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Publication numberUS3749951 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1973
Filing dateApr 29, 1971
Priority dateApr 29, 1971
Publication numberUS 3749951 A, US 3749951A, US-A-3749951, US3749951 A, US3749951A
InventorsArtin R, Petroske R
Original AssigneeOster J Manuf Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hair clipper having blade illumination and field wire strain relief
US 3749951 A
Abstract
A hair clipper having a vibratory motor with a laminated field core is formed on a plastic bobbin which has a snap-in lamp socket projecting therefrom. The vibratory motor is enclosed in a plastic housing which has a transparent panel that is positioned so that the lightbulb which is inserted in the light socket will be positioned to illuminate the cutting blades. The laminated field core is positioned with its longitudinal axis running parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing of the clipper so that a housing with an elongated shape is provided.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Artin et al.

[ HAIR CLIPPER HAVING BLADE ILLUMINATION AND FIELD WIRE STRAIN RELIEF [75] Inventors: Robert Lee Artin; Robert Paul Petroske, both of Menomonee Falls, Wis.

[73] Assignee: John ()ster Manufacturing Co.,

Milwaukee, Wis.

[22] Filed: Apr. 29, 1971 [2]] Appl. No.: 138,719

1451 July 3 1, 1973 3/1970 Moret 310/73 Primary Examiner-R. Skudy Attorney-George R. Clark "[57] ABSTRACT A hair clipper having a vibratory motor with a laminated field core is formed on a plastic bobbin which has a snap-in lamp socket projecting therefrom. The vibra- [52] {1.8. CI. 310/73, 310/50 ry mo r i enclose in a plastic housing which has a [51] Int. Cl. H02k 11/00 ran p rent pan l that is po i ioned so th t the light- [58] Field of Search 310/66, 73, 50, 47, lb wh h is insert d in he ligh ock t will e posi- 310/81, 36, 37 tioned to illuminate the cutting blades. The laminated field core is positioned with its longitudinal axis run- [56] References Cited ning parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing of UNITED STATES PATENTS the clipper so that a housing with an elongated shape 2,310,166 2/1943 Way 310/73 2,288,183 6/1942 Dalkowitz 310/73 4 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures 4 i 44 jg f 5 094,10 .116 Z /5 1;

115' 692 I I 1 /11 a O t a 1 1 7 o t 4 -.1 3 1 1 I 4 i 114 75a H 76, 33 0 7/ I I 74 59 if (I! 7; f Z6 44 w HAIR CLIPPER HAVING BLADE ILLUMINATION AND FIELD WIRE STRAIN RELIEF BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to electric hairclippers and, more specifically, to an electric hair clipper which is provided with a snap-in lamp for blade illumination. Since hair clippers will be used at various locations in which the illumination will vary substantially, it is desirable to provide a self-contained blade illumination lamp in the clipper. The blade illumination provisions must be of a low cost, and they must not interefere with the operation or the balance of the clipper.

A woman's dry shaver which employs a light that is supported within the shaver housing and a lens for diffusing the light from the bulb is described in Spohr U.S. Pat. ,No. 3,432,652. In this dry shaver, the longitudinal axis of the field core is parallel to the longtidual dimension of the shaving head. The lightbulb inthe shaver of the Spohr patent is mounted intermediate the ends of the laminated field'core at a point approximately midway between the ends along the longitudinal axis of the core. A stamped bracket, which is secured to the frame by a pair of tabs which extend through openings in the bracket, is required to support the lightbulb. The plastic diffusing lens which is inserted in the side of the housing has a forward portion which allows light from the bulb to be directed towards the cutting edge of the shaver.

since the preferable shapefor a woman's dry shaver is thin and relatively flat, as shown in the Spohr patent, while the preferable shape for a hair clipper is generally rectangular and elongated, as' shown in the Niemela U.S. Pat. No. 3,493,793 which is assigned to the same assignee as the present invention. Mounting of a lamp on a hair clipper such as that shown in the Niemela patent in the manner described in the Spohr patent would be bulky and hard to hold.'The shape and feel of'a hair clipper is very important since it must be capable of use continuously by professional barbers without fatigue for many hours. In addition, the screw-in type of lamp bulb and socket and the stamped bracket are more costly and larger in size than is desirable in such shavers.

.Another example of an electrically operated dry shaver that employs a bulb illumination means is shown in .Iepson et al..U.S. Pat. No. 3,389,323. In the shaver of this patent, the longitudinal axis of the field core is parallel to the longitudinal dimension of the shaving head. However, the bulb and socket are of a costly and relatively space-consuming screw-in design. Furthermore, a separate bracket must be secured to the pole pieces of the motor. It is desirable in a hair clipper to employ a lamp for illumination of the cutting edges of the clipper wherein the lamp is of the snap-in type and.

the lamp socket is formed integrally with the plasticv A further object of the present invention is to provide an illumination means for a motorized device wherein a lamp socket for a snap-in lightbulb extends from an end plate of a bobbin which preferably is integrally formed with the lamp socket of an insulating material.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a strain relief for the field core wire of a motor by means of a pocket that extends from the bobbin on which the core wire is wound and a resilient metal connector that fits into the pocket and has the core wire secured thereto.

It is an additional object of the present invention to provide an improved strain relief for a motorized device wherein a resilient male connector is inserted into a pocket which extends from an end plate of a bobbin on which the field core wires of the motor are wound and which preferably is integrally formed with the pocket of an insulating material.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS I of the hair clipper.

FIG. 6 is a plan view of the armature and the field core of the motor.

. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, there is shown in FIG. 1 a hair clipper designated generally by reference numeral 11. The hair clipper 11 includes a housing 12 which is made up of an upper housing member 13 and a lower The forward end of the elongated housing 12 r eceives a blade set 18 which consists of a comb l9 and a cutter 21 which is pressed into shearing engagement with the comb 19 by means of a biasing spring 22. The

biasing spring 22 is a frame member having a plastic bearing portion 23 secured on its outer end for sliding Y engagement with agroove 21a formed in the cutter 21.

At its inner edge, the biasing spring 22 is secured to the lower housing member 14 by means of screws 24.

. The comb l9 and the cutter 21 are provided with teeth 19a and 21b, respectively, along their abutting outer edges as is best shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The 3 comb 19 is supported for movement relativeto the lower housing-member 14 by means of a blade support 26. The blade support 26 extends across the bottom of the housing member 14 and has inwardly turned ends 26a which are received in slots in the side wall of housing member 14 permitting the support 26 to slide in the plane of the blade set 18. The comb 19 is secured to the blade support 26 by means of screws 27. The position of the blade support and the comb 19 is controlled by means of lever 28 which has on its inner face eccentric means to move the blade support 26 as the lever 28 is rotated. This type of control is old and well known in the art and serves to change the relative position of the comb 19 with respect to the cutter 21 so that the barber may cut hair very short when the blade set is positioned, as shown in FIG. 4, or cut hair longer when the comb is displaced further outwardly with respect to the cutter 21.

Mounted within the enclosure 16 is a motor 30 which includes a field or stator 31 and an oscillating armature 32. The armature 32 is supported for oscillating movement by means of a bearing pin 34 which is secured to the lower housing member 14 by having its lower end molded into the plastic housing member 14. The armature itself includes an oil impregnated bearing bushing 35 which is secured to a nylon frame or carrier 36. The carrier 36 is formed with an internal pocket 36a in which is received a permanent magnet 37 and a pair of pole pieces 38 and 39. The pole pieces 38 and 39 are elongated members of magnetically permeable material such as soft iron and are formed at their outer ends with crescent shaped poles 38a and 39a which define a pair of salient pole faces 38b and 380 and 39b and 390, respectively. Thus, each pole piece has a pair of salient pole faces formed by the crescent shaped poles on the outer ends thereof. The permanent magnet 37 is polarized so that the pole pieces 38 and 39 are magnetized to the opposite polarity. As a consequence, the salient pole faces 38b and 380 formed on the pole 38a will be polarized to the opposite polarity from the other armature pole.39a having salient pole faces 39b and 396.

In order to assemble the pole pieces 38 and 39 to the nylon carrier 36, the pole pieces are first inserted into the pocket 36a. They are then spread apart until suitable retaining ribs 38d and 39d engage corresponding notches in the nylon carrier 36. The permanent magnet with the springs 44, they may be filled with foam plastic material 47. The motor field 31 is supported within the motor enclosure 16 by means of a sheet metal member 50 which is the field supporting frame. The member 50 serves not only to support the field 31 but also accurately locates the field 31 with respect to the armature 32. This accurate location'of the field is accomplished by locating the frame 50 from the bearing pin 34. An opening 51 in the frame 50 receives the upper end of the bearing pin 34 as shown in FIG. 2. The frame 50-is secured to the lower housing member 14 by means of four screws 52 which extend through openings in the corners of the frame 50. The field 31 is riveted to the frame 50 by means of the rivets 53 which also retain the laminations in assembled relation.

The field 31 includes an E-shaped core 55 made of laminations of magnetically permeable material which are retained together and secured to the frame 50 by means of the rivets 53 as explained above. The E- shaped core 55 has a pair of outer legs 56 and a central leg 57, the central leg being substantially thicker than the outer legs and terminating in a pair of salient pole faces 57a and 57b. The outer legs of the core 55 terminate in salient poles 56a and 56b. Surrounding the c'entral leg 57 of the core 55 is the coil 58 which includes a plastic bobbin 59 and conventional insulated windings. When the coil 58 is energized by current flowing in either direction, it will induce magnetic flux which will cause the salient pole faces on the center leg 57 to be magnetized to one polarity while the salient poles 56a and 56b on the outer legs will be magnetized to the opposite polarity. The field will then have two pairs of 37 is then inserted downwardly into the pocket 36a thereby locking the pole pieces 38 and 39 against removal or displacement. The frictional engagement between the permanent magnet 37 and the pole pieces 38 and 39 within the pocket 36a tends to prevent its removal from the pocket 36a. In addition, the strong magnetic force of the permanent magnet 37 tends to retain it within the pocket 36a.

The nylon carrier 36 of the armature 32 is formed with a driving lever 41 which extends radially from the bearing pin 34 in a direction opposite from the pe'rmanent magnet 37 and the pole pieces 38 and 39. The cutter 21 is formed with a slot 21c which receives the end of the driving lever 41. As the armature 32 oscillates about the axis of the bearing pin 34, the cutter 21 is reciprocated in shearing engagement with the comb 19. As is conventional in the hair clipper art, the area around the driving lever 41, where it extends outwardly from the motor enclosure 16, is surrounded by a plastic foam 42 which prevents the entrance of hair clippings into the motor 16. I

The armature 32 is biased to a central position by means of coil springs 44 which are compressed between the lower housing member 14 and the nylon carrier 36. The housing member 14 is formed with a pair of U-shaped recesses or spring seats which receive the outer ends of the springs 44. The inner ends of the springs 44 are received on locating bosses 46 which are formed integrally with the nylon carrier 36. To dampen vibration noises which otherwise might be associated oppositely polarized pole faces, and oscillation of the motor will begin.

In analyzing the operation of the hair clipper 11, it should be understood that the device in intended to be energized by an alternating current power source such as the conventional 60 cycle volt power supply. The coil 58 receives current flowing first in one direction and then in the other direction in each half cycle. This causes the polarity of the field poles to be reversed each half cycle. It should be appreciated that the armature poles will, of course, always remain polarized in the same manner which has arbitrarily been shown in the figures as the pole piece 38 polarized south and the pole piece 39 polarized north. When the coil 58 receives current such that the central leg 57 is polarized north, the armature 32 tends'to rotate clockwise by vir-' tue of the attraction between the salient pole faces 39c and 56a and pole faces 38c and 57b and the repulsion between the salient pole faces 39b and 57a and pole faces 38b and 56b. The repelling and attracting forces contribute equally. to the output torque when averaged over each entire cycle. There is some tendency from the armature 32 to override because of its inertia moving past the field poles. At this point, the attractionexerted by the poles retards the armature movement before the current flow changes and reverses the polarity.

This action combined with the action of the springs 44 tends to provide a smooth reversal in the direction of the motion of the armature 32 with a minimum amount of vibration being produced. An important design criteria is the dimensioning of each armature pole 38a and 39a with a width equal to approximately the distance between the outer pole face 56a or 56b and the adjacent center pole face 57a and 57b, respectively. This arrangement permits alignment of the field poles vto exert maximum torque in either attracting or repelling the adjacent armature poles.

The forward end of the upper housing member 13 has a lower plane surface 61 with a recess 62 formed angle with respect to the upper housing member 13 between two side walls' 81. The plastic bobbin 59 consists of a central tube portion 83 on which the coil wire 58 is wound. One end of the wire of the coil 58 is electrically connected to a resilient U-shaped male connector 84 which is rigidly held in place in the overhanging U- shaped plastic pocket 78 that is formed integrally with the rear plate 85 of the bobbin 59. The pocket 78 has a bottom wall 86 and a U-shaped side wall 87. Positioned inwardly of the U-shaped wall 87 is a cavity 88 formed by the side wall 87 and an upstanding boss 96.

' The boss 96 is positioned and shaped so that a U- used to hold the upper housing member 13 and the lower housing member 14 together are the screws which are located on the rear of the unit. The locking spring 63 enables the upper and lower housing members to be locked together to allow the illumination window 68 to be positioned very close to the blade set 18. In addition, the use of screws would detract from the appearance of the clipper.

The hair clipper 11 is provided with a power cord 71 which is connected to the end of the hair clipper opposite from the end on which the blade set 18 is mounted. To control the supply of power to the motor 30, there is provided an on/off switch 72. The switch 72 is secured to one end of the field supporting frame 50 by.

means of a rivet 70. Suitable leads are provided to interconnect the power cord 71, the switch 72 and the field coil 58. It should be noted that the assembly of the parts to the housing 12 is simplified considerably by having the switch 72 mounted integrally with the coil 31 and the supporting frame 50. The switch 72 is a slide switch having an operating button 73 and is located within the enclosure 16.

To permit operation of the switch 62 when the housing members 13 and 14 are assembled together, a switch control member 74 is provided. The switch controlvmember 74 is formed with a knob 75 which is exposed for finger operation on the outer surfaces of the housing 12. The knob 75 has a post 75a that extends in an opening 75b in the lower housing member 14. The operating button 73 of switch 72 is located in a recess 76 between two inwardly extending grips 77 of the control member 74. The control member 74 is clamped between the housing members 13 and 14 with sufficient clearance provided so that it may move between its various operating positions to control the on/off switch 72, Thus, the control member 74 provides a simple and effective means of operating the switch 72. This arrangement permits the use of a simple inexpensive slide switch which may be mounted directly to the motor 30 thereby simplifying the assembly of the components to the housing 12. At the same time, the simple control member 74 provides an attractive and easily operated control for switch 72. The bobbin 59 on which the coil 58 is wound includes a simplified means for making the lead connections to the very fine coil wire of the coil 58. This means includes a plastic pocket 78 which is formed integrally with the end wall of the bobbin 59 and which will'be subsequently described in more detail.

In accordance with the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the plastic bobbin 49, on which the coil 58 is wound, supports a removable snap-in lightbulb 80 which is used for illuminating the blade of the hair clipper through the transparent illumination window 68. The illumination window 68 is mounted at an shaped groove 89 is provided between the side wall 87 and the boss 96. The metal connector 84 is wedged into the U-shaped groove 89 and is rigidly held in place by means of outwardly extending tabs 90 which grip the plastic as the connector 84 is pushed into place so as to resist removal of the connector 84. The connector 84 is positioned in the pocket 78 so that its outer end 91 is spaced sufficiently far from the outer portion of the side wall 87 and from the boss 96 so that connection may be made with a female connector 69a through the connecting lead 69'to the switch 72. Connection between the coil 58 and the male connector 84 is provided by an end of the coil 58 which runs through the notch 92in the rear plate 85 of the bobbin 59 and the notch 93 in the connector 84 which is in alignment with the notch 92 when the connector 84 is in place in pocket 78. The end of the coil 58 is then wrapped and soldered around the outer end 94.

In the previously mentioned Niemela patent, an overhanging plastic pocketwas provided in which the connecting. lead was drawn into a loop and positioned in coil wire provided a measure of strain relief if the wire was properly positioned when the clipper was assembled. However, if the wire was not properly positioned, a slight variation in position of the connecting wire during assembly could result'in a broken connection between the connecting lead and the coil wire. The improved U-shaped plastic pocket 78 of the present invention, in combination with the resilient connector 84, provides an improved strain relief connection wherein thestrain relief is obtained with a resilient metallic connector 84 which is secured in the plastic pocket 78. Connection of the female connector on the lead 69 to the male connector 84 can, therefore, be accomplished without placing any strain on the end of the coil 58 in accordance with the present invention.

The pocket 78 is designed so that the outer portion of the side wall 87 has a generally triangular section 95 which abuts the male connector 84 to provide an abutment which maintains the end of the connector 84 positioned in parallel spaced relation to the edge of the side wall 87 to provide sufficient clearance so that the fe male connector 69a on the lead 69 may be receivedon the male end of the connector 84. The boss 96 is provided with a generally elongated portion 960 which has a rounded end 97 that contacts the surface of the connector 84. As best shown in FIG. 4, triangular ribs 780 are provided which extend between the bottom wall 86 of the plastic pocket 78 and the rear plate of the bobbin 59 to help to support the pocket 78. The bottom wall 86 of the pocket 78 also rests on the sheet metal member 50 for support.

At the opposite end from plate 85, the bobbin .59 is formed with a front plate 98 which has an integrally formed snap-in lamp holder 99 thereon. The lamp holder 99 consists of a rectangular plastic holder 100 into which a pair of resilient metal connectors 101 and 102 for receiving the terminals of the snap-in lightbulb 80 are wedged. It is preferred that the'connectors 101, 102 are designed so that they have three resilient arms 103, 104 and 105 which engage the top wall 106, the side walls 107 and the bottom wall 108 of the plastic holder 100, respectively. The resilient arms 103 and 105 are bent so as to provide a resilient electrical connection to the leads 110 which extend from the lightbulb 80. The plastic holder 100 is also provided with an aperture 111 through which the glass base.1l2 formed on the lightbulb 80 is inserted. Electrical connection to the connectors 101 and 102 is provided by extending ears 113 and 114 which are formed to extend through slots 115 and 116, respectively, in the side walls 107. The extending ear 114 of the snap connector 102 is connected to one end of the coil wire 58, and the extending ear 113 of thesnap connector 101 is connected to the third wire of coil 58 and to the lead 118, the other end of which is connected to the line voltage through the switch 72. The lightbulb 80 is thus connected across a portion of the field winding in order to provide energization of the bulb when the switch 72 is closed and the motor 30 is energized.

Triangular ribs 120, the edges of which engage the front surface 121 of the front plate 98 and the bottom wall 108 of the holder. 100, are provided to support the plastic holder 100. The protuberances 122, 123, 124 and 125 on the upper and lower. walls of the plastic holder 100 are'provided to hold the connectors 101, 102 in place in the holder 100. The protuberance 122 extends along the width of the bottom wall 108 and abuts the arm 105 of the connector 102, and it ends along the entire width of the wall 108. The protuberance 123 extends along the width of the upper wall 106 and abuts the arm 103 of the connector 101. The short protuberance 124 at the rear of the upper wall 106 abuts the rear section of the arm 103 of the connector 102, and the short protuberance 1,25 at the rear of the lower wall 108 similarly abuts the rear portion of the arm 105 of the connector 101.

In the light of the description presented above, it is evident that there is provided a simple, compact and inexpensive means of supporting an illuminating means for a hair clipper within the motor enclosing housing. By a snap-in bulb socket integrally formed with the coil bobbin, a minimum amount of space is required for the socket and its mounting. In addition, the use of simple snap-in connectors 101 and 102 provides an inexpensive means for mounting the bulb 80 with respect to the motor 30 and for electrically interconnecting the bulb to-a source of power. Since the plastic holder which forms the lamp holder 99 is formed integrally with the coil bobbin 59, it adds little or nothing to the overall cost of the hair clipper. Thus, the illuminating feature is obtained fora very minimal cost involving only the cost of the bulb 80, the lens 68 and the connectors 101 and 102.

While there has been illustrated and described a par ticular embodiment of the present invention, it will be understood that changes and modifications within the scope of the present invention may occur to those skilled in the art, and it is, therefore, contemplated by the appended claims to cover all such changes and bobbin, an illumination window in said housing in'the' vicinity of said operating means and asnap-in lightbulb socket means extending from said illumination support plate of said bobbin for receiving a lightbulb adapted for snap-in connection with said socket means wherein said lightbulb illuminates said operating means during operation of said device.

2. An electric device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said illumination support plate-of said bobbin and said socket means are integrally formed of electrically insulating material.

3. An electric device as set forth in claim 1 wherein said socket means comprises a holder having top, bottom, side and back walls and a pair of metallic connectors each of which has three resilient arms which respectively engage the top wall, the bottom wall and a side wall of said holder and an extending ear which protrudes through an aperture in one of said walls of said holder so as to be exposed for electrical connection thereto.

4. An electric device as set forth in claim 2 wherein said holder comprises support ribs which extend be tween said illumination support plate of said bobbin and the bottom wall of said holder.

* i i i

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2288183 *Mar 10, 1939Jun 30, 1942American Safety Razor CorpIlluminating motor tool
US2310166 *Jan 24, 1941Feb 2, 1943Singer Mfg CoLighting device for portable electric tools
US2517882 *Aug 11, 1947Aug 8, 1950Moses JohnsonIlluminated hand held motor tool
US3502915 *Nov 1, 1967Mar 24, 1970Etablis AesupElectric dry shaver with sloping lap joint connecting front and rear casing sections
DE1085963B *Oct 7, 1958Jul 28, 1960Gerardus Majella Nicolaas VanFahrradlichtmaschine
GB322382A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3903440 *Oct 19, 1972Sep 2, 1975Bosch Gmbh RobertHousing for operated power tools
US6713905 *Aug 30, 2001Mar 30, 2004S-B Power Tool CompanyElectric-motor rotary power tool having a light source with a self-generating power supply
US7239053 *May 8, 2003Jul 3, 2007Wahl Clipper CorporationVibrator motor
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/73, 310/50
International ClassificationB26B19/46, B26B19/38, H02K33/00, B26B19/02, H02K33/06
Cooperative ClassificationB26B19/02, H02K33/06, B26B19/46
European ClassificationB26B19/02, H02K33/06, B26B19/46