|Publication number||US3746334 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1973|
|Filing date||Sep 3, 1971|
|Priority date||Sep 3, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3746334 A, US 3746334A, US-A-3746334, US3746334 A, US3746334A|
|Original Assignee||Stubblefield J|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (29), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Stubblefield July 17, 1973 PRACTICE JAVELIN 2,122,023 6/1938 Campbell 13l..... 272 59 R 2,186,386 1 1940 Lowell 46/79 ux  Inventor Jerry Smbb'ef'eld3235 3,337,219 8/1967 Saunders. 273 106 AX Stralhmore Place, Eugene, Oreg- Dl72,82l 8/1954 Cass 273 1065 R 97405  Filed: Sept. 3, 1971 Primary ExaminerAnton O. Oechslc Appl. No.: 177,692
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Wanner 46/79 Brown 273/106 A Assistant Examiner-Harry G. Strappcllo Attorney-James D. Givnan, Jr. 1 g
 ABSTRACT A javelin for practice throwing indoors having drag inducing members adjacent its ends which react with the air-stream to limit the javelins travel. The drag inducing members are preferably of conical shape, apcrtured to provide the drag desired without causing unstability of the javelin in flight. The javelin additionally includes a blunt resilient impact member at the javelins forward end to prevent damage to floor or wall surfaces.
4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Pmemsuwu 3.146.334
INVENTOR JERRY D. STUBBLEFIELD Q: I 7 24 BY I AGENT PRACTICE JAVELIN BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to athletic equipment and particularly to a practice javelin for throwing in areas where use of a conventional javelin is not practical.
Track and field competition inhigh schoolsand beyond has included javelin throwing as a competitive sport for many years. As is the case with any athletic endeavor, training to a large extent determines the individuals skill in a particular event. Training for the javelin throw ordinarily requires an open, unobstructed area of substantial size such as an athletic field. Obviously, for safety reasons, all other uses of the practice area must be held in abeyance during practice. Accordingly javelin throwing must, in some schools, be done with some inconvenience at a location removed from the immediate school area or at times other than during school hours. The addition of the javelin throw in girls and womens track and field competition further limits available practice area.
Since the throwing of the conventional javelin must, for all practical purposes, be done out-of-doors the duration of an athletic training period is dependent upon suitable weather. In geographical areas where winter weather is such as to prevent outdoor practice the competing athlete is at a disadvantage by reason of the shortened training period. Since most track and field competition takes place in thespring an individual having only a couple months training time is at a severe disadvantage competing against an individual who has the advantage of continuous training.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed towards providing a practice javelin which may be thrown within an enclosed area such as for example a school gymnasium.
The javelin of the instant invention includes a lightweight tubular body fitted with drag inducing appendages to retard the flight of the javelin. Impact of the thrown javelin is lessened by a resilient, rounded nose member. Accordingly the practice javelin is suitable for indooruse within a school gym.
An important object of the present invention is to provide a practicejavelin u'seable in areas less than half the length of practice areas for conventional javelin throwing. In most instances the gymnasium of a high school or college is of adequate length and hencepractice may be conducted indoors, the year around, unaffected by climate.
A second important object is the provision of ajavelin having a resilient front end member of large crossecto avoid damage. Means areprovided for replacement of such dragmembers should same become distorted or fractured after long usage.
Another important object of the present invention is the provision of a practice javelin having the weight and balance of ajavelin used in competition. The transition from a practice javelin to a conventional javelin is accordingly made easier. Further, the distances thrown with a practice javelin may also be correlated on a table of comparative distances to provide an indication to the thrower of what distances he may expect when using a conventional javelin.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the accompanying drawings:
FIG. I is-a perspective view of a practice javelin embodying the present invention,
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the javelin shown in FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is an enlarged detail view of the forward end of the practice javelin,
FIG. 4 is aside elevational view of the forward end of a modified practice javelin,
FIG. 5 is a vertical section of FIG. 4 showing the modified drag inducing means, and t FIG. isan elevational view of modified drag inducing member used with that shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS With continuing reference to the accompanying drawings wherein. applied referen-ce numerals indicate partssimilarly identified in the following specification, the reference numeral 10 indicates the elongate body of the practicejavelin which may be formed from lightweight aluminum tubing.
Approximately at the javelins center of gravity a hand hold 11 'is provided which may be a wrapping of cord similar to that provided on a conventional javelin.
The forward end of the body 10 terminates in engagement with an impact member 12 preferably formed of butyl rubber and configured to provide a blunt nose for the javelin capable of absorbing impact forces without damage to javelin or the impacted surface. A recess 12A in the member frictionally receives theend of the .javelinbody 10 in secure retention. To prevent further penetration of the end of the body member 10 shown tubular being tubular, a cap at 13 may be applied closingthe end of said body member.
Indicated at 14 is a first or forward drag inducing member affixedto the elongatebody l0 rearwardly adjacent the impact member 12. A preferredform of the invention provides a drag inducing member of hollow,
conical shape having a collar portion at 15 circumposed about a segment of the main body 10. Attachment of said collar to the main'body may be by a pin 16 in a:pressed fitwith apertures in the body and with alignedopenings 15A in the collar.
A second orrearward drag inducing member at 17 is affixed to the rearward end of body 10 in the same manner by means of a pin 18 extending transversely through said body andthe collar portion 20 of said second member. Again, the second member is preferably of hollow, conical shape with the base (trailing edge) of the conical member beingof greater diameter than that of said first drag inducing member.
Each of themembers 14 and 17 is desirably molded from a durable, flexible plastic of the type-lending itself to low cost molding methods. The plastic members 14 and 17 are of thin wall configuration and yield upon contact with a floor to avoid damage. Should a drag inducing member incur damage, replacement thereof simply entails removal of its associated retention pin and in the case of the first drag member the removal of the impact member 12.
The drag members 14 and 17 are of perforate construction having openings respectively at 14A and 17A. Drag member 14 being of lesser diameter and presenting a smaller surface for reaction with the airstream than the surface of drag member 17 for purposes of stability.
As earlier noted the practice javelin should have the feel of a conventional javelin to permit the thrower to readily adjust to the conventional javelin used in competition. For this reason the main body is of a diameter equal to that of a conventional javelin body. Similarly weight of the practice javelin should be 800 grams or 1 pounds. While a conventional javelin is approximately 8 k feet in length the practice javelin is preferably of lesser length with one suitable embodiment of the invention having a length of less than 5 feet. In said embodiment the forward and rearward drag members have diameters respectively of 8 and 1 1 inches. Obviously the invention dimensions and even weights are subject to being changed to meet training objectives of the individual athletes and their coaches.
In FIGS. 4 and 5 I show a modified form of drag inducing means wherein a forward drag member is indicated at 22 with a collar portion 23 affixed to the forward portion of the javelin body indicated at 10. The drag means 22 is of generally disc shape having rearwardly directed segments 24 which project outwardly for action upon by the passing airstream. As in the case of the first described drag means the modified drag means is apertured at 24A for aerodynamic purposes.
'The rearward drag member at 25 of the modified drag ,means as seen in FIG. 6 would be of identical configu- While I have shown but two embodiments of the invention it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the invention may be embodied still otherwise without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Having thus described the invention what is desired to be secured under a Letters Patent is:
l. A practice javelin having certain characteristics 0 a conventional javelin for the training of a javelin thrower within an area of restricted size, said practice javelin comprising,
a main elongate body having a handgrip thereon approximately at the javelins center of gravity,
a resilient impact member of rounded configuration affixed to the forward end of said elongate body, and
cone shaped members for inducing drag located both forwardly and rearwardly of the javelins handgrip, the forward cone shaped member being of a configuration inducing lesser aerodynamic drag than the rearward cone shaped member for purposes of dynamic stability.
2. A practice javelin as claimed in claim 1 wherein said cone shaped members include collar portions removably mounted to said main body for replacement purposes.
3. A practice javelin having certain characteristics of a conventional javelin for the training of a javelin thrower within an area of restricted size, said practice javelin comprising,
a main elongate body have a handgrip thereon approximately at the javelins center of gravity,
a resilient impact member of rounded configuration affixed to the forward end of said elongate body, and
disc shaped members for inducing drag located both forwardly and rearwardly of the javelins handgrip,
the forward disc shaped member having less sur-.
face area than the rearward disc shaped member whereby the forward disc shaped member induces lesser aerodynamic drag than the rearward disc shaped member for purposes of dynamic stability.
4. A practice javelin as claimed in claim 3 wherein said disc shaped members include collar portions removably mounted to said main body for replacement purposes.
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|U.S. Classification||482/20, 473/585, 473/578, 473/586|
|International Classification||A63B65/00, A63B21/008, A63B65/02, A63B69/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B69/00, A63B21/0088, A63B65/02|