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Publication numberUS3753841 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 21, 1973
Filing dateMay 9, 1972
Priority dateMay 9, 1972
Publication numberUS 3753841 A, US 3753841A, US-A-3753841, US3753841 A, US3753841A
InventorsS Wheeler
Original AssigneeLitton Business Systems Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pressure recording sheet
US 3753841 A
Abstract
Stock comprising a pressure recording sheet including a protective transparent overlay sheet, an opaque pressure clarifiable coating under said overlay sheet, and a base sheet adhesively secured to the blush coat. The adhesive for securing the base sheet to the overlay sheet is of a color contrasting with the color of opaque coat so that in response to localized pressure on the overlay sheet, the opaque coat transparentizes and reveals the contrastingly colored adhesive to produce a record.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 [111 3,753,841

Wheeler Aug. 21, 1973 PRESSURE RECORDING SHEET 2,939,802 6/1960 Werle et a1. 1l7/36.7

[ Inventor: Seth wheeler Clark Su mit a. 3,441,948 4/1969 OildiS l17/36.7

[73] Assignee: Litton Business Systems, Inc., New FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Y k N Y 552,744 2/1958 Canada ll7/36.7

[22] Filed: May 1972 Primary Examiner-George F. Lesmes PP 251,847 Assistant Examiner-Charles E. Lipsey Related US. Application Data [63] Continuation of Ser. No. 27,915, April 13, 1970,

abandoned,

[52] US. Cl 161/6, 117/36.7, 161/406, 161/410 [51] Int. Cl. B4lm 5/16, B32b 7/06 [58] Field of Search 161/6, 410, 406; 1l7/36.7

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,505,475 4/1950 Green ll7/36.9

2,648,924 8/1953 Brewster l17/36.7

2,898,112 8/1959 Flower et al ll7/36.7

Attorney-Arthur T. Groeninger 57] ABSTRACT Stock comprising a pressure recording sheet including a protective transparent overlay sheet, an opaque pressure clarifiable coating under said overlay sheet, and a base sheet adhesively secured to the blush coat, The adhesive for securing the base sheet to the overlay sheet is of a color contrasting with the color of opaque coat so that in response to localized pressure on the overlay sheet, the opaque coat transparentizes and reveals the contrastingly colored adhesive to produce a record.

1 Claim, 2 Drawing Figures PRO TE C T/ l E LA YER 3' OP/JQUE PRESSURE CLAR/SE /ABLE F/L M PRESSURE SEA/S/T/l E RELEASE SHEET ADHES/VE 7' a RELEASE c047 l "BASE SHEET /3 PAIENTEOwcz: ms R 3.7533341 PROTE C T/ V E LA VER 3 L OPAOUE PRESSURE CLAR/F/A BLE F/LM ADHESIVE 7 84 SE SHEET 9 PROTE C T/VE S LA yER 3' f; S x OPA QUE PRESSURE CLAIR/74 BLE F/L M PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE 7 RELEASE COAT ll BASE SHEET /3 INVENTOR S E T H WH E E L E R ATTORNEY PRESSURE RECORDING SHEET This is a continuation, of application Serial No. 27,9l5, filed Apr. 13, 1970, now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Recently introduced and find widespread application is a new continuous form label which is of a three ply sandwich construction consisting of a release sheet, a carbonless copy sheet and an overlay protective sheet. The carbonless copy sheet is of the Action" brand carbonless paper such as described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,550,473 and 3,020,171.

Writing, typing or EDP print out creates and image on these labels that is sealed under a protective coating. This label construction protects label information from abrasion, weather, moisture, and unautorized alteration and has use as nameplates, warranties, inventory control stickers, service and repair forms and numerous other applications.

To date, however, the system has not proved satisfactory. The Action" paper is highly porous and the ad hesive used to secure it to the overlay sheet and to the underlying release sheet has a tendency to migrate into the sheet thereby destroying its properties.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention comprises a top protective layer of plastic, a first underlayer comprising an opaque pressure clarifiable coating, a second underlayer comprising a layer of adhesive having a color contrasting with the blush coat and a fourth base layer.- If the adhesive employed is a pressure sensitive adhesive, the base sheet can comprise a release sheet which can be removed thereby allowing'the assembly to be secured to any desired surface.

A stylus bearing against the overlay sheet transparentizes the opaque layer so as to reveal the underlaying contrastingly colored adhesive layer.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring to FIG. 1, the label assembly 1 of the present invention is seen to comprise a top protective layer 3, a opaque coating 5, an adhesive layer 7, and a base sheet 9.

The protective layer 3 may comprise any transparent plastic material having sufficient flexibility to permit stylus pressure bearing thereagainst to transparentize opaque coating 5. Suitable materials include plastic such as polyvinyl chloride, cellophane, polyethylene, etc. Generally, the film thickness should not exceed 20 mils in order to allow pressure to be transmitted therethrough.

The opaque coating 5 is coated on plastic layer 3 and may be formed from conventional film forming material now used for pressure writing wherein opaque pressure clarifiable films overlie a layer of contrasting color. For example, it may comprise a blush coat of the type described in U. S. Pat. No. 2,939,802 to Werle; and by this reference incorporated herein, comprising a film forming resin together with solvents which, on drying, blush due to moisture condensing on the film. Another conventional opaque coating is of the type described in U. S. Pat. No. 3,020,172 to D. F. A. Molinhaupt, and by this reference incorporated herein, wherein a resin is dissolved in a low boiling solvent and mixed with a high boiling solvent in which the resin is insoluble. On drying, the low boiling solvent goes off thereby increasing the concentration of the high boiling at a given point precipitates the resin causing the film to opacify. Another conventional opaque coating is of The adhesive layer 7 may comprise any conventional adhesive such as those of the heat activated type, or water remoistenable type or pressure sensitive type. Wtih regard to the latter, the second embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 2 uses such adhesive and will hereinafter be more particularly described.

To the adhesive is added a pigment or dye so as to color the adhesive in contrast to the film. Colored pigments such as carbon black, iron oxide, chrome orange may be used. The amount of pigment added is not critical with the amount being adjusted to meet color requirements.

The base sheet 9 may comprise any grade of paper, plastic or cloth, the choice of which depends on the integrity desired in the final product.

The above assembly is formed by coating the oapque coating 5 on the protective plastic layer 3. The adhesive is then coated on the base sheet9 and it is then laminated to the opaque coating layer 3.

The coatings are applied by any one of the well known methods, such as roll coatings, doctor blade coatings, knife coatings, etc. and dried in an oven at proper temperatures and lineal speed in accordance with conventional practice. v

Referring to FIG. 2, a second embodiment of the present invention is shown which is identical to theembodiment illustrated in FIG. 1, except that a pressure sensitive adhesive layer 7' is used in conjunction with a release sheet to protect the adhesive. The release H sheet comprises a release layer 11 and base sheet '13.

The assembly illustrated in FIG. 2 allows the recording to be conveniently applied to any desired surface once the release sheet is removed.

The pressure sensitive layer 7 may be of any conventional type such as rubber based pressure sensitive adhesive containing conventional ingredients such as anti-oxidants and-small quantities of tackifying resins and other adhesion promotors.

The release layer 11 which is in contact with the pressure sensitive adhesive, may comprise any conventional material used for release such as nitrocellulose, cellulose triacetate, silicone, etc.

The release layer 11 is coated on base sheet 13 by any conventional technique. The base sheet may be selected from any grade of paper, cloth, or plastic.

The following is an example of a recording sheet constructed in accordance with the present invention.

EXAMPLE I A coating batch was prepared comprising (parts are by weight):

Cellulose acetate butyrate l0 Dioctyl phthalate (plasticzer) l Polyethylene glycol L5 Methanol I 47.5 Acetone 40 The dioactyl phthalate, methanol and acetone are mixed together and then the cellulose acetate was added slowly with agitation until fully dissolved. Then the polyethylene glycol was added slowly until dissolved.

The above mix was coated, by wire wound rod, on a 3 mil film of cellulose acetate to a coating thickness of about 0.5 mils. The film was then subjected to forced air which caused the coating to partially dry and blush. The drying was then completed in an oven at 90 C.

A sheet of silicone coated release sheet was then coated on the silicone side with a blue colored pressure sensitive adhesive.

The adhesive coated release sheet was then laminated by use of a two roll laminator to the blush coated film with adhesive adhering to the blush coating.

The film was then typed on causing the blush coat to transparentize in typed areas thereby revealing the blue colored adhesive and producing a record.

The adhesive preferentially adhered to the blushed coating thereby allowing the release layer to be peeled off and the record adhered to a desired surface.

The foregoing is considered illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction shown and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to as falls within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed:

1. The combination comprising a transparent plastic layer, an opaque blush coat under said plastic layer capable of transparentizing in areas subject to writing pressure, an adhesive layer under and in contact with said opaque coat having a color contrasting with the color of said opaque coat, said adhesive comprising a pressure-sensitive adhesive capable of adhering to a surface solely by application of manual pressure, and a release sheet having a release coating thereon under and in contact with said adhesive layer

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2505475 *Nov 10, 1948Apr 25, 1950Ncr CoPressure sensitive record material
US2648924 *Dec 16, 1949Aug 18, 1953Brewster Ernest BillingsLabel structure
US2898112 *Sep 1, 1954Aug 4, 1959Dictaphone CorpIndicator slips with blushed lacquer coating
US2939802 *Nov 13, 1957Jun 7, 1960Uarco IncPressure sensitive recording material and method of making same
US3441948 *Sep 29, 1967Apr 29, 1969Techni Rite Ind ParkRecorder utilizing luminescent trace
CA552744A *Feb 4, 1958Minnesota Mining & MfgHeat-sensitive copying-paper
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3884505 *Apr 23, 1973May 20, 1975Morgan Adhesives CoMarking film
US3938659 *Jun 24, 1974Feb 17, 1976Wardwell Charles RFrangible bonding using blush lacquer and packaging bonded therewith
US4235951 *Jun 7, 1977Nov 25, 1980D. Swarovski & Co., GlasschleifereiGlass mirror film, and methods for its production and use
US4276334 *Nov 27, 1978Jun 30, 1981General Company LimitedPressure sensitive recording sheet
US4296179 *Oct 24, 1975Oct 20, 1981Wardwell Charles RFrangible bonding using blush lacquer
US4328276 *Feb 11, 1980May 4, 1982D. Swarvoski & Co., GlasschleifereiGlass mirror mat construction and methods for forming and using the same
WO1993017876A1 *Mar 11, 1993Sep 16, 1993Heirler, HorstWiping-proof labelling device
Classifications
U.S. Classification428/41.6, 428/918
International ClassificationB41M5/124
Cooperative ClassificationB41M5/124, Y10S428/918
European ClassificationB41M5/124
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 13, 1984AS01Change of name
Owner name: VICON FIBER OPTICS CORP.
Owner name: VICON PRODUCTS CORP.
Effective date: 19810414
Aug 13, 1984AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: LITTON BUSINESS SYSTEMS, INC.
Owner name: TECHNOGRAPHICS FITCHBURG COATED PRODUCTS, INC., 60
Effective date: 19840427
Aug 13, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: TECHNOGRAPHICS FITCHBURG COATED PRODUCTS, INC., 60
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LITTON BUSINESS SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004301/0222
Effective date: 19840427
Owner name: VICON FIBER OPTICS CORP.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:VICON PRODUCTS CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004289/0006
Effective date: 19810414