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Publication numberUS3750112 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1973
Filing dateMay 1, 1972
Priority dateAug 11, 1970
Publication numberUS 3750112 A, US 3750112A, US-A-3750112, US3750112 A, US3750112A
InventorsManly R
Original AssigneeManly R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus of editing using colored editing marks
US 3750112 A
Abstract
Methods and systems to avoid manually retyping or rekeyboarding textual material when revising or correcting the information contained in a record either while originally preparing the information or at a later date. The use of print readers or character recognition devices to accomplish this "editing" is disclosed, as well as editing using paper tape typewriters, display devices, and other means such as using editing instructions. Methods are also disclosed for automatically reformatting the information into lines after insertions, deletions, or other changes requiring shifting of the line layout of the information.
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United States Patent 1 Manly METHOD AND APPARATUS OF EDITING USING COLORED EDITING MARKS Inventor: Ron Manly, 1922 W. El Segunda Blvd., Gardena, Calif. 90249 Filed: May 1, 1912 Appl. No.: 249,354

US. Cl. 340/1725 Int. Cl. G06f 11/00, B4lj 5/30 Field of Search 340/1725 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS lll961 Dirks 340/1725 FIZT OZ OZ G UAI- ehcoga) MA 21:5

1 11 3,750,112 1451 July 31,1973

3,007,137 l0/l96l Page et ul. 1. IMO/172.5

Primary Examiner-Raulfe B. Zache [57] ABSTRACT Methods and systems to avoid manually retyping or rekeyboarding textual material when revising or correcting the information contained in a record either while originally preparing the information or at a later date. The use of print readers or character recognition devices to accomplish this editing" is disclosed, as well as editing using paper tape typewriters, display devices, and other means such as using editing instructions. Methods are also disclosed for automatically reformatting the information into lines after insertions, deletions, or other changes requiring shifting of the line layout of the information.

20 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures FIRST ZI'COID WITH EDITH-J6 HARACT'I-I AUD CO 'ZQI- ADO smuAc-s NAUUALLY MAUUAI- Pzm-r 2:400: OPEATID V EDITING AUO TYPEWEITI-I MAQKII. on "A L HII'IRPRFFIZ AUTONATIClLl-V m L cou'reol-no ae-nr-o 2a csusza-roz (can METHOD AND APPARATUS OF EDITING USING COLORED EDITING MARKS CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This is a division of application Ser. No. 63,020 filed Aug. 11, l970, now US. Pat. No. 3,676,856, which in turn is a continuation of application Ser. No. 275,415 filed Apr. 24, 1963.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Briefly, in one example of the present invention there is provided a manually operated typewriter having a type font which for each character makes two impressions. One of the impressions is a more or less conventional typewritten character which is man readable; and the other is a digitally encoded set of information bits which is machine readable. Alternatively, the type font may be conventionally unitary, but readable by an appropriate character reader. In either event the impression is machine readable.

The document output of this typewriter may be designated as the original record and may be a first draft of, for example, a technical paper. The author then proofreads the original record and, with a special pen, manually makes editing marks directly onto the paper. The editing marks in this example may be of three different optically machine separable colors, and may be inserted in one of three different portions of the space allotted to a particular character, for example, above, below, or in front of the typed character. In a specific example, a vertical stroke of the editing pen in a particular color along the left hand edge of a character space may be a start delete" edit instruction to delete what follows. A horizontal edit stroke of a different color along the top edge of the character space of a succeeding character may be an edit instruction to stop delete". Hence, the completed instruction is to delete whatever material or blank character spaces were originally disposed between the two edit marks.

The distinction between deleting" and "removing" should be carefully noted. The latter, applied to a typewritten page, is the removal of any printing which may occur; more generally, it is the conversion of any other character into a blank character space.

In another example, a particular edit mark or more generally stated, edit signal, may be an instruction to insert here" material which is separately generated by the original typewriter mentioned above. In addition, delete" and "insert, as well as other instructions, may be combined as, for example, to form a replace" instruction.

The integrated automatic editing system of this example includes two machine readers; one for reading the original record with the manually scribed editing marks or signals thereon, and the second for reading the "insert record which includes additional material to be inserted in the final record in accordance with the editing signals. Each of the readers is coupled to an automatic final record generator, such as an electric typewriter which is operated by electrical signals from readers and particularly, but not exclusively, from the output terminals of their respective selection matrices.

Included within the reader for the original record is an edit mark reader which observes each character space and determines whether an edit mark has been placed therein and if so, which of the three colors it is and in which portion of the space it has been scribed. The edit mark reader than interprets the edit mark and insructs the machine readers alternately to provide the desired combination of signals in proper sequence to the generator of the final record.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES Further details of these and other novel features and their principles of operation, as well as the objects and advantages will become apparent and be best understood from a consideration of the description contained in the application identified below (which is incorporated by reference) when taken in connection with the drawings therein.

Three of the drawings from said incorporated application are presented herein by way of example only, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an example of an automatic editing system embodying the principles of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view ofa type face which may be utilized to provide a man-machine readable writing in accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. 3 is a plan view of an upper left hand corner portion of a typical page of a man-machine readable first record including a character representation as pro vided, for example, by the manually operated typewriter of FIG. I; also shown in FIG. 3 is an example of the adaptation of a conventional character reader to operate with an edit mark interpreter.

It should be noted that FIGS. 1, 2, and 3 presented herein are identical to FIGS. 1, 2a and 3 of the referenced application of which this application is a division.

Referring to the particular Figures of the referenced application and those presented herein, it is stressed that the details shown are by way of example only and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles of the invention. The detailed showing is not to be taken as a limitation upon the scope of the invention which is to be measured by the appended claims forming a part of this specification.

IDENTIFICATION OF REFERENCED APPLICATION The contents of application Ser. No. 63,020, filed Aug. ll, I970, now US. Pat. No. 3,676,856, in its entirety is herein incorporated by reference.

What is claimed is:

1. Method of editing a first message at a message element location arbitrarily selectable subsequent to the original generation of said message comprising the steps of:

providing a man-machine readable first record having a first message element train containing said first message recorded thereon;

providing editing indicia specifying said arbitrarily selectable message element location where editing is desired subsequent to the original generation of said first message and the desired editing changes in said first message element train, said step of providing editing indicia including the step of manually providing editing signals by entering colored editing marks upon said first record; and automatically generating a revised message element train containing the intelligence of said first message element train as modified in accordance with the desired editing changes specified by said editing signals.

2. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 1 in which said step of generating a revised message element train includes the steps of machine reading said first message on said manmachine readable record,

machine detecting said editing marks,

machine interpreting said editing marks, and

machine generating a revised message element train containing the intelligence of said first record as modified in accordance with the desired editing changes specified by said editing marks.

3. Method of editing a message according to claim 2 in which said step of detecting said editing marks is performed by an edit mark reader and said step of reading said man-machine record is performed by a character recognition reader.

4. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 3 which also includes the additional step of automatically associating appropriate formatting signals with said revised message element train to permit page formatting.

5. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 2 in which said step of providing a man-machine readable first record includes the step of selecting the electromagnetic spectral reflection and absorbtion characteristics of the indicia of the characters printed on said man-machine readable record to substantially abosrb a first frequency spectrum band, and

in which said step of providing colored editing marks includes the step of selecting the electromagnetic spectral reflection and absorbtion characteristics of the material deposited when scribing said colored editing marks to be substantially transparent to said first frequency spectrum band.

6. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 5 in which said step of selecting the spectral characteristics of said indicia of the characters printed on the man-machine readable first record is performed by selecting the indicia to substantially absorb a first frequency spectrum band and to substantially reflect a second frequency spectrum band, and

in which said step of selecting the material deposited when scribing said colored editing marks is performed by selecting the material to be substantially transparent to said first frequency spectrum band and to be substantially transparent to a specific subportion of said second frequency spectrum band while substantially absorbing the remainder of said second frequency spectrum band, said subportion depending upon the color of each of said marks.

7. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 5 in which said step of selecting the spectral characteristics of said indicia of the characters printed on the man-machine readable first record is performed by selecting the indicia to substantially absorb a first frequency spectrum band, and,

in which said step of selecting the material deposited when scribing said colored editing marks is performed by selecting the material to be substantially transparent to said first frequency spectrum band and to substantially reflect a specific subportion of a second frequency spectrum band while substantially absorbing the remainder of said second frequency band, said subportion depending upon the color of each of said marks.

8. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 2 in which said step of machine reading said first message includes filtering the electromagnetic waves emanating from said man-machine readable record to substantially absorb the energy in certain electromagnetic frequency spectrum bands, said bands having been chosen such that significant portions of the energy in such bands are subject to being absorbed due to the presence of an editing mark, said filtering resulting in the remaining energy utilized for machine detection of said first message being substantially unchanged due to the presence of any editing marks on said record.

9. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 1 which also includes the additional step of automatically associating appropriate formatting signals with said revised message element train to permit page formatting.

10. Method of editing a message in accordance with claim 1 which also includes the additional step of providing a second man-machine readable insert record containing the intelligence ofa desired message insert,

in which said editing signals include instructions as to the desired location of said message insert, and

in which said step of generating a revised message element train includes the step of inserting said mes sage elements of said message insert to form said revised message element train in accordance with the interpretation of said editing signals.

11. Method of preparing and editing a man-machine readable document according to claim 9 in which said man-machine readable first record is a preliminary draft of a document,

in which said step of providing a man-machine readable first record comprises the step of generating a man-machine readable preliminary draft,

in which said step of providing editing signals includes the step of visually proofreading said draft, and

in which said step of generating a revised message element train includes the steps of providing electrical regeneration signals representing message elements of said revised message train,

providing electrical control signals representing said formatting signals,

impressing said electrical regenerating signals and said electrical control signals upon an electrically actuated record generator, and

generating a record representing the intelligence of said document as revised.

12. The method of editing of machine translations of natural language messages in accordance with claim 11 in which said step of generating a man-machine readable preliminary draft includes the steps of providing a natural language message, and

automatically translating said message and generating a man-machine readable preliminary draft containing said translated message.

13. The method of editing a machine regognized speech messages in accordance with claim 11 in which said step of generating a man-machine readable preliminary draft includes the steps of providing a speech message, and automatically recognizing said speech message and in which said message synthesizer also includes reader movement control logic coupled to said edit signal reader and to said machine record reader which causes the edit signal reader to read editing generating a man-machine readable preliminary 5 marks in synchronization with the reading by said draft containing a symbolic message which is the machine record reader of message elements from result of said recognizing. related message element locations in the message 14. Method for automatically editing a message comto b dit d, p g steps 01ml 18. Automatic editing system according to claim I! Providing 3 record, Said first "cord being l0 in which said machine readable record generating chine readable including sub-steps 0f means also includes means for moving said mamaflual (cl/hoarding messagfi elements of said chine readable record in one-to-one synchronizarecord, tion with the backward and advance movements of automatically generating a man readable hardcopy said mamreadablc record, and

record in response Said keyboardingi and in which said reader movement control logic causes uauylnpumng Said first record inmareaderiand said machine record reader and said edit signal providing an edit location and edit instruction mareader to step through One m 0n correspond-mg l F readable secorld record Specifying desired positions on the machine readable record and the Changes 531d first man-readable record, respectively, said correrecord, including manually entering colored editing spending positions being independent of the marks upon 531d man readable Py at cific message elements and any editing marks or sage elementspace locations corresponding to and symbols which are contained on the records correlated 9 W i Sa ld 19. Automatic editing system according to claim 17 fi record marks md'canng Wham in which said machine readable record generating ing changes are desired; means includes machine reading and interpreting said second record means for wading back any of Said machine I.eadabk: and generating Signals representative of said edit recordings and for providing readback signals and instructions thereof, including machine detecting a logic network coupled to and receiving Said and interpreting Said editing marks upon said man back signals from said means for reading back, said gzfisg f zgfg ggi zgl gs and logic network moving said machine readable record for synchronizing the symbols of the primary generating a message element tram containing the intelli ence recorded on the man readable record intelligence of said first record as modified in acg Cmdancc with the desired editing chansmh with the corresponding symbols on the machine 15. Automatic editing system comprising: reaqablc and g a manually Operated means for generating a man in which said reader movement control logic includes readable record; means for generating controlsignals for moving a machine readable record generating means coupled said man llilecord sald Sign?! to said manually operated means for generating a correspon mg to l e movements 0 machine readable record corresponding to, corre- 4 man f f word In said manually operated lated with, and containing substantially the same f as by mteulgence recorded on intelligence as said man readable record; f reflfjable record an editing marker for manually entering colored editedmng System accordmg d ing marks upon said man readable record; in which said manually operated means also includes an edit signal reader for machine detecting and intemovement control means for movmg preting said editing marks upon said man readable readable "F record; and in which 831d machine readable record generat ng machine reading means for reading said intelligence means mcludes means for generating machine on said machine readable record, said machine refldable recordings of the movements effected y reading means including a message synthesizer 5o sald movement 30mm! meansand coupled m the output f said i signal reader f r in which said reader movement control logic also inproviding a resulting message element train repreeludes l scntative of said machine readable record as means for Senermmg control Slgnais for moving 531d changed in accordance with the interpretation of madame record in said edit signal read" said editing symbols and said editing marks. responding to the previous advancing movements 16. Automatic editing system according to claim 15 0f man readable Said manually P in which said message synthesizer includes an intelliatcd means as indicated y h lig nce gence arraying means having an automatic line ending 60rd! Said machine a e rd. means for automatically providing formatting signals to ogic mean o de ct g he p c in t bac permit page formatting, said formatting signal being as- 60 space egi n of h f rm ing p in a indic d by the intelligence recorded on said machine readable record, and logic means for inhibiting movement signals to the edit signal reader when the formatting point is in the backspace region.

sociated with said resulting message element train.

l7. Automatic editing system according to claim 15 in which said machine reading means includes a machine record reader t'or reading said intelligence on each of the message element locations of said ma- 5 chine readable record, and

Patent Citations
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US2967295 *Mar 30, 1955Jan 3, 1961Gerhard DirksStoring of signals
US3007137 *Dec 14, 1956Oct 31, 1961Rca CorpInformation handling system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5282267 *Aug 9, 1991Jan 25, 1994Woo Jr JohnData entry and error embedding system
US6561422 *May 3, 1999May 13, 2003Hewlett-Packard Development CompanySystem and method for high-contrast marking and reading
US7623716 *Nov 24, 2009Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.Language translation device, image processing apparatus, image forming apparatus, language translation method and storage medium
US20060215909 *Sep 8, 2005Sep 28, 2006Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.Translation device, image processing apparatus, image forming apparatus, translation method and storage medium
USRE35738 *Jan 25, 1995Feb 24, 1998Gamma Research, Inc.Data entry and error embedding system
WO1992016900A1 *Mar 19, 1992Oct 1, 1992Forcier Mitchell DScript/binary-encoded-character processing method and system with moving space insertion mode
WO1993003431A2 *Aug 7, 1992Feb 18, 1993Woo John JrData entry and error embedding system
WO1993003431A3 *Aug 7, 1992Mar 18, 1993Daniel N WooData entry and error embedding system
Classifications
U.S. Classification358/1.18, 715/209
International ClassificationB41J3/50, B41J5/32, B41J3/44, B41J5/31
Cooperative ClassificationB41J3/50, B41J5/32
European ClassificationB41J5/32, B41J3/50