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Publication numberUS3749434 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1973
Filing dateSep 27, 1971
Priority dateSep 27, 1971
Publication numberUS 3749434 A, US 3749434A, US-A-3749434, US3749434 A, US3749434A
InventorsP Gley
Original AssigneeRex Chainbelt Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hood latch
US 3749434 A
Abstract
An improved hood latch for releasably securing a hood or the like to a frame in which an over center spring releasably holds a pivoted unitary latch and handle member alternatively in a first position at which a latch snaps into engagement with a strike on the frame as the hood is closed on the frame and a second position to which the member is manually moved to position the latch element clear of the strike in combination with interengageable means on the member and on the frame for restoring the member to its first position as the hood is moved away from the frame.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

111 3,749,434 July 31, 1973 HOOD LATCH Paul R. Gley, l-lillsdale, NJ.

Rex Chalnbelt, Inc., Milwaukee, Wis.

Filed: Sept. 27, 1971 Appl. No.: 184,019

lnventor:

Assignee:

US. Cl 292/128, 292/228, 292/D1G. l4, 292/D1G. 30, 292/D1G. 49

Int. Cl. E05c 3/04 Field of Search 292/128, 198,216, 292/D1G. 4, DIG. 14, D16. 30, DIG. 49

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1960 Bobrick 292/D1G. 4 3/1971 Kapanka 292/128 X 12/1956 Lindner 292/D1G. 14

1/1956 Krause et al 292/99 6/1969 Little 292/99 Primary Examiner-Richard E. Moore Attorney-Shenier & O'Connor [5 7 1 ABSTRACT An improved hood latch for releasably securing a hood or the like to a frame in which an over center spring releasably holds a pivoted unitary latch and handle member alternatively in a first position at which a latch snaps into engagement with a strike on the frame as the hood is closed on the frame and a second position to which the member is manually moved to position the latch element clear of the strike in combination with interengageable means on the member and on the frame for restoring the member to its first position as the hood is moved away from the frame.

2 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PATENIEDJUL31 I975 INVENTOR, Pa l R 5/? BY nrromvsvs H000 LATCH BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Various forms of latches are known in the prior art. Some of these latches are normally concealed from view, such for example as the latch which is employed releasably to hold a car hood to the frame. Latches of this type snap into engagement as the hood is closed on the frame. In order to release a latch of this type, the fingers of the hand are inserted under the front of the hood and a pivoted element is moved to a released position. This element must be held in the released position against the action of a restoring spring as the hood is raised. Operation of such a latch is relatively difficult for the reason that the latching element must be held in the released position as the hood is raised.

I have invented a hood latch which overcomes the difficulty of hood latches of the prior art. My hood latch obviates the necessity for holding an element in released position as the hood is raised. My latch is automatically reset as the hood is raised after the latch has been released. It is simple in construction and in operation. It is relatively inexpensive to manufacture for the result achieved thereby.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which overcomes the difficulty of hood latches of the prior art.

Another object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which is easy to operate. I

A further object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which obviates the necessity for holding an element in released position as the hood is raised.

Yet another object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which is automatically reset as the hood is raised.

A still further object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which is relatively simple in construction and in operation.

Yet another object of my invention is to provide a hood latch which is inexpensive to construct.

Other and further objects of my invention will appear from the following description.

In general my invention contemplates the provision of a hood latch in which an over center spring releasably holds a unitary latch and handle member pivoted on the hood alternatively in a first position at which a latch snaps into engagement with a strike on the frame as the hood is closed and a second position to which the member is manually moved so that the latch element is clear of the strike together with interengageable means on the member and on the frame for restoring the member to its first position as the hood is moved away from the frame.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the accompanying drawings to which reference is made in the instant specification and in which like reference characters are used to indicate like parts in the various views:

FIG. 1 is a front elevation of my hood latch.

FIG. 2 is an end elevation of my hood latch taken along the line 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a sectional view of my hood latch taken along the line 3--3 of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, my latch, indicated generally by the reference character 10, may be used, for example, to secure a member such as an automobile hood 12 to the frame 14 of the automobile.

I secure a strike bracket 16 to the frame 14 by any suitable means such as by a bolt 18 passing through a vertical slot 20 in the bracket 16 and a rivet 22. l form bracket 16 with a strike 24 at the left side of the upper edge thereof as viewed in FIG. 1. I form the right hand upper edge of the bracket 16 with a reset lug 32. As can be seen fom the FIGURE, lug 32 is spaced slightly above the strike 24. In addition, the-lateral spacing between the strike 24 and the reset lug 32 is such as will permit the latch to be described hereinafter to pass through the space between the strike and the lug as the hood 12 is closed on the frame.

Respective bolts 36 and 38 passing through slots in mounting flanges 40 and 42 secure a bracket 44 having a central offset portion 46 to the hood 12. A pivot pin 48 on the offset 46 pivotally supports a unitary latch and handle member indicated generally by the reference character 50. This member 50 includes a latching element 52 formed as a curved flange on the member 50 at one side of the pivot pin 48. As will more fully be pointed out hereinbelow, latch 52 is adapted" to engage the underside of strike 24 in the locked position of the hood latch 10. I form the end of member 50 remote from the latching element 52 with an offset handle 54 connected to the body of the member 50 by a web 56. A foot 30 on the end of member 50 adjacent to the latching element 52 is adapted to strike the reset tab 32 as the hood 12 moves away from the frame 14 in a manner to be described.

Pivot pin 48 also supports a spring bracket 58. A dimple 60 on the offset 46 restrains bracket 58 against rotation relative to the pin 48. An over center spring 62 extends between bracket 48 and a lug 64 formed in the upper edge of the web 56.

Preferably I provide my strike bracket 16 with a flange 66 along its lower edge. Flange 66 is formed with an opening 68 for receiving the foot 30 in the locked position of the latch to prevent the latching element 52 from sliding off the strike 24. I further provide the opening 68 with an enlarged portion 70 which permits the offset portion of foot 30 to. pass flange 66 as the latch snaps into engagement with the strikewhen the hood is closed on the frame.

It will be appreciated that while I have shown and described a strike 52 on a bracket which is mounted on the frame by bolts or the like the strike may be formed as an integral part of a sheet metal or plastic part of the frame 14.

Further, while I have shown and described a form of my latch adapted to be operated at the right hand side, it will be appreciated that I can arrange the latch to be operated from the left hand side. While I have illustrated an arrangement in which the latch assembly is on the hood 12 and the strike is on the frame, I may mount the latch assembly on the frame and provide the hood with a strike. Moreover, while handle 54 is so oriented as to be pulled to release the latch it could be made to extend in the opposite direction or to the left as viewed in FIG. 1 so as to release the latch in response to pushing down on the handle.

One of the important features of my latch is that it permits of the use of three or more latches on one installation. That is, in use of latches of the prior art, as has been pointed out hereinabove, it is required that a spring-loaded element be held in released position as the parts are separated. As a result, for one man operation, only two latches can be employed in a single installation. With my latch, on the other hand, as many latches as desired can be employed in one installation.

in use of my hood latch, with the hood moved away from the frame 14 the handle member 50 normally is held in approximately the position illustrated in full lines in FIG. 1 under the action of the spring 62. When the hood is closed, foot 30 enters into the space between the strike 24 and the lug 32. In the course of this movement, the left edge of the foot 30 engages the right edge of strike 24 to pivot the latch and handle member 50 slightly in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 1. When the hood is fully closed on the frame 14, latch element 52 moves under the strike 24 by virtue of the action of spring 62. The hood 12 then is securely held in closed position on the frame 14.

In order to release the hood latch 10, handle 54 is moved in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 1 by grasping the handle 54. In the course of this action, the handle moves to such a position that spring 62 is in an over center position so that it retains the latch and handle member 50 in the broken line position illustrated in FIG. 1.

In this position of the latch and before resetting takes place the sloping portion of the right hand edge of the latch and handle member 50 opposite element 52 abuts wall 44. In this relative position of the parts, the latch element 52 is clear of the strike. Owing to the fact that the over center spring 62 releasably holds the latch and handle member 50 in this position, the hood 12 can be moved away from the frame 14 without the necessity of manually holding any element in its released position.

Next, the hood is moved manually away from the frame 14. As this occurs, the upper edge of the foot 30 engages the reset lug 32 which pivots the latch and handle member 50 back toward its original position. As the spring action moves past center again, the spring restores the latch and handle member to its initial position. Owing to the vertical spacing between the reset lug 32 and the strike 24, the latch element 52 clears the strike as the latch and handle member is reset. When the hood 12 is rcclosed on the frame, the latch element 52 snaps into engagement with the underside of strike 24 as before.

It will be seen that l have accomplished the objects of my invention. 1 have provided a hood latch which overcomes a difficulty of hood latches of the prior art. My latch obviates the necessity for holding a member in released position as the hood is moved away from the frame. My latch is automatically reset as the hood moves away from the frame. The construction of my latch is simple. My hood latch is relatively inexpensive to manufacture for the result achieved thereby.

It will'be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and subcombinations. This is contemplated by and is within the scope of my claims. It is further obvious that various changes may be made in details within the scope of my claims without departing from the spirit of my invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that my invention is not to be limited to the specific details shown and described.

Having thus described my invention, what claim is:

1. A latch assembly for releasably securing a first member to a second member including in combination, a strike carried by said first member, a reset tab carried by said first member in laterally spaced relationship to said strike, a latch and operating lever, a latching element on one end of said lever, a handle on the other end of said lever, means mounting said lever on said second member for pivotal movement between a first position at which said element is adapted to engage said strike and a second position at which said element is clear of said strike, an over center spring extending between said second member and said handle for releasably holding said lever in each of said positions, a foot on said one end of said lever, a first cam surface on said foot for engaging said strike in the first position of said lever as said parts move toward each other to cam said lever to an intermediate position between said first and second positions against the action of said spring, and to permit said spring to move said lever back to said first position as said latching element moves beyond said strike to cause said latching element to snap into position under said strike for securing said members,

said lever adapted manually to be moved from said first position to said second position, a second cam surface on said lever for engaging said reset tab in the second position of the lever as said first member moves away from the first member to move said lever from said second position back to said first position, and a flange on said first member having a recess for receiving said foot in the secured position of said members to prevent said catch from sliding off said strike.

2. A latch assembly as in claim 1 in which said reset tab is vertically spaced from said strike.

t I i i l

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2729487 *Feb 14, 1952Jan 3, 1956Chicago Forging & Mfg CompanyHood latch
US2773715 *Oct 22, 1954Dec 11, 1956Chicago Forging & Mfg CoHood latch
US2929648 *Nov 18, 1957Mar 22, 1960Marvin Electric Mfg CompanyPush latch
US3451702 *Mar 14, 1967Jun 24, 1969Weber Knapp CoLatch mechanism
US3572790 *Mar 5, 1969Mar 30, 1971Gen Motors CorpAuxiliary hood latch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4151891 *Mar 16, 1978May 1, 1979J. I. Case CompanyVehicle with hood latch and release assembly
US5330245 *Dec 9, 1992Jul 19, 1994Bertrand Faure Automobile "Bfa"Movable vehicle seat
US5529369 *May 26, 1995Jun 25, 1996Welborn; Robert B.Door latches for golf carts and the like
US5927765 *Dec 10, 1997Jul 27, 1999Von Duprin, Inc.Dogging device for a latch assembly
US6109670 *Sep 4, 1998Aug 29, 2000Atoma International Corp.Vehicle hood latch with retracting secondary release arm
US7261331 *Oct 5, 2004Aug 28, 2007Asustek Computer Inc.Two-way hidden latch and apparatus utilizing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/128, 292/DIG.490, 292/DIG.140, 292/228, 292/DIG.300
International ClassificationE05B65/19
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/49, Y10S292/14, Y10S292/30, E05B83/243
European ClassificationE05B83/243
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 1, 1995ASAssignment
Owner name: CITICORP NORTH AMERICA, INC., ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY;WADE, WILLIAM J.;REEL/FRAME:007674/0919
Effective date: 19950222
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY;WADE, WILLIAM J.;REEL/FRAME:007677/0077
Oct 22, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, A DE BANKING CORP.
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VSI CORPORATION, A DE CORP.;REEL/FRAME:005496/0572
Effective date: 19890818
Jul 2, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: VSI CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE, WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FAIRCHILD INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005363/0304
Effective date: 19890818
Sep 5, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: FAIRCHILD INDUSTRIES, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:005152/0326
Effective date: 19890818
Aug 25, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY AND WADE WILLIAM J. AS TR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. AMENDED SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004945/0853
Effective date: 19880816
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:4945/853
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004945/0853
Aug 24, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: REXNORD HOLDINGS INC., 350 N. SUNNY SLOPE, BROOKFI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD INC., A CORP. OF WI;REEL/FRAME:004938/0476
Effective date: 19880808
May 8, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: REXNORD INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:REX CHAIN BELT INC.;REEL/FRAME:004713/0513
Effective date: 19850905
Owner name: WADE, WILLIAM J., RODNEY SQUARE NORTH, WILMINGTON
Owner name: WILMINGTON TRUST COMPANY, RODNEY SQUARE NORTH, WIL
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXNORD INC.;REEL/FRAME:004817/0047
Effective date: 19870430