Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3746034 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 17, 1973
Filing dateJun 9, 1971
Priority dateJun 9, 1971
Publication numberUS 3746034 A, US 3746034A, US-A-3746034, US3746034 A, US3746034A
InventorsCosson H
Original AssigneeAmetek Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Installation of curb boxes
US 3746034 A
Abstract
A non-metallic curb box is formed to provide detectable metallic means distributed longitudinally along at least a major part of the upper portion thereof. The metallic means may be either magnetic or non-magnetic, depending upon the type of detector to be used. It may also be continuous or discontinuous. The box is then installed in the ground in valve protecting position, and is positioned vertically so that if an upper portion of the box is sheared off or otherwise accidentally removed, the remaining box portion will be detectable because of the presence of a portion of the detectable metallic means thereon.
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 [111 3,746,034

3,630,237 12/1971 Varnel ct a1.

Cosson July 17, 1973 [54] INSTALLATION OF CURB BOXES 3,531,010 9/1970 Handley et a1 137/371 X '7 [75] inventor: Harold E. Co S wboyg wis- 3,536,794 10/1970 Stevenson 264/..4

[73] Assignee: Ametek, lnc., Sheboygan, Wis. Primar Examiner-Henry T. Klinksiek [22] Film? June 9 1971 Attorney-Andrus, Sceales, Starke & Sawall [21] Appl. No.: 151,398 [57] ABSTRACT A non-metallic curb box is formed to provide detect- 1521 Cl 137/364 264/24 4 able metallic means distributed longitudinally along at 51 I Cl 00 least a major part of the upper portion thereof. The me- 1581 211. oi' sm;1173;753:111:111211 1551364442; tame may be either magnetic or depending upon the type of detector to be used. It may 138/177 264/24 108 also be continuous or discontinuous. The box is then installed in the ground in valve protecting position, and

[56] References Cite-d is positioned vertically so that if an upper portion of the UNITED STATES PATENTS box is sheared off or otherwise accidentally removed, 3,548,864 12/1970 Handley et a1 137/364 the remaining box portion will be detectable because of 3,290,426 12/ 1966 Barrentine 138/177 X the presence of a portion of the detectable metallic 133/177 X means thereon. 1,633,219 6/1927 Martin 264/108 3,172,428 3/1965 Tudge 138/172 I 13 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTED Jul 1 7 I973 will?? T-3m \f- INVENTOR W {4 HAROLD E.COSSON ATTORNEYS INSTALLATION OF CURB BOXES BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the installation of curb boxes which are buried underground and which provide protection for and access to underground valves for controlling the flow of fluids such as gas, water and the like.

A curb box of the general type involved in the present invention is disclosed in US. Handley Patent No. 2,931,383, issued Apr. 5, 1960 and entitled Curb Box Having Locating Magnet Therein. In that patent a telescoping curb box of non-magnetic material is provided with a magnet proximate the upper end thereof so that a dip needle or compass can be used to locate the box, should it become completely buried.

Curb boxes of the Handley type are often installed in new building developments prior to final grading of the land. It has been discovered that grading bulldozers will occasionally shear off the upper portion of such curb boxes. These upper box portions will often be thrown a substantial distance from the remainder of the box by the force of impact of the bulldozer blade. The remaining box portion will be covered and no longer locatable, since the magnet has been severed therefrom.

To the knowledge of the inventor, no way has heretofore been known to prevent the loss of detectability when a portion of such a curb box has been sheared off.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is based on the discovery of a solution to the aforementioned problem wherein the remaining buried curb box portion will still be detectable after the upper portion is removed.

Broadly, in accordance with the invention, a nonmetallic curb box is formed to provide detectable metallic means distributed longitudinally along at least a major part of the upper portion thereof. The metallic means may be either magnetic or non-magnetic, depending upon the type of detector to be used. It may also be continuous or discontinuous. The box is then installed in the ground in valve protecting position, and is positioned vertically so that if an upper portion of the box is sheared off or otherwise accidentally removed, the remaining box portion will be detectable because of the presence of a portion of the detectable metallic means thereon.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING The accompanying drawing illustrates the best mose presently contemplated by the inventor for carrying out the invention.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a curb box of the general type utilized in connection with the concept of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the modling of one portion of the curb box;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the upper curb box wall, showing one embodiment of detectable magnetic means;

FIG. 4 is a side elevation of the upper curb box portion and showing a second embodiment of detectable magnetic means;

FIG. 5 is a side elevation of the upper curb box portion and showing a third embodiment of detectable magnetic means;

FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the upper curb box portion and showing a fourth embodiment of detectable magnetic means;

FIG. 7 is a vertical sectional view of the complete curb box of FIG. 4 installed in the ground; and

FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing the upper box portion of FIG. 7 being sheared off by a bulldozer blade.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As shown in FIG. 1 of the drawings, the concept of the invention is utilized in connection with a curb box 1 which normally comprises a tubular valve cover or bell 2, an elongated intermediate cylindrical tubular portion 3, and an elongated upper cylindrical tubular portion 4. An access cover 5 is also provided. Bell 2 and tube 3 may be separate, or integral as shown. Tubes 3 and 4 are adapted to telescope and may be adjustably secured together in any suitable way, as by outer threads 6 on the upper end of tube 3 and complementing inner threads 7 on the lower end of tube 4. The upper end of tube 4 may also be threaded, as at 8, to receive cover 5.

The invention contemplates that bell 2 and tubes 3 and 4 are manufactured from a suitable non-metallic, non-magnetic material such as polyethylene with suitable fillers, if desired. Cover 5 is preferably of the same material, but might be metallic under certain conditions without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Curb box 1 is formed in any suitable well-kn0wn manner. In FIG. 2, upper tube portion 4 is shown as being formed in a mold which includes dies 9, 10, core 1 l and hopper 12 for the raw plastic. It is contemplated that bell 2 and tube 3 would be formed in a similar way.

In accordance with the invention, curb box 1 is formed so that detectable metallic means is distributed longitudinally along at least a major portion of the upper end section of curb box 1. The drawings illustrate numerous embodiments.

In FIGS. 3 and 4, the distribution is substantially continuous. In FIG. 3, metallic particles 13 are mixed with the raw plastic and molded therewith into the completed upper tube 4. In FIG. 4, an elongated longitudinal strip 14 of metal (or which includes suitable metallic material) is disposed along the outer wall of tube 4 and secured thereto as by retainer members 15 formed in the tube.

In FIGS. 5 and 6, the detectable means are shown as discontinuous. In FIG. 5, a plurality of longitudinally spaced metallic blocks 16 are ecured to tube 4, as by retaining members 17. FIG. 6 shows a plurality of longitudinally spaced metallic rings 18 encircling tube 4 and suitably secured as by members 19.

The detectable means of FIGS 3-6 could be imbedded in the walls of tube 4, rather than mounted on the exterior or interior surfaces thereof, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

After suitable manufacture of the desired form of curb box, the box is buried vertically in the ground 20, as shown in FIG. 7. Cover 5 is also applied and is preferably at ground level. Box 1 protects and provides access to an underground service valve 21 or the like,

with the usual pipe connections 22 and control rod 23.

The construction provides detectable metallic means which extends progressively vertically downwardly from adjacent the ground surface for a substantial distance along curb box 1.

Sometimes cover 5 becomes covered with grass, soil or the like and is not easily visible. The detectable metallic means may be unmagnetized iron or other nonmagnetic metallic material, in which case the presence ofthe box can be detected by well-known metallic detectors such as those used for locating land mines. The inventive concept also contemplates that the detectable metallic means may be magnetic in nature, such as magnetized iron, in which case the boxcan be found by use of a compass or the well-known dip needle. 4

In the event an upper portion of curb box 1 is sheared off as by a bulldozer blade 24 (FIG. 8), cover 5 and a portion of the box may be thrown a great distance and the remaining portion buried. Because the detectable metallic means extends downwardly a substantial distance along box 1, the remaining installed lower curb box-portion will still be provided with such means and will be locatable as will the sheared off portion.

The length of upper tube portion 4 is such that bulldozing will not normally penetrate below it. However, if tube'portion 4 is short or bulldozing operations are expected to be deep, similar detectable metallic means can be provided on lower tube 3 and even bell 2 without departing from the spirit of the invention. See FIG. 8.

Various modes of carrying out the invention are contempleted as being within the scope of the following claims particularly pointing out and distinctly claiming the subject matter which is regarded as the invention.

I claim:

1. in an installation for protecting and providing access to an underground service valve:

a. a vertically disposed non-metallic curb box buried in the ground and comprising:

1. a bell covering the said valve,

2. an elongated intermediate tube extending upwardly from said bell,

3. and an elongated upper tube telescopingly mounted at its lower end to the upper end of said intermediate tube, said upper tube extending upwardly to adjacent the ground surface,

b. means to close the upper end of said upper tube,

c. and detectable metallic means on the tubular portion of said curb box and extending downwardly from near the upper end thereof at least to adjacent the lower end of said upper tube to provide for detection of said curb box in the event an upper portion thereof including a portion of said detectable means becomes accidentally sheared off and removed.

2. The installation of claim 1 in which said detectable metallic means is continuous.

3. The installation of claim 2 wherein said continuous detectable metallic means comprises metallic particles distributed throughout the wall of at least said upper tube.

4. The installation of claim 2 wherein said continuous detectable metallic means comprises an elongated metallic strip extending longitudinally along at least said upper tube.

5. The installation of claim 1 in which said detectable metallic means is discontinuous.

6. The installation of claim 5 wherein said discontinuous detectable metallic means comprises a plurality of metallic blocks spaced longitudinally along at least said upper tube.

7. The installation of claim 5 wherein said discontinuous detectable metallic means comprises a plurality of metallic rings encircling at least said upper tube and spaced longitudinally therealong.

8. For use in an underground installation for protecting and providing access to a buried service valve, the combination comprising:

a. a non-metallic curb box adapted to be buried vertically in the ground and comprising:

1. a bell adapted to cover the valve,

2. an elongated intermediate tube extending upwardly from said bell,

3. and an elongated upper tube telescopingly mounted at its lower end to the upper end of said intermediate tube, said upper tube adapted to extend upwardly to adjacent the ground surface,

c. and detectable metallic means on both of said tubes to provide for detection of said curb box in the event the upper tube becomes accidentally sheared off and removed. 7

9. The combination of claim 8 in which said detectable metallic means is continuous.

10. The combination of claim 8 in which said -etectable metallic means is discontinuous.

11. The method of installing a curb box assembly which is detectable when disposed in the ground, comprising the steps of:

a. forming a tubular non-metallic curb box having detectable metallic means disposed at progressively different levels from adjacent the upper end thereof to adjacent the valve housing therefor,

b. applying a cover to said box,

c. and burying said curb box with said detectable metallic means extending progressivelydownwardly in the ground a substantial distance from the surface thereof so that at least a portion of said detectable means will remain with the installed curb box if an upper section thereof is sheared off.

12. The method of claim 11 wherein said curb box is formed with a continuously extending detectable metallic means.

13. The method of claim 11 wherein said curb box is formed with a discontinuously extending detectable metallic means.

3,746,034 Dated July 17, 1973 HAROLD E. COSSON I Patent No.

Inventor(s) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified pateut I and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected, as shown below:

Column 4, line 27, In claim 8, (b) has been omitted and should be inserted and reads as follows:

---(b) means to close the upper end of said upper tube,--

Column 4, line 34; In claim 10, delete "-etecta" and substitute therefor --detect :aj

Signed and sealed this 27th day of November 1973.

(SEAL) Attest: x v

EDWARD Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents FORM P0-1050 (10-69) USCOMM-DC 6O376-P69 u.s. sovznnmzm PRINTING OFFICE: nos 0-in-3,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1633219 *Dec 17, 1926Jun 21, 1927George C MartinMethod of forming pipe
US3172428 *Jun 25, 1962Mar 9, 1965Ass Elect IndFlexible hose
US3290426 *Jan 6, 1964Dec 6, 1966Transpolymer Ind IncPlastic pipe having a conductive exterior surface and method of making the same
US3531010 *Dec 11, 1968Sep 29, 1970Handley Ind IncUnderground service wire enclosure
US3536794 *May 8, 1967Oct 27, 1970Du PontMethod of making thermomagnetic recording members
US3548864 *Mar 26, 1969Dec 22, 1970Handley Ind IncCurb box member and method of making the same
US3630237 *Feb 9, 1970Dec 28, 1971Concrete Dev CorpPolyester concrete pipe
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4044789 *Jan 12, 1977Aug 30, 1977Elmore John ESanitary diversion valve
US4452271 *Sep 14, 1981Jun 5, 1984Handley Industries, Inc.Plastic pipe squeezing device and valve box for use therewith
US5006806 *Oct 30, 1989Apr 9, 1991Schonstedt Instrument CompanyMethods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as burried fiber optic cables
US5017873 *May 18, 1990May 21, 1991Schonstedt Instrument CompanyMethods and apparatus employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US5122750 *Mar 5, 1991Jun 16, 1992Schonstedt Instrument CompanyMethods employing permanent magnets for marking, locating, tracing and identifying hidden objects such as buried fiber optic cables
US5327925 *Dec 14, 1993Jul 12, 1994Ortel Thomas LValve service box and method of making
US5664597 *Apr 20, 1994Sep 9, 1997Miskiewicz; William A.Cover for enclosing a fixed article, such as a fire hydrant, and a method of using the same
US5746416 *Dec 27, 1993May 5, 1998Paylor; Christopher JohnAdaptor tools and method to expose valve
US5794644 *Jun 21, 1993Aug 18, 1998Paylor; Christopher JohnAdaptor tools and method to expose valve
US5983925 *Jun 20, 1997Nov 16, 1999Miller; Paul D.Dirt free valve
US6825412Jun 26, 2002Nov 30, 2004T-Squared, Inc.Locator wire terminator
US7017266Nov 29, 2004Mar 28, 2006T-Squared, Inc.Locator wire terminator
USRE34701 *Mar 8, 1993Aug 23, 1994Gas Research InstituteMagnetically detectable plastic pipe
WO1995000788A1 *Aug 20, 1993Jan 5, 1995Christopher John PaylorAdaptor for remote actuation of an underground valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/364, 138/177, 138/104, 138/103, 264/108
International ClassificationF16L1/06, F16L1/11
Cooperative ClassificationF16L1/11
European ClassificationF16L1/11