Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3749735 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1973
Filing dateDec 7, 1970
Priority dateOct 24, 1965
Also published asDE1547738A1, US3458315
Publication numberUS 3749735 A, US 3749735A, US-A-3749735, US3749735 A, US3749735A
InventorsA Loria
Original AssigneeEastman Kodak Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Certificate of correction
US 3749735 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Int. Cl. C07d 27/10, 27/52 U.S. Cl. 260-326 N Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Two-equivalent couplers containing a 4-hydroxy-lnaphthyl group wherein the hydrogen atom in the l-position of the said naphthyl group has been replaced with an imido group react with the oxidation product of an aromatic amino color developing agent to form a cyan dye and are advantageously incorporated in color developer compositions and photographic elements for color photography.

Continuation of application Ser. No. 758,172, July 11, 1968, now abandoned, which is a division of application Ser. No. 504,994, Oct. 2 4, 1965, now Pat. 3,458,315.

This invention relates to color photography and more particularly to new and improved cyan-dye-forming coupler compounds for use in image-forming systems, and to processes utilizing such couplers for the formation of images. In a more specific aspect, my invention relates to two-equivalent coupler compounds for forming cyan dye images in color photography.

The formation of color photographic images by the image-wise coupling of oxidized aromatic primary amino developing agents with color-forming or coupling compounds to form indoaniline, indophenol, and azomethine dyes is well known. In these processes, the substractive process of color formation is oridinarily used and the image dyes customarily formed are cyan, magenta, and yellow, the colors that are complementary to the primary colors, red, green, and blue, respectively. Usually phenol or naphthol couplers are used to form the cyan dye image; pyrazolone or cyanoacetyl derivative couplers are used to form the magenta dye image; and acylocetamide couplers are used to form the yellow dye image.

In these color photographic systems, the color-forming coupler may be either in the developer solution or incorporated in the light-sensitive photographic emulsion layer so that, during development, it is available in the emulsion layer to react with the color developing agent that is oxidized by silver image development. Diffusible couplers are used in color developer solutions. Nondiffusing couplers are incorporated in photographic emulsion layers. When the dye image formed is to be used in situ, couplers are selected which form nondiffusing dyes. For image transfer color processes, couplers are used which will produce diifusible dyes capable of being mordanted or fixed in the receiving sheet.

Most of the couplers which have been used in the various color photographic systems described above are fourequivalent couplers, that is, they require reduction of 4 roles of silver halide for the formation of 1 mole of dye. Certain of the prior-art couplers are two-equivalent couplers, i.e., they require reduction of only 2 moles of silver halide for the formation of 1 mole of dye. However, some of the prior-art couplers exhibit serious disadvantages such as low reactivity, formation of an unacceptably high level of color fog, and other undesirable side reactions.

It is an object of my invention to provide new and improved two-equivalent l-naphthol couplers capable of forming a dye on coupling with the oxidation product of an aromatic amino developing agent, said couplers being characterized from prior-art cyan forming couplers by having an imido group in the coupling position.

It is a second object to provide such couplers having a materially reduced tendency to produce unwanted color density in the nonimage areas during color development.

It is another object of this invention to provide such two-equivalent couplers with greatly reduced propensity to unwanted side reactions during color development and hence higher dye yield.

It is a further object of this invention to provide new and improved two-equivalent cyan couplers which have good reactivity, thereby obviating prolonged or forced development.

It is another object of my invention to provide im proved color photographic image-forming layers containing my novel couplers dispersed in a colloidal film-forming binder.

It is another object of my invention to provide a simple, economical, and reproducible process for preparing these couplers in high yield.

It is a further object to provide photographic silver halide-gelatin emulsion layers containing these new couplers for use in color photography.

It is another object of my invention to provide improved photographic cyan dye images by the use of these couplers.

These and other objects will appear from the following description of my invention. These and other objects are accomplished according to my invention by the preparation and use of my two-equivalent l-naphthol couplers, in which the 4-position, that is, the coupling position is substituted with an imido group, preferably a 2,5-diketopolyhydropyrrole group having from two to four hydrogen atoms, said group being attached to the 4-position of the naphthol ring through the nitrogen atom in the pyrrole ring. The said imido group can be either monofunctional having one coupler moiety attached to it as described, or bifunctional with the nitrogen of each imido function attached to the carbon atom in the coupling position of separate coupler moieties. My couplers are derived from any of the known four-equivalent l-naphthol couplers.

Included among the outstanding 4-imido-substituted couplers according to my invention are 4-cyclic imido derivatives of l-hydroxy-Z-naphthamides of the general formula:

in which R and R represent any combination of hydrogen, an alkyl radical having either a straight or a branched chain of from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a monoor bicyclic alkyl radical such as cyclohexyl, terpenyl, e.g., a norbornyl radical, etc., an aryl radical (e.g., phenyl, tolyl, naphthyl, etc.), a heterocyclic radical having from S to 6 members in the heterocyclic ring, e.g., benzimidazolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzoselenazolyl, benzothiazolyl, thiazolyl, pyridyl, quimlyl, etc.), or together R and R provide the non-metallic atoms necessary to complete with the nitrogen atom between them, a heterocyclic group having 5 to 6 members in the ring, e.g., morpholine, piperidine, pyrrolyl, etc. These groups, that is, alkyl, aryl, and hetero cyclic as defined above may contain substituent groups such as halogen (e.g., chlorine, bromine, etc.), cyano, hydroxyl, carboxyl, amino, substituted amino, (e.g., alkylamino, dialkylamino, anilino, N-alkylanilino, etc.), a carboxyl ester (e.g. a carboalkoxy, a carboaryloxy, etc.), an amido (e.g., acetamido, butyramido, ethylsulfonamido, N- methyl-benzamido, N-propylbenzamido, 4-t-butylbenzam ido, etc.), a carbamyl (e.g., carbamyl, N-octadecyclcarbamly, N,N,-dihexylcarbamyl, N-methyl-N-phenyl-carbamyl, 3-pentadecylphenylcarbamyl, etc.), a sulfamyl (e.g., sulfamyl, N-propylsulfamyl, N-tolylsulfamyl, etc.), an alkoxy (e.g., ethoxy, octadecoxy, etc.), an aryloxy (e.g. phenoxy, tolyloxy, naphthyloxy, etc.), sulfo, sulfonyl, a substituted sulfonyl (e.g., methylsulfonyl, octadecylsulfonyl, ethoxysulfonyl, decoxysulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, tolylsulfonyl, phenoxysulfonyl, etc.), and in which R R R and R may represent any combination of hydrogen, halogen (e.g., chlorine, bromine, etc.), alkyl having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, alkoxy having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, aryl, and aryloxy groups which may be unsubstituted or substituted by any of the groups described as substituents for the R and R groups, and R and R together may comprise a valence bond between the two carbon atoms to which they are attached and R R R and R may together comprise the atoms necessary to compete an isocyclic or heterocyclic ring, saturated or unsaturated, such, for example, as benezene, pyridine, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, furane, bicycloheptane, bicycloheptene, etc. The R group represents hydrogen, lower alkyl having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, lower alkoxy having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an amido group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, etc.

My novel, couplers are characterized by an imido substituent in the coupling position, have good coupling reactivity and other valuable properties. Thus they induce unusually low levels of unwanted color fog upon color development, and they show good stability. Good coupling reactivity is obtained with couplers of my invention when incorporated in emulsion layers without the use of high-boiling coupler solvents. When high-boiling solvents are used to disperse these couplers, high dye yield and low color fog are attained over a Wide range of coupler-tosolvent ratios. When the diifusible couplers of my inven tion are used in color developing solution, good reactivity and dye yield are achieved.

Included among my novel couplers are the following typical examples Which are used to illustrate but not limit my invention.

(1 1-hydroxy-4-maleimido-Z-naphthamide CONH:

(2) 1 hydroxy 4 (octadecylsuccinimido) N ethyl- 3,'5'-dicarboxyl-2-naphthanilide COOH C 11 CON CO OH (3) 1 hydroxy 4 succinimido N [6 (4 t butylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide (4) 1-hydroxy-4-maleirnido-N-ethyl-2-naphthamide (5) 1 hydroxy 4 (cis 4 cyclohexenyl 1,2 dicarboximido)-2' methoxy-Z-napthanilide (6) 1 hydroxy 4 (1,2 cyclohexyldicarboximido)-N- (fi-phenylethyl)-2-naphthamide (7) 1 hydroxy 4 succinimido N [[3 (2 acetamidophenyl)ethyl]-2-naphthamide (8) 1 hydroxy 4 (4 carboxyphthalimido) N {,8-

{4 [oz-(2,4 di t amylphenoxy)acetamido]phenyl} ethyl}-2-naphthamide (9) 1 hydroxy 4 (4 methyl 4 cyclohexenyl 1,2-

dicarboximido)-N,N-dioctyl-2-napthamide (10) 1 hydroxy 4 -(bicycl0 [2,2,1] 5 heptenyl- 2,3 dicarboximido) 4 (4 t butylphenoxyl) 2- naphthanilide (11) 1 hydroxyl 4 (1,2-cyclohexyldicarboximido)- 2-tetradecyloxy-2-naphthanilide (19) 1-hydroxy-4-succinimido-2-naphthomorpholide (20) 1'hydroxy-4-(4-methyl-4-cyclohexenyl-l,2-dicarboximido)-N-cyclohexyl-Z-naphthamide (21) 1-hydroxy-4-succinimido-N-methyl-N-(fl-sulfoethyl)-2-naphthamide sodium salt (22) 1-hydroxy-4-phthalimido-N-[B-(Z-acetamidophenyl) ethyl] -2-naphthamide (23 1-hydroxy-4-(1,2-cy-clohexyldicarboximido)N- methyl-4'-sulfo-2-naphthanilide sodium salt (24) 1-hydr0xy-4-(dodecenylsuccinimido)-N-ethyl- 3,5'-dicarboXy-2-naphthanilide (25) 1-hydroxy-4-phthalimido-N-ethyl-3,5'-disulfo-2- naphthanilide disodium salt (26) 1-hydroxy-4-(4-carboxyphthalimido)-N-(2-benzimidazolyl -2-naphthamide (27) 1-hydroXy-4-phthalimido-N-methyl-N-(B-sulfoethyl)-2-naphthamido sodium salt (28) 1-hydroxy-4-Inaleimido-N,N-(dicarboxymethyl)- Z-naphthamide (29) 1-hydroXy-4-phthalimidO-Z-naphthamide (30) 1-hydroXy-4-phthalimido-N-[5-(2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy butyl] -2-naphthamide (31 1-hydroxy-4-(dodecenylsuccinimdo) -N- [6-(2,4-

di-t-amylphenoxy) butyl] -2-naphthamide (32) 1-hydroXy-4-( 1,2-cyclohexyldicarboximido)-N- [8- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy) butyl] -2-naphthamide (3 3) 1-hydr0xy-4- (bicyclo- [2,2,1 -5-heptenyl-2,3-dicarboximido) -N- [6- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy butyl] 2-naphthamide (34) 1-hydroxy-4-maleimido-N- [5- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl1-2-naphthamide (35 1-hydroxy-4- (4-methyl-4-cyclohexenyl-1,2-dicarboximido) -N- [6- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy) butyl] Z-naphthamide (3 6) 1-hydroxy-4-succinimido-N- [6- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy butyl] -2-naphthamide (3 7) l-hydroxy-4- (cis-4-cyclohexenyl-1,Z-dicarboximido -N- [6- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy) butyl] -2- naphthamide (3 8) 1-hydroxy-4- (4-carboxyphthalimido -N- [5- (2,4-

di-t-a-mylphenoxy)butyl1-2-naphthamide (39) 1-hydroxy-4-(2,3-furyldicarboXimido-2-naphthamide 0 ONE:

(40) 1-hydroxy-4[3-(1,Z-dicarboxyethyl)succinimido]-N-ethyl-2-naphthamide The following coupler will serve to illustrate my couplers that are derived from a prior art four-equivalent coupler and contains a bifunctional imido group.

3,3'-bis[1-(3-ethylcarbamyl-4-hydroxynaphthyl) succinimide on @joomronn Although this coupler contains two identical coupler moieties, the two coupler moieties can be different if this is desired.

Among still further couplers that are used to advantage according to my invention are included the followmg: 1-hydroxy-4- (octadecylsuccinimido) -N-ethyl-3,5-

acetoxy-2-naphthanilide, 1-hydroxy-4-(octadecylsuccinimido)-N-ethyl-2',4,6-

trichloro-2-naphthanilide, 1-hydroxy-4-(octadecylsuccinimido)-N-ethyl-3-cyano- 2-naphthanilide, 1-hydroxy-4-succinimido-N- [fl- (Z-dimethylaminophenyl ethyl] -2-naphthamide, 1-hydroxy-4-succinimido-N-methyl-N-(p-sulfamylethyl) -2-naphtharnide, 1-hydroxy-4- (octadecylsuccinimido -N-methyl-4- methylsulfamyl-Z-naphthanilide, l-hydroxy-4-suc cinimido-N-methyl-N- fi-ethylcarbamyl ethyl)-2-naphthamide, 1-hydroXy-4- (methoxysuccinimido) -N-ethyl-3 ',5

dicarboxy-Z-naphthanilide, 1-hydroXy-4- (phenylsuccinimido -N-ethyl-3 ,5'-

dicar-boxy-Z-naphthanilide, 1-hydroxy-4- (chloro succinimido -N-ethyl-3',5

dicarboxy-Z-naphthanilide, etc.

In the couplers of my invention, which are distinguished by their high coupling reactivity and the reduced tendency to produce color fog during color development, the imido groups provide a means of attaching other substituents such as, for example, preformed dyes useful in color correction, dye transfer processes, and the like. Additional ballasting groups can be introduced conveniently in the imido groups; these ballasting groups are then eliminated during the coupling reaction with oxidized color developer which forms the image dyes.

The difiusible couplers of my invention, such as couplers 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, and 39, are employed advantageously in color developing solutions used to color develop light-sensitive color photographic elements which do not contain the color-forming coupler. Any of the well known primary aromatic amino color-forming silver halide developing agents such as the phenylenediamines, e.g., diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride, monomethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride, dimethyl p phenylenediamine hydrochloride, 2- amino-5-diethylaminotoluene hydrochloride, 2 amino-5- (N-ethyl-N-laurylamino)toluene, N-ethyl-N-(fi-methanesulfoamidoethyl)-3-niethyl-4-aminoaniline, 4- [N-ethyl-N- (B-hydroxyethyDamino] aniline, etc., the p-aminophenols and their substitution products in which the amino group is unsubstituted, are used in the alkaline developing solution with my couplers. Various other materials may be included in the developer solutions depending upon the particular requirements, for example, an alkali metal sulfite, carbonate, bisulfite, bromide, iodide, etc., and the thickening agents used in viscous developer compositions such as carboxymethylcellulose, carboxyethyl cellulose, gelatin, etc. The following is a typical developer solution given to illustrate but not limit my invention.

G. 2-amino-5-diethylaminotoluene H'Cl 2.0 Sodium sulfite (anhydrous) 2.0 Sodium carbonate monohydrate 20.0 Potassium bromide 1.0 Coupler 2.0

Water to 1000.0 ml.

Couplers 21, 23, 25, 27, and 28 are dilfusible couplers which form diffusible dyes on coupling with oxidized color developer, and are used to advantage in photographic emulsion layers.

The other coupler examples used to illustrate my invention are nondiffusing and are used to advantage in photo graphic emulsion layers. Couplers, such as 2, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 24, and 38, illustrate those that are incorporated as Fischer-type couplers. The other nondiffusing couplers, e.g., 9, 10, ll, 13, 18, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, and 37, are incorporated in emulsion layers by methods such as are described by Mannes et al., US. Pat. 2,304,939, issued Dec. 15, 1942, Jelley et al., US. Pat. 2,322,027, issued June 15, 1943, etc., in which high-boiling organic solvents are used to dissolve the coupler, and by methods described in Vittum et al., US. Pat. 2,801,170, and Fierke et al., US. Pat. 2,801,171, both issued July 30, 1957, and Julian US. Pat. 2,949,360, issued Aug. 16, 1960, in which low-boiling or water-soluble organic solvents are used with or in place of the high-boiling solvent. The use of such coupler dispersions permits thinner emulsion layers. These thinner layers are very desirable because they cause less light scattering, consequently, they produce sharper images.

The nondiffusing couplers 2, 12, 14, and 24 contain free acid groups (i.e., carboxy and sulfo) so that the dyes formed by these couplers are rendered ditfusible. This valuable property enables these couplers to be used to advantage in image-transfer processes and as incorporated, diffusible-dye-forming competing couplers in conventional color films.

Coupler 17 contains a preformed dye attached to the coupler moiety through the imido group. This dye is eliminated during the coupling of the coupler with an oxidized color developer and difiuses out of the film. This coupler is used to advantage as a yellow-colored coupler for the purpose of correcting for the unwanted blue absorption of the cyan image dyes, i.e., that formed from the coupler itself as well as that formed from other cyan couplers. Generally, such a coupler as this would be used in combination with another image-forming cyan coupler in the same layer.

My couplers are used to advantage in the color development of photographic hydrophilic colloid-silver halide emulsion layers of the developing-out type in the emulsion layer or a contiguous layer. The emulsions may contain silver chloride, silver bromide, silver iodide, silver chlorobrornide, silver bromoiodide, silver chlorobromoiodide, etc., as the light-sensitive material.

Any of the hydrophilic colloids used in making photographic emulsions can be used to advantage including gelatin, colloidal albumin, a cellulose derivative, or a synthetic resin, for instance, a polyvinyl compound, etc.

The emulsions used in the photographic element of my invention can be chemically or optically sensitized by methods well known in the art.

The couplers of my invention are also used to advantage in image-forming layers, either alone or with imageforming compounds other than silver halide, such as ZnO, ZnS, CdS, CdSe, NiS, etc., either with or without binders such as gelatin, polyvinyl alcohol, etc,

Usually my emulsions are coated on phtographic supports in the form of multilayer color photographic elements wherein at least three differently sensitized emulsion layers are coated over one another in the support. Usually the support is coated in succession with a redsensitive layer, a green-sensitive layer, and a blue-sensitive layer either with or without a Carey Lea silver yellow filter layer between the blue-sensitive and green-sensitive layers. The three differently color sensitized layers may be arranged in any other order over one another that is desirable; however, the Carey Lea filter layer obviously would not be put over the blue-sensitive layer. Preferably, these light-sensitive layers are arranged on the same side of the support.

Elements made for image transfer processing may use a separate reception sheet which is contacted with the light-sensitive layer during its development or the reception layer may be an integral part of the light-sensitive element. Any of the support materials mentioned previously may be used as the support for a separate reception sheet. The reception layer comprises a hydrophilic colloid layer containing a cationic mordant, e.g., the polymers of amino guanidine derivatives of vinyl methyl ketone such as described in Minsk US. Pat. 2,882,156, granted Apr. 14, 1959.

My invention is further illustrated by the following typical examples.

EXAMPLE 1 Samples of a single layer gelatin silver bromoiodide coating were exposed (i.e., for second on a 1B intensity scale sensitometer). These strips were then processed to color positives by the following process; all process temperatures were 68.

Minutes MQ developer 5 Kodak F-5 fixing bath 5 Reexposure (i.e., 12" watt bulb) 1 Color developer (formula below) 10 Kodak F-5 fixing bath 5 Water wash 5 Bleach (ferricyanide) 5 Water wash 5 Kodak F-S fixing bath 5 Water wash 10 Drying.

A conventional MQ Developer comprising an alkaline solution of hydroquinone and 4-methylaminophenol sulfate was used. The bleach was conventional, comprising aqueous alkali metal ferricyanide.

The color developer had the formula:

The couplers used in the abovementloued developer formula were Couplers 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 19, 20, 22, 26, 29, and 30, respectively.

Good cyan dye images were formed in each of the respective strips.

EXAMPLE 2 Single layer gelatin silver bromoiodide coatings were prepared containing Couplers 3, 9, 10, 11, and 13, respectively. Each of these couplers were dispersed in said coatings in the form of a finely-dispersed solution of the coupler in coupler solvent, di-n-butylphthalate. These coatings contained 10 parts of gelatin, 5 parts of silver,

2 parts of coupler, and 1 part of coupler solvent. Samples of the above mentioned coatings were given second exposure on a 1B intensity scale sensitometer and processed in a conventional manner to color negatives, respectively, using the following developer solution:

Each of the processed strips contained high quality cyan dye images having good heat and light stability and low fog.

EXAMPLE 3 Single layer gelatin silver bromoiodide coatings containing Couplers 2, 12, 14, and 24, respectively, were prepared. These coatings were similar to those described in Example 2 above except that the couplers were dispersed directly in the gelatin. Samples of these coatings were exposed as described in Example 2 above, and processed by developing each of them for minutes at 75 F. in contact with a receiving sheet containing a mordant which had been presoaked in the following developer solution:

G. Sodium carbonate monohydrate 22.0 Ascorbic acid 0.24

Potassium bromide 0.8 Sodium sulfite (anhydrous) 2.0

4-amino-N-ethyl-N-(,8-hydroxyethyl)aniline sulfate 11.0

Water to make 1.0 liter.

pH adjusted to 12.5 using 20% sodium hydroxide solution.

After the development period, samples of the film were removed from the mordant receiving sheet, in which sheets were contained the respective transferred and mordanted cyan dye images.

EXAMPLE 4 Time: Process steps 30" Water dip. Development. 5' Stop bath. 5' Ferricyanide bleach. 5 Wash. 5 Fixing bath. 10' Wash. 30" Photo-Flo (wetting agent solution).

The following developer solutions were used:

Developer 1 Sodium sulfite (anhydrous) gm 2 4 amino N,N diethyl 3 methylaniline hydrochloride gm 2 Sodium carbonate monohydrate gm 20 Potassium bromide gm 2 Water to 1 liter. pH 10.86.

Developer 2 Benzyl alcohol ml 4.0 Sodium sulfite (anhydrous) gm 2.0

4 amino-N-ethyl 3 methyl-N-[B-(methylsulfon amido)ethyl]aniline sesquisulfate hydrate gm 5.0

10 Developer 2Continued Sodium carbonate, monohydrate grn 50.0 Sodium bromide am 0.86 Sodium hydroxide (20% solution) ml. 4.0 Sodium hexameta phosphate gm 0.5 Water to 1.0 liter.

The resulting cyan dye images were observed with a spectrophotometer to determine the x-max. values. The photo data are given for the above mentioned processed strips below.

Coupler Developer N No.

Developer No. 0. No


Similarly, other couplers of my invention are used to advantage in color photography as illustrated previously with representative couplers. Further, the couplers of my invention are valuable as cyan image-forming couplers in multilayer photographic color films containing other classes of couplers in the other layers of said film. Such other couplers are, for example, yellow image-forming couplers containing a methylene or substituted methylene group having two carbonyl groups directly attached thereto, and magenta image-forming couplers such as 5-pyrazolones, cyanoacetyl coumarones, etc.

In general, my couplers are the product of the reaction of a 1-hydroxy-4-amino-2-naphthamide with the appropriately substituted anhydride.

The following preparation of Coupler 30 illustrates the method used to prepare the l-hydroxy-4-imido couplers of my invention.

A mixture of 24.5 g. of Intermediate 2 below and 7.4 g. of phthalic anhydride were heated at reflux in 400 ml. of glacial acetic acid for 6 hours, after which time the solid which had separated was collected, washed on the funnel with water, and air dried. This solid was recrystallized from dioxane, yielding the product.

Intermediate 1: 1 hyroxy-4-(4-methoxyphenylazo)-N- [6-(2,4 di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide.-To a cold (5 C.) solution of 12 g. of p-anisidine in 25 ml. of concentrated hydrochloric acid and ml. of water was added dropwise with stirring, a solution of 7.2 g. of sodium nitrite in 40 ml. of water. The resulting diazonium solution was added dropwise at a rapid rate with stirring to a solution of 47.5 g. of l-hydroxy-N-[6-(2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide (US. Pat. 2,474,293) in 700 ml. of pyridine at 5 C. after which time the temperature of the mixture was permitted to come to 25 C. This mixture was then poured with stirring into 3 liters of water. The solid which separated was collected and recrystallized successively from methyl alcohol and acetonitrile, yielding the product.

Intermediate 2: 1-hydroxy-4-amino-N- [5- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide.-A mixture of 12 g. of Intermediate 1 above in ml. of ethanol was hydrogenated using the Parr hydrogenation apparatus at room temperature with Raney nickel as the catalyst. After the reduction was completed, the catalyst was removed by filtration and the filtrate was diluted with 100 ml. of water, where upon a solid crystallized, was filtered, washed with water, and dried. It was then recrystallized from cyclohexane, yielding the product.

The bis type of couplers illustrated by 3,3'-bis[1-(3- ethylcarbamyl-4-hydroxynaphthyl)succinimide] are prepared to advantage by reacting the appropriate bifunc- 11 tional anhydride (e.g., 4,4'-bis(succinic anhydride) in the immediate example) with the 4-amino derivative of the l-naphthol coupler (e.g., 4-amino-l-hydroxy-N-ethyl-Z- naphthamide in the immediate example).

Unsymmetrical couplers of my invention having two different coupler moieties per molecule are prepared to advantage by reacting the appropriate 4-(1',2-dicarboxyethyl)succinic anhydride with the 4-amino derivative of one l-naphthol coupler followed by appropriate treatment of the resulting coupler to remove a molecule of water from each of the 1,2-dicarboxyethyl groups to form the corresponding anhydride and subsequently reacting this compound with the second 4-amino-1-naphthol coupler.

Similarly, the other couplers'of my invention are readily prepared by the illustrative reactions described. The parent four-equivalent couplers and the appropriate acid anhydrides are prepared by methods Well known in the art. Many of these compounds are available.

The two-equivalent image-forming couplers of my invention are distinguished from other two-equivalent couplers by having an imido group substituted on the coupling position of the coupler molecule. My couplers are characterized by not producing color fog, a problem with certain prior art two-equivalent couplers, and by having good coupling reactivity. These couplers are dispersed readily in emulsion layers as a coupler solvent solution having a wide range of coupler to solvent ratios.

, My couplers are not only valuable for the reasons cited, but because photographic emulsion layers color developed with them require only one-half the amount of silver halide required by four-equivalent couplers. Of particular value are certain of my non-diffusing couplers which have high coupling reactivity when dispersed in photographic emulsion layers without any high boiling solvent. These couplers are coated to advantage in particularly thin layers that produce good sharp images. The couplers of my invention may be used in emulsion layers either alone or admixed with other couplers, and the like.

The invention has been described in detail with particular reference to preferred embodiments thereof but it will be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention as described hereinabove and as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. l-hydroxy 4 phthalimido-N-[5-(2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy) -butyl] -2-naphthamide.

2. 1-hydroxy-4-(dodecenylsuccinimido)-N-[6 (2,4-dit-amylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide.

3. l-hydroxy 4 (1,2-cyclohexyldicarboximido)-N-[6- (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl]-2-naphthamide.

4. 1-hydroxy-4-(bicyc1o [2,2,1]-5-heptenyl-2,3-dicarboximido-N-[li (2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy)butyl1-2-naphthamide.

5. l-hydroxy 4 maleimido-N-[8-(2,4-di-t-amylphenoxy) -butyl] -2-naphthamide.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,278,306 10/ 1966 Greenhalgh 260326 X JOSEPH A. NARCAVAGE, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

260-2472 A, 287 R, 293.61, 295 D, 295 M, 298, 304, 305, 306.8 R, 307 D, 309.2, 326.3; 96-90 R, 56.2

$37630 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Page 3,749, 735 July 31, 1973 Dated Anthony Loria Inventor) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said 'LettersPatent are hereby corrected as shown below:

' Column 1, line 45, "acyloacetamide" should read --acylacetamide--;

Column 1, line 65,. "roles" should read --m oles--;

Column 2, line 69, "quimlyl" should read --quinolyl---;

Column 3, lines 9 and 10, "octadecyclcarbamly should read ---octadecylcarbamyl-- Column '3, line 2 6; "compete' should read --complete--.-;

Column 4, line 60, "3,5' should read 3',5'-

Column 5, lineil7, 'naphthamido" should read ---naphthamide- Signed and sealed this 22nd I day of January 1974 Ll Attest;

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. RENE 1). TEGTMEYER M.... A4; sting-0fficer Acting Commissioner of Patents

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4661604 *Aug 12, 1983Apr 28, 1987Trw, Inc.Monofunctional crosslinking imidophenols
US4985568 *Apr 28, 1989Jan 15, 1991The Boeing CompanyMethod of making crosslinking imidophenylamines
US5376484 *Aug 30, 1993Dec 27, 1994Konica CorporationPhotographic information recording method
US5506060 *Jun 5, 1995Apr 9, 1996The Boeing CompanyMethod for making multidimensional ether or ester oligomers
US5554769 *Jun 5, 1995Sep 10, 1996The Boeing CompanyExtended end cap monomer for making advanced composites
US5573854 *Jun 5, 1995Nov 12, 1996The Boeing CompanyComposites made from multidimensional oligomers
US5587105 *Jun 5, 1995Dec 24, 1996Sheppard; Clyde H.Methods for making liquid molding compounds using diamines and dicyanates
US5602226 *Jun 6, 1995Feb 11, 1997The Boeing CompanyMethod of making multidimensional polyesters
US5610317 *Jun 5, 1995Mar 11, 1997The Boeing CompanyMultiple chemically functional end cap monomers
US5618907 *Jun 5, 1995Apr 8, 1997The Boeing CompanyThallium catalyzed multidimensional ester oligomers
US5705574 *Jun 5, 1995Jan 6, 1998The Boeing CompanyMethod for making a polyimide blend
US5714566 *Jun 5, 1995Feb 3, 1998The Boeing CompanyMethod for making multiple chemically functional oligomers
US5739256 *Jun 5, 1995Apr 14, 1998The Boeing CompanyMethod for making multidimensional polyester oligomers
US5756597 *Feb 12, 1997May 26, 1998The Boeing CompanyMultiple chemically functional oligomer blends
US5817744 *Feb 14, 1997Oct 6, 1998The Boeing CompanyPhenylethynyl capped imides
US5969079 *Oct 21, 1994Oct 19, 1999The Boeing CompanyOligomers with multiple chemically functional end caps
US6583255Jun 5, 1995Jun 24, 2003The Boeing CompanyPolyester oligomer
US20100203970 *Feb 6, 2009Aug 12, 2010Apple Inc.Automatically generating a book describing a user's videogame performance
EP0690344A1Jun 29, 1995Jan 3, 1996Konica CorporationSilver halide color photographic light-sensitive material
WO1985004958A1 *Apr 16, 1985Nov 7, 1985Rijksuniversiteit Te GroningenChemiluminescent labeled organic reagents and their use in analysis of organic compounds
U.S. Classification548/435, 544/142, 546/270.1, 546/168, 546/276.7, 548/180, 544/127, 548/549, 546/208, 546/271.7, 546/270.7, 548/195, 430/385, 548/476, 546/268.4, 546/278.7, 548/545, 548/305.4, 544/144, 546/273.4, 548/121, 546/277.1, 544/141, 548/217, 548/306.1, 548/513, 548/305.1
International ClassificationG03C7/333, G03C8/10, G03C7/305, C07D209/48
Cooperative ClassificationG03C7/3335, G03C8/10, C07D209/48, G03C7/30523
European ClassificationG03C7/333B, G03C7/305B1C, G03C8/10, C07D209/48