|Publication number||US3755769 A|
|Publication date||Aug 28, 1973|
|Filing date||Oct 31, 1969|
|Priority date||Oct 31, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3755769 A, US 3755769A, US-A-3755769, US3755769 A, US3755769A|
|Original Assignee||Mc Graw Edison Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (7), Classifications (7), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1 Mikulecky 1 1 Aug. 28, 1973  MODULARl-ZED FUSE WITH PRECISE GAP 1,236,584 8/1917 Manson 317/69 UX 75 Inventor: Herve W. Mikuleck Racine, Wis. 1 y Primary Examiner-Bernard A. Gilheany Asslgneel Mccnw'Edm p y 8 m Assistant Examiner-F. E. Bell Oct. 31, Attorney-Charles A.  Appl. No.: 873,771  ABSTRACT This current limiting fuse has a spider type support for 2% 8 337/158 337/ the main fuse element. This support has a plurality of l 5 d l 8 19 28 segments joined together serially by a cement-like com- 1 e 5'3 161 2 position. Preferably, these segments are of lengths for l 317' 6 establishing fuse sizes corresponding to standard design I voltage ratings such as 8.3 KV, 15.5 KV, 27 KV and 38 KV. An auxiliary fuse element may be wound on the  References Cited spider type support and spaced from the main fusible UNITED STATES PATENTS element. A gap separates the main fusible element and 3,243,552 1 v 3/ 1966 Mikulecky at least one end of the auxiliary element. This gap is de- 2,400,408 5/1 Hacfelfinger fined by the thickness of a porous tape member that Lohausen forms an efi'ective precise gap 2,134,392 10/1938 Barwood 2,833,890 5/1958 Jacobs, Jr. 337/290 X 5 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures Z4 26 4/ 1 as BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This application relates to fuses and, more particularly, to current limiting fuses having auxiliary elements.
Current limiting fuses have been constructed heretofore with a fusible element embedded in a granular inert material of high dielectric strength such as sand or finely divided quartz. Usually the fusible element is in the form of one or more thin conductors of silver wound on a supporting core or spider of high temperature resistant material, such as is described in U. S. Pat. No. 3,437,971, dated Apr. 8, 1969, by the same inventor and assignee as the present invention. Excessive current will cause the fusible element to vaporize, with subsequent cooling of the vapors on the inert material, thereby opening the circuit. An auxiliary fusible element may be wound on the core separated from the main element by a gap to cause multiple arc regions under minimum melting current operation and thereby to more effectively break the circuit. This is shown in U. S. Pat. No. 3,243,552, dated Mar. 29, 1966, by the same inventor and assignee as the present invention, wherein an end gap is stated to be approximately 1/16 inch to 1/32 inch. For the optimum result, this auxiliary element operates more effectively if this gap is minimized further. An indicator fusible element has been placed in parallel with the main fusible elements to cause a visual indication through an indicator button or other means for indicating when the fuse has blown.
As the fuse art has progressed, the need for, first, a greater number of standard fuse sizes and, second, the more precise control of the fusing action has grown. Fuses have been constructed of various lengths according to their voltage ratings. More precise fusing control has been achieved through use of improved fusible elements, through use of specific melt points on the fusible elements, through use of auxiliary elements with a precise gap to the main element and through other means. The present invention has advanced the art in both of the aforementioned areas of need, namely the simplification of standardized fuse lengths and the more precise fusing of the fusible element through use of a more precise gap construction.
It is an object of this invention to provide a current limiting fuse having a spider on which main and auxiliary fusible elements are wound; the auxiliary element being separated from the main element by an improved gap structure.
A current limiting fuse according to this invention has a core or spider constructed of segments that are joined endwise by a cementitious material so that an integral core is formed on which main and auxiliary fusible elements may be wound. A novel gap structure between the main and auxiliary fusible elements is formed by using the thickness of a porous insulating tape to determine the gap spacing. An indicator wire subassembly may occupy a cavity through the center of the spider to support the end pieces and spider segments. A housing normally covers the fusible elements and core. The housing is filled with inert material such as sand. Terminals extend from the fuse ends for connection of the main fusible elements to an external circuit.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a fragmentary longitudinal cross-sectional view through a current limiting fuse embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a view taken on line 2-2 of FIG. 1; and FIG. 3 shows the porous material member used in forming the gap between main and auxiliary fusible elements.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In the drawings, FIG. I shows a current limiting fuse structure with a housing 10 which surrounds the central longitudinally extending core or spider 26 with a main fusible element 36 and auxiliary fusible element 41 wound thereon. Housing 10 may be constructed of suitable insulating material such as glass fiber impregnated with epoxy resin, glass, or fiber.
Spider 26 may be of inert material such as porcelain, but it is constructed preferably of an electrical insulating material adapted to evolve gas in the presence of an are, as is described in U. S. Pat. No. 3,437,971. FIG. 2 shows the preferred cross-sectional view of spider 26 as generally star-shaped. However, other cross-sectional shapes, such as rectangular or circular, may be used for spider 26.
Spider 26 has two equal segments designated as A" and B that are joined by a suitable inorganic refractory cement 27. A suitable cement is sold commercially and designated with the trademark SAUEREISEN. This cement cures to become a ceramic-like material and fulfills the requirement that no carbon be present to create tracking surfaces which interfere with the operation of the fuse.
Various voltage ratings, such as 8.3 KV, 15.5 KV, 27 KV, 38 KV and others are obtained by varying the number of segments joined end to end. While standardization of parts favors use of segments of equal length, the number and length of segments will vary according to the rating of the fuse and the need for a spider with precise linear alignment. In other words, it has been found also that this segmented spider eliminates any problem of camber in the spider.
A pin 28 may be used to align segments A and B prior to the application and curing of the cement 27. This will ensure formation of a continuous helix on which the fusible elements 36 and 41 may be wound, as will be described hereinafter.
Spider 26 is joined to metallic end pieces 11 by an epoxy adhesive 24 or other suitable sealing material. Housing 10 is joined to metallic end pieces 11 also with an epoxy seal 12 or other suitable sealing material. Housing 10 is sufficiently rigid to give support to the entire internal structure. The space between housing 10 and the spider 26 is filled with a granular inert or refractory material 55 of high dielectric strength such as sand or finely divided quartz. This material 55 serves to isolate the fusing action of elements 36 and 41 from the environment outside of housing 10, as is well known to those skilled in the fuse art.
Main fusible element 36 is wound helically on raised shoulders 34 formed on spider 26. This main element 36 may be formed of single or multiple wires or bands formed of silver or other material well known to those skilled in the art. FIG. I shows the use of two parallel bands for element 36 while other designs have used five ribbons in parallel.
The ends of main element 36 are fastened to terminals 38 which are attached to conductive end pieces 11 that are connected into an electrical circuit (not shown).
An auxiliary fusible element 41 is wound helieally on depressions 33 formed into the spider 26.
This auxiliary element 41 may be single or multiple wires or ribbons of silver or copper material. Normally, auxiliary element 41 has a lower, melting current characteristic than the main element 36. The operating sequence for a fuse with main and auxiliary fuse elements is discussed thoroughly in U. S. Pat. No. 3,243,552, mentioned above. Ends of auxiliary element 41 are attached to conductive metallic clips or electrodes 45 fastened to the spider 26. At least one clip 45 is separated from the main fuse elements 36 by the thickness of a porous insulating member or tape 46. FIGS. '1 and 2 illustrate the positions for clip 45, tape 46 and main element 36. It has been found that an unfilled glass fiber tape of approximately 0.003 inch to 0.005 inch thickness provides an ideal minimum gap between main fusible element 36 and metallic clip 45. Some resinous material may be added to the tape to provide rigidity as long as the porosity is not afi'ected. FIG. 3 i!- lustrates this type of porous tape 46. This provides a precise means for switching in the auxiliary fusible element 41 for low fault current clearing.
An indicator wire assembly 47, not shown in detail, extends through the center of spider 26 and activates an indicator button 48 after the fuse has blown.
This indicator wire assembly 47 forms a support for end pieces 11 and the spider segments 26 (A and B") during assembly and thereafter.
While only one embodiment of the invention has been described in the specification and shown in the drawing, this invention should not be limited thereby but should be extended to all similar constructions apparent to those skilled in the art.
1. A current limiting fuse comprising:
electrical connecting terminals mounted on the housing and adapted to connect the fuse into an electrical circuit,
a spider extending longitudinally within the housing,
a main fusible element connected to and between the electrical connecting terminals and wound around the spider,
at least one conductive electrode positioned adjacent the main element,
an auxiliary conductive element wound along a portion of the spider and connected at one end to the electrode, and
a porous woven glass fiber tape positioned at the electrode between said electrode and the main fusible element to thereby space said electrode from said main fusible element by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of said member.
2. A current limiting fuse according to claim 1 wherein said tape has a thickness of about 0.003 inches to 0.005 inches.
3. A current limiting fuse comprising:
electrical connecting terminals adapted to connect the fuse into an electrical circuit,
a spider extending longitudinally within the housing,
a main fusible element connected to the electrical connecting terminals and helically wound around the spider, two electrodes positioned adjacent the main element and spaced apart from each other along the length of the spider,
an auxiliary conductive element wound along a portion of the spider and connected at one end to one electrode and at the other end to the other electrade, and
a porous woven glass fiber tape positioned at each electrode between said electrode and the main fusible element to thereby space said electrode from said main fusible element by a distance substantially equal to the thickness of said member.
4. A current limiting fuse according to claim 3 wherein said tape has a thickness of about 0.003 inches to 0.005 inches.
5. A current limiting fuse according to claim 3 wherein said auxiliary element is a fusible element hav- 1 ing a lower melting current characteristic than the main fusible element.
* is 4: is
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US2134392 *||Aug 16, 1935||Oct 25, 1938||Joachim Barwood Leon||Film cut-out|
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|US2833890 *||Jul 22, 1955||May 6, 1958||Chase Shawmut Co||Fillerless one time fuses|
|US3243552 *||Sep 8, 1964||Mar 29, 1966||Mc Graw Edison Co||Current limiting fuse|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3843948 *||Sep 12, 1973||Oct 22, 1974||Chase Shawmut Co||High-voltage fuse|
|US3866318 *||May 8, 1974||Feb 18, 1975||Chase Shawmut Co||Method of manufacturing high-voltage fuse|
|US3983524 *||Oct 9, 1975||Sep 28, 1976||General Electric Company||Electrical current limiting fuse having fusible element with additional cross-sectional necks at an arcing clip|
|US3983526 *||Oct 9, 1975||Sep 28, 1976||General Electric Company||Current limiting fuse with auxiliary element arcing clip spaced by nonporous dielectric member|
|US4319212 *||Apr 6, 1981||Mar 9, 1982||General Electric Company||Fuse supporting means having notches containing a gas evolving material|
|US4686502 *||Jun 30, 1986||Aug 11, 1987||A. B. Chance Company||Terminal bracket structure for a current limiting fuse|
|US5463366 *||Dec 27, 1993||Oct 31, 1995||Cooper Industries, Inc.||Current limiting fuse and dropout fuseholder|
|U.S. Classification||337/158, 337/229, 337/164|
|International Classification||H01H85/38, H01H85/00|
|Apr 25, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COOPER INDUSTRIES, INC., 1001 FANNIN, HOUSTON, TX
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MCGRAW-EDISON COMPANY, A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004600/0418
Effective date: 19860401
Owner name: COOPER INDUSTRIES, INC., A CORP OF OH,TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCGRAW-EDISON COMPANY, A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:4600/418
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MCGRAW-EDISON COMPANY, A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004600/0418