US 3754346 A
A spring-actuated spin casting rod in which the rod is spring-moved from a right angularly related retracted position to an extended position by a spring force. The spring force is provided by two springs, one of which is connected at one end by a first cable to the rod, and has its other end connected to the handle portion. The second spring is mounted within the first spring and is connected at one end to the first cable and at its other end to a second cable. The second cable extends rearwardly to acuate a reel-locking lever. All of the mechanism relating to the improved device is contained within the hollow rod when the rod is in its extended position with no part of the mechanism interfering with the normal actuation of the rod in spin casting by hand.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Worsham Aug. 28, 1973 SPRlNG-ACTUATED SPIN CASTING ROD  Filed: Dec. 14, 1971  Appl. No.: 207,917
 US. Cl. 43/19  Int. Cl A0lk 91/02  Field of Search 43/19, 19.2; 124/7  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,525,174 8/1970 Worsham 43/19 1,226,162 5/1917 Attula 43/19 3,165,855 1/1965 Stephenson... 43/19 2,765,568 10/1956 Kozar i 43/19 3,143,823 8/1964 Brown et a1. 43/19 3,217,442 11/1965 Nygren 43/19 FOREIGN PATENTS 0R APPLICATIONS 1,027,766 2/1953 France 43/19 Primary Examiner-Russell R. Kinsey Assistant Examiner-James H. Czerwonky Attorney-J-lyman Berman et al.
[5 7] ABSTRACT A spring-actuated spin casting rod in which the rod is spring-moved from a right angularly related retracted position to an extended position by a spring force. The spring force is provided by two springs, one of which is connected at one end by a first cable to the rod, and has its other end connected to the handle portion. The second spring is mounted within the first spring and is connected at one end to the first cable and at its other end to a second cable. The second cable extends rearwardly to acuate a reel-locking lever. All of the mechanism relating to the improved device is contained within the hollow rod when the rod is in its extended position with no part of the mechanism interfering with the normal actuation of the rod in spin casting by hand.
2 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures SPRING-ACTUATED SPIN CASTING ROD The primary object of the invention is to provide a spring-actuated spin casting device for moving the line rapidly outwardly from the rod and reel when released.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following specification when considered in light of the attached drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of the invention illustrating the rod in extended position;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of the invention with the rod illustrated in retracted position;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary top plan view of the invention, taken along the line 33 of FIG. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of FIG. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary bottom plan view of the invention taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken along the line 66 of FIG. 4, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 7 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 4, illustrating a modified form of the invention; and
FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse sectional view taken along the line 8-8 of FIG. 7, looking in the direction of the arrows.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein like reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures, the reference numeral 10 indicates generally a spring-actuated spin casting rod constructed in accordance with the invention.
The spin casting rod 10 includes a handle 11 having a recessed portion 12 to receive a spin casting reel 13 which is secured therein by a hand-operated screw 14.
The handle 11 has an externally threaded shank 15 exteriding forwardly therefrom to receive an internally threaded grip 16 threaded thereon. The shank 15 and the grip 16 have a continuous bore 17 extending therethrough.
A generally cylindrical ferrule 18 has a reduced diameter cylindrical extension 19 formed thereon and secured to the grip 16, as can be seen in FIG. 4. The ferrule 18 has a longitudinal bore 20 communicating with the bore 17. An elongate tubular forepiece 21 encompasses the ferrule 18 and the forward end of the grip 16 and is secured to the ferrule 18 by a set screw 22. The forepiece 21 is hollow and has an aperture 23 formed in the underside thereof adjacent the outer end thereof. An aperture 24 is formed in the upper face of the forepiece 21 extending to the outer end thereof.
A shive 25 is positioned within the forepiece 21 and is journaled on a transverse shaft 26 extending thereacross. An elongate body 27 is positioned in the outer end of the forepiece 21 and is secured thereto by a transverse pivot pin 28 which extends transversely of the forepiece 21. The set screw 29 extends into the body 47 to lock the body 27 to the pivot pin 28. A groove 30 is formed in the rear end of the body 27 and extends along the lower face thereof forwardly of the pivot pin 28 terminating in a vertical bore 31. The body 27, when pivoted in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 4 about the center of the pivot pin 8, has the rear portion 32 thereof extending downwardly through the aperture 23 and the forward portion 33 extending upwardly through the aperture 24.
A conventional casting rod 34 is inserted into a bore 35 in the body 27 and is secured therein by set screws 36. The rod 34 has conventional line guides 37 secured thereto in aligned relation. A fish line 38 extends from the reel 13 through the guides 37 to a hook carrying lure 39 mounted on the outer end thereof.
A cable 40 has one end secured in the bore 31 and extends through the groove 30 over the shaft 26 and rearwardly in the forepiece 21. A coil spring 41 is secured at its forward end to the cable 40 and at its rear end to a transverse pin 42 extending across the ferrule 18. A second coil spring 43 is positioned within the coil spring 41 and is secured at its forward end to the cable 40. The second coil spring 43 is secured at its rear end to a cable 44 which extends through the bores 20 and 17 rearwardly being connected at its rear end to the spinning reel release lever 45.
In the use and operation of the invention, as illus trated in FIGS. 1 through 6, when it is desired to shoot the line outwardly in a cast, the pole 34 is grasped and moved to the position illustrated in FIG. 2. The cable 40 applies tension to the springs 41, 43 and through the spring 43 applies tension on the cable 44, causing the lock lever 45 to be depressed to lock the reel 13 against the movement of line 34 therefrom. The pole 34 is then released and the spring 41 pulls against the rear portion 32 of the body 27 and whips the pole 34 downwardly to the position illustrated in FIG. 1, launching the lure 39 and the line 38 so that they are cast outwardly. Simultaneously, with the movement of the rod 34 downwardly, tension is released on the cable 44 to release the lever 45 to permit the line 38 to leave the reel 13.
The spin casting reel 13 is completely conventional constructed similar to the reels disclosed in my prior US. Pat. No. 3,525,174, Brown et al., No. 3,l43,823, and Nygren, No. 3,217,442. The lever 45 of the reel 13 locks the reel 13 against the movement of line 38 therefrom when the lock lever 45 is depressed. On its release, it is spring-biased to a released position, permitting the line 38 to leave the reel 13.
As can be seen in FIG. 1, none of the mechanism actuating the rod 34 extends outwardly from the forepiece 21 when the rod 34 is in its extended position. It should be noted that the spin casting rod 10 may be used conventionally for hand casting with no interference from the mechanism for shooting the line outwardly.
In FIGS. 7 and 8, a modified form of the invention is illustrated and includes a forepiece 21' identical to the forepiece 21, a ferrule 18' identical to the ferrule 18, and a grip 16 identical to the grip 16.
An elastic cord 41' has one end secured to a transverse pin 42 extending across the ferrule 18 and intermediate its opposite ends is connected to a cable 40'. The elastic cord 41' has a portion 43' extending from the cable 40' and connected to a cable 44' which operates in the same manner as the cable 44 in the preferred form of the invention.
The elastic cable 41' and the portion 43' thereof connected to the cable 40' operates in the identical manner as the springs 41, 43 to simu taneously provide the spring power to whip the rod 34- fonvardly and downwardly and to release the reel lock lever 45 so as to release the line 38 from the reel L3.
Having thus described the preferred embodiments of the invention, it should be understood that numerous structural modifications and adaptations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A spin casting fishing rod comprising a handle having a spin casting reel of the type including a lever locking the line in the reel when actuated and releasing the line when unactuated and being detachably secured thereto, a tubular forepiece, means securing said tubular forepiece to said handle, a body pivotally mounted in the forward end of said forepiece and swingable from a position aligned with said forepiece to a position at substantial right angles to said forepiece, a rod secured to said body and movable therewith, means in said forepiece for resiliently biasing said body in a direction toward alignment of said body with said forepiece, and
means in said forepiece connected to said lever for actuating said lever for locking said reel on movement of said body in a direction out of alignment with said forepiece and for unlocking said reel upon movement of said body in a direction toward alignment of said body with said forepiece, said means for resiliently biasing said body with respect to said forepiece comprising a coil spring secured at one end in said forepiece and enclosed therein, a first cable connected to said body and to said spring and extending between said body and the opposite end of said spring, a second coil spring mounted within said first coil spring and connected to said first cable at one end, and a second cable, said second spring being connected at its other end to said sec ond cable, said second cable extending from said second coil spring to said lever of said reel.
2. A device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a grip is secured to said handle and extends to said forepiece to provide the means connecting said forepiece to said handle.