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Publication numberUS3750692 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 7, 1973
Filing dateJan 11, 1972
Priority dateJan 11, 1972
Publication numberUS 3750692 A, US 3750692A, US-A-3750692, US3750692 A, US3750692A
InventorsTibbs E
Original AssigneeTibbs E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chest drainage system
US 3750692 A
Abstract
Chest drainage apparatus utilizing three compartments integrally formed within a single container to define a first water-sealed fluid-receiving chamber, a second pressure regulating chamber and a third trap chamber. A control valve is provided to selectively communicate or preclude communication between the first chamber and the remaining chambers. In addition, the first compartment includes a stopcock positioned therein above the level of the water seal for a selective draining of the compartment without requiring a dismantling of the apparatus. The pressure is regulated through a vertically adjustable tube communicated with the interior of the second chamber. All three chambers include stopper closed openings which can be used for the insertion or removal of water as well as a cleaning of the interior of the chambers.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

[ 1 Aug. 7, 1973 United States Patent [1 1 'lihhs 1 CHEST DRAINAGE SYSTEM ABSTRACT Chest drainage apparatus utilizing three compartments integrally formed within a single container to define a Eugene E. Tibbs, Hospital Dr., Cleveland, Miss. 38732 Jan. 11, 1972 21 Appl. No.: 217,055

pressure regulating chamber and a third trap chamber. A control valve is provided to selectively communicate [52] US. 137/205, 141/59, 128/276 [51] Int.

or preclude communication between the first chamber A6lm 1/00 137/205; 128/276; 141/59; 417/148, 130

and the remaining chambers. In addition, the first compartment includes a stopcock positioned therein above the level of the water seal for a selective draining of the [58] Field of Search.....................

compartment without requiring a dismantling of the apparatus. The pressure is regulated through a vertically adjustable tube communicated with the interior of the [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS second chamber, All three chambers include stopper closed openings which can be used for the insertion or 9/1969 Hodges..;............................

m r 6 dl n AH 86 65 99 11 52 777 086 6 6 6 2 3 0003 332 removal of water as well as a cleaning of the interior of the chambers.

Primary ExaminerAlan Cohan Attorney-Harvey B. Jacobson P J a m f x m. m m 7 i H A D 0 a I I a I I 1 '1 i a 1 a I I 4 5 S m L i m C 5 PMENIED SHEEIIBFZ Fig.2

CHEST DRAINAGE SYSTEM The present invention relates to new and useful improvements in chest drainage systems, and is more particularly concerned with apparatus in the nature of a single compartmented container which incorporates the functional utility of the conventional three bottle" system in a unique manner productive of advantages heretofore not available.

Basically, the three-compartmented apparatus of the invention utilizes a single compact container incorporating an integral handle and adjustable components which enable a variation of the level of the water seal as well as a regulation of the vacuum pressure being provided. The main fluid receiving chamber incorporates a stopcock for a selective draining thereof as required, and in addition it is communicated with the two remaining compartments through a valve unit which allows for a selective segregating of the main compartment from the remaining compartments and a venting of this main compartment to the atmosphere for use in those situations wherein only a single compartment incorporating an underwater seal is required.

Among the objects of the invention are the provision of an easily cleaned and maintained apparatus, the provision of an apparatus which can be converted from a one bottle system to a three bottle system, and the provision of apparatus which because of its simple structural nature, preferably being formed of polyethylene or similar material, can in fact be considered disposable, being utilized only once.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus comprising the instant invention;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view thereof;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken substantially on a plane passing along line 3-3 in FIG. 2; and

HO. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially on a plane passing along line 44 in FIG. 3.

Referring now more specifically to the drawings, reference numeral is used to designate the single container utilized in the construction of the apparatus. This container includes three internal chambers 12, 14, and 16.

The chamber 12, which constitutes the fluid receiving chamber, is approximately three to four times as large as either of the chambers 14 and 16 which respectively constitute a pressure-regulating chamber and a trap chamber.

As will be appreciated from the drawing, the overall container 10'is of a compact rectangular configuration with the chambers incorporating common side, bottom and top walls. The chamber 12 is of a greater height than the chambers 14 and 16, thus providing a stepped top wall with the recess formed by the lower level chambers 14 and 16 accommodating an integrally formed handle 18 for an easy manipulation and/or carrying of the container 10.

The liquid receiving chamber 12 is to be directly communicated with the chest cavity through appropriate flexible tubing 20 and a rigid calibrated tube 22.

The tube 22 has the upper portion of the exterior thereof threaded as at 24 for threaded engagement within an integral apertured enlargement 26 provided in the top wall of the chamber 12. The open lower end of the tube 22 extends to a point below the level of the water seal 28. The chamber 12 is also provided with a fill opening in the top wall closed by an appropriate stopper 30. In order to provide for an emptying of the chamber 12 without requiring a shutting down of the apparatus or a loss of the underwater seal effect, an appropriate drainage plug or stopcock 32 is provided through the end wall of the chamber 12 above the level of the water sealed lower end of the tube 22. This stopcock 32 should be located at a height sufficient so as to allow for a reasonable vertical adjustment of the tube 22 while at the same time providing for an effective drainage of the chamber 12 of excess fluid.

The chamber 12 is selectively communicated with the chambers 14 and 16 through tubing which includes a first tube section 34 projecting through the top wall of the chamber 12 and communicating, toward the upper end thereof, with a cross tube section 36 which in turn directly communicates with depending tube sections 38 and 40 respectively communicated with the interior of the chambers 14 and 16 through the top walls thereof, the tube sections 34, 38 and 40 in each instance communicating with the upper portion of the respective chambers. It will be noted that the cross tube section 36 curves downwardly into the downwardly offset top portion of the container 10, thus contributing to the compact nature of the apparatus.

Inasmuch as the chamber 12 can, under certain circumstances, be used independently of the chambers 14 and 16, an appropriate two-way stopcock or valve 42 is rotatably received within the tube section 34 through the open upper end thereof. This valve 42 includes a hollow stem 44 having a lateral aperture 48 therethrough which, upon a rotation of the valve 42, selectively aligns with either the corresponding end of the cross tube section 36 or an aperture 48 in the wall of the tube section 34 for a direct communication of the interior of the tube section 34 and hence the chamber 12, with the atmosphere. When the chamber 12 is thus communicated with the atmosphere, a simple onechamber drainage apparatus is provided in conjunction with an underwater seal. Upon a rotation of the valve 42, the apparatus is converted into a three-chamber vacuum or suction drainage apparatus.

Each of the chambers 14 and 16 is also provided with a stopper closed filling hole or cleaning aperture through the top wall thereof. The trap chamber 16 additionally includes a short tube or tube section 50 through the upper wall thereof which communicates with appropriate flexible tubing 52 leading to suitable pump apparatus.

The pressure regulating chamberis provided with an elongated open-ended calibrated tube 54 having an externally threaded portion 56 which is threadedly received through an apertured enlargement 58 constituting a portion of the top wall thereof. In this manner, the height of the open lower end of the tube 54 can be easily regulated relative to the level of water 60 within the chamber 14 which in turn effectively regulates the vacuum pressure of the system. The provision of a threaded connection between the tube 54 and the chamber 14 is particularly significant in that it enables a positive fixing of the tube 54 at a predetermined level.

It will of course be appreciated that the open upper end of the tube 54 communicates directly with the atmosphere.

As will be noted from FIG. 1, the first chamber 12 is provided with liquid level calibrations. As previously indicated, it is contemplated that the entire container be formed of an appropriate plastic with the unit, because of the economical nature of the construction thereof, being disposable after a single use.

From the foregoing, it will be appreciated that a significant advance in the art has been made through the provision of a single unit drainage apparatus which, among other features, includes a positive pressure regulation, means for selectively draining the main fluidreceiving chamber without a dismantling of the apparatus or a destruction of the water seal, and means for quickly converting the apparatus from a three-chamber device to a single-chamber device.

The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

1. Chest drainage apparatus comprising a threechamber single container including a first sealing chamber, first tube means including a lower end positioned within the lower end portion of the first chamber, said first tube means extending vertically through and outward beyond said first chamber for fluidreceiving communication with a chest cavity, said first chamber being adapted to receive a water seal therein to a level above the lower end of the first tube means, second tube means extending into each of said chambers, one of said remaining chambers comprising a second liquid receiving pressure regulating chamber, a regulating tube extending vertically into said second regulating chamber and communicating said second chamber with the atmosphere, said second chamber including an aperture therethrough receiving said regulating tube for a vertical adjustment thereof relative to said second chamber, the remaining chamber comprising a third trap chamber and a pump tube communicating with the interior of said third chamber and extending exteriorly therefrom for engagement with pump means, and valve means within said second tube means operable to selectively communicate the first chamber with the remaining chambers or with the atmosphere so as to selectively define a one-chamber drainage apparatus or a three-chamber suction drainage apparatus.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 including a selectively openable chamber draining stopcock mounted on said first chamber in spaced relation above the lower end of the first tube means for a selective draining of that portion of the first chamber above the lower end of the first tube means.

3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said first chambet is of a greater height than said second and third chambers, said second and third chambers including a common top wall, said first chamber including a top wall parallel to and upwardly stepped relative to the common top wall of the second and third chambers, and handle means integrally formed with said unit and overlying the second and third chambers.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 wherein each of said chambers includes a stopper closed access opening through the top thereof.

5 The apparatus of claim 1 wherein said first chambet is of a greater height than said second and third chambers, said second and third chambers including a common top wall, said first chamber including a top wall parallel to and upwardly stepped relative to the common top wall of the second and third chambers, and handle means integrally formed with said unit and overlying the second and third chambers.

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Patent Citations
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US2733667 *Jan 4, 1952Feb 7, 1956 Breather pump for cleansing and sterilizing milking lines
US3381687 *Oct 22, 1965May 7, 1968Andersen Prod H WSuction apparatus
US3602607 *Sep 24, 1969Aug 31, 1971Eastman Kodak CoSolution metering apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3913606 *Jan 2, 1974Oct 21, 1975Anderson Jr David LFluid measuring circuit
US3924624 *Oct 10, 1974Dec 9, 1975Sherwood Medical Ind IncModular thoracic drainage device
US4289158 *Mar 5, 1979Sep 15, 1981C. R. Bard, Inc.Suction control apparatus
US4396386 *May 7, 1981Aug 2, 1983Bioresearch Inc.Surgical drainage apparatus with suction control and indication
US4405309 *Apr 21, 1981Sep 20, 1983Bioresearch Inc.Surgical drainage device with metered air pump
US4439189 *Jun 18, 1981Mar 27, 1984Bentley Laboratories, Inc.Pleural drainage system
US4439190 *Apr 27, 1981Mar 27, 1984Chesebrough-Pond's Inc.Underwater drainage device
US4484908 *Feb 16, 1983Nov 27, 1984Bioresearch Inc.Method for relieving excess negativity in a drainage device
US4540413 *Jun 17, 1983Sep 10, 1985Russo Ronald DCardiopulmonary drainage collector with blood transfer adapter
US4605400 *May 4, 1984Aug 12, 1986Bioresearch Inc.Surgical drainage apparatus
US4619647 *Aug 15, 1985Oct 28, 1986Bioresearch Inc.Surgical drainage apparatus
US4650476 *Oct 18, 1985Mar 17, 1987Becton, Dickinson And CompanyChest drainage apparatus with adjustable suction control
US4738671 *Jul 13, 1987Apr 19, 1988C. R. Bard, Inc.Chest drainage apparatus with check valve
US4738672 *Sep 8, 1986Apr 19, 1988Malette William GrahamThorax drainage apparatus
US4747844 *Sep 19, 1986May 31, 1988C. R. Bard, Inc.Chest drainage apparatus
US4822346 *Apr 13, 1988Apr 18, 1989C. R. Bard, Inc.Chest drainage apparatus
US4828552 *Dec 9, 1987May 9, 1989Inventures, Inc.Thorax drainage apparatus
US5026358 *Jan 16, 1990Jun 25, 1991Pfizer Products Hospital Group Inc.Drainage device
US5141504 *Jul 26, 1989Aug 25, 1992Atrium Medical CorporationFluid recovery system with stopcock suction control
US5300050 *May 7, 1993Apr 5, 1994Deknatel Technology CorporationDrainage device
US5423780 *Sep 9, 1994Jun 13, 1995Malette; William G.Thorax drainage apparatus with variable vacuum control
US5458138 *Oct 14, 1993Oct 17, 1995Gajo; Alden H.Nasopharyngeal fluid suction device
US5507734 *Apr 1, 1994Apr 16, 1996Deknatel Technology CorporationApparatus for draining bodily fluids
US5527007 *Aug 24, 1993Jun 18, 1996Sherwood Medical CompanyMovable hanger mount for chest drainage unit
CN102908684B *Nov 10, 2012Dec 24, 2014江西源生狼和医疗器械有限公司胸腔闭式引流用负压引流瓶
DE2638925A1 *Aug 28, 1976Apr 21, 1977Deknatel IncChirurgisches drainagesystem
EP0111087A1 *Oct 6, 1983Jun 20, 1984Sorenson Research Co. Inc.Medical suction drainage apparatus
WO1982004397A1 *Jun 18, 1982Dec 23, 1982Bentley LabPleural drainage system
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/205, 141/59, 604/321, 604/118
International ClassificationA61M1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M1/0013
European ClassificationA61M1/00A6