US 375504 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
WATER PROOF GARMENT.
Patented Dec. 27, 1887.
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, strain upon the garment across the shoulders l UNITED STATES PATENT EEicE.
HENRY c. NORTON, OE BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
WATER-PROOF GARNI ENT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 375,504, dated December 27, i887.
Application filed August 25, 1887. Serial No. 247,804. (No model.)
To all whom it 71mg/ concern.-
Beit known that l, HENRY C. NORTON, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and useful lmprovement in Vater-ProofGarments,of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to a water-proof garment which is perforated in its upper part for ventilation and has an external cape covering such perforated part of the body, and which is itself perforated at the neck of the garment and has a flap covering the perforations in the cape. The cape,inas1n uch as its principal portion is below the shoulders, will to a certain extent be out of direct contact with the body of the garment, even though no ribs or projections be provided between the body and the cape, although I deem it preferable to employ such ribs or projections; but the flap which covers the perforations in the cape at the neck of the garment will by its location and by the be caused to hug closely against the cape and close the perforations therein unless some means be employed to prevent it.
To this end myinvention consists in providing ribs or projections between the cape and the flap which covers its perforations, so as to hold the iiap out of contact with the exterior of the cape and maintain the perforations in the cape open for ventilation, as is more fully hereinafterl described, andpointed out in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a back view of a garment embodying my invention, portions ofthe cape and the iiap being broken away to more clearly expose the structure; and Fig. 2 is a vertical section th rough the back portion of the garment.
Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts in both figures.
A designates the body ofthe garment, which in its back is perforated with numerous holes, as shown at a, in its upper part, and these perforations a are covered by an external cape, B, which is secured at its upper edge, and also usually along its vertical edges, and is held out of contact with the back by vertical ribs or flanges b, which are best represented in Fig. 1, and are here shown as extending vertically between the rows of perforations a and as formed upon or secured to the body A of the garment.
In the upper portion of the cape itself, near the point of attachment at the neck of the garment, are perforations b', which afford Ventilation from the space between the cape B and the bodyAnear the top of such space, and these perforations b are covered by a flap, C, which is attached at the neck of the garment. This flap C would, unless other means were employed to prevent, have a natural tendency to hug down closely upon and close the perforations b by reason of the strain across the shoulders and the curvature which is naturally given the flap infwearing the garment, and to prevent this and'maintain the perforations bnormally open for ventilation I arrange between the tlap O and the exterior of the cape B ribs, flanges, or projections c, which are here shown as formed upon or secured to the exterior of the cape B. The ribs, flanges, or projections c between the cape B and the ap C are particularly useful. It would appear at first sight that no such ribs, iianges, or projections are here necessary, Owing to the slight depth of the flap C, but practical use and experiment show that, owing to the peculiar location of the flap C upon the shoulders of the garment, the natural tendency is for it to entirely close the perforations b', and this the presence of the ribs or projections effeetually prevents.
' What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination, with the body of a waterproof coat or garment perforated in its upper part, of an external cape covering such perforated part of the body and itself perforated at the neck of the garment, and a flap covering the perforations in the cape and held out of contact with the cape by the ribs or projections c, substantially as herein described.
HENRY C. NORTON.A
MINERT LINDEMAN, FREDK. HAYNEs.