May 20, 1974May 6, 1975Ass Mills IncHydrotherapy foot bath
US4067324 *Jun 16, 1976Jan 10, 1978Greenawalt Monte HTherapeutic apparatus for stimulation of acupuncture meridians
US4329981 *Jan 28, 1980May 18, 1982Semperit AgFoot massage mat
US4350152 *Jul 28, 1980Sep 21, 1982Joseph StrakowskiBack massage board
US4660548 *Apr 30, 1985Apr 28, 1987Metronic Electronic GmbhMassage apparatus
US5005560 *Nov 29, 1982Apr 9, 1991Quam William MIntegral foot massage and support apparatus
US5158073 *Dec 18, 1990Oct 27, 1992Bukowski Voytek ZAcupressure foot massage mat
US6315786 *Jul 20, 1999Nov 13, 2001Partnership Of Arthur H. Smuckler, James Grimes, Niko Efstathiou And Charles A. SarrisDevice for treating heel pain
US6742289Jul 1, 2002Jun 1, 2004Medical Device Group, Inc.Stress reduction kit and method of using same
US6857139 *Oct 23, 2002Feb 22, 2005Dimension One SpasTactile therapy system for spas
US7013503Jan 11, 2005Mar 21, 2006Dimension One SpasTactile therapy system for spas
US8250684 *Aug 26, 2008Aug 28, 2012Puj, LlcBaby bath sink insert
US20040000076 *Jul 1, 2002Jan 1, 2004Celmo George D.Stress reduction kit and method of using same
US20040078885 *Oct 23, 2002Apr 29, 2004Walker Victor LeeTactile therapy system for spas
US20050114994 *Jan 11, 2005Jun 2, 2005Walker Victor L.Tactile therapy system for spas
US20050124468 *Jan 18, 2005Jun 9, 2005Tony WongSimulated cushioned jogging and running mat
US20090158521 *Aug 26, 2008Jun 25, 2009Puj, LlcBaby bath sink insert
US20090288249 *May 21, 2009Nov 26, 2009Carolann DouglasBathtub seat
US20100234189 *Sep 16, 2010Teo Industriedesign GmbhWalkable plate for assisting the motor function of living creatures, especially human motor function
US20140142614 *Nov 15, 2013May 22, 2014SweetCheeks Products, Inc.Portable mat
Classifications
U.S. Classification601/28, 4/581
International ClassificationA61H7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61H7/001, A61H2201/1284
European ClassificationA61H7/00B