US 3750554 A
A photocomposing machine especially adapted for display work. The machine employs a film holder that is horizontally disposed and movable along two coordinate axis. A layout sheet viewable by the machine operator can be placed on the upper side of the film holder so that latter can be positioned in accordance with the requirements of the copy to be produced as indicated on the layout sheet.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
[ Aug. 7, 1973 United States Patent [1 1 Debus et al.
3,008,392 11/1961 Mann.....................................95/4.5
[ 1 PHOTOCOMPOSING MACHINE 3122,075 2/1964 Klyce. 2,725,803 12/1955 Inventors: Karl Debus; Karl-Jiirgen Debus,
both of Bad Homburg v. d. 11.; Eberhard Mohr, Langenselbold, of Germany Primary Examiner-John M. Horan Att0rneyWil1iam P. Keegan  Assignee: Mergenthaler Linotype Gmbh,
Frankfurt am Main, Germany July 15, 1971 Appl. No.: 162,999
ABSTRACT  Filed:
A photocomposing machine especially adapted for dis-  Foreign Application Priority Dam play work. The machine employs a film holder that is July 16 1970 horizontally disposed and movable along two coordi- Germany.................. P 20 35 313.3
nate axis. A layout sheet viewable by the machine operator can be placed on the upper side of the film holder so that latter can be positioned in accordance with the g 5 requirements of the copy to be produced as indicated on the layout sheet.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10 Claims, 17 Drawing Figures PATENTEU H975 7 3,750,554
' SHEET '010F 1'1 PATENTED A 7 I975 sum 02 0F 11 PAT ENTED 71975 3750554.
sum 03 [1F 11 PATENTED 5 3,750,554
' sum nu'nr11 PHOTOCOMPOSING MACHINE This invention relates to photocomposing machines, and especially to such machines intended for display composition as distinct from text composition.
Photocomposing machines available in the commercial market at the present time generally are relatively high speed tape operated machines better utilized to produce normal text composition. Because of the ease with which large point size images of characters can be obtained through optical magnification such machines are also used to produce display material. However, the use of such machines for display work is inefficient so far as the machines are conceived since they could be producing a greater quantity of text material if there utilization was restricted to such work. Some small number of photo-composing machines may be considered display machines, but they are generally slower simpler versions of text machines.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a photocomposing machine that is particularly adapted to the production of display or advertising material.
Thus, it is the aim of the present invention to provide a photocomposing machine of the aforementioned kind suitable for multiple typographical jobs such as the setting of forms, tabular matter and other jobbing work, especially to a layout. Said photo-composing machine will distinguish itself by having a rapidly and accurately operable adjustment device for the record support for set-wise transport after exposure of the letters. For this purpose, it is desired that both manual and automatic transport of the cassette containing the record support be possible with little effort. In order to meet such exacting typographical requirements, the cassette should reliably be stopped in its preset position when the feed motion according to the set value of an exposed sign is completed, and should be secured against uninten tional displacement in manual operation. For manual adjustment, a preferably direct contact between the adjusting elements to be operated for the cassette and a layout sheet is desired, so that the record support can be adjusted rapidly and perfectly also by relatively unskilled operating personnel. In the case of adjustment by hand it is important that the movement of the record support be conveniently coordinated with the adjusting elements and that, as with the automatic transport, the mechanism be of small mass so that it can readily be moved and stopped. And the place of exposure of the hidden record support and, preferably, the exposed sign should be controllable. The compositor shall be afforded an opportunity of orienting himself about the point at which the record support is adjusted and about what has been composed. In addition to these advantages, a great flexibility also in regard to thetype sizes and type founts and a good accessibility of the layout as well as of the record support are desired. Despite the versatility of this photo-composing machine, it shall be possible to achieve a relatively high composing speed at small expenditure.
The above features are obtained in a photocomposing machine of the aforementioned type having a cassette opened toward the bottom for exposure, in which the record support is spread out horizontally and is transportable with a cassette carriage in line direction by a thrust magnet which is automatically slidable in only one plane and with a stroke corresponding to the set width value of the character being exposed.
Moreover the cassette carriage is supported for easy motion on a slide which is movable transverse to the line direction, and holding magnets are provided for locking the cassette carriage and the slide after they are positioned where desired. The cassette carriage and the slide are each connected with an adjusting ruler and the adjusting rulers, cassette carriage and the slide can be moved relative to a stationary layout sheet which can be secured in a plane above and parallel to the cassette.
Due to the fact that the cassette carriage and its slide are mounted in such a way as to minimize friction and permit easy movement of the cassette carriage and the slide, (this is possible because holding magnets are used when it is desired to arrest these elements and maintain them in the arrested position) manual adjustment of the cassette is substantially facilitated if the electro magnets for the respective direction of motion are deenergized. It is then possible to position the record support at any desired point of exposure by shifting the adjusting rulers in two directions in vertical relation to each other. This adjustment can be effected most accuratelysince the adjusting rulers rest directly against the layout without disturbing the view of the letter to be composed or the'like, and since the shifting of the adjusting rulers on the layout effects a corresponding shifting of the record support. Thus, neither a parallax correction nor a transmission ratio between the adjusting rulers and the cassette need be taken into consideration. Consequently, the record support can rapidly and accurately be positioned manually to that point which, according to the layout, is assigned to a characteristic point of an em-quad of the letters. The cassette carriage and the slide are safely retained in the adjusted position by the energized holding magnets.
With the present photo-composing machine, also a very accurate, automatic feed of the record support according to the set values of the exposed letters in ensured. For this purpose, a feeding magnet for shifting the cassette carriage is energized after the holding magnet of the cassette carriage is deenergized. When the thrust magnet has covered apath according to the set value of the exposed letter, it is locked in this direction until the momentum of the cassette has been absorbed and the cassette arrested at the desired point. Accordingly, the slide of the cassette does not coast uncontrollably far, which would reduce the precision of adjustment, although the friction between the slide and the guide elements is kept low. Due to the near frictionless support of the cassette and its slide, a relatively small driving power and lightweight transmission elements will be sufficient. The design of the photo-composing machine is, furthermore, substantially simplified by the fact that the thrust magnet is movable in one single plane only, in which it takes along'the cassette in line direction from a fixed starting point up to a variable end point, returning into its starting position after the cassett is locked in place by energization of the holding magnet.
Since the layout is attached above the record support, and since the record support is exposed from below, the spacing between the layout and the record support may be very small because merely the supporting plate for the layout is arranged between them. Although the cassette with the record support and the layout are superposed closely, the cassette can easily be reached from the top of the photo-composing machine, e.g., when the compositor pushes the cassette next to the point of support of the layout. Operation of the photo-composing machine is substantially facilitated by the fact that all essential elements can be handled by the compositor without his having to leave his workplace for this purpose. The compositor can conveniently overlook and control the adjustment of the photo-composing machine, especially of the adjusting rulers, from the same position. All of these advantages are achieved by the arrangement, guide and connection to the automatic and manual feeding means of the eassette and by the arrangement of the cassette with respect to the layout and the projection equipment of the letters.
The driving mechanism for the letter-by-letter feed comprises a driving element for driving an electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device with a scanning rod which is automatically slidable according to the relative set width of the exposed letter and which is carried to a mechanical multiplier for alowance for the type size, and the mechanical multiplier is meshed with a connecting rod connected with the magnet carriage. For all type sizes in which a letter can be composed it is, thus, only necessary to store one single counting value assigned to the letter in the magazine and the need for a special counting magazine for all type sizes is eliminated. It is thus possible to transport the cassette in accurate and very rapid, successive steps. The insignificant errors eventually occurring upon shifting the scanning rod will be reduced for smaller type sizes, whereas inaccuracies with larger type sizes are, anyhow, hardly noticeable. The feed of the scanning rod takes place very rapidly since it is reliably braked at the end of its path of movement by spacers still to be described. The mechanical multiplier is characterized in that it converts the path given by the scanning rod into a stroke of the magnet carriage corresponding to the type size during a fixed time interval. Consequently, the speed at which the magnet carriage moves is altered with the larger type size, and the composing speed is, thus, constant for all type sizes.
The present photo-composing machine is designed with the characteristic feature that the scanning rod is slidably supported in a guide block which is movable forward and backward by a driving element. According to the relative set width value of the exposed letter, adjustable spacers are arranged opposite one face of the scanning rod or of a scanning pin secured to the scanning rod. By this arrangement of the scanning rod within the guide block, a positive coupling between the driving element and the scanning rod for a shifting movement is formed. The path of shifting is limited by the adjustable spacers. Consequently, the guide block can cover a constant stroke independent of the letter. The scanning rod driven by the guide block is stopped according to the spacers adjusted as required by the respective set width value. Due to the positive connection of the scanning rod to the guide block, it is taken back into its starting position at the end of a movement of stroke. Due to the safe stoppage of the scanning rod at the point of its maximum deflection for the respective letter, the speed of the guide block for achieving a high composing capacity can be chosen relatively high.
The photo-composing machine is, most favorably, designed in such a manner that the spacers are movable in the direction of the scanning rod, that the thickness of the spacers is graduated according to the series 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and that combinations of the spacers are insertable into the path of motion by lifting magnets in such a manner that they will be in tandem, and that the total thicknesses of the inserted spacers will equal the relative set width of the last exposed letter width. Thus, a large range of adjustment can be covered with sensitive subdivision. The spacers can be operated in parallel so that their adjustment is effected rapidly.
To achieve a simple and accurate adjustment for all spacers, an adjusting screw against which the spacers can be pressed by means of the scanning rod is provided on the side of the spacers averted from the front face of the scanning rod. Due to the aforementioned flexible suspension of the spacers in axial direction of the scanning rod, the adjusting screw is effective for all set values.
Another variant of the counting-value adjustment device lies in that the thickness of the spacers is graduated according to all possible relative set width values (counting values), and in that the spacers are circularly fixed on a rotary table which is rotatable in such a manner that one spacer each will get into a position opposite the front face of the scanning pin according to the relative set value of the exposed letter.
A pressure spring which is arranged between the front face of the guide block and a ring secured on the scanning rod and which is slipped over the scanning rod, serves for a suitable embodiment of the positive connection between the scanning rod and the guide block, whereas a driving ring is fitted on the scanning rod opposite the rear face of the guide block. The starting position of the scanning rod opposite the scanning block is determined by the driving ring. The pressure spring presents a safely guided, compactly arranged connecting element for making the frictional connection. Furthermore, it is desirable that a motor coupled with a cam disc serves as the driving element for the guide block, and that the cam disc is pressed against a roller supported on the guide block by means of a return spring. With this arrangement, the acceleration of the guide block with the scanning rod and of the elements connected with the scanning rod, particularly of the mechanical multiplier and of the cassette, is smoothly effected.
In order to permit manual displacement of the magazine corresponding to the position of a letter given on the layout, the photo-composing machine is most advantageously designed in that manner that the one adjusting ruler is directly connected with the cassette carriage, and that a cable is utilized for connection of the slide with the other adjusting ruler, one end of the cable being connected to the slide and the other end to the other adjusting ruler. Upon a displacement of the adjusting ruler connected to the cassette carriage, the record support will be moved in the same direction of motion as the adjusting ruler. Accordingly, while the motion of the one adjusting ruler is transmitted in the same direction to the cassette, the motion between other the adjusting ruler and the cassette is reversed. As the first mentioned adjusting ruler is moved from left to right in normal reading direction, the cassette will, likewise, move from left to right. Since the axis of the optical system is fixed, the line is exposed on the record support from right to left when viewed from the top, and from left to right when viewed from the bottom. Due to the reversal upon actuating the second adjusting ruler, the cassette moves from the front to the rear of the machine when the adjusting ruler is pulled to the compositor in the usual line sequence, and the same sequence of the lines appears on the record support.
According to an improvement of the photocomposing machine, the easy movability of the cassette carriage and of the slide is utilized also for automatic line drawing. For this purpose, the present photocomposing machine has the features that the cassette carriage and the slide can be automatically transported from a rest position into an end position, at option, for line drawing.
It is possible with the present photo-composing machine, by simply exchanging the ruling copies, to expose lines of practically any length and of freely selected starting and end points and with practically any thinkable structure, e.g., interruptions, dash-and-dot lines, and the like. Since exposure of the record support will not commence until the slide has been accelerated to a uniform speed, all points of the line will be exposed with equal intensity so that undesirable fluctuations of the line thickness are definitely avoided.
In a further embodiment of the photo-composing machine, the cassette carriage is connected with a cable line, and this cable line as well as the cable line connected with the slide can, optionally, be coupled with a motor, thereby achieving a smooth transmission of the motor movement onto the slides at little expenditure.
A further design of the'photo-composing machine is distinguished in that rectangular matrices showing a few superimposed letters are laterally providedwith two replaceably attachable matrix centering pins for attachment on a cleahshaped holder, and in the each matrix, in addition to the letters, bears the assigned set values in the form of mechanically readable marks. This permits extremely versatile and flexible employment of the photo-composing machine since rarely used special signs can also be employed in case of need without having to replace the entire magazine. Since on each matrix the relevant set values are firmly assigned to the letters, a perfect control of the feed of the record support is absolutely ensured. As a whole, this photocomposing machine thus offers versatility of the hand composition of type, but, with a considerably higher speed and accuracy. I
A control of the exposed letters is most suitably achieved in that a magazine support carrying the cleatshaped holder is coupled with a type selection device of a recording apparatus. This enables the compositor to convince himself at any time about which portions of a layout he has already composed.
In an advantageously simple embodiment, the recording apparatus features an index wheel fitted with rubber types which is connected via a cable line with a slide and guide angle pivoted at the magazine support, with an ink roller resting against the index wheel, and a paper strip for control printing which can be pressed against the index wheel.
Furthermore, it is desirable that the index wheel be slidable in axial direction and be connected with a reversing linkage so that one and the same type of the index wheel can be printed according to selection of the standard type or a display type with the reversing linkage on the paper strip in different positions. This provides the compositor with information regarding the standard or display type in which the letters, which are readable on the paper strip, have been composed.
Features and advantages of the present invention may be gained from the foregoing and from the description of a preferred embodiment of the invention which follows.
In the drawing:
FIG. I is a diagrammatic total view of the close-order photo-composing machine;
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic partial view of the interior of the photo-composing machine, i.e., the support of the cassette, the means for automatic feed in line direction and the ruling arrangement;
FIG. 3 is a view of the front of the cassette carriage;
FIG. 4 is a view of the front of the cassette, partly in section;
FIG. 5 is the electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device shown in detail as a diagrammatic representation;
FIG. 6 is a detailed perspective view of the mechanical multiplicator;
FIG. 7 is another perspective partial view of the interior of the photo-composing machine, i.e., the support of the magazine carrier and the arrangement for selection of a letter;
FIG. 8 is a partial view of the magazine support with matrices;
FIG. 9 is a diagrammatic representation of the transmission elements for type size adjustment;
FIG. 10 is a side elevation of the optical system, of the means for centering the magazine support and of the selector system for Standard/Display Type;
FIG. 11 is a diagrammatic representation of a detail of the selector system for Standard/Display Type;
FIG. 12 shows the clear-recording apparatus in a side elevation;
FIG. 13 shows the clear-recording apparatus in a longitudinal section;
FIG. 14 shows a cutaway portion of a paper strip printed with the clear-recording apparatus;
FIG. 15 shows an electric switching arrangement for control of the photo-composing machine for feed in line direction;
FIG. 16 shows an electric switching arrangement for adjustment of the electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device, and
FIG. 17 shows an electric switching arrangement for line transport, and the ruling arrangement.
FIG. 1 illustrates the exterior of the photoacomposing machine. The interior parts of the photo-composing machine are enclosed by a nearly desk-type casing with a supporting plate 1 and two bases-land 3. An area 4 of the supporting plate is provided for accommodating a layout sheet. The layout sheet is a marked up copy of the desired display advertisement and it can be aligned and fixed in this area with fasteners, not shown. Slidable adjacent to this area 4 is an adjusting ruler 5 which is movable in the direction of the longitudinal edge, i.e., in the direction of line composition. A second adjusting ruler 6 which is likewise lying on supporting plate 1, is slidable in vertical relation to the adjusting ruler 5 along a narrow side of the photo-composing machine. Ball handles 7 and 8 serve for manually shifting each of these rulers,,respectively. For reading the measures of typographical position of each ruler, there are provided measure scales 9 and 10 in the shifting range of the adjusting rulers. Adjacent to the area 4 for the layout sheet there are, furthermore, provided a ruling copy 1 l for the line direction and a ruling copy 12 for the direction in vertical relation hereto, which are suitable for being interchanged. Slidable along each ruling copy there is supported a test head 13 or 14, respectively, which, as will be shown, are connected with a cassette for the record support inside the photo-composing machine the same as the adjusting rulers. For introduction of the cassette into the photo-composing machine, a flap 15 is cut out of the supporting plate 1. Between the two bases 2, 3, on the side assigned to the workplace of the compositor, there is slidably supported a selector and release lever 16 on a guide bar 17 in parallel with the longitudinal edge of the photo-composing machine. The letter selected with the selector and release lever 16 is reproduced on the indicating panel 24, and the exposed sign is printed on a paper strip 19 with the clearrecording apparatus 18 arranged on the right-hand side, partly on the supporting plate. This apparatus 18 will be more fully described hereinafter. On the front of the left base there can be seen a changeover button 20 for changing over from standard to display type, below which a control desk 21 for adjusting the desired function of the photo-composing machine is fixed. On the front of the right-hand bracket there is provided an adjusting wheel 22 for point size adjustment of the type image. From the right-hand side of the bracket 3 there is projecting an adjusting screw 23 for changing the letter spacing. A strip 24 arranged above the selector and release lever 16 reproduces the letters existing on the magazine support inside the photo-composing machine. The compositor can read the letter selected in each case from this strip. All elements which make a permanent control by the compositor desirable, espe' cially the layout arranged in the area 4 with respect to the adjusting rulers 5, 6, and the paper strip 19, as well as the essential operating elements, i.e., the adjusting rulers, the selector and release lever 16, the changeover button 20, the control desk 21 and the adjusting wheel 22 for point size adjustment, are arranged in such a manner that the compositor can conveniently overlook and actuate these control and adjusting elements from his workplace in front of the photocomposing machine. He need not leave his workplace for interchanging the record support, since the cassette accommodating the record support can readily be removed through the flap 15. Due to the fact that all adjusting elements, particularly those for cassette displacement, can be operated with little effort, a high productivity for the layout set will also be achieved for difficult composing work.
In FIG. 2, a frame of the photo-composing machine is designated as 26. The frame carries a pair of guide 7 bars 27 which serve for supporting a slide 28 and, indirectly, the cassette carriage 29. The slide 28, for its part, consists of two guide bars 30 running in parallel which are connected with each other at their ends by one each flange 31 or 32, respectively. Sunk into the flanges are slotted sliding sleeves which are adjustable for easy-motion guide of the slide on the guide bars 27. For locking the slide 28, there is secured a holding magnet 34 on a cross traverse 35 of the frame, said magnet opposing a plane portion 36 at the flange 31.
The cassette carriage 29 which is slidably supported on slide 28 is, substantially, composed of a frame 37 to which two easy-motion sliding sleeves 38 are fitted on the side facing the viewer, and a roller 39 on the opposite side. (See FIG. 3) A cassette 40 with a record support can be loaded from the top into the frame of the cassette carriage, which record support can be exposed from below through the opening of the frame. The design of the cassette 40 with its frame 280 for accommodating a record support 28ll for a sheet of sensitized material follows from FIG. 4. Underneath the record support there lies a plate 282 of a lightweight, glass-like plastic. The record support can be covered by means of a slide 283.
A cable line 41 guided via two cable pulleys 42, 43 serves for driving the slide 28 for transport in lines or for feed in transverse relation to the line direction, respectively. A second slide 44 is connected with the first slide 28 and can be easily moved in parallel therewith along a guide rail 45. It carries the adjusting ruler 6 and the test head 14. For feeding the slide 28 in vertical relation to the line direction, the cable pulley 43 is coupled via a magnetic clutch 222 with a stepping motor 215, unless the feed is effected by manual shifting of the adjusting ruler 6.
The adjusting ruler 5, which is firmly connected with the cassette carriage 29, as is the test head 13 and thrust rail 46 serve for transport of the cassette carriage 29 in line direction. The adjusting ruler 5' is supported on the frame 26 by means for a roller 47. An additional reenforcing member is designated 48. The drive of the cassette carriage is effected via a cable line 49 which is guided via two cable pulleys 50 and 51. A magnetic clutch 221 and the stepping motor 215 are used for driving the cable pulley 50. As distinguished from the cable line 41, the cable line 49 has the same strand connected with the cassette carriage and the associated test head.
FIG. 3 reveals in detail in which manner the thrust rail 46 is meshed with the cassette carriage. The underside of the cassette carriage 29 has a sliding bar 52 sunk into it in parallel with the narrow side of the carriage. On the sliding bar, a sliding sleeve 53 secured on the thrust rail 46 is easily movable. The thrust rail is guided by means of two small rollers 54 along a guide bar 55. The guide bar is fastened to the traverse 35 in FIG. 2. With this arrangement it is achieved that the cassette carriage can be transported in line direction by means of the thrust rail which is moving in the same path of motion, but that, in addition, it is also movable in transverse relation to the line composing direction with very little effort.
It also appears from FIG. 2 that underneath rail 46 there are provided a holding magnet 56 and a thrust magnet 57. The holding magnet 56 is fitted to the end of a pair of magnet carriage rails 58'which is secured to a traverse 59. The magnet carriage 60 carrying the thrust magnet 57 can be shuffled on the magnet carriage rails. The magnet carriage is coupled with the outlet of a mechanical multiplier 62 via a connecting rod 61. A block 63 into which the thrust rail will slide when the cassette carriage is moved relatively far to the right can be recognized above the multiplier on the frame.
A geared motor 64 is provided as the driving element for automatic feed in line composing direction. The geared motor is in connection, not shown in FIG. 2,- with an electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device 65 (FIG. 5) from which a scanning rod 66 slidable according to the relative set value of the exposed letter is projecting. A feed lever 67 which is unilaterally fitted to the frame and a link rod 68 serve for transmission of the movement of the scanning rod onto the mechanical multiplier (FIG. 6) in which the type size is allowed for.
The adjusting screw 23 for subtracting constant values from the feeding movement is provided adjacent to the mechanical multiplier 62.
On the right-hand side of the frame there is arranged a limit switch 220 at the block 63 in such a manner that it will be in the path of motion of the thrust rail 46.
FIG. illustrates the electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device in detail, the casing surrounding the counting value adjustment device as per FIG. 2 being removed and, in addition, some parts which would interfere with the view of essential elements of the counting-value adjustment device being broken away. The counting-value adjustment device is connected with the geared motor 64 via a toothed belt 69 which serves for driving a cam disc 70 supported on a shaft 72 which is sunk into the carrier plate 71. Adjacent to the cam disc there is provided a slidable guide block 73 into which slide rails 74 connected with the carrier plate are sunk. The guide block is pulled away from the viewer by means of a return spring 74a, so that a roller 75 supported at the guide block will always rest against the cam disc. A scanning rod 66 is sunk into a bore of the guide block running in parallel with the slide rails. Under the force of apressure spring 77 which rests against the guide block on the one hand, and against a ring 78 secured to the scanning rod on the other, the scanning rod is pushed forward as long as no other forces are acting on it. On the other hand, the scanning rod is not shown in its rest position in FIG. 5, in order to show the ring 79 which butts against the rear face of the guide block in the rest position. At the rear of the scanning rod, which is illustrated broken'away, there is provided an actuating element 80 of a set of contact springs 81. Another actuating element 82, which interacts with a microswitch 83 arranged on the carrier plate, is attached to the guide block.
For counting value adjustment there are provided spacers 84 through 89, which can be brought into the path of motion of a scanning pin 90 secured at the front face of the scanning rod 66. The thickness of the spacers 84 through 89 is graduated according to the binary series I, 2, 4, 8, I6, 32. All spacers are movable in the direction of,motion of the scanning pin so that they can be pressed against an adjusting screw 76 which is sunk into a carrier plate 91. For this purpose, the heavier gauge spacers 84, 85 are fitted to one each pair of toggle joints 92 or 93, respectively. The lighter gauge spacers 86 through 89 are provided at the outer ends of leaf springs 94 through 97. In order to design the pairs of toggle joints so as to be engageable without collision, each pair of toggle joints is pulled by a spring, e.g., 98, against a tappet roller 99 or 100, respectively. Each pair of toggle joints 92 or 93, respectively, and each of the leaf springs 94 through 97 is respectively attached to one of the angle levers 101 through 106. To the angle lever or 102, respectively, there is furthermore fitted opposite each pair of toggle joints a retaining pin 107 or 108, respectively, which is arranged for supporting the roller 99 or 100, respectively, and for fitting of the associated spring. Three angle levers are separately swingable about each axis 234 and 235, respectively, which are sunk into the carrier plate 91. For the swinging of angle lever, one each lifting magnet 109 through 114 is pivoted to each lever. Furthermore, one pressure spring is acting upon each of the toggle joints, of which pressure springs only the ones designated as 115 through 117 are shown in the drawing, although equal pressure springs are assigned to angle levers 102, 104 and 106.
As is immediately obvious from FIG. 5, the electromagnetic actuating elements and transmission elements of the spacers 84, 86, 88 are arranged in an upper row, whereas the corresponding actuating elements and transmission elements for the spacers 85, 87, 89 are grouped in an opposite, bottom row. In FIG. 5 there are illustrated all spacers in the path of motion of the scanning pin 90, from which they would have been swung out under the action of the pressure springs with magnets de-energized. The spacers are arranged with spaces in relation to each other which are always effective as long as the scanning pin does not rest against the spacers, so that these can, optionally, be swung into or out of the path of motion of the scanning pin without hindrance. As will be described later, the output quantity of this electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device is a path displacement of the scanning rod 66, the rear of which is supported in the central range of the feed lever 67 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 6. As is furthermore obvious from FIG. 4, the feed lever 67 is connected with the mechanical multiplier via the link rod 68, the casing of which multiplier being removed in FIG. 6.
In detail, the link rod 68 is pivoted to a slide 119 which is supported to be slidingly movable in a carrier block 120 secured to the frame in the direction of shifting of the scanning rod. The slide is guided on a sliding rod 122 sunk into the carrier block by means of a sliding sleeve 121 fitted to the slide. Further guidance is imparted to it by the guide bolt 123 which is arranged in the carrier block and against which rollers 124 are resting; the rollers are rotatably mounted on slide 119. A forced guiding element 127 which is swingable about the screw 126 is connected with slide 119 via a con necting flap 125. The screw, thus, represents the swivel axis of the forced guiding element. From the'interior of the forced guiding element 127 there is recessed a slideway with two sides 128, 129 running in parallel with each other. The slideway features an enlargement 130 at the front end in way of side 129. In the slideway there is provided a forced guiding roller 131 which is pivoted on the tie rod 61 for the magnetcarriage 60. For facility of inspection, the forced guiding roller is shown outside its rest positionat the front end in way of the enlargement 130 in FIG. 6. On the opposite end of the forced guiding element 127 there is supported a guide roller 132. This guide roller is guided by a' connecting link guide element 133 in parallel with the slide 119. The connecting link guide element is movable in transverse relation to the guiding direction of the guide roller 132 opposite thecarrier block 120. Theshifting path is determined by the fitting of a roller 134 against a slope of the lens holder 135. The connecting link guide element 133 is constantly pressed in the direction toward the slope by a spring which is not shown in the drawing, whereas a spring 136 is fitted to the connecting rod 61 which pulls the connecting rod in the same direction. Therefore, the forced guiding roller 131, is normally lying at the side 128 of the slideway. Moreover, the starting position of the connecting rod can be determined by means of the adjusting screw 23 which can be turned round opposite a threaded flange 138 and which carries the connecting rod along to the right via a ring, so that the forced guiding roller moves from the side 128 of the slideway to the enlargement 130.
FIG. 7 shows another partial view of the interior of the photo-composing machine, especially the means for selection of a letter to be exposed. For facility of inspection, practically all parts and devices shown in FIG. 2 for shifting the cassette carriage have been omitted in this representation. In FIG. 7 it is indicated that the changeover button 20 for changing over for standard to display type as well as the adjusting wheel 22 for type size adjustment are supported in frame 26. A guide bar 143 on which a fork 144 can be moved is provided in parallel with the front side of the frame and is arranged thereon. A depressable, curved selector and release lever 145 is fitted in the fork. At its end remote from the front side, the selector and release lever carries a drop-in pin 146 for engagement into a stop rod 147 which is toothed in parallel with the guide rod on the back. The fork is coupled via a slide and guide angle 148 with a magazine support 149. For this purpose, a fork 150 is fastened to the magazine support, and the slide and guide angle engages with this fork. Furthermore, a roller 151 which rides on a carrier bar 152 is supported in the fork 150. Opposite roller 151 two sliding pieces 153 with which the magazine support can be moved opposite a guide bar 154 are secured to the magazine support. The guide bar can be swung nearly in a horizontal plane by means of a lifting linkage 155, whereas the carrier bar 152 is movable in substantially vertical relation via a pair of centering rods 156. The support of the lifting linkage of the centering rod is held by the main carrier 140 which can be adjusted opposite two vertical guide columns 141, 142. For changing over from standard to display type, the changeover button 20 is connected with a shifter rod 158 via a reversing linkage 157.
As is obvious in detail from FIG. and 11, the shifter rod 158 engages with a link fork 159 which is part of a gate 160 movable in parallel with the magazine support. The gate slides within the link bracket 161. It features three bearing areas 162, 163, and 164 which are connected by inclined surfaces. On one of these bearing areas there is resting a runner 165 which is pivoted in the lifting linkage 155. It can be noted from FIG. 10 that the magazine support 149 can be pushed into one of three positions in approximately the same plane via the lifting linkage 155 connected with it and being swingable with shaft 239, i.e., according to the bearing areas 162 through 164 at which the runner 165 is adjusted. Upon shifting the magazine support in the horizontal plane, the roller 151 will slide on the carrier bar 152. Under the action of a tension spring 166 between the lifting linkage and the main carrier, the runner will always be pressed downward onto the gate 160, so that the magazine support tries to take a position which is as far to the right as possible in FIG. 10.
A cutaway portion from the magazine support is illustrated in FIG. 8 to which reference will be made, before the centering device is explained subsequently on the basis of FIG. 10. It can be noted from FIG. 8 that narrow, rectangular strips which may be of glass or of a transparent plastic with similar optical properties are provided as matrices 167. At each end ofa matrix there is inserted a centering pin 169. In the middle of each matrix there is provided a letter in the standard roman face, below it the same letter in italic face, and above it the same letter in medium face. Below each letter a mark is laid down on the matrix, giving the associated relative set width value in the form of points. These marks 168 are coded to a binary system. A cleatshaped holder 170 for the matrices consists of two per forated rails not designated in detail which are connected by a guide plate which, likewise, is not designated. The matrices can be inserted individually into one each pair of holes of the cleat-shaped holder. The cleat-shaped holder, for its part, is slipped over cylindrical pins 171 of the magazine support 149 of which merely the right-hand cylindrical pin can be seen in FIG. 8.
For point size adjustment, the main carrier 140 and the lens holder 176 can be adjusted either jointly, or independently of each other. For this purpose, there are provided two cam discs 183 or 184, respectively, according to FIG. 9, which can be turned by actuating the adjusting wheel 22 (FIG. 7) via shaft 185 and cable lines 186, 187. The cam disc 183 is connected via a roller 188 resting against its circumference and an adjusting lever 189 fitted to the frame with a hinged adjusting screw 1900 which is pivoted on the lens holder 176. The lens holder can, thus, be moved along the guide bolt 191 together with its lens guide column 190. In order to achieve a relative movement of the matrix opposite the lens in a certain dot size range, the second cam disc 184 is brought into connection with an approach angle 194 attached to the main carrier 140 via a roller 192 and an adjusting lever 193. This permits variation of the distance between the main character carrier and all elements fitted thereto, especially of the inserted matrix on the one hand, and of the cassette carriage with the record support, on the other.
It can be noted from FIG. 10 that the centering pins 169 of the matrix selected in each case can be pressed into a centering plate 172 which, for this purpose, is provided with three juxtaposedcentering holes 173 according to the three possible positions of the magazine support in this direction, and with a centering slot 174. In the centered position of the matrix as shown, magazine lifting magnet 197 in FIG. 15 is energized, lifting the magazine support and, thus, the matrix holder via roller 151, carrier bar 152, and centering rod 156. The centering plate is fitted to a centering plate support 175 which, for its part, is screwed to the main carrier. A lens holder 176 is movable in bearings '17-! opposite the centering plate support 175, which bearings are arranged on the main carrier 140. In the optical axis of a lens 178 fastened to the lens holder, a shutter 179 is arranged underneath the matrices, said shutter closing a lamp housing 180 in the optical axis. In a lamp housing provided at the main carrier, a lamp 181 and a mirror 182 are discernible. FIG. 7 illustrates those elements which serve for coupling the clear-recording apparatus 18 with the slide and guide angle 148 and the selector and release lever 145. The coupling elements are the cable line 240 which is guided via a cable pulley 241 and two guide pulleys 242 and 243.
The design of the control printer follows in detail from FIG. 12 and 13, the former showing a paper strip in the control printer. It can be seen from these figures that the cable pulley 241, an index wheel 245, a maga-,
zine paper roll 246, a driving mechanism 247 for the paper strip 19, and a swing-away ink roller 270 are carried by a sheet bar 244. The ink roller which is soaked with ink is constantly being pressed against the rubber types 250 of index wheel 245 by means of a tension spring 271.
The index wheel 245 is positively connected with the cable pulley. The outer rim 248 of the index wheel is interchangeable. It is positively retained on the index wheel by spring elements 249. Rubber types 250 on which the letters are embossed are sunk into the rim. The rubber types are accommodated on the index wheel in such a manner that their sequence corresponds with the origin of the matrices on the magazine support so that, upon adjustment of a certain matrix, the corresponding rubber type will get before the face 251 of the paper strip support. In axial direction index wheel 245 is movable via its shaft 252 by means of a lever 253 opposite the front side of the paper support. For this purpose, the lever 253 which can be swung about the bearing 254 engages at its opposite end into a groove 256 of shaft 252 by means of a pin 255. The coupling of the lever 253 with the arrangement for changing over from standard to display type is not shown in the drawing; it engages with the lever at point 257.
The driving mechanism for the paper tape 19 features an electromagnet 258 which is connected with a slide 261 via a pressure spring 259 and a two-armed lever 260. The slide is movably supported within a guide element 262, i.e., by means of rollers indicated by the reference symbols 263. The slide is pulled to the left in rest position by a spring 264. It carries the remaining elements which are required for feeding the paper strip, and the paper strip support having its front side designated as 251. For transport of the paper strip this is passed between a driving wheel 265 with'a'rubber sheathing and a proof roller 267. The driving wheel and the proof roller are supported on the slide. Connected with the driving wheel is a pawl wheel 266 with which an upper stop pawl 269 which is likewise supported on the slide, and a lower feed pawl 269 which is fixed opposite the slide are meshing. The pawls are pressed toward the center of the pawl wheel by means of springs not shown in detail. The paper strip is passed from the magazine paper roll 246 between the slide and a guide element 272 via the front side 251 of the slide and onward between the proof roller 267 and the driving wheel 265.
The electrical equipment of the photo-composing machine with its assemblies which are essential for the functional sequence is described on the basis of FIG. 15, 16 and 17. It is obvious from FIG. that the contact 195 fitted to the selector and release lever is connected to the clear-recording apparatus 18 and to a setting input ,of a bi-stable trigger 196. The setting output of trigger 196 is connected with a magazine lifting magnet 197 and the input ofa mono-stable trigger 198. The setting output of trigger 198 is carried via an OR gate 199 (the second input of OR gate 198 is the output of the AND member 218 in FIG. 17) to an exposure magnet 200 for actuating the shutter 197. From the resetting output of the mono-stable trigger 198, a line branches off to the resetting input of bi-stable trigger 196, and to the setting input of a bi-stable trigger 201 and to the setting input of a bi-stable trigger 202. The resetting input of the bi-stable trigger 201 is connected to the set of contact springs 81, whereas the resetting input of the bi-stable trigger 202 is connected with the microswitch 83. The setting output of the bi-stable trigger 201 is carried to the thrust magnet 57; the holding magnet 56 receives current from the resetting output.
The setting output of the bi-stable trigger 202 is connected with the geared motor 64.
FIG. 16 schematises the switching arrangement of the electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device. The counting values are graduated according to the binary series I, 2, 4, 8, I6, 32. For each step of the counting value there is provided the same assembly, of which only one assembly is shown in FIG. 16. The assembly shown includes a light-sensitive element 203 which is in light-conducting connection with the mark provided for a set width value of the centered matrix 167. On the outlet side, the light-sensitive element 203 is connected to the setting input of a bi-stable trigger 204, the resetting input of which is connected with the microswitch 83. The setting output of the bi-stable trigger 204 is carried to the lifting magnet 109. As already mentioned, one similar arrangement of a light-sensitive element and a bi-stable trigger is available for the remaining lifting magnets through 114, the centered matrix being located between the arrangement of the light-sensitive elements and a light source 205.
The ruling device and the arrangement for line transport are shown in FIG. 17. The ruling device contains the test heads 13, 14 for horizontal and vertical lines in which each one light source'206 or 207, respectively, and, on the opposite side, one light-sensitive element 208 or 209, respectively, are accommodated. Between the light source and the-light-sensitive element there is respectively provided the ruling copy 210 or 211, respectively. The ruling copy is in the form of a stencil strip on which the light transmitting portion is coextensive in length with the desired line or'rule. Each light-sensitive element is connected via an intensifier 212 or 213, respectively, with an OR gate 214 which is connected to the exposure magnet via an AND gate 218.
A stepping motor 215 which can be coupled, at option, via a magnetic clutch 221 for the horizontal direction or a magnetic clutch 222 for the vertical direction with the respective cable pulley which is connected with the cassette carriage, serves for transport of the cassette carriage during line drawing. The motor is connected to a pulse generator 216. For releasing the exposure of a line, resort is again had to contact at the selector lever and the bi-stable trigger 196, see FIG. 15. The resetting input of trigger 196 is connected to the limit switch 220 in the path oflnotion of the thrust rail 46. The setting output of the trigger 196 is carried via a selector switch 217 to one or; the magnetic clutches 221, 222, at option. Furthermord'a line is conducted from the setting output of trigger196 to the AND gate 218 in the signal path to the exposure magnet 219. The holding magnet 34 is connected to the contact for. the horizontal direction of the selector switch 217 via a switch not shown, and the holding magnet 56 is likewise, connected with a contact for the horizontal direction of the selector switch 217 via a switch.
The contact 195 at the selector lever is, furthermore,
connected with the setting intake of another bi-stable trigger 226 via a selector switch 225 for selection ofthe mode of operation "LINE DRAWING or the mode of operation LINE FEED. At a second contact of the selector switch 225 there is connected a starting switch 231. The resetting input ofvtrigger 226 is connected to the limit switch 220. Another connection is carried from a comparator 227 to the resetting input. The setting output of the trigger 226 is connected with the pulse generator 216, in order to connect or disconnect it according to its output signal. From the pulse generator a line is carried to a multi-step counter 228, the steps of which are connected with the comparator 227. On the other hand, the comparator receives signals from an input pushbutton 229 which is coupled with the input member 230 for line drawing.
The operation of the photo-composing machine will now be described, first with regard to the adjustment of the record support to a desired point of the layout, then to the exposure of characters and the transport of the cassette in line direction, and thereupon the line feed and the line drawing.
It is supposed that a holder with matrices which bears the desired types is slipped onto the magazine support 149. The index wheel 245 of the clear-recording apparatus 18 is adjusted in harmony with the arrangement of the types in the magazine. The cassette accommodating the record support has been inserted into the cassette carriage 29.
A layout sheet has been laid in area 4 of the support plate 1. The switches to the holding magnets 34 and 56 are opened so that the adjusting rulers 5 and 6 can easily be adjusted in such a manner that the inner edges of the rulers will intersect at a certain point of the selected letter on the layout. This will, simultaneously, move the cassette carriage into the optical path of the device in such a manner that an exposure of the record support can be effected exactly at that point which corresponds to the selected point of the layout. By closing the associated switches, this position will be fixed by means of holding magnets 34 and 56.
Prior to the exposure of a letter, the adjusting wheel 22 must have been adjusted to the selected type size. This will adjust the main carrier 140 and the lens holder 176 according to the required scale of reproduction via the cam discs 183, 184. At the same time, the connecting link guide element 133 of the mechanical multiplicator is shifted via the slope 135 and the roller 134, which mechanical multiplicator will effect the correct feed of the record support in line direction after exposure of the letter. According to the position of the changeover button 20, the position of the magazine support 149 in vertical relation to the line direction is determined via the reversing linkage 157 and the shifter rod 158. Thus it is given whether a letter will be laid down as standard roman, italic or medium. Then the magazine support 149 is moved in line direction on the carrier bar 152 and the guide bar 154 by shifting the selector and release lever 145 via the slide and guide angle 148, so that the proper matrix will get into the optical path of the device. This adjusting movement is simultaneously transmitted onto the index wheel of the control printer via the cable line 240. The photocomposing machine is now ready for exposure of the desired letter.
For exposure the selector and release lever 145 is depressed causing the drop-in pin 146 to engage between two teeth of the stop rod 147 and center the selected matrix via the slide and guide angle 148 in the optical path. As depressing of the selector and release lever progresses, the contact 195 actuated by this lever will then be closed. This will adjust the bi-stable trigger 196 and energize the magazine lifting magnet 197. Under the action of force of the magazine lifting magnet, the centering rod 156 will swing upwardly, one centering pin 169 of the matrix will get into the centering slot 174, while the second centering pin 169 is pressed into a centering hole 173. This will align the matrix perfectly. In addition, the matrix will be pressed against the centering plate 172 under the effect of the centering rod.
Furthermore, the mono-stable trigger 198 will trip the exposure magnet 200 by way of OR gate 199 in consequence of the signal going out from the bi-stable trigger 196. It is presupposed that the release will not become effective until after completion of the centering procedure. Since the lamp 181 is illuminated continuously during operation of the photo-composing machine, the image formation of the letter on the record support is effected by actuating the exposure magnet 200 and, thus, the shutter 179.
The duration of the pulse at the setting output of mono-stable trigger 198 corresponds to the period of exposure time of the record support since lamp 181 is continuously illuminated in the lamp housing. After expiration of the pulse duration, the bi-stable trigger 196 is reset, and the bi-stable triggers 201 and 202 are reset. This will switch off the holding magnet to permit transport of the cassette in line direction and switch on the thrust magnet 57. At the same time, the geared motor 64 which is connected with the electromagnetic counting-value adjustment device will start.
During the exposure of the letters, the magnets 109 through 114 for adjustment of the spacers will be energized according to the relative set of the selected letters since, during opening of the shutter, the light-sensitive elements 203 will be subjected to a luminous flux according to the marks of the letter as adjusted. Each light-sensitive element triggers bi-stable trigger 204 by which one of the combinations of the magnets 109 through 114 is energized. Consequently, one or several spacers will be swung into the path of motion of the scanning pin 90 according to the marks, and the feed of the cassette carriage will be limited in the following manner in one of the possible graduations of H72- units.
The guide block 73 is pushed forwardly in the direction towards the spacers against the tension of the spring 74a together with the scanning rod 66 and the scanning pin 90 under the effect of the cam disc resting against roller 75. During this phase of movement, the scanning rods and the scanning pin are moved until the scanning pin strikes against the spacers, pressing these on the adjusting screw 76. After the scanning pin has run into resistance in such a manner, the guide block is first advanced still farther according to-the shape of the cam disc when a relative movement will take place between the scanning pin and the guide block during which latter movement spring 77 will be compressed. As soon as segments of smaller radii of the cam disc 70 are again resting against the roller, the guide block will return into its starting position by means of the return spring 75. The frictional connection between the scanning pin and the spacers will become effective so that the scanning rod 66 can gradually take its normal rest position within the guide block again by the action of the pressure spring 77. At that moment at which the guide block is returning into its starting position, the microswitch 83 is actuating by element 82 at the guide block, and the stepping motor comes at rest. The stepping motor thus drives the cam disc independent of the relative set of the exposed let-