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Publication numberUS3752512 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 14, 1973
Filing dateJan 24, 1972
Priority dateJan 24, 1972
Publication numberUS 3752512 A, US 3752512A, US-A-3752512, US3752512 A, US3752512A
InventorsGilb T
Original AssigneeSimpson Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Single-thickness seat hanger
US 3752512 A
Abstract
A metal hanger for use in wood frame construction adapted for attachment to a support such as a carrying beam for receiving a joist member. The hanger consists of a back, a pair of sides, a seat and a uniquely folded connecting area connecting the sides and the seat. The seat consists of a single thickness of material and the distance between the bottom of the joist and the bottom of the hanger constitutes no more than a single thickness of said material.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Gilb Simpson Company, San Leandro, Calif.

Filed: Jan. 24, 1972 Appl. No.: 220,041

Inventor:

Assignee:

US. Cl. 287/2094 Int. Cl. F16!) 5/00 Field of Search 287/2094, 20.95, 287/2092 C; 220/62; 229/32 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2/l904 Eberhardt 287/2094 3/ 1969 Lock 229/32 11] 3,752,512 Aug.-l4, 1973 9/ i965 Schmitt 220/62 5/1962 Findleton 287/2094 ABSTRACT A metal hanger for use in wood frame construction adapted for attachment to a support such as a carrying beam for receiving a joist member. The hanger consists of a back, a pair of sides, a seat and a uniquely folded connecting area connecting the sides and the seat. The seat consists of a single thickness of material and the distance between the bottom of the joist and the bottom of the hanger constitutes no more than a single thickness of said material.

lClaim,7Drawingl1gures 1 SINGLE-THICKNESS SEAT HANGER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION It has become general practice in the light, wood frame building construction industry to attach the ceiling joist members to the carrying beams by means of metal hangers. These hangers are formed from a single sheet of flat metal, but in order to obtain the required loading requirements, it has been necessary to bend the material so that in the seat area there is at least a double thickness of material at the edges. This thickening in the seat area causes a problem in sheet rocking of the ceilings. The ceiling sheet rock must bend over each of the lower portions of the hangers causing a bulge in the sheet rock and giving a slight ripple effect to the ceiling. Further, the bending of the sheet rock places a strain on the sheet rock nails and popping of nails or the plaster around the nails in the vicinity of the bulding sheet rock is a common problem.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION hanger with a single-thickness seat which meets or exceeds the strength requirements of the Uniform Building Code and other governmental building requirements, uses a minimum amount of material, may be machine mass produced and competitively priced.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE, DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the device constructed in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the sheet material before folding into the shape shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a side view of the device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a front view of the device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 5 is a top view of the device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 6 is a bottom view of the device shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is an isometric view of the device shown as it would appear in a typical frame building. A portion of the ceiling sheet rock is indicated by the letter D.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION The present invention consists of a hanger A adapted for attachment to a support B and adapted for receiving a wood joist C and being constructed from a single flat sheet of bendable material, the sheet being divided into areas constituting a back 2, a pair of sides 3 and 4, a seat 6, and connecting areas 7 and 8 connecting the respective sides and the seat, the improvement comprising: the seat being formed from a single thickness of material by folding the material along a line 9 dividing the back from the seat, the connecting areas being folded to form substantially right angles between the sides and the base with all folded areas occurring at the sides of the hanger; a pair of tabs 13 and 14 formed in the connecting areas and being positioned at the sides and folded to frictionally engage the folded portions of the connecting areas; and each of the sides being formed with an opening 16 and 17 set at staggered elevations above the seat and adapted for receiving fasteners I8 and 19 so as to join the sides to the joist to prevent unfolding of the folded connecting areas. The

- hanger is so constructed that the distance between the bottom of the joist and the bottom of the hanger constitutes no more than a single thickness d of the material.

The construction of the upper portion of the hanger is standard design and consists of an offset 21 formed with openings 22 and 23 through which nails are driven into the carrying beam. Openings 24 and 25 are formed in the upper portion of the back of the hanger through which nails are driven into the carrying beam. Embossments 26 are formed at the bend line 27 to strengthen the hanger.

The manner in which the hanger is constructed may be more easily understood by referring to FIG. 2. In this figure, the material is shown in flat sheet form. The sides are formed by folding degrees along fold lines 28 and 29.

In the connecting areas, portions 31 and 32 are folded up along respective fold lines 33 and 34 portions 36 and 37 are folded down 180 degrees along respective fold lines 38 and 39 and portions 36 and 37 are folded upwardly 90 degrees along fold lines 41 and 42.

After the above folds are made, portions of the sides in the vicinity of arrows 43-50 are drawn in the directions indicated by said arrows so that the lower portions of the sides have edges 52 which extend beyond the leading edge 53 of the upper portion of the sides for additional frictional area in engagement with the flap portions. After the cold drawing, the tab portions are folded down 180 along fold lines 54 and 55.

Note in FIG. 2 that each connecting area is cut at an angle to the sides forming edges 57 and 58.

The tabs are forced into frictional engagement with the connecting areas of the hanger but no other connection of the folded area is required. In order to prevent the seat from unfolding, it is necessary to keep the sides 3 and 4 of the hanger in parallel relationship and in close association with the carried joist member. This may be accomplished by affixing the sides to the beam by nails 18 and 19 or other suitable fasteners. Thus the nails perform their usual function of preventing withdrawal of the joist but their primary function is to coact with the construction of the hanger to prevent failure of the hanger in the seat area due to unfolding of the hanger in the connecting areas. This rather unique fact changes the loads attained in a given series of hangers from the barely adequate range of 5,500 to 6,000 lbs to the very adequate range of 7,500-8,000 lbs.

The hanger thus described may be constructed in various sizesand various gages. As an example, the hanger may be made according to the following specifications: seat l 9/l6 X 2 inches; top flange 1 5/16 X 3% inches, distance from seat to top flange may range from about 5% to 13 '6; inches, material l8-gage galvanized steel.

I claim:

1. A hanger adapted for attachment to a support and adapted for receiving a wood joist and being constructed from a single flat sheet of bendable material; said sheet being divided into areas constituting a back, a pair of sides, a seat and a connecting area connecting said sides and said seat; the improvement comprising:

3 4 a. said seat being formed from a single thickness of the bottom of the hanger constitutes no more than said material by folding said material along a line a single thickness of said material; and; dividing said back from said seat; f. said sides being folded 90 degrees to said back b. said connecting area being folded to form a subalong fold lines wherein the seat and adjacent side stantially right angle between said sides and said 5 portions are formed by folding each of the connectbase, and all folded areas occurring at the sides of ing areas as follows; said hanger; 1. starting at a first point below and substantially in 0. each connecting area is cut at an angle to said sides alignment with said side fold lines and extending with a pair of tabs formed in said connecting area along a line outwardly to the outer edge of said having their bend lines coextensive with said angle side, fold the portion below said line 180 and being positioned at the sides and folded to fricupwardly; tionally engage the folded portions of said connect- 2. starting at said first point and extending diagoing areas; nally downwardly along a line substantially coind. each of said sides being formed with an opening cident with a line forming the upper edge of said spaced above said seat adapted for receiving a fastab, fold the area below said line 180' tener adapted to join said sides to said joist to predownwardly along said line; and vent unfolding of said folded connecting area; 3. along a line coincident to the edge formed by e. said material being folded and positioned so that said angular cut, bend said tab downwardly 180.

the distance between the bottom of the joist and

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US753053 *Jul 10, 1903Feb 23, 1904 Joist-hanger
US3036347 *May 31, 1957May 29, 1962Easybow Engineering & Res CoJoist hanger
US3207357 *Jan 28, 1963Sep 21, 1965Schmitt AloisFoldable container from plastic material
US3432085 *Oct 27, 1967Mar 11, 1969Mead CorpPanel interlocking arrangement
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3945741 *Jan 6, 1975Mar 23, 1976United States Gypsum CompanySelf-aligning hanger attachment bracket for structural steel joists
US4291996 *Jul 1, 1980Sep 29, 1981Simpson Manufacturing Co., Inc.Positive nail angling device for metal connectors
US4462629 *Aug 23, 1982Jul 31, 1984Hitachi, Ltd.Construction of car structure
US4525971 *Apr 9, 1984Jul 2, 1985Kern Gilbert GAttachment clip for suspended woodbeam ceiling
US4560301 *Jan 3, 1984Dec 24, 1985Simpson Strong-Tie, Company, Inc.Heavy slope and skew sheet metal hanger and method of making same
US4594017 *Jun 17, 1985Jun 10, 1986Altech Industries, Inc.Joist hanger and blank therefor
US4665672 *Mar 20, 1985May 19, 1987Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.One piece, non-welded holdown
US4920725 *Feb 14, 1989May 1, 1990Truswal Systems CorporationSelf-gripping hanger device
US5104252 *Oct 31, 1991Apr 14, 1992Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Hanger connection
US5367853 *Mar 5, 1993Nov 29, 1994Bryan; RobertPrefabricated deck system
US5603580 *May 30, 1995Feb 18, 1997Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Positive angle fastener device
US6523321Aug 27, 1999Feb 25, 2003Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Snap-in hanger
US6698971Mar 3, 2000Mar 2, 2004Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Wood connector of sheet metal
US7334372Oct 15, 2004Feb 26, 2008Simpson Strong-Tie Co., Inc.Top flange hanger with strengthening embossment
US8250827 *Jun 26, 2006Aug 28, 2012Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Hanger with gripping tabs
US8413402Aug 24, 2010Apr 9, 2013Worthington Armstrong VentureBeam clip with teeth
US8424250Oct 28, 2009Apr 23, 2013Building Performance Americas Ltd.Method and apparatus for retrofit connection of roof to wall
US9206594Sep 4, 2014Dec 8, 2015Columbia Insurance CompanyHanger with locator tooth
US9228338 *Oct 18, 2006Jan 5, 2016Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Wide back flange hanger
US9476201 *Nov 27, 2012Oct 25, 2016Worthington Armstrong VentureBeam clip with teeth
US20040096269 *Nov 20, 2002May 20, 2004George ShahnazarianJoist hangers
US20050287938 *Oct 18, 2004Dec 29, 2005Goei Co. Ltd.Cutting apparatus with dust discharging
US20070119108 *Nov 14, 2005May 31, 2007Downard Evan MEnd cap for wood frame construction
US20070193194 *Jan 26, 2007Aug 23, 2007Marlows Timber Engineering Ltd.Joists and Floor Panels containing same
US20070294979 *Jun 26, 2006Dec 27, 2007Jin-Jie LinHanger with gripping tabs
US20080202057 *Feb 8, 2008Aug 28, 2008Wall Harlin JJoist and beam hanger for connecting transverse members to a U-shaped edge beam
US20080286038 *May 15, 2007Nov 20, 2008Ogden Stephen FRetrofitting apparatus for reinforcement of roof frame structure
US20080308686 *May 19, 2006Dec 18, 2008I.C.M. GroupConnecting Part and Set of Orientable Connecting Parts
US20100031601 *Oct 18, 2006Feb 11, 2010Jin-Jie LinWide back flange hanger
US20100043310 *Oct 28, 2009Feb 25, 2010Platts Robert EMethod and apparatus for retrofit connection of roof to wall
WO1990010765A1 *Mar 7, 1990Sep 20, 1990Charles Edward HarrisJoist hangers
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/190, 403/232.1
International ClassificationE04B1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/2608
European ClassificationE04B1/26B1
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 14, 1983ASAssignment
Owner name: SIMPSON STRONG-TIE COMPANY, INC. 1450 DOOLITTLE DR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SIMPSON MANUFACTURING CO., INC., A CORP. OF CA;REEL/FRAME:004162/0330
Effective date: 19830707