|Publication number||US3746906 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1973|
|Filing date||Aug 10, 1971|
|Priority date||Aug 10, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3746906 A, US 3746906A, US-A-3746906, US3746906 A, US3746906A|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (28), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 1 1 fifiwfi Cardwell, Jr. $1113 17, 1973  ADAPTER BASE FOR ELECTRIC LAMP 3,622,947 11/1971 Griffin 339/146 inventor: J G. Cardweu, J Kirtland 2,791,713 5/1957 Dean 313/318 X Ohm Primary Examiner-Ronald L. Wibert  Assignee: General Electric Company, Assistant Examiner-Paul A. Sacher Schenectady, NY. Attorney-Norman C. Fulmer et a1. 22 F'] d: A 1 197 1 l 57 ABSTRACT 1 Appl' "(L589 An adapter screw-base is attached to a lamp of the type having cup-shaped ferrule terminals, by means of an  US. Cl. 313/318, 339/146 adapter disc positioned over the ferrule terminals and  Int. Cl. H01j 5/48 against the lamp envelope and held in place by fasten-  Field of Search 313/318; 174/50, ing means attached to the outer ends of the ferrule ter- 174/52; 339/146 minals. A screw-base is positioned with its skirt surrounding the adapter disc and attached thereto by in-  References Cited terlocking indentations. Wires provide electrical con- UNITED STATES PATENTS nections between the screw-base and ferrule terminals. 773,805 11/1904 Miller 339/ 146 10 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures Patented July 17, 1973 3,746,906
lnventor: John G. CardweLL, Jr".
' His A t torneg 1 ADAPTER BASE FOR ELECTRIC LAMP BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention is in the field of electric lamps provided with bases, and is particularly directed to an adapter base attachment assembly for the type of lamp provided with terminal posts such as cup-shaped ferrule terminals.
Certain types of lamps, such as built-in reflector lamps, are often provided with terminal posts, usually in the form of cup-shaped ferrule terminals embedded into the glass or quartz envelope material and extending rearwardly thereof. Electrical connections to the ferrule terminals are made in several different ways, such as by soldering or welding flexible wires to the terminals, or soldering or welding screw-terminals to the ferrule terminals, or by clamping a socket to the terminals. It is sometimes desirable to attach a screw-base to such a lamp. U.S. Pat. No. 2,098,080 to Daniel Wright discloses a screw-base adapter into which lamp prongs, extending from ferrule terminals, are inserted. U.S. Pats. No. 2,262,629 to Daniel Wright and No. 3,515,930 to Laverne Walsh and Gerald Keimer each disclose a screw-base adapter positioned with its skirt fitting around a specially shaped shoulder on the lamp envelope and secured thereto by cement or interlocking indentations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Objects of the invention are to provide an improved adapter base assembly for lamps of the type having terminal posts such as cup-shaped ferrule terminals, and to provide such a base assembly which is tightly and permanently secured to the lamp without requiring any specially shaped shoulder on the lamp envelope for attachment of the base.
The invention, briefly and in a preferred embodiment, provides an adapter-base for a lamp of the type having terminal posts such as cup-shaped ferrule terminals extending from the lamp envelope, comprising an adapter member positioned over the terminal posts and against the lamp envelope, fastening means attached to the outer ends of the terminal posts for holding the adapter member in place, a base member attached to the, adapter member, and electrical connectors connected between the base member and the terminal posts.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is an exploded side view of a preferred embodiment of the invention, showing the base member detached from the rest of the assembly;
FIG. 2 is a view taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, looking downwardly on the lamp and adapter member assembly;
FIG. 3 is a side view of FIG. 1, looking toward the right-hand side thereof, with the base member attached to the rest of the assembly; and
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the adapter member.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The drawing shows a reflector lamp 11, such as type PAR 36, provided with a shaped glass bulb portion 12 having a parabolic aluminized reflective inner surface, a glass cover plate 13 being sealed thereto at the rim thereof. A pair of cup-shaped ferrule terminals l6, l7
are sealed at the open edges thereof to the glass bulb 12 so that the closed ends of the ferrules extend rear-- wardly from the bulb, as shown. Openings are provided in the bulb 12 axially of the ferrules l6, 17. The ferrules 16 and 17 are respectively provided with rearwardly extending nipples l8 and 19, into which a pair of lead wires are respectively positioned and soldered, the other ends of the lead wires being connected to a filament 23 within the lamp 11. A pair of flat bosses 26, 27 rise from the curved contour of the bulb 12 in the vicinity of the ferrules 16 and 17, as shown, to provide level surface areas into which the open ends of the ferrules 16 and 17 are sealed. A sealed-off exhaust tubulation 28 extends rearwardly of the bulb 12, between the ferrules 16 and 17.
In accordance with the invention, an adapter member in the form of a ceramic disc 31 is provided with a pair of openings 32 and 33 therethrough, so as to fit over and around the ferrule terminals 16 and 17, and a slot 34 extends between the openings 32 and 33, so that the ceramic disc 31 will clear the sealed-off exhaust tubulation 28. The adapter member 31 is positioned over the ferrules 16 and 17 and against the back surface of the glass envelope bulb 12, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. A pair of fastener members 36, 37 are respectively attached to the nipples l8 and 19 of the ferrule terminals 16 and 17, so as to hold the ceramic disc 31 in place, i.e., wedged between the fastener members 36, 37 and the rear portion of the bulb 12 as partly defined by the raised bosses 26 and 27. The fastener members36 and 37 may comprise washer-like devices such as so-called speed nuts" which are pressed over the nipples l8 and 19 and remain in position due to spring-wedging tension of tabs pressing against the nipples. If desired, the speed nuts may be soldered to the nipples 18 and 19. Alternatively, the fastener members 36 and 37 may comprise metal washers positioned over and around the nipples 18 and 19, and soldered thereto. A pair oflead wires 38 and 39 are respectively soldered to the fastening members 36 and 37, or to the nipples l8 and 19.
A screw-base member 41 comprises a cylindrical threaded portion 42, an insulated endcontact disc 43 at an end thereof, and a'cylindrical skirt portion 44 at the otherend thereof, which may be electrically insu lated from the cylindrical threaded portion, as shown. The base 41 is positioned with the skirt 44 around the adapter disc 31, cut-out portions 44 being provided at the edge of the skirt portion 44 so as to clear the raised bosses 26 and Y27, so that the circumferential edge of the skirt 44rests against the rear of the bulb I2; Indentations 45 are provided'in the skirt 44 to lock it into recesses 46 provided in the ceramic adapter 31. The lead wire 38 extends through an opening 47 in the side wall of the screw-threaded portion 42, and is soldered to the threaded portion 42 as indicated at numeral 48. The lead wire 39 extends through an opening in an end of the base and through the contact disc 43, and is soldered thereto as indicated at numeral 49.
By providing an adapter member 31 fitted over the terminal posts 16, 17 and against the rear of the bulb 12, and holding it in place by fastener means attached to the connector posts 16' and 17, and attaching the base member to the adapter member 31, as described above, the base 41 is rigidly attached to the lamp 1] without the necessity of providing a special shoulder on the bulb 12 for attachment of the base 41.
While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, various other embodiments and modifications thereof will become apparent to persons skilled in the art, and will fall within the scope of invention as defined in the following claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A base assembly for a lamp of the type having terminal posts extending substantially mutually parallel from a surface of the lamp, comprising an adapter member shaped and positioned to fit over said terminal posts and against said surface of the lamp, fastening means attached to said terminal posts in a position to hold said adapter member in place, and a base member attached to said adapter member and connected electrically to said terminal posts.
2. A base assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which said fastening means comprises washer-like devices respectively positioned around said terminal posts and soldered thereto, said washer-like devices bearing against a surface of said adapter member so as to hold the adapter member in position against said surface of the lamp.
3. A base assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which said fastening means comprises washer-like devices of the speed nut type respectively positioned around said terminal posts and held in place by means of integral inwardly extending tabs pressing against said terminal posts, said devices bearing against a surface of said adapter member so as to hold the adapter member in position against said surface of the lamp.
4. A base assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which said adapter member is disc-shaped and provided with one or more openings therethrough into which said terminal posts extend.
5. A base assembly as claimed in claim 4, in which the thickness of said adapter member is less than the lengths of said terminal posts extending from said surface of the lamp.
6. A base assembly as claimed in claim 4, in which said base member is cylindrically shaped and provided with an open-end skirt portion shaped and positioned to closely surround the periphery of said disc-shaped adapter member.
7. A base assembly as claimed in claim 6, in which said skirt portion of the base member and said periphery of the disc-shaped adapter member are provided with interlocking indentations for fastening said base member to said adapter member.
8. A base assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which said terminal posts comprise cup-shaped ferrules sealed at the open ends thereof into said surface of the lamp, each of said ferrules being provided with an outwardly extending nipple at the closed outer end thereof, said fastening means respectively surrounding and being attached to said nipples of the terminal posts.
9. A base assembly as claimed in claim 1, in which said adapter member is disc-shaped and provided with one or more openings therethrough into which said terminal posts extend, the thickness of said adapter member being less than the lengths of said terminal posts extending from said surface of the lamp, said base member being cylindrically shaped and provided with an open-end skirt portion shaped and positioned to closely surround the periphery of said disc-shaped adapter member, said skirt portion of the base member and said periphery of the disc-shaped adapter member being provided with interlocking indentations for fastening said base member to said adapter member.
10. A base assembly as claimed in claim 8, in which said base member is a screw-base provided with a cylindrical threaded portion.
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|U.S. Classification||313/318.4, 313/318.11, 439/615, 439/642|
|International Classification||H01K1/42, H01K1/46|