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Publication numberUS3756657 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 4, 1973
Filing dateDec 29, 1971
Priority dateDec 29, 1971
Publication numberUS 3756657 A, US 3756657A, US-A-3756657, US3756657 A, US3756657A
InventorsH Johnson
Original AssigneeRandom Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Concrete furniture
US 3756657 A
Concrete benches and the like are made by assembling legs and a seat portion. The legs are hexagonal in structure and the outside surfaces of the seats are indented so that each fits over and against one of the legs.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Johnson Sept. 4, 1973 CONCRETE FURNITURE 3,007,283 11/1961 Holland 52 190 1,886,988 11 1932 Thelen....;.. 297 445 x [75] Invent: P! Dwglas New 3,341,251 9/1967 Costin 297 452 Bmtal", Coml- 3,482,874 12/1969 Henebry et a1." 297 248 Assigneez Random I d Farmington l Hickel Conn.

FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 22] Filed: Dec. 29, 1971 859,204 10 1952 Germany 297 445 [21] Appl. No.: 213,846

Related US. Application Data Continuation of Ser. No. 58,979, July '28, 1970, abandoned.

US. Cl 297/440, 297/445, 52/190 Int. Cl A47c 4/02, A47c 7/00, A47c 7/14 Field of Search 297/232, 248, 416, 297/418, 440, 445, 450; 52/188-190, 272, 279, 281, 284, 286-299, 437, 589

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Holland 297/440 X Primary Examiner-Casmir A. Nunberg Att0meyG0rd0n C. Mack 7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PAIENTEflssr 4 ma INVENTOR.

HENRY DOUGLAS JOHNSON A TTORNE Y mimosa 4am 3.756557 sum 8 BF 2 INVENTOR. HENRY DOUGLAS. JOHNSON ATTORNEY CONCRETE FURNITURE This is a continuation, of application Ser. No. 58,979 filed July 28, 1970 now abandoned.

This invention relates to concrete furniture and particularly seats and benches, and includes a planter or the like which forms a leg portion for one or more benches.

A characteristic of the furniture is that the leg portions are made separately and are generally hexagonal although this may be modified to accommodate adjoining seats. The outer surfaces of the ends of the seat portions are indented and the legs fit into these indentations.

The seat may be made for a single person or it may be made in the form of a bench with or without a back. It may be a double or triple seat. In fact, it may be of any desired length with intermediate supports as required.

A particularly attractive arrangement is to combine one or more seats with a planter, using one or more of the walls of the planter to serve as a leg. The indented seat end thus rests on a wall of the planter which fits into the indentation. The planter may comprise three or more sides but it usually will be four-sided. For a large park, for example, a planter or a fountain or the like may comprise six or eight or more sides with. seats radiating from it, and the flat sides which serve as legs may be joined by portions which are curved or otherwise shaped.

The invention is further described in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 is an exploded view in perspective of a seat for a single person;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the assembled seat of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of two benches with one end of each supported on a double leg; and

FIG. 5 is a section through the double leg of FIG. 4 and a portion of one seat supported thereby.

Referring to the drawings, the two legs S are identical. The seat portion 6 is provided with a back, but this is not necessary. The outer surface of each of the end portions 8 and 9 of the seat are indented overa rectangular area so as to fit snugly over and againstthe top parts of the two legs 5. The indentations are each as wide as the legs are wide and they are each about onehalf as deep as the legs are thick, although this may vary. The outer surface of the leg maybe flush with the outer surface of the seat. The legs are taller-or shorter and the indentations accommodate the seat portions so as to support the seats themselves at a comfortable height. The seats may slope backwardly and in that event a drain or aiplurality of drains are provided at the one or more low portions of the seat. The drains may be at the back two comers if the seat is flat, but if the seat slopes toward the middle the drain may be at the middle of the seat. If the seat has no back, it may slope in from its longitudinal edges to one or more drains in its middle. In fact, the drain opening may be at the middle of the seat if the seat slopes into it..

FIGS. 4 and 5 show a double leg supporting two seats at right angles to one another. The angle, of course, may be greater or less than 90, as desired. The two leg portions and 16 are shown at right angles to one another and the rear is notched at 17 to provide edges for each leg to fit into the depressions in the ends of the seat portion. The front surface 18 opposite the notch is angled to provide sufficient width at the thinnest portion of the element to give the desired strength. This surface 18 is shown as being perfectly flat, although it may be rounded more or less.

The seat portions assembled with this double leg portion are of the same design as described. The end surfaces are indented as described, to fit snugly over the leg portions 15 and 16, and the opposite ends of the seat are supported by legs such as the legs 5 of FIG. 1.

The various elements of the leg are molded of concrete and can be shipped in a knocked-down condition to be assembled at their final location. Usually the bottoms of the legs are buried in the ground or concrete or other surface surrounding the seat so that no adhesive or other bonding is required. The concrete may be reinforced as desired, but no reinforcement is essential. Although the leg surfaces are shown as flat and this is the desired construction, they may be vertically fluted or otherwise designed, and the indentations in the ends of the seats will usually be provided with complementary designs so that the seats fit snugly in the indentations in the seat portions.

By having the depression in the seat ends only half as deep as the feet are wide, it is possible to support two seat ends on a single leg.

I claim:

1. A seat which comprises a horizontal concrete seat portion with an integral upright at both ends, a support at each end of the seat portion, the lower portion of the outside wall of each upright being indented a distance from the side edges thereof, each indentation extending upward from the bottom edge of the respective walls to complement the shape of a support for the seat portion.

2. The seat of claim 1 which has a concrete back which is integral with the seat portion and said ends.

3. The seat of claim 1 in which the support at one end is a hexagonal concrete leg which is thicker than the depth of the indentation.

4. The seat of claim 1 in which the end supports are identical hexagonal concrete legs which are thicker than theindentations in the outside walls of the uprights and fit into said indentations.

5. The seat of claim 3 in which the support at the other end of the seat portion has a rectangular face which fits flush against the bottom of the depression in the upright atsaid end.

g 6. A concrete seat assembled'from two substantially right-angular, hexagonal concrete leg portions and a concrete seat portion, the seat portion comprising two integral end uprights the outer surfaces of which uprights are identically indented to complement the inner edges and top surfaces of the respective upper parts of said two leg portions, the upper surfaces of the indentations resting for support'on the upper surfaces of the leg portions with inner surfaces of the leg portions fitting snuglyagainst the bottoms of said indentations.

7. A concrete seat assembled from a double leg portion, two single leg portions andtwo seat portions, the double leg portion comprising two exposed vertical rectangular surfaces on the outer surface thereof, said surfaces being at an angle to one another with a vertical notch extending the height of the double leg portion between said two rectangular surfaces, and opposite saidnotch a reinforcement which joins the two vertical inner surfaces opposite said rectangular outer surfaces said outer surfaces of the double leg portion, and two seat portions each having two upright ends which are indented to fit over the double leg portions and form a snug fit therewith.

1* III t

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1886988 *Dec 24, 1931Nov 8, 1932Hilarius ThelenStone bench or settee
US2129211 *Jul 3, 1936Sep 6, 1938John HicklBuilding block
US2659422 *Jun 22, 1950Nov 17, 1953Delta Concrete Products Co IncInterlocking precast concrete bench
US3007283 *Apr 19, 1956Nov 7, 1961Holland Victor LPrefabricated knockdown concrete stair construction
US3341251 *Apr 11, 1966Sep 12, 1967Coach & Car Equip CorpSeat assembly
US3482874 *Mar 13, 1968Dec 9, 1969North American Aluminum CorpStadium bench
DE859204C *Jul 7, 1951Dec 11, 1952Hermann SchraySitz- und Ruhebank
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US5330247 *Mar 16, 1993Jul 19, 1994Kansas State University Research FoundationMonolithic cast picnic table
US5551757 *Jul 10, 1995Sep 3, 1996Universal Furniture Industries, Inc.Fastening system ready-to-assemble furniture
US6090324 *Jul 9, 1998Jul 18, 2000Keady; Paul A.Incorporates a forming tray that has a central support extending therethrough.
US6887010 *May 1, 2003May 3, 2005Nancy J. Mayer RodisDecorative bench barrier
US6922955 *Nov 22, 2002Aug 2, 2005Mark SandersPre-cast dock leveler pit
US7073756May 23, 2003Jul 11, 2006Dorothy Goodrich WaltonRecessed support assembly
US7252331Nov 23, 2004Aug 7, 2007Dorothy Goodrich WaltonSecurity bench
US8393676Apr 22, 2010Mar 12, 2013Dennis Michael HillDecorative bench or seat assembly having a photoluminescent work bonded thereto
US8393685Oct 27, 2009Mar 12, 2013Dennis Michael HillInterlocking precast slab assembly such as a bench or a memorial marker
US8617638Apr 23, 2010Dec 31, 2013Dennis Michael HillMethod of manufacturing photoluminescent pavers at a paver manufacturing facility
US8752900 *Apr 6, 2012Jun 17, 2014Leonard Clyde Carter, IIIModular chair
US8950817Aug 30, 2012Feb 10, 2015Steelcase Inc.Article of furniture with modular construction
US20130147244 *Apr 6, 2012Jun 13, 2013Leonard Clyde Carter, IIIModular chair
WO1993017603A1 *Mar 4, 1993Sep 6, 1993Jbg Original Designs IncUpholstered seating system
U.S. Classification297/440.1, D06/381, 52/190, 297/451.7
International ClassificationA47C5/00, A47C11/00, A47C4/02
Cooperative ClassificationA47C4/03, A47C4/02, A47C11/00, A47C5/00
European ClassificationA47C4/02, A47C4/03, A47C5/00, A47C11/00