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Publication numberUS3756586 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 4, 1973
Filing dateDec 16, 1971
Priority dateDec 16, 1971
Also published asCA989430A1, DE2260909A1, DE2260909C2
Publication numberUS 3756586 A, US 3756586A, US-A-3756586, US3756586 A, US3756586A
InventorsCraft J
Original AssigneeIbm
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Selective cut sheet feed device
US 3756586 A
The paper feed mechanism disclosed has the capability of accepting two packs of sheet material or paper of two different sizes, such as letter and legal size, and selectively feeding sheets from one of the stacks in accordance with the condition to which the paper feed mechanism has been conditioned. The placing of the paper stacks on edge with the picker feed mechanism intermediate the stacks allows the feeding of the sheets by one picker or feed mechanism without the shifting of the paper packs from a first or second position. This also allows the feeding of the sheets without having to overcome gravity effects of the paper stack.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 4, 1973 United States Patent 1 Craft SELECTIVE CUT SHEET FEED DEVICE Inventor: James Alexander Craft, Lexington, Primary Examiner Evon Blunk Assignee: International Business Machines Assistant Examiner-James W. Miller AttorneyLaurence R. Letson et al.

Corporation, Armonk, NY.

Dec. 16, I971 ABSTRACT [22] Filed:

Appl. No.: 208,868

The paper feed mechanism disclosed has the capability of accepting two packs of sheet material or paper of two different sizes, such as letter and legal size,

and selectively feeding sheets from one of the stacks in accordance with the condition to which the paper feed mechanism has been conditioned. The placing of the paper stacks on edge with the picker feed mechanism intermediate the stacks allows the feeding of the sheets 7 6 03 A 1 71 V A ,u 7 7 fl m w 6 R I 4 3 I 3 /w l w %2 a 9 B W a" l 2 I" U m m 6h U R .a u e u S L L m C S WM MR U IF I I] 2 8 5 55 I II References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS by one picker or feed mechanism without the shifting of the paper packs from a first or second position. This 271/3 also allows the feeding of thesheets without having to 5 overcome gravity effects of the paper stack.

3,672,664 Santirocco et 2,352,088 6/1944 Evans..................,.

2,953,883 9/1960 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 3 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures 519,942 11/1953 Belgium......................... 198/33 AC PATENTEDSEP 4 ma sum afur 4 FIG. 3

Pmmmscr 4mm 1 3,756,586

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PATENTEllsEr 4 ma saw u or 4 FIG. 9.

SELECTIVE CUT SHEET FEED DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Multisize sheet feeds for selectively feeding material from one of a plurality of sheet packs is well known in the prior art. The techniques which have been employed heretofore have been that of shifting the pack holders from a nonoperative position to an operative or feeding position. This is usually accompanied by some rather extensive equipment for raising and lowering the packs to the desired feed station so that the pack is accurately and properly positioned with respect to the picking and feeding mechanism.

Additional problems were encountered when the picking and separating mechanisms were of necessity inserted over the respective packs thereby requiring either duplication of the picking and separating mechanisms or the withdrawal of these mechanisms prior to shifting of the packs.

Alternate solutions were to shift the feeding route from the fixed pack positions such that the sheet was diverted through a series of guides or feed routes to a common station where subsequent handling was then accomplished. Difficulties with this mechanism required duplication of the initial separating and picking mechanisms as well as duplication of the sheet transport mechanisms to accomplish the transporting of the sheet from the packs to a timing and/or aligning station.

The timing of the feed of sheet material is fairly crucial because the paper must arrive at a waiting station in sufficient time to be allowed to pass from that station on command. In the past, timing has been accomplished in two major ph'asesthe first phase being that of feeding a sheet from the pack and forwarding it to the waiting station. The feeding from the pack is timed such that it arrives at the waiting station shortly before it is required to pass through the waiting station. This allows a small safety factor. The timing coordination is substantially compounded when sheets are fed from the tops of fixed pack holders. This is due to the need for changing the timing such that the most distant pack holder has a feed signal transmitted to its picker earlier than the closest pack holder. If the pack holders are maintained at equidistant feed paths from the waiting and alignment station, the trade off is that of a surplus amount of feed path in one of the paths or a compromise in the positioning of the pack holders. When an effort is .made to overcome this need for, multiple feed paths and the sheets are fed from the adjacent surfaces of the packs using a single picker mechanism, the problem in the implementation of such a system has heretofore been that, when the sheet is fed from the top of one pack, the forces required to feed that sheet are substantially less than the force required to feed a sheet from the bottom of the pack immediately above. The topmost pack is exerting a force on the bottom sheet due to gravity which increases the picker force necessary to effect feeding. Additionally, the force is highly variable due to the changing quantity of paper in the Pack.

lt is an object of this invention to improve multicharacteristic paper feeds by obviating the need to shift paper packs from operative to inoperative positions.

It is another object of this invention to'improve multicharacteristic paper feeds by equalizing the forces required to feed selectively from one of a plurality of paper packs.

It is still another object of this invention to feed paper selectively using a single simplified picker mechanism for effecting the sheet feed from one of a plurality of paper packs.

Additional objects of the invention will become clear from a detailed consideration of the invention described in detail below.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The foregoing objects are accomplished by the use of a single feed mechanism which is preferably embodied in a single picker mechanism having two separator rolls associated therewith. The picker mechanism is reversible so that it may operate in-a feed direction when biased against eitherof two paper packs.

The paper packs are held by pack supports or pack holders in a vertical plane such that the surfaces of the sheets are perpendicular to the horizontal. The sheets are then fed in this vertical plane by the picker separator mechanism intoa paper transport means where the sheet is oriented from its perpendicular position to a horizontal'position for further processing. As the sheet progresses past the picker separator rolls to the transport mechanism, it is deflected from a vertical or perpendicular plane to the horizontal plane by a transport belt and deflector. As the sheet is positioned in the horizontal plane, it is stopped momentarily by a waiting and/or aligning station and, upon command of the machine utilizing the sheets, is then allowed to pass the paper onto the paper transport of the utilizing machine.

The paper packs are individually biased toward each other to present the sheets at identically the'same position for feeding as any previously fed sheets. The picker mechanism is selectively movable and reversible so as to engage the closest sheet of either pack depending upon its mode of control.

The foregoing and other objects, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a view of an office copier with the paper feed embodied in it and the related collator.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the paper pack holders and paper feed mechanism.

FIG. 3 is a top view of the picker and sheet feed and transport and paper pack assemblies.

FIG. 4 shows a side view of the picker and drive asnism embodying the paper feed may be housed within a sorter collator 14 or merely a sheet receiving apparatus. Alternatively, the paper mechanism can be built into the base machine 10 or be made to stand alone if it is not feasible to embody it in a sheet receiving housmg.

For the sake of ease in description and explanation, the characteristics of the sheets which will be described for use with the picker-separator, paper feed mechanism will be sheets of letter size and sheets of legal size having length dimensions of 11 and [4 inches, respectively. It should be understood that other characteristics of the sheets could equally be accommodated such as one pack being that of paper and the other pack being offset master sheets or card stock.

To provide ease of access, the paper drawer 16 is mounted on support slide rails for ease in opening and closing. Within the drawer 16 and exposed to the open top are the picker-separator assemblies 20. The pickerseparator assembly 20 is best illustrated in FIG. 3.

The picker-separator assembly 20 is supported in the drawer 16 such that it moves to the exterior of the support housing 14 when the paper drawer 16 is opened. Also supported within the paper drawer 16 are the pack holders 22, 24 which can best be observed in FIG. 2. The pack holders 22, 24 are comprised of spring urged biasing arms 26, 28 which tend to bias a roller 30, 32 on each arm 26, 28, respectively, or backing plate could be used in lieu of the rollers 30, 32, depending upon the embodiment, against the external surface 34, 36 of the paper packs 38, 40. As one of the biasing arms 28 is urged by its spring 42 in a counterclockwise direction, the paper pack 40 illustrated in the drawing as the legal sized paper is urged or forced toward the support rolls 44. The support rolls 44 provide a supporting function to hold the paper pack 40 in its vertical plane prior to feeding and also to eliminate or at least minimize the drag between the support and the paper as it is fed, sheet by sheet, into the paper transport mechanism 48. FIG. 2 illustrates a roller 30, 32 urged against the exterior surface 34,36 of the paper pack 38, 40. This roller could advantageously be replaced by a plate which is pivotally mounted on the biasing arms 26, 28 such that they maintain the exterior surface of the paper packs 38, 40 in a vertical plane thereby preventing buckling of the individual paper sheets. The support rolls 44, 46 may be either shafts with a plurality of roller discs mounted thereon or may be rotatably mounted shafts of a suitable diameter to keep the interior surface of the paper packs 38, 40 in a substantially vertical planar position. Additional support rolls 46 are provided for the second paper pack 38 being of the letter size. The second set of support rolls 46 are identical to those of the first set 44 with the exception they are displaced slightly from the first set to prevent them from contacting the firstmost sheet of the first paper pack and likewise prevent the support rolls from contacting the firstmost sheet of the second paper pack. The second paper pack 38 is as described with respect to the first paper pack 40 urged into the support rolls 46 by a spring biasing arm 26 having pivotally attached thereto a roller 30 for exerting a force onto the exterior surface 34 of the second paper pack 38. If a roller is used, the roller should be positioned such that its line of force is exerted between rolls on the support rollshafts 44, 46 to insure that contact is made with all the rolls on the shafts.

Adjacent to each of the paper packs 38, 40 is a flange 50, 52 which is utilized for aligning the paper packs 38, 40 and positioning them in such a manner that each time the paper is replenished the pack is reinserted in its same relative position. Between the two flanges 50, 52 which act as paper guides and extending between the paper packs 38, 40 are deflector vanes 54 which insure that sheets fed from either of the paper packs are deflected and guided to the power-separator rolls 56, 60. These vanes 54 are fixedly attached to the support bracket 68 in FIG. 4 and serve only the guiding and deflecting function. Extending between the deflector vanes 54 to the region between the paper packs is a belt drive 62 extending from the power roll 56 to the picker roll 58. The picker roll 58 is urged against one of the paper packs 38, 40, thereby engaging the firstmost sheet of that paper pack, and as the power roll 56 is caused to rotate in the appropriate direction, counterclockwise for the legal pack 40and clockwise for the letter pack 38, the belt 62 transmits the driving force to the picker roll 58 thereby causing the picker roll 58 to rotate in the same direction which, in turn, urges the firstmost sheet toward the power roll 56 and separator roll 60. The separator rolls 60 are gear driven thru gear trains 82, 86, 84 from the power roll 56 such that the separator roll 60 counterrotates its surface with respect to the point of engagement with the surface of the power roll 56 at a speed approximately one-third to one-fourth that of the power roll.

The power roll 56 through its drive shaft 80 powers drive gear 82. Drive gear 82, in turn, provides power to.

the driver gears 84 mounted to operate the separator rolls 60, through roller gears 86. This arrangement provides counterrotation of the surfaces at point of contact and the separating function. Relative speed is controlled by gear ratios and roll diameters. The separator rolls 60 are gear driven in the preferred embodiment, however, they may be belt driven or separately powered if that is desired. Preferably, the power roll 56 of the picker-separator assembly 20 is intermittently power driven in the desired direction. The picker roll 58 can be shifted about an axis which is the same as that of the power roll 56 of the picker assembly and may be swung through a small portion of an arc to position it against the firstmost sheet of either paper pack. This positioning mechanism is illustrated at FIGS. 5, 6 and 7. When a selector control, member 64 on the paper feed housing or on the base machine, is conditioned for one paper size, the picker roll 58 and its associated belt 62 are positioned in the vicinity of the firstmost sheet of the paper pack. The picker roll 58 is movable toward and into contactwith the firstmost sheet of the pack and upon the appropriate electromechanical command fromthe timing control of the base machine,'rotates to feed that sheet. This intermittent engaging movement is accomplished by one of a pair of solenoids 66, 67 which are connected to the support member 68 of the picker separator assembly 20 through a support shaft 70 and crank 72 as illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 7; Solenoid links 74 are attached to crank 72 and act through the energization of one of the solenoids 66,67 to shift crank 72 either clockwise or counterclockwise a small amount. This small shift CW or CCW will cause the picker roll 58 to disengage the firstmost sheet of the 11 inch or 14 inch paper packs 38 or 40, respectively. After this momentary pulsing, the crank 72 is returned to its rest position by the action of the overcenter spring 78, against the paper pack.

To accomplish the change of selection of the characteristic of the sheet to be fed, the appropriate control button of selector control 64 is depressed. The control 64 is connected thru linkages or Bodien cables to one end of crank 72. Crank 72 then acts thru support shaft 70 to cause picker support 68 to be moved around the axis of support shaft 70. Overcenter spring 78 retains the crank in a position for cooperation with either the letter size pack 38 or legal size pack 40.

Within the support shaft 70 is a power drive shaft 80 which drives power roller 56. Power roller 56 in turn drives picker roller 58 through belt 62. Drive shaft 80 is belt driven from any power source 1 16, preferably an electric motor capable of reversing electrically. The electrical reversing of the drive motor 1 16 is illustrated in FIG. 9 and may be controlled from the characteristic selector control 64 acting on a switch. The direction of rotation is coordinated with the appropriate size sheet to be fed to insure the proper rotation of the picker roller 58, power roller 56, and separator rolls 60.

The base machine may be equipped with a cam controlled switch to initiate paper feed. The paper feed switch completes the circuit to the motor.

The picker-separator assembly is provided with sheet operable switches which control the picker motor 116 and solenoids 66, 67. Mounted with their feeler arms in the paper path of the 14 inch sheet feed is motor control switch 124 and solenoid control switch 126. Likewise, motor control switch 128 and solenoid control switch 130 are mounted on the picker-separator assembly with their feeler arms in the 11 inch paper feed path.

Referring to FIG. 9, picker motor 116 is connected in series to a bank of switches 122, 124, 128 in parallel with each other and independently operable to enable the picker motor 116.

Inserted into the circuit between the power source and the motor is a reversing switch 132 which is controlled by the selector control 64. Also connected to the power source and in parallel with each other are two solenoid circuits each having a lift solenoid 66 or 67 and a control switch 130 or 126, respectively, in series within each loop.

In the base machine and powered by a drive motor either through a gear train or in a direct drive fashion is the transport belt 100 (FIG. 3) which receives the sheet from the power-separator rolls 56, 60 and transports the sheet to the exit gate 102 which acts as the timing and/or aligning station. The transport belt 100 is an endless belt driven by its support and aligning shafts 104 and is twisted from a plane parallel to the vertical, 90 to a plane parallel to the horizontal. The direction of twist clockwise or counterclockwise is de- J pendent primarily upon the positioning of the sheet stock in the pack holder of the sheet feed drawer l6 and the requirement for presenting a particular surface of the sheet material to the base machine 10 in a particular relationship with its parts. The transport belt 100 is positioned adjacent to and lightly in contact with a deflector 106 which is a sheet of relatively low friction material such as a smooth metal or a plastic or a metal coated with Teflon* (*Teflon is a trademark of DuPont Corporation) or other low friction coating which has been shaped such that one end pieceis twisted at 90" with respect to the other end so that the ends are perpendicular to each other when viewed from one end. The transport belt 100 terminates in proximity to the feed rolls 108 which are continuously driven by a drive motor 101. The pinch rolls 110 which are positioned in proximity to and capable of being moved into engagement with the feed rolls 108 by the movement of the exit gate 102 support arms. The exit gate 102 or timing gate is capable of movement into and out of the path of the paper and may be actuated by conventional timing mechanisms to allow the paper or sheet to be fed on into the sheet-transport means of the base machine 10 at the precise time required for proper phase timing of the sheet feed with respect to the other functions of the base machine.

A second roll 98 is in pinching relation with an idler roll 96 and the transport 100 adjacent the power separator roll assembly 20. These rolls 96, 98 pinch the paper and insert the sheet between the belt 100 and the deflector 106. The pinch rolls are powered from the belt 100. The pack holder assembly which includes the picker-separator roll assembly 20 is mounted on a tray or drawer 16 which may be pulled out exposing the top of the pack assembly and making it convenient for loading or replenishing the packs as they are depleted. The drawer 16 which is movable contains the pickerseparator assembly 20 and the picker motor 116. The picker motor 116 provides drive power through a belt 117 to the drive shaft 80.

MODE OF OPERATION I To initially load the paper pack holders and utilize the feed assembly with an office copying machine, the drawer 16 is pulled outward and opened to expose the top of the paper pack holding assemblies 22, 24. The spring biased force arms 26, 28 and biasing rollers 30, 32 are moved away from the support rollers 44, 46 leaving a gap therebetween. A package or stack of paper is prepared and inserted edgewise down between the biasing roller 30 or 32 and the support rolls 46 or 44 and the biasing arm 26 or 28 and roller 30 or 32 are released and allowed to urge the paper pack 38 or 40 toward the support rolls 46 or 44. The second pack of paper is accommodated in an analogous manner by moving its respective bias arm and allowing insertion of the paper pack between the biasing roller and the support rolls. The packs should be placed in reasonably close proximity to the sheet deflector guides 50, 52 but need not be in intimate contact therewith. During the insertion phase of loading the paper packs into the paper pack holders, the picker roll 58 is maintained in a position which does not interfere with the paper insertion and is between the two paper packs.

Upon completion of the loading phase, thepaper drawer 16 is repositioned in its operative position. The picker roll 58 is power driven by motor 116 when the base machine is operated on command from cam control 120. When the command for the picker to begin its function is generated by the paper feed switch being closed by cam control 120, power is transmitted to the picker motor 116 whichbegins to continuously drive the power roll 56, power belt 62, and picker roll 58 trated in FIG. 2 are driven in a counterrotating direction to that of the power roll 56. The speed of rotation also is controlled by the gear ratios of the gear train 82, 86, 84 and is maintained at approximately one-third to one-fourth the rotational speed of the power roll for rolls of equal diameter.

When the base machine 10 is turned on and conditioned to run, transport belt is powered and begins its continuous operation until the base machine 10 is shut down upon its completion of operation. The transport belt 100 is in light frictional contact with the deflector 106 thus allowing trapping of any sheet between the belt 100 and the deflector 106.

The operator selects the size sheet desired for the particular operation, i.e., letter or legal, by use of a selector control 64. The control 64 acting through Bodien cables 76 pulls crank 72 and picker roll assembly over center and maintains it in contact with the desired paper pack by an overcenter spring 78. For example, if the operator selects the letter size, the picker assembly 20 will then be biased by the Bodien cables 76 toward the pack containing 11 inch paper. The picker 58 will remain in this general position throughout the following operations until such time as the operator changes the condition by causing the paper size selector control 64 to be operated to select 14 inch paper.

If the base machine 10 is an office copying machine, and an original is placed on the document plane and the machine 10 caused to begin its normal function at a time slightly before that required for the transportation of a sheet all the way from the paper pack to the timing or waiting station 102, a signal is generated by cam control 120 which operates the picker motor causing the picker roll 58 to feed the first sheet in the letter size paper pack 38. As the picker roll 58 in this instance would be rotating in a clockwise direction, the initial rotation of the picker roll 58 will cause the first sheet to move toward the power-separator roll assembly 56, 60. As the first sheet begins this movement, the picker roll 58 continues in engagement with it for a period of time slightly more than is sufficient to transport the leading edge to engagement with the power separator rolls 56, 60 and into contact with the feeler arm of switch 128. The closing of switch 128 causes the picker motor 116 to continue to run even after cam control 120 ceases to provide continuity through switch 122. Switch 128 remains closed as long as there is paper acting on the feeler arm. After these two rolls 56, 60 have had a chance to engage the sheet and cause any second or more sheets to be urged back toward the paper pack, the paper passes toward switch 128 and engages switch 130 which completes the circuit through lift solenoid 66. The solenoid 66 through its link 74 pulls crank 72 and picker roll 58 away from the paper pack 38. The power-separator rolls 56, 60 continue to rotate in their predesignated directions and urge the paper toward pinch rolls 96, 98 which engage the paper and insert it between the transport belt and the deflector. The frictional engagement between the separator roll 60 and the power roll 56 is slight. The single sheet of paper may be actually pulled from between these two rolls with a minimum of force, but the force of separator roll 60 and power roll 56 is great enough to control the sheet as long as the roll 56, 60 engages any portion of the sheet.

The picker motor is partially controlled by the timing cam control 120 of the base machine 10 acting to close and open switch 122. The picker motor circuit is opened by the cam control 120 opening switch 122 during the paper feeding and the opening of switch 128 after the paper has passed. When the sheet has passed switch 130 and allows it to open the circuit to solenoid 66 is broken and overcenter spring 78 pulls crank 72 clockwise and moves picker roll 58 into contact with pack 38, awaiting the next paper feed sequence.

The paper feed sequence of switch controls is unttlogous for l4 inch paper. The motor [16 operates in the reverse direction due to reversing switch I32 being placed in its second position. The sequence of events is controlled by switches 126 and 124 the same as it was by switches 130 and 128.

The belt 100 which is maintained around one of the pinch rolls or idler roll 96 is operated at a speed higher than the linear speed of the separator and power rolls 60, 56. When the paper is inserted between the pinch roll 98 and the idler roll 96 having the belt riding thereon, the frictional engagement of the two counterrotating surfaces is not sufficiently strong to pull the sheet from between the power-separator roll assembly 20, but strong enough to transport the sheet when the power roll 56 and separator roll no longer engage the sheet. The sheet is then trapped between the belt 100 and the deflector 106 and the frictional engagement of the belt 100 with the paper surface urges the paper in the direction of the belt travel where it ultimately will come to rest momentarily against the exit and/or timing gate 102. As the base -machine 10 reaches that portion of its operational cycle where the paper should be fed in a closely timed relation with the other machine functions, the timing gate 102 or exit gate is opened and the idler rolls or pinch rolls are moved into operative relation to the powered feed rolls 108. As the powered feed rolls 108 are continuously running when the base machine is operating, the paper is trapped between the feed rolls 108 and the idler rolls 110 and is rapidly urged forward into the sheet transport mechanism of the base machine. This sequence will repeat itself for every operation of the base machine 10 requiring a sheet to be fed from the pack. The sheets will continue to comefrom the preselected pack until such time as the operator overcomes the previous condition by activating the paper selection switch or control 64 to cause the picker assembly 58 to be moved over center and into contact with the second pack. When the picker assembly 58 is caused to move from one pack to the other pack, the electrical circuitry associated with the picker drive motor 116 is conditioned to reverse its direction of operation. This likewise reverses the direction of operation of the separator rolls 60 but does not effect the efficient operation of the machine 10, as only the separator roll 60 associated with the pack from which sheets are to be fed will be operating in the required direction, while the other separator roll 60 will be idling and ineffective. The operation of the sheet feed and transport mechanism is identical to the operation described above with the exception that the solenoid 67 biasing of the picker roll 58 up off the paper pack 40 would be in the opposite direction. With the picker roll 58 being reversed in its direction of rotation as discussed above, the paper would then be fed from the second pack and inserted betweenthe pinch rolls 96, 98 and trapped between the moving belt 100 and the deflector 106.

To ease the transportation of the sheet between the belt 100 and the deflector 106, it may be desirable to mount on the surface of the deflector 106 small rotating balls which are trapped within a bezel or retaining ring to allow a reduction of friction between the sheet material and the deflector 106 while maintaining sufficient force between the sheet material and the transport belt 100 to insure the forward movement.

The timing of the operation of the picker 58 with respect to the time phasing of the base machine 10 is such that a fairly wide latitude of acceptable times is possiblesince the sheet is picked and fed and ultimately transported to the timing or exit gate 102 and the fine timing occurs with the release from the exit gate 102. Therefore, the only requirement for the picking time is that it be sufficiently early to insure that the sheet arrive at the exit gate 102 prior to the exit gate opening. Therefore, the paper may even be fed relatively early in the cycle and in that way the paper can be waiting at the gate when the command from the base machine 10 activates the exit gate 102 and traps the paper between the power feed roll 108 and pinch roll 110.

As can be seen from the foregoing, the feeding of sheets from two different packs, each having its own characteristics, for the sake of illustration, length, the disadvantages of the prior art have been overcome in that it is now unnecessary for the packs to be shifted with respect to the paper transport mechanism; and only a relatively small portion of the system, i.e., the picker, need be shifted to accomplish the feeding. Secondly, the positioning of the paper packs on edge eliminates the gravitational effect that weight has when attempting to feed the bottommost sheet of a horizontal pack.

lt should be recognized that, while the disclosure above has been made with respect to sheets of two different sizes, it would be equally applicable to a system where the primary usage of the machine was for letter size copies and where the legal size pack is made up of offset masters such that when the control is activated to feed a legal sheet an offset master is made for further reproduction. Similarly, if there was a need for the intermittent making of paper copies and copies on card stock or colored paper, then one pack could be loaded with the standard copy paper and the other pack could be of a colored paper or a card stock material as desired. In this specification and the attached claims, the term characteristic when applied to the paper means any dissimilar property of the papers and is intended to include but not be limited to size (length and/or width), color, composition, function, weight, or other property of the sheet material being fed.

It should also be recognized that the principle of this mechanism, although disclosed for use with an office copying machine, would be equally applicable to the feeding of selected sheet sizes for an offset press, duplicator, or any other type machine which would require the selection of alternate characteristics in the sheet material being fed to the machine.

By fixing the" location of the two-sheet packs and placing the picker mechanism intermediate the packs, duplication of picking and feeding apparatus together with duplication of feed paths and the requirement for complex and extensive timing arrangements have been obviated since one timing signal can be utilized regardless of which characteristic sheet is being fed, and as the feed path is identical, there is no difference in the feed times.

The pack arrangement disclosed provides the capability for large quantities of paperto be inserted into the paper drawer in a copying machine environment, thus reducing the frequency with which replenishment is required.

it should be recognized that a sensor may be installed for one or both of the paper packs to indicate a paper low condition and disable the machine when the paper quantity is insufficient to properly operate.

While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to a preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing and other changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

1 claim:

1. A cut sheet paper feed apparatus for selectively feeding sheets from one of two packs having differing size characteristics comprising:

a support means;

first and second sheet pack holders supported by said support means for holding first and second sheet packs on one of said sheet packs edges and holding said packs in a spaced apart, generally parallel position with respectto each other and said packs having sheets faces in a position perpendicular to the horizonal;

first and second biasing means for exerting a force simultaneously on each of said first and second sheet packs to urge said packs toward each other; friction reducing support means intermediate said packs to ease feeding of sheets from'said packs; selectively operable and selectively engageable picker means for picking said sheets from one of said packs; transport means to receive said sheets from said picker means and transport said sheets toward the point of ultimate use;

fixed convoluted sheet deflector means to orient said sheet from a generally vertical plane to a generally horizontal plane during the time said sheet is being transported by said transport means;

timing means to intercept and release said sheet for further use at a predesignated time;

whereby sheets are selectively fed from the adjacent surfaces of two sheet packs without the shifting of said packs and where said sheets are then transferred to a horizontal plane for continued use.

2. The sheet feed apparatus of claim 1 wherein said .selectively operable picker means further comprises a said sheet against said deflector means and for urging said sheets toward said timing means.

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US20050206066 *Mar 16, 2005Sep 22, 2005Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgFeeder for a punching of embossing apparatus and method of operating the apparatus
EP0161742A2 *Feb 18, 1985Nov 21, 1985De La Rue Systems LimitedSheet feeding apparatus
EP0853059A2 *Jan 2, 1998Jul 15, 1998Olivetti Lexikon S.p.A.Device for selectively feeding sheets from two trays in an office machine
EP1577239A2 *Feb 25, 2005Sep 21, 2005Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AktiengesellschaftFeeder for a punching or stamping device
U.S. Classification271/9.7, 271/126, 271/9.6, 198/448, 198/417, 271/117
International ClassificationG03B27/14, B65H3/44, G03D13/00, G03B27/02, B65H1/12, B65H3/06, B65H5/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65H2301/33212, B65H2301/33222, B65H2404/261, B65H3/0653, B65H1/12, B65H3/44
European ClassificationB65H3/06H, B65H1/12, B65H3/44