|Publication number||US3746200 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1973|
|Filing date||Aug 12, 1971|
|Priority date||Aug 12, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3746200 A, US 3746200A, US-A-3746200, US3746200 A, US3746200A|
|Original Assignee||Justrite Manufacturing Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (39), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 1111 3,746,200
Flider July 17, 1973  PLASTIC JERRY CAN 3,198,367 8/1965 Stickney 215/1 C  hwcmon Frank S. Flider Chicago "I. 2,841,313 7/1958 Beall 222/479  Assignee: Justrite Manufacturing Co., FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPUC/fl IONS Chicago, [IL 661,164 7/1965 Belgium 222/468 367,104 3/1963 Sw1tzerland 215/1 C  Filed: Aug. 12, 1971 [211 Appl 171 092 Primary Examiner-Donald F. Norton Attorney lrwin C. Alter et a1.
 US. Cl 215/10, 215/1 C, 215/100 A,
222/466, 222/468, 222/479, 222/482 [571 ABSTRACT  Int. Cl B65d 11/10, B65d 21/02 Ar all-plastic Jerry can is made with a recessed han-  Field Of Search 222/466, 467, 468, dle and a screw-top opening A breather tube extends 2 215/1 100 100 A from the highest part of the inside of the can, through 1 the recessed plastic handle, to a point on the upper References Cited ledge surface of the single screw-top opening which UNITED STATES PATENTS point is sealed by the cap, when in place. When the cap 3,066,819 12/1962 Cox 222/468 ux is may 1" mm exposed end of the 2 291 230 7/1942 Johnson 222/479 X breather tube and into the highest part Of the C311, 2 735 339 3 1957 Du Preem 222 479 thereby allowing the gasoline or other fluid to flow 3,214,052 10/1965 Dike 215]] C X smoothly from the can, without surging caused by the 2 6, 10/1332 Sherwood 2l5/l0 successive creation and breaking of a vacuum pocket 1,331,409 2 1920 Barnett 222 466 x inside the contain 1,115,405 10/1914 Davis 222/479 3,251,514 5/1966 Speicher 222/468 9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures Patented July 17, 1973 3,746,200
3 Shuts-Sheet 1 INVENTOR F FRANK 3.F1 mER A TO RNEYS Patented July 17, 1973 3,746,200
3 Sheets-Sheet 2 &\
F165 FRANK S. FLIDER flax/4km d/AM ATTORNEYS Patented July 17, 1973 3,746,200
3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR FRANK S. FuoER I Wa,/d4ao /UMJ ATTORNEYS PLASTIC JERRY CAN This invention relates to plastic safety cans or containers and especially although not exclusively to containers for inflammable fluids, and more particularly to the so-called Jerry Can usually associated with military application.
Containers for inflammables usually have prescribed safety specifications, which are enforced by govemmental, industrial, or trade agencies. In the case of military specifications, the containers must also meet very rigidly prescribed specifications, very often dating back many years. For example, in the case of the so-called Jerry Can, the original specifications were written, at least as early as World War II, and as a result, they are drawn to steel cans having particular types of hardware associated therewith. Thus, there has been little improvement in Jerry Cans" during the last 25 or 30 years. Accordingly, there is a growing need for updating the techniques used to make the cans so that new and superior materials may be used and, at the same time, the cost may be lowered.
Thus, the improved Jerry Can must meet or exceed the existing military specifications. Ideally, it appears that some of the newer plastics may have the best opportunity to advance the state of this heretofore static art. For example, the steel containers have drawbacks in that they were not only expensive to make, but hazardous in explosive atmospheres, and short-lived in use. They tended to rust, corrode, or otherwise deteriorate. They create hazardous sparks and deface the surfaces which they contact. Moreover, when the cans are bumped or dropped, they sometimes leak air and thereafter fail while in service.
Another problem which has been encountered in the manufacture of Jerry Cans and similar containers relates to the storability of filled containers. They should be designed so that they may stack neatly and stably in a service or warehouse area. The cans should fit together when placed side by side, front to back, and top to bottom, and there should be a minimum amount of waste space. Moreover, when so stacked, the aggregate of cans should be a stable mechanical arrangement. There should be very little danger that a can on the top of the stack would fall off if the entire stack is shook or jarred.
If the can is a heavy one, such as the conventional gallon Jerry Can, for example, it should be easy to handle and to manipulate while pouring gasoline into or out of the can. The handle should be arranged to withstand a severe pull, such as the 800-pound pull. This is an exacting requirement for a plastic can.
Accordingly, an object of the invention is to provide plastic containers having new and improved characteristics which meet the military specifications for a Jerry Can."
Another object of the invention is to provide a can having a completely internal venting system, controlled from a single screw-type cap.
Yet another object of the invention is to prevent surging during the pouring of gasoline from a plastic "Jerry Can," which surging might otherwise occur if A further object of the invention is to provide a Jerry Can which stacks uniformly and stably.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a low-cost, explosion-resistant, automatically venting gasoline can.
These and other objects are accomplished by a blow molded, all-plastic Jerry Can" having a completely plastic wall, with an integral handle molded thereon. Molded adjacent the handle is an opening, terminating in screw threads for receiving a cap having a peripheral lip thereon. A breather tube is molded inside the handle to extend from the highest point inside the can (when tipped to a pouring condition) to the screw threaded opening. Thus, when the screw cap is tightened against its lip, it seals both the gasoline within the can and outside vent of the breather tube, to prevent escape of explosive or inflammable fumes from the can.
The nature of a preferred embodiment of the invention for accomplishing these and other objects may be understood best from a study of the following description of the attached drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the top of the inventive Jerry Can;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation view of the inventive Jerry Can, showing the bottom with a gripping and lifting portion molded therein, showing the top with the handle, and showing in cross section the screw type openmg;
FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the Jerry Can;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view, taken along line 44 of FIG. 2, showing the breather vent in the handle portion;
FIG. 5 is a bottom plan view showing the feet on the can and the bottom handle, forming part of the lifting arrangement;
FIG. 6 is (i) a side elevation view of one of two supplemental handles used in combination with the integrally molded handle and (ii) how two cans stack top to bottom; and
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary view of the front of a can having the handle shown in FIG. 6, and taken along line 7-7 thereof.
The principal elements in FIG. 1 and 2 are an allplastic, preferably blow-molded container 20, having thereon a handle arrangement 21. The container 20 is filled and emptied by pouring fluids through a screw threaded necklike opening 22 which is integrally molded in the container 20. Preferably, this opening is internally threaded to receive the conventional Jerry Can cap.
The plastic container 20 may be formed by any suitable means such as blow-molding inside a mold cavity formed by two-piece parts, with a parting line which is thickened, in part, to form an upstanding tin or rib 24 and handle 25. For strength and support, the fin 24 may be made integral with the neckline opening 22 and with a rising portion of the can, shown in 26. The handle 25 is fairly massive structure in the order of an inch in diameter.
Means are provided for preventing the formation of vacuum pockets in the can. More particularly, formed within a handle is longitudinally molded breather. tube 30 which extends from point 31, in the interior of the can, at the highest portion thereof, to a point 32 in fin 24, near the threaded opening 22. A hole 33 is drilled at an angle from the ledge forming the top of opening 22, through the fin 24, and into the molded breather tube opening 30. In this manner, air may pass into the highest part of the can 26 via the path traced from the opening 31, through the hollow tube 30, and the drilled hole 33 to the opening 35 on the top ledge of the neck 22.
The conventional Jerry Can cap 36 has screw threads which fit into the internal threads 34 inside the neck opening 22. When this cap 36 is tightly drawn into its closed position, its lip covers the opening 35 of hole 33 and prevents any escape of vapors from the inside of the can. A gasket 37 may be provided to complete the seal at the top of the neck 22 and opening 35. However, when the cap 36 is unscrewed, the top 35 of opening 33 is exposed to the atmosphere, so that air may pass freely from outside the can to the inside of the can.
Thus, as the can is tipped to pour, a space is formed in the high part 26 of the can where air must displace the fluid poured from the container if a vacuum pocket is to be avoided. Since air may be drawn in through the opening 35 and the tube 33, no vacuum is formed, and the fluid pouring from the container flows smoothly, without surges.
Means are provided for enabling the Jerry Can" handles to withstand the severe pulling test required by the military specifications. In greater details, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, two supplemental handle sections are made from a very strong plastic or other material, such as a glass-fiber filled nylon. Preferably, these handle supplements are injection molded pieceparts. Each of the handle supplements comprises a series of strengthening ridges, such as 40, and a series of openings 41-45. These openings are arranged in position to meet with and be superimposed over similarly situated openings 46-50 (FIG. 2) in the blow-molded plastic can.
Accordingly, it is a fairly simple matter to attach the fiberglass handle supplements by placing a piecepart similar that shown in FIGS. 6, 7, on opposite sides of the tin 24. A rivet is passed through an opening 41 on the left handle supplement, opening 46 on the blowmolded fin part, and an opening 41 on the right handle supplement. Thereafter, handle supplement rivets are used in a similar manner to attach the handle supplements of FIG. 6 on opposite sides of the blow-molded handle 25. More particularly, as shown in FIG. 1, the fiberglass handle 51a is on the right and the fiberglass 51b is on the left. The rivets 52-56, used for attaching the two handle supplements, are clearly seen in the drawing. The strength of these handle supplements, together with a multiplicity of attachment points, makes a strong and rigid structure capable of withstanding very severe pull tests.
Means are provided for enabling the cans to stack easily and stably when in storage. More particularly, FIG. 6 and 7 use dotted lines 60, 61 to show how the bottom of the top can fits into the top of the bottomcan when two cans are stacked, one above the other. The
details of this arrangement may be best understood by i a comparison of the FIGS. 6, 7 and 5 (which is a bottom plan view) with FIG. 2, which shows the hand grip 68 in side elevation.
More particularly, the bottom of the can is molded with six feet 62-67 which raise the can above any floor or other flat surface on which it is resting, allowing air to circulate underneath it. The feet 64, 65 also provide stable points for making a cleated connection between the top and the bottom of two stacked cans. Adjacent the end of the bottom of the can which is held by the person who is pouring fluid from the can, is an arched or recessed grip portion 68, adapted to receive the fingers of one hand. Thus, it is easy to pour from the can by holding the handle 25, or one of the handle supple ments 51, with one hand and by holding the area 68 with fingers of the other hand. As best seen in FIG. 6, the finger-gripping area 68 rises above a mating contour where rivet 56 passes through by the upstanding tabs on the blow-molded container 20 and on the handle supplements 51. The feet portions 64, 65 fit down into recesses 70, 71 in the handle supplements 51 (FIG. 1). These intermeshing feet and recessed configurations cleat together when two cans are stacked vertically, thereby adding greatly to the stability of the stack.
Among other things, the described structure enables the use of plastic parts and provides a stronger Jerry Can. For example, the can may be dropped from greater heights than steel cans and yet not break or spill. There is a resistance to dents, and if dentally or subjected to mechanical abuse, any deformation of the can body tends to disappear when the deforming force is removed. This would not be true of a steel can. Plastic has great strength, it resists dents, and it is cooler in handling. The method used for attaching the handle supplement to the upstanding fin makes a good, strong, and durable connection without piercing the walls of the container. There are no spot welds which may break or give way under use (as might occur on steel cans). If any hardware parts are used, they may be dip coated with plastic to preclude exposure bare metal surfaces which rust, corrode or generate sparks.
While the principles of the invention have been described above in connection with specific embodiments, apparatus, and applications, it should be understood that this description is here made only by way of example. It is not to be construed as a limitation upon the scope of the claims. Therefore, the appended claims are to be construed to cover all equivalent structure falling within the true scope and spirit of the invention.
1. A safety container comprising an all plastic wall having a continuously closed inner surface terminating at a threaded neck-like opening having an upper ledge surface at the top thereof, a handle and fin combination integrally formed in the outer surface of the wall,
at least one handle supplement attached to said fin,
a breather tube extending from the interior of said wall, through the handle to the upper ledge surface of the neck-like opening,
said breather tube extending from the point of the container which is the highest geometric point inside the container when it is tipped to a pouring position,
said breather tube and neck-like opening sealed by a cap threaded into said opening and opening when the cap opens.
2. The container of claim 1 wherein said highest geometric point is formed by said all-plastic wall having an upstanding contoured part giving a high fluid level inside the container which is above the level of the pouring neck when the container is resting in a storage position, whereby an air pocket is formed inside said container, said breather tube extending from said upstanding contoured part.
3. The container of claim 1 wherein the bottom of said container has integrally molded feet formed therein, and means on the top of said container shaped to receive said feet in cleated interlock when said container are stacked vertically.
4. The container of claim 1 wherein said handle supplement is an injection molded plastic piecepart, there being two of said handle supplements, one being attacked to either side of said fin.
5. The container of claim 4 wherein each of said handle supplements is a glass fiber filled nylon material, or the equivalent thereof.
6. The container of claim 5 wherein each of said handle supplements has trusses molded therein for giving added strength.
7. The container of claim 4 wherein said handle supplements and the bottom of said containers have complementary cleating parts molded therein, whereby the containers are interlocked when one is stacked atop another.
8. The safety container comprising an all-plastic wall having a continuously closed inner surface terminating at a threaded neck-like opening having an upper ledge surface at the top thereof,
a handle and tin combination integrally formed in the outer surface of the wall,
a breather tube extending from the interior of said wall, through the handle to the upper ledge surface of the neck-like opening,
said breather tube extending from the point of the container which is the highest geometric point in.- side the can when it is tipped to a pouring position,
said breather tube and neck-like opening sealed by a cap threaded into said opening and opening when the cap' opens said fin being integral with and ex tending from the neck to the handle, and said breather tube is completed at the neck end by a passageway extending from said ledge through the fin to the tube in the handle.
9. The container of claim 8 wherein said cap has a lip edge which projects over said ledge opening thereby sealing said breather tube opening when said cap is tightened in position in said opening.
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|U.S. Classification||215/10, 215/46, 222/468, 215/398, 222/482, 222/479, 222/466, 215/375|
|International Classification||B65D25/38, B65D21/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D21/0231, B65D25/385|
|European Classification||B65D25/38A, B65D21/02E12B|