|Publication number||US3747924 A|
|Publication date||Jul 24, 1973|
|Filing date||Aug 30, 1971|
|Priority date||Aug 30, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3747924 A, US 3747924A, US-A-3747924, US3747924 A, US3747924A|
|Original Assignee||E Champoux|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (84), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
OUT-OF-PIIASE PEDALS OSCILLATED EXERCISING DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The invention relates to an exercising device particularly adapted for, but not limited to, exercising legs and improving balance of players of ball games.
2. Prior Art Many types of exercising devices are available, some of these being used to strengthen particular muscles by permitting the muscles to work against a controllable force. Rehabilitation exercisers, such as those described in US. Pat. Nos. 3,316,898, issued to J.W. Brown in 1967, and 2,892,455 issued to L.L. Hutton in 1959, include devices having pedals to carry feet of a person exercising, the pedals being powered by an electric motor for oscillation through a particular motion between fixed limits. These are ingenious and effective devices, however, they are not easily portable, are relatively expensive, and limits of movement are not easily adjustable to persons of different sizes.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention reduces difficulties and disadvantages of prior art exercisers knownto the present inventor, by providing an exercising device, operable by the person to be exercised, thus not requiring external power, and having limits of pedal travel that are easily adjustable for persons of different sizes. The device is relatively compact, portable and inexpensive, and is intended primarily for improving balance and leg coordination.
One embodiment of the invention includes a flat horizontal base and a pair of pedals, each pedal being supported by, and forming, one link of a four-bar mechanism. The mechanisms are inter-connected by a cable running over pulleys. The pedals are restricted to swing in a vertical plane, in limited arcs about the base, reinaining parallel to the base and oscillating in a 180 out-of-phase relationship.
A detailed description following, related to drawings, gives exemplification of apparatus according to the invention which, however, is capable of expression in structure other than that particularly described and illustrated.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a simplified fragmented side elevation of an exercising device according to the invention,
FIG. 2 is a simplified plan of the exercising device, one pedal being removed,
FIG. 3 is a perspective of the device.
DETAIL DISCLOSURE FIGS. 1 and 2 An exercising device according to the invention has a horizontal base 11 having a central longitudinal axis 12. The base has a vertical frame 13 at a forward end, the frame being supported by inclined braces 14, 15, and 16 extending from longitudinal stiffeners 17, 18 and 19, respectively. The vertical frame 13 has transverse members 20 and 20.1 to provide support for a plurality of pulleys, described with reference to FIG. 3.
Left and right pedals 21 and 22 accept left and right feet 23 and 24, shown in broken outline, of a person coupled to the base 11 by left and right fourbar mechanisms 26 and 27.
The left mechanism 26 is describedas follows. The left pedal 21 has on a lower face a forward pedal hinge 31 on a pedal axis 32, and spaced rear pedal hinges 33 and 34 straddling the pedal axis, the pedal hinges being secured to lower face of the pedal. A forward link 36 is hinged at an upper end of the forward hinge 31, and is hinged at a lower end on a forwa'rd'base hinge 37 se cured to the base 11. Spaced parallel rear links39 and 40 are hinged at upper ends to the' rear hinge 33 and 34, and are hinged at lower ends to rear base hinges 42 and 43 respectively, the rear links appearingpartially to straddle the forward link when 'vi'ewedfrom above as seen in FIG. 2. The basehinges are secured to an upper face of the base. The forward and rearhinges at opposite ends of the links are pin joints providing sufficient articulation to permit swinging of the links through arcs of about 30. I
The forward and rear links 36, 39, and 40 have equal lengths, and horizontal spacing between pinsofthe for ward and rear hinges of the'pedal and forward and rear hinges on the base are also equal,'thus forming a closed four-bar mechanism having opposite'sides or links of equal length i.e., arranged as a parallelogram. The four-bar mechanism serves as a hinge'means for the pedal, a portion of the pedal between 'thepedal'hinges forming one link, and a portion of-the base between the base hinges forming an opposite linkfW-hen'the pedal 21 swings aboutthe base it describes an are about the forward and rear hinges on the base,the"pedal 21'being maintained parallel to the base. Loci of hinge pins of the hinges 31, 33 and 34 are shownas'broken lines-46 and47 (FIG. 1 only). A cable-48 (brokenline)-secured to the pedals has upper and lower portions 50 and 49, and passes around a roller means*5l ('broken outline) on the frame 13, the cable 48-serving asa flexible tension link coupling the pedals together (see'FIG. 3).
The right four-bar mechanism is also as above. FIGS. 2 and 3 The roller means 51 has four pulleys, disposed-so-as to turn the cable 48 through 180 in a'horizontal plane and about 30 in a vertical plane without derailing the roller means. With reference to" FIG. 3,-a first upper pulley 52 has a horizontal'axis 'disposed'perpendicularly to the axis 12 of the base, and isspaced'above a first lower pulley 53 having a horizontal-"axleparallel with the axis 12. Thus the upper pulley is journalled for rotation in a plane perpendicular to the-'base andcontaining the lower portion'49 of thecable, andthe lower pulley is journalled for rotation in a plane-perpendicular to the base and perpendicularto the plane of the upper pulley. As seen in FIG.2, the'pulley'52 isaligned with the lower portion49 of the cable' 48, one portion of the cable passing over the pulley.
Peripheries of the upper and lower pulleys are aligned thus permitting a taut cable' to extend between the pulleys, such alignmenthereinafter being referred to as peripheral alignment.
A similar pair of second upper and lowerpulleys 55 and 56 are mounted on the frame 13, the pulley 55 being aligned with the upper portion50 of the cable'48 using the device. The pedalsare supported above and extending from the pedal 21. 'All four pulleys are mounted on undesignated brackets. One end59 of the cable 48 is secured to the pedal 2l andpasses over the upper pulley 55, downwards and around the lowerpulley 56, then extends parallel to the frame 13to thepulley 53 and upwards to the pulley 52 as shown in FIG. 3. An opposite end 62 of the cable 48 is secured to a turnbuckle 63 which is hinged to the pedal 22.
Coupling of the platforms by the cable 48 results in simultaneous oscillation of the pedals about the limited arcs, movement being 180 out of phase, the pedals moving in opposite directions. The turnbuckle 63 is used to change effective length of the coupling cable, adjustment of the turnbuckle changes amplitude of motion of the pedals, which amplitude is between two limits of travel. A lower limit of travel of a particular pedal is governed by contact of the pedal with the base 11, and an upper limit, when the pedal is weighted, is set by length of the cable and relative position of the roller means 51. Within limits set mainly by the base and the relative positions of the pulleys 52 and 55, when the cable 48 is shortened, the amplitude of oscillation of each pedal is increased. This permits the device to be easily adjusted for use by persons of different sizes.
Best results have been attained when the upper pulleys 52 and 55 are in a position about half way between a maximum upper limit of the pedal stroke and the base, which serves as a lower limit of the pedal stroke. This results in the pedals describing arcs, disposed essentially equally above and below a horizontal plane (not shown) passing through the axles of the upper pulleys.
OPERATION The base 11 is placed on level ground and the person using the device faces the frame 13 and stands with one foot, for example his right foot 24, on the pedal 22 which is resting on the base. The left foot 23 is then lifted and placed on the left pedal 21 which is at an upper limit on its stroke. The person's weight is then transferred from the right foot to the left foot and the left pedal then descends, causing the right pedal simultaneously to rise in the out-of-phase relationship described. The left pedal contacts the base at the end of its downward stroke, simultaneously the right pedal reaching an upper limit of its stroke. The above procedure is reversed by transferring the weight back onto the right foot, which causes the right pedal to descend to the base again. Thus, by transferring weight alternately from one pedal to the next, the pedals oscillate over the limited arcs and the person exercising maintains balance. In this manner, the person practices a technique of maintaining balance when positions of the feet oscillate speed of oscillation being controlled by the person exercising.
ALTERNATIVES AND EQUIVALENTS The roller means 51 as described and illustrated has four pulleys 52, 53, 55, 56, disposed so as to permit the cable extending between the pedals to be turned through l80 in a horizontal plane and a limited angle of about 30 in a vertical plane in order to accommodate l80 out-of-phase oscillations of the pedals as described. Other roller means adapted to attain the same result are known.
Other means to change lengths of cable are known, such as an eye screw provided with a swivel to reduce twisting of the cable. The cable can be secured to the links instead of the pedals, and, if desired, semipermanent cable securing means such as cable clamps can be used.
1. An exercising device adapted primarily for use by a person for leg exercise and balance improvement, the device having a base having a longitudinal axis, right and left pedals to accept right and left feet of the person exercising, each pedal being supported above and coupled to the base through a hinge means including:
a. forward and rear pedal hinges secured to a lower face of the pedal,
b. forward and rear base hinges secured to an upper face of the base,
c. forward and rear links extending between and journalled on the forward and rear pedal and base hinges respectively, the forward and rear links forming opposite links of a closed mechanism, the device further including:
(1. a roller means secured to a portion of the device fixed relative to the base,
e. a flexible tension link having one end secured to one pedal and an opposite end secured to the other pedal, the tension link passing around the roller means, the hinge means being adapted so that when weight of the person is transferred from one foot to the other, the pedals oscillate within parallel planes extending normally to the base, the pedals oscillating in a out-ofphase relationship.
2. An exercising device as claimed in claim 1 in which:
f. the roller means has a pulley combination disposed so as to permit the flexible tension link extending between the pedals to be turned through an angle of about 180 in a horizontal plane, and through an angle of about 30 in a vertical plane, in order to accommodate the 180 out of phase oscillations of the pedals.
3. An exercising device as claimed in claim I in which:
g. the pedals have upper and lower limits of travel and h. the roller means is positioned so as to be between the upper and lower limits of travel.
4. An exercising device as claimed in claim 3 in which:
i. the roller means is positioned half way between the I upper and lower limits of travel on the pedals.
5. An exercising device as claimed in claim 1 in which:
j. the flexible tension link is a cable, and the roller means includes:
k. a first upper pulley journalled for rotation in a plane perpendicular to the base and containing a portion of the cable extending from a first pedal to the upper roller,
1. a first lower pulley journalled for rotation in a plane perpendicular to the base and perpendicular to the plane of the upper pulley, the lower pulley being peripherally aligned with the upper pulley,
m. a second lower pulley, coplanar with, and spaced from, the first lower pulley,
n. a second upper pulley peripherally aligned with the second lower pulley and journalled for rotation in a plane perpendicular to the base and containing a portion of the cable extending from a second pedal, the pulleys being aligned so that the cable extending from the first pedal passes over the first upper pulley, around the first lower pulley, extends transversely to the second lower pulley, and passes upwards over the second upper pulley, after which it is secured to the second pedal, thus coupling the 8. An exercising device as claimed in claim I, in pedals together for oscillation in a 180 out-ofhi h the hin e means has:
q. a forward link having upper and lower ends hinged 6. An exercising device as defined in claim 5 includto the forward pedal hinge and the forward base ing: 5 l
0. length adjustment means of the cable to vary hmge. respecuve length of the cable to permit change in length of r. a pair of spaced parallel rear links having upper cable for adjustment of the stroke of the pedals. and lower ends. lunged to l rear Pedal hlllges and 7. An exercising device as defined in claim 6 ln which a rear base hmges respectlvely, the rear links p the length adjustment means includes: 10 tially straddling the forward llnk. p. a turnbuckle.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US804218 *||Dec 21, 1903||Nov 14, 1905||Richard Fiedler||Gymnastic apparatus.|
|US1490363 *||Oct 6, 1922||Apr 15, 1924||Levi S Couplin||Exerciser|
|US1909190 *||Feb 3, 1931||May 16, 1933||Sachs Jacques||Exercising apparatus|
|US2453771 *||Nov 29, 1946||Nov 16, 1948||White Pauline Arnold||Exerciser|
|US2832595 *||Jan 16, 1958||Apr 29, 1958||Hastings Whitney||Portable exercising device|
|US2906532 *||Feb 11, 1957||Sep 29, 1959||Guy H Echols||Exerciser|
|US3112108 *||Jul 3, 1961||Nov 26, 1963||Hanke Clarence F||Exercising apparatus with crankshaft operable selectively by foot pedals or hand levers|
|US3316898 *||Oct 23, 1964||May 2, 1967||James W Brown||Rehabilitation and exercise apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3970302 *||Jan 8, 1975||Jul 20, 1976||Mcfee Richard||Exercise stair device|
|US4470597 *||Apr 20, 1982||Sep 11, 1984||Mcfee Richard||Exerciser with flywheel|
|US4563001 *||Dec 16, 1983||Jan 7, 1986||Juris Terauds||Portable exercising device|
|US4600187 *||Jun 28, 1985||Jul 15, 1986||Schenker Bruce R||Step exerciser|
|US4659075 *||Dec 11, 1985||Apr 21, 1987||Wilkinson William T||Device for simulation of climbing|
|US4720093 *||Nov 15, 1984||Jan 19, 1988||Del Mar Avionics||Stress test exercise device|
|US4728099 *||Apr 23, 1985||Mar 1, 1988||Pitre John H||Variable resistance exercise apparatus|
|US4822029 *||Oct 8, 1987||Apr 18, 1989||Sarno Gregory G||Exerciser simulator having a frame rotatably mounted on a fulcrum point|
|US4830362 *||Apr 13, 1988||May 16, 1989||Bull John W||Full body, shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US4838543 *||Oct 28, 1988||Jun 13, 1989||Precor Incorporated||Low impact exercise equipment|
|US4909504 *||Mar 14, 1989||Mar 20, 1990||Shin Len Hsin Spring Co., Ltd.||Multipurpose body exerciser|
|US4934690 *||May 12, 1989||Jun 19, 1990||Bull John W||Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US4940233 *||Feb 19, 1988||Jul 10, 1990||John Bull||Aerobic conditioning apparatus|
|US4943049 *||Nov 2, 1989||Jul 24, 1990||Lo Peter K C||Wind-drag type climber|
|US5000443 *||Jan 30, 1989||Mar 19, 1991||Weslo, Inc.||Striding exerciser|
|US5013031 *||Sep 17, 1990||May 7, 1991||Bull John W||Exercise apparatus|
|US5054770 *||Jun 15, 1990||Oct 8, 1991||Bull John W||Shock-free aerobic and anaerobic exercising machine for use in the standing position|
|US5094450 *||Jul 23, 1991||Mar 10, 1992||Stearns Kenneth W||Abdominal exercise machine|
|US5112043 *||Oct 3, 1990||May 12, 1992||Gilfillian Jr Henry J||Physical therapy apparatus|
|US5114389 *||Oct 1, 1990||May 19, 1992||Brentham Jerry D||Stair climber exercise device|
|US5135447 *||Mar 15, 1991||Aug 4, 1992||Life Fitness||Exercise apparatus for simulating stair climbing|
|US5199934 *||Aug 12, 1992||Apr 6, 1993||Lin Pin F||Simple type pedaling exerciser|
|US5207621 *||Feb 7, 1991||May 4, 1993||Integral Products||Stair climbing exercise machine|
|US5230674 *||Dec 17, 1992||Jul 27, 1993||Juris Terauds||Combination exerciser and baggage carrier|
|US5230676 *||Dec 17, 1992||Jul 27, 1993||Juris Terauds||Methods for using a combination exerciser and baggage carrier|
|US5238462 *||Feb 20, 1991||Aug 24, 1993||Life Fitness||Stair climbing exercise apparatus utilizing drive belts|
|US5256117 *||Oct 10, 1990||Oct 26, 1993||Stairmaster Sports Medical Products, Inc.||Stairclimbing and upper body, exercise apparatus|
|US5298002 *||Jul 9, 1993||Mar 29, 1994||Lin Lan Fa||Stepper|
|US5312313 *||Mar 31, 1992||May 17, 1994||Stairmaster Sports Medical Products, Inc.||Device to prevent binding of a guidance system for an upper body exercise apparatus|
|US5336142 *||Feb 4, 1993||Aug 9, 1994||Proform Fitness Products, Inc.||Stepper with adjustable resistance mechanism|
|US5499959 *||Mar 31, 1992||Mar 19, 1996||Stairmaster Sports/Medical Products, Inc.||Upper body exercise apparatus|
|US5540639 *||Sep 21, 1993||Jul 30, 1996||Stairmaster Sports/Medical Products, Inc.||Device to prevent arcuate motion of a user assist platform for an upper body exercise apparatus|
|US5741205 *||Dec 7, 1995||Apr 21, 1998||Life Fitness||Exercise apparatus pedal mechanism|
|US5746681 *||Feb 11, 1997||May 5, 1998||Bull; John W.||Walking exercise machine|
|US5749807 *||Jun 7, 1995||May 12, 1998||Nautilus Acquisition Corporation||Exercise apparatus and associated method including rheological fluid brake|
|US5810696 *||Oct 9, 1995||Sep 22, 1998||Nautilus Acquisition Corporation||Exercise apparatus and associated method including rheological fluid brake|
|US6849034||May 23, 2003||Feb 1, 2005||Paul William Eschenbach||Turnabout climber exercise apparatus|
|US7097593||Aug 11, 2003||Aug 29, 2006||Nautilus, Inc.||Combination of treadmill and stair climbing machine|
|US7169088||Nov 26, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Compact variable path exercise apparatus|
|US7169089||Nov 26, 2003||Jan 30, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Compact variable path exercise apparatus with a relatively long cam surface|
|US7172531||Nov 26, 2003||Feb 6, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US7179201||Jun 7, 2004||Feb 20, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US7201705||Nov 25, 2003||Apr 10, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system|
|US7214168||Nov 26, 2003||May 8, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Variable path exercise apparatus|
|US7244217||Nov 26, 2003||Jul 17, 2007||Rodgers Jr Robert E||Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length|
|US7455626||Dec 31, 2001||Nov 25, 2008||Nautilus, Inc.||Treadmill|
|US7462134||Jun 22, 2004||Dec 9, 2008||Nautilus, Inc.||Variable stride exercise device|
|US7517303||Feb 25, 2005||Apr 14, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US7544153||Aug 8, 2006||Jun 9, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Treadmill|
|US7553260||Jun 30, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise device with treadles|
|US7758473||Aug 20, 2008||Jul 20, 2010||Nautilus, Inc.||Variable stride exercise device|
|US7785235||Aug 31, 2010||Nautilus, Inc.||Variable stride exercise device|
|US7955234||Jun 7, 2011||Pursley Michael G||Exercise device and method|
|US8272996 *||Sep 25, 2012||Nautilus, Inc.||Device and method for limiting travel in an exercise device, and an exercise device including such a limiting device|
|US8550962||Aug 23, 2011||Oct 8, 2013||Nautilus, Inc.||Dual deck exercise device|
|US8663071||Sep 25, 2012||Mar 4, 2014||Nautilus, Inc.||Device and method for limiting travel in an exercise device, and an exercise device including such a limiting device|
|US8696524||Sep 14, 2012||Apr 15, 2014||Nautilus, Inc.||Dual deck exercise device|
|US8734300||Sep 14, 2012||May 27, 2014||Nautilus, Inc.||Dual deck exercise device|
|US9050483 *||Sep 23, 2012||Jun 9, 2015||Helmut Frey||Apparatus for muscle stimulation|
|US9308415||May 20, 2014||Apr 12, 2016||Nautilus, Inc.||Upper body exercise and flywheel enhanced dual deck treadmills|
|US9352187||May 20, 2014||May 31, 2016||Nautilus, Inc.||Dual deck exercise device|
|US20040058784 *||Jul 1, 2003||Mar 25, 2004||Roberts Robert E.||Stationary type of exercise apparatus that enables movement of the user's feet in a reciprocating motion|
|US20040077463 *||Feb 26, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Stationary exercise apparatus with pivoting foot platforms|
|US20040192514 *||Feb 26, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Nautilus, Inc.||Exercise device with treadles|
|US20040248704 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Compact variable path exercise apparatus|
|US20040248705 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable path exercise apparatus|
|US20040248706 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248708 *||Jun 7, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248709 *||Jun 7, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Variable stride exercise apparatus|
|US20040248710 *||Nov 25, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Exercise apparatus with a variable stride system|
|US20040248711 *||Nov 26, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Rodgers Robert E.||Exercise apparatus that allows user varied stride length|
|US20050049117 *||Aug 27, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.||Striding simulators|
|US20050124466 *||Dec 6, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.Jr.||Pendulum striding exercise apparatus|
|US20050124467 *||Dec 6, 2004||Jun 9, 2005||Rodgers Robert E.Jr.||Pendulum striding exercise devices|
|US20070202994 *||Jan 17, 2007||Aug 30, 2007||Nerio Alessandri||Gymnastic machine|
|US20090029831 *||Mar 28, 2008||Jan 29, 2009||Nautilus, Inc.||Device and method for limiting travel in an exercise device, and an exercise device including such a limiting device|
|US20110256988 *||Oct 20, 2011||Nautilus, Inc.|
|US20130079196 *||Sep 23, 2012||Mar 28, 2013||Helmut Frey||Apparatus for muscle stimulation|
|USRE34959 *||Nov 8, 1991||May 30, 1995||Stairmaster Sports/Medical Products, Inc.||Stair-climbing exercise apparatus|
|USRE39904||Oct 4, 2004||Oct 30, 2007||Stamina Products, Inc.||Combined elliptical cycling and stepping exerciser|
|USRE42698||Sep 13, 2011||Nautilus, Inc.||Treadmill having dual treads for stepping exercises|
|EP0384170A1 *||Jan 31, 1990||Aug 29, 1990||Heinz Kettler GmbH & Co.||Climbing exercise apparatus with two oppositely moving foot rests|
|WO1989004696A1 *||Nov 20, 1987||Jun 1, 1989||Tri-Tech, Inc.||Stair climbing exercise apparatus|
|WO1989007963A1 *||Feb 29, 1988||Sep 8, 1989||Pitre John H||Resistance exercise apparatus|
|International Classification||A63B23/04, A63B23/035|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B2022/0053, A63B22/0056, A63B2225/30|