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Publication numberUS3754701 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 28, 1973
Filing dateAug 10, 1971
Priority dateOct 15, 1964
Also published asCA944332A1, DE1518502A1, DE1518502B2, DE1518502C3, DE2041371B1, US3574701
Publication numberUS 3754701 A, US 3754701A, US-A-3754701, US3754701 A, US3754701A
InventorsP Bruning
Original AssigneeWestfalia Separator Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self cleaning centrifuge drum with a piston valve defining one side of the sludge chamber
US 3754701 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Bruning SELF CLEANING CENTRIFUGE DRUM WITH A PISTON VALVE DEFINING ONE SIDE OF THE SLUDGE CHAMBER [75] Inventor: Paul Bruning, Oelde. Germany [73] Assignee: Westfalia Separator AG,

Oelde/Westfalen, Germany [22] Filed: Aug. 10, 1971 [2]] Appl. No.: 170,532

[30] Foreign Application Priority Data Aug. 20, 1970 Germany P 20 41 371.2

[52] US. Cl 233/20 A [51] Int. Cl B04b 11/00 [58] Field of Search 233/14 R, 14 A, 19 R, 233/19 A, 20 R, 20 A [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2.840.302 6/1958 Steinacker et al. 233/20 A 3.081.028 3/1963 Steinacker 233/20 R 2,862,659 12/1958 Nyrop 233/20 A 2.487.364 11/1949 Ortenblad 233/20 A 3.160.580 12/1964 Stone 233/20 A FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 963,524 H1950 France 233/20 R Aug. 28, 1973 Primary Examiner-George H. Krizmanich A ttorney Ralph D. D inkla ge and Arnold Sprung [5 7] ABSTRACT A centrifugal separator constructed for intermittent discharge of sludge. One end member of the separator drum is a valve piston closure movable vertically to open and close sludge discharge nozzles disposed at the outer periphery of the drum. The valve piston closure forms one end of the sludge chamber in the drum. Radially inwardly of the sludge chamber, a cap is mounted in the separator drum covering a part of the valve piston closure and the cap and valve piston closure are in sliding sealing contact, providing a chamber on the drum side of the valve piston closure for receiving and holding fluid to force the valve piston closure to the open position. On other side of the valve piston closure. a chamber is provided for receiving fluid for closing of the valve.

4 Claims, 1 Drawing Figure Patented Aug. 28,1973 3,754,701

V/ \10 I 9 b 12 11 o a\ 7 6 3 8 INVENTOR; BY PAUL BRUNING' BURGESS. DINKLAGE 8 SPRUNG ATTORNEYS SELF CLEANING CENTRIFUGE DRUM WITH A PISTON VALVE DEFINING ONE SIDE OF THE SLUDGE CHAMBER BACKGROUND The invention relates to centrifuge drums in which the valve piston closure (sometimes herein called the piston valve") which opens and closes the sludge ejection apertures in the periphery of the drum, defines one end of the sludge chamber. Drums of this type of construction have only one control chamber located on the outer side of the piston valve i.e., the side opposite the one facing the sludge chamber. When control fluid is pumped into this control chamber, the fluid pressure which builds up and acts on the outer side of the piston valve displaces the latter to its closed position. When the control fluid is released from this chamber, the pressure of the drum charge acting on its inner side shifts it to the open position. A drum of this kind is known, for example, through German Pat. No. 963,139.

German Pat. No. 1,000,292 discloses another drum construction in which the piston valve is disposed between two control chambers into which control fluid can be pumped. In this design the piston valve is not affected by the pressure of the drum charge. What determines its movements to the closed or open position is the pressure difference which is brought about in each case by means of the control fluid and which results from the two pressures exerted on its outer and inner sides by the fluid in the control chambers. The introduction of control fluid into the valve opening chamber located on the inner side of the valve displaces the valve to its open position. During the desludging operation, the valve opening chamber remains virtually filled with controlfluid so that the valve opening pressure acting on the piston valve is sustained until the drum is completely emptied, thereby assuring that the valve will remain all the way open. The annular gap between the piston valve and the adjacent vertically spaced part of the drum (thegap through which'the solids are discharged), therefore, will attain its full width, so that the solids that have collected in the sludge chamber of the drum will be entirely ejected.

In contrast to this, in the case of drum designs in which the piston valve defines one end of the sludge chamber, the pressure acting on the piston valve to open it diminishes steadily as the level of the drum charge recedes. As a result, the annular gap never attains its full width, so that there is no assurance ofa uniform ejection of any-solids that tend to cake up. And solids that remain in the drum in an irregular pattern can result in severe imbalance in the drum.

THE INVENTION The invention is addressed to the problem of constructing a centrifuge drum with a piston valve defining one end of the sludge chamber in such a manner that,

in its movement towards the open position, the valve' valve, and which forms with the piston valve an externally closed chamber which is in communication at the inner end thereof with the valve closing chamber.

After the valve closing chamber is filled with control fluid the chamber between the piston valve and the cap is also filled with control fluid which acts on the piston valve in the opening sense. This, however, does not necessitate a greater valve closing pressure, because in prior-art drums of this kind which do not have the above-described cap, the drum charge in this area exerts the same pressure on the piston valve in the opening sense. On the other hand, however, the operning pressure in the chamber remains in full force when the drum opens and the liquid level of the charge shifts outwardly and finally no more liquid remains in the drum. Thus the invention is directed to an improvement in centrifugal separators constructed for intermittent discharge of sludge, comprising a rotably mounted separator drum having an upper end member and a lower end member, at least one sludge discharge passageway disposed at the radially outward periphery thereof, a distributor disposed centrally within the drum, and a sludge chamber disposed outwardly of the distributor. One of the said end members is valve piston closure movable vertically to open and close, the sludge discharge passageway for desludging. The valve piston' closure definesone end of the sludge chamber. A closing chamber is disposed outwardly of the piston closure member, extending from adjacent the axis of the drum to adjacent the radially periphery thereof. The closing chamber is defined in part by the axially outward side of the piston closure member. This closing chamber is for receiving and discharging fluid for, respectively, forcing the piston closure member to the closed position and relieving force holding the piston closure member in the closed position. Means are provided for supplying fluid to the closing chamber and for the discharge of fluid therefrom.

The invention provides the improvement which com prises a cap mounted in the drum covering at least a portion of the valve piston closure on the axially inwardly disposed side thereof, and on the radially inwardly disposed side of the sludge chamber. The cap, together with the portion of the valve piston closure covered thereby, defines an opening chamber for receiving and holding fluid for forcing the valve piston closure to the open position when fluid in the closing chamber has been discharged. Means are included for supplying fluid to the opening chamber for said holding of fluid thereby.

The valve piston closure is in sliding, sealing contact with a radially outwardly disposed portion of the cap. Desirably, the valve piston closure has an axially extending projection in said sliding sealing contact.

The fluid supplying means for the opening chamber can be a bore communicating the closing chamber with a radially inwardly disposed part of the opening chamber.

THE DRAWING An example of the embodiment of the invention is represented in the drawing. 7

The drawing shows a centrifugal separator comprising a rotatably mounted drum having sludge discharge nozzle lb, a distributor ll disposed centrally, therein,

and a sludge chamber 1 disposed outwardly of the distributor.

The upper end of the sludge chamber 1 is defined by the drum top 2 and the lower end is defined by the piston valve 3. As the delivery of control fluid to the fluid capturing channel 4 begins, the relief valve 6 is closed in a prior-art manner through the passage 5 extending from the outer periphery of the channel 4, and a steady feed of a small amount of control fluid is employed in order to hold relief valve 6 in its closed state. After passage 5 is filled up, the control fluid overflows through passage 7 into the valve closing chamber 8. This shifts the piston valve 3 to the closed position. As thus far described, the construction and operation are well known.

In accordance with the invention, the central portion of the piston valve 3 is covered by a cap 9 which in this embodiment is held in a fixed position on the hub 12 by the ribs of the distributor 11. On this cap 9 an axial projection 3a of the valve 3 is guided in its axial movements. Between the cap 9 and piston valve 3 there is formed an opening chamber 13 which is sealed from the interior of the drum by means of sealing rings 14 and 15 and which communicates with the valve closing chamber 8 through a bore 16, which is disposed radially outwardly of the inner lip 4a of capturing channel 4 so that the opening chamber 13will-be filled.

After the valve closing chamber 8 is filled, chamber 13 is also filled with liquid through the passage 16, and this liquid remains in this chamber during the centrifuging operation including the portion of the operating cycle in which the sludge is discharged.

For the ejection of the sludge, the delivery of control fluid is shut off. This causes the relief valve 6 to open and, in a known manner, let the valve closing fluid escape from the valve closing chamber 8 via relief valve 6, while the piston valve 3 moves downwardly. The drum charge is discharged by the centrifugal force through the annular gap that forms between the piston valve 3 and the drum top 2, while the level of the liquid in the drum recedes, causing a constant reduction of the pressure acting on piston valve 3 in the opening sense. The fluid pressure prevailing in opening chamber 13, however, assures that the piston valve will be displaced all the way down to its lowermost limit and that the annular gap will be held completely open for the throughout the time for the ejection of the solids.

The closing chamber 8 can be provided with a calibrated relief bore 17 instead of the hydraulically operated relief valve 6, in known manner.

What is claimed is:

1. In a centrifugal separator constructed for intermittent discharge of sludge, comprising:

a. a rotatably mounted separator drum having an upper end member and a lower end member, at least one sludge discharge passageway disposed at the radially outward periphery thereof, a distributor disposed centrally within the drum, and a sludge chamber disposed outwardly of the distributor,

b. one of said end members being a valve piston closure movable vertically to open and close the sludge discharge passageway for desludging, said valve piston closure defining one end of the sludge chamber,

c. a closing chamber disposed outwardly of the piston closure member extending from adjacent the axis of the drum to adjacent the radially outward periphery thereof, defined in part by the axially outerward side of the piston closure member, for receiving and discharging fluid for, respectively, forcing the piston closure member to the closed position and relieving force for initiating the moving of the piston closure member to its open position under,

the influence of material filling the drum,

d. means for supplying fluid to the closing chamber and means for discharging fluid therefrom, the improvement which comprises:

e. a cap having a radially outwardly disposed portion, mounted in the drum covering at least a portion of the valve piston closure on the axially inwardly disposed side thereof, and on the radially inwardly disposed sid of the sludge chamber, the valve piston closure being in sliding, sealing relation with a radially outwardly disposed portion of the cap, said cap defining with the covered portion of the valve piston closure an opening chamber for receiving and holding fluid for assisting the positioning of the valve piston closure into the open position when material filling the drum recedes outwardly after the movement of the valve piston is initiated by discharging the fluid from the closing chamber, and

f. means for supplying fluid to the opening chamber for said holding of fluid thereby.

2. Separator according to claim 1, said valve piston closure having an axially extending projection in said sliding, sealing contact.

3. Separator according to claim 1, said opening chamber having a radially inwardly disposed portion, said fluid supplying means for the opening chamber (f), comprising a bore communicating the closing chamber with said radially inwardly disposed part of the opening chamber.

4. Separator according to claim 2, said opening chamber having a radially inwardly disposed portion, said fluid supplying means for the opening chamber (1), comprising a bore communicating the closing chamber with said radially inwardly disposed part of the opening chamber.

v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,754,701 v bated August 23, 1973 7 Paul Bruning I Inventor(s) It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

1; First page, Referehces Cited, "3,160,580" should be ---3,160,589. 7

2. 001. 4, line 27 change "Sid" m si.de--.

Signed nd sealed this 3rd day of December 1974'.

(SEAL) Attest: McCOY M." GIBON JR. v c. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-1050 (10 :9)

I Q 3 I uscomn-oc 00310-P60

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2487364 *Apr 17, 1944Nov 8, 1949Superior AbAutomatically opening separator bowl
US2840302 *Jun 1, 1954Jun 24, 1958Westfalia Separator AgCentrifugal separators
US2862659 *May 31, 1956Dec 2, 1958Aage NyropCentrifugal separator
US3081028 *Jun 16, 1959Mar 12, 1963Westfalia Separator AgPeriodic sludge discharging centrifugal drum separators
US3160580 *Oct 25, 1962Dec 8, 1964C Otto & Company G M B H DrProcess for desulfurizing and deodorizing hydrocarbons
FR963524A * Title not available
GB662451A * Title not available
GB858617A * Title not available
SE178744A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3871575 *Mar 15, 1974Mar 18, 1975Westfalia Separator AgCentrifugal separator having valve in passageway beneath distributor foot
US3985292 *Nov 5, 1973Oct 12, 1976Westfalia Separator AgSelf-cleaning centrifuge drum with a piston valve defining one side of the sludge chamber
US4103822 *Jun 6, 1977Aug 1, 1978Alfa-Laval AbCentrifugal separator
US4284233 *Oct 11, 1979Aug 18, 1981Westfalia Separator AgSelf-dumping centrifugal separator drum
US4410319 *Apr 28, 1982Oct 18, 1983Westfalia Separator AgSelf-discharging centrifugal drum
US4505700 *Jan 9, 1984Mar 19, 1985Westfalia Separator AgCentrifuge with a self-emptying drum
CN102240613BJun 16, 2011Dec 4, 2013安徽赛而特离心机有限公司Device for opening, locating and locking cover of disc separator
Classifications
U.S. Classification494/27, 494/40
International ClassificationB01J23/72, B04B1/18, B04B1/14
Cooperative ClassificationB04B1/18, C07C253/08
European ClassificationC07C253/08, B04B1/18