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Publication numberUS3757359 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 11, 1973
Filing dateApr 21, 1971
Priority dateJul 2, 1970
Publication numberUS 3757359 A, US 3757359A, US-A-3757359, US3757359 A, US3757359A
InventorsStellman G
Original AssigneeStellman G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Litter device
US 3757359 A
Abstract
A litter device comprising a frame means having opposite side members and opposite end members and having a rectangular flexible sheet member supported thereon. The sheet member is initially secured at one end thereof to one end of the frame means and is pulled beneath the person by means of a winch means or the like operatively connected to the other end of the frame means and having a cable means extending to the sheet member. After the sheet member has been pulled beneath the person, one side of the sheet member is secured to one side of the frame means. The other side of the sheet member is then connected to a tensioning means mounted on the other side member to enable the sheet member to be drawn to a taut condition between the side members of the frame. A strap means is provided on the frame means for maintaining the person on the sheet member for transportation purposes.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Bite States Patent {19} 3,757,359 Stellman Sept. 11, 1973 LITTER DEVICE Primary Examiner-Casmir A. Nunberg [76] Inventor: Gerald E. Stellman, R.R. No. 3, Ammeyza"ey' McKee & Thomte Adel, Iowa [22] Filed: Apr. 21, 1971 [57 {\BSTRACT A litter device comprising a frame means having oppo- PP .1 1 08 site side members and opposite end members and hav- Related s Application Data ing a rectangular flexible sheet member supported 1 continuatiomimpanof ser- No. 52 022 y 2 1970 thereon. The sheet member is initially secured at one Pat 3 639 end thereof to one end of the frame means and is pulled beneath the person by means of a winch means or the 52 us. Cl. 5/81, 5/82 like operatively f the Other and of the 51 Int. Cl A61g 1/02, A6 1 g 7/10 frame means and havmg cable means extending the [58] Field of Search 5/81, s2 s9 Sheetmember- Afterhesheetmemberhasbee Pulled beneath the person, one side of the sheet member is se- [56] References Cited cured to one side of the frame means. The other side UNITED STATES PATENTS of the sheet member is then connected to a tensioning means mounted on the other side member to enable the 3,639,926 2/1972 Steelman 5/82 Sheet member to be drawn to a taut condition between R the side members of the frame. A strap means is proossu vided on the frame means for maintaining the person on the sheet member for transportation purposes.

9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures I device which supports the person device having a frame means which may be adjusted for various sizes of persons.

A further object of this invention is to provide a litter device which includes a means for pulling a flexible sheet member beneath the person to be lifted.

A further object of this invention is to provide a litter above the supporting surface.

A further object of this invention is to provide a litter 'device having means thereon to maintain the person device which is convenient to use.

A further object of this invention is to provide a litter device which is economical to manufacture, durable in use and refined in appearance.

These and other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

This invention consists in the construction, arrange- 'ments,'.and combination of the various parts of the device, whereby the objects contemplated are attained as hereinafter more fully set forth, specifically pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

' FIG. 1 is'a top perspective view of the device as it appears prior to the flexible sheet member being positioned below the person to be carried.

FIG. 2 is view similar to FIG. 1 except that the flexible sheet member has been drawn to a taut condition. FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view as seen along lines 3 3 of FIG. l.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view as seen along lines 4 4 of FIG. 2. j

FIG. 5 is a partial perspective view illustrating the means by which'the flexible sheet member is tightened laterally.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the elongated draw bar utilized in the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along line 7 7 of FIG. 6.

The litter device of this invention is generally designated by the reference numeral 10 and comprises generally a frame means 12 having a flexible sheet member 14 supported thereby. Frame means 12 comprises generally frame sections 16 and I8 adapted'to be detachably secured together. Frame section 16 includes a side member 20 and end members 22 and 24. Frame section 18 generally includes a side member 26" and end members 28 and 30. As seen in FIG. 1, end members 28 and 30 are slidably received by the end members 22 and 24 respectively. End members 22, 24, 28 and 30 are provided with registering openingsformed therein adapted to receive a pin means 31 extending therethrough to maintain the side members 20 and 26 in' a predetermined spaced apart relationship to accommodate various sizes of persons.

Side member 26 has a plurality of spaced apart straps 32 secured thereto having hook elements 34 (FIG. 4) at the free end thereof which are adapted to be received by grommets 36 in the sheet member 14 as will be described hereinafter. An end member 38 of sheet member 14 is detachably secured to end member 24 by means of hooks 40 as seen in FIG. 3.

An elongated draw'bar 41 includes a cross bar 42 extending approximatelyparallel to end member 24 of frame 10. Rigidly mounted on the opposite ends of cross bar 42 and extending at right angles thereto are a pair of end bars 43. On the free end of each end bar 43 is a hinged ring 44. Protruding from cross bar 42 at spaced intervals along its length are a plurality of cars 45, and rotatably jour'naled between ears 45 are a plurality of bearing rollers 46. As can be seen in FIG. 7, the diameters of rollers 46 are great enough that the outer surfaces of rollers 46 protrude beyond the ends of ears 45.

Referring to FIG. 3, end member 38 ofsheet member 14 is connected to end member 24 of frame 10 as previously described; he remainder of sheet member 14 passes around rollers 46 and then is wound into a roll 47 which is positioned between drawbar 41 and end member 24 of frame 10. Thus, as draw bar 41 moves to the'left (asviewed in FIG. 3) roll 47 is unrolled with sheet member 14 hearing against rollers 46.

A pair of cables or ropes 50 and 52 are secured to hinged rings 44 and extend therefrom as seen in FIG. 1. A shaft 54 is rotatably mounted on a pair of supports 56 and 58 extending outwardly from end member 22, and the cables 50 and 52 secured to the opposite ends of shaft 54. Gear means 60 is mounted on shaft 54 and is in mesh with a gear means 62 suitably supported on the end member 22. A' crankhandle64 is operatively secured to the gear means 62 for rotating the same. Ro-

tation of crank handle 64 causes the rotation of shaft straps 74 are secured to shaft 66 and have hook ele-v ments 76 on the outer ends thereof adapted to be conf nected to the grommets 78 at side 80 ofsheet-member 14.The rotation of crank handle v72 causes shaft 66- to be rotated which causes straps 74' to 'be'wrappe d around the shaft 66 as will be described more fully hereinafter. Retaining straps 82, 84, 86 and 88 are provided on the device for securing a person thereon.

The method of operation is as follows: Assuming that an injured person is lying=on the ground, the frame sec tions 16 and 18 are placed on opposite sides of the person and are connected by means of the pin means 31 so that the frame means 12.will correspond to'the size of the person. FIG. 1 illustrates the device after the frame sections have been secured thereto but priorto the sheet member being pulled beneath the person. Draw bar 41 is positioned on the frame meansas illustrated-in FIG. 1 with the hooks 40 being extended be-,

tween the end of the sheet member 14 and the end member 24 as illustrated in FIG. 3. Cables 50 and 52 are unwound from shaft54 and are connected to the draw bar 41 as illustrated in FIG. 1. The rotation of crank handle-64 causes shaft 54 to be rotated which causes the cables 50 and 52 to be wrapped upon the shaft 54 thereby drawing the draw bar 41 towards the end member 22. As draw bar 41 is drawn towards end member 22, the sheet member 14 is unrolled and is pulled beneath the person. Roll or cylinder 47 follows draw bar 41 and maintains substantially the same relative position with respect to draw bar 41 throughout the movement of draw bar 41 beneath the patient. When draw bar 41 has been pulled to a position adjacent end member 22, the hook elements 34 are connected to the grommets 36 at one side of the sheet member. The hook elements 76 on straps 74 are connected to the grommets 78 at side 80 of sheet member 14. The crank handle 72 is then rotated to cause the strap 74 to be wound upon the shaft 66 to draw the sheet member 14 toward side member so that the sheet member 14 is in a taut condition. The tightening of the sheet member 14 to the position of FIG. 2 causes the person to be raised above the supporting surface to provide a more comfortable support for the person. The retaining straps 82, 84, 86 and 88 are then connected together over the person to prevent the person from falling from the litter as it is being carried.

Draw bar 41 provides several important functions. Bearing rollers 46 are comparatively small in diameter and provide a narrow streamlined leading edge for draw bar 41 as it is drawn beneath the patient. This narrow leading edge permits draw bar 41 to move easily between the patients body and the supporting surface on which the patent is lying. Thus,the relatively small diameter of rollers 46 enables draw bar 41 to pull sheet member 14 beneath the patent with greater ease and comfort than would be the case if rollers 46 were larger in diameter. Cross bar 42 trails rollers 46 as they move beneath the patients body and lends reinforcement to rollers 46.

When draw bar 41 is pulled beneath the patent, roll 47 begins unrolling, and at the same time follows draw bar 41 as it passes beneath the patients body. The drawings show roll 47 without any shaft or or rod extending through its center, and there is no need for such a shaft. Roll 47 may be formed merely by rolling sheet 14 about itself. I

Thus it can be seen that a unique litter device has been provided which permits an injuredperson to be placed thereon without requiring that the person be manually lifted. Further the device of this invention prevents the person from being further injured during the placement of the person onto the litter. The litter device can be adjusted for various sizes of persons and permits the means for raising the person above the supporting surface to provide a more comfortable support for the person. Thus it can be seen that the litter device accomplishes at least all of its stated objectives.

1 claim:

1. A litter device comprising: an enclosed frame having first and second spaced apart frame members; an elongated member positioned between said first and second frame members I adjacent said first frame member; power means connected to said elongated member and being adapted to move said elongated member towards said second frame member; a sheet member having opposite ends, one of said opposite ends being connected to said first frame member; said sheet member passing around said elongated member and being wound into a roll which is positioned between said elongated member and said first frame member, whereby said elongated member will cause said sheet member to unroll when said elongated member is moved towards said second member by said power means.

2. A litter according to claim 1 wherein said power means includes a roller mounted on said second frame member, at least one elongated flexible member interconnecting said roller and said elongated member, and crank means for winding said flexible member on said roller.

3. A litter according to claim 1 wherein said elongated member in-cludes a bearing surface engaging said sheet member.

4. A litter according to claim 3 wherein said bearing surface is formed by a roller rotatably mounted on said elongated member.

5. A litter according to claim 4 wherein said elongated member includes a cross bar extending approximately parallel to said first frame member and two end bars rigidly mounted on the opposite ends of said cross bar and extending at right angles thereto; said roller being journaled between said end bars and extending approximately parallel to said first frame member.

6.- A litter according to claim 1 wherein said frame is rectangular and includes third and fourth frame members extending between said first and second frame I members; said sheet member including lateral edges; a plurality of hooking meansbeing on said third and fourth members for retentively hooking said lateral edges of said sheet member.

7. A litter according to claim 6 wherein said hookingmeans on said third frame member are manually movable away from said hooking means on said fourth frame member for causing tension in said sheet memher.

8. A method for placing an injured person on a litter, said person lying on a supporting surface; said method, comprising: placing an enclosed frame on said supporting surface so that said frame surrounds said injured person, placing a rolled sheet member adjacent one end of saidframe and anchoring one end of said sheet member to said frame, progressively unwinding said sheet member from its rolled condition while, f e

at the same time moving said sheet member underneath such person and towards the opposite end of said frame,

and securing said unrolled sheet member to said end of said frame.

i i i i I8 v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. I 3,757,359 Dated Septemb r 11, 1913 Inventor(s) Gerald E. Steelman It is certified that error appears in the aboveeidentified patent and that said Letters Petent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the cover sheet, in the heading, the inventor s name should read as follows: Gerald E. Steelman Column2, line 22, "ofsheet" should read of sheet line 2L "he" should read The Co1umn;3,'lines 32, 3L and 39, "patent" should read P nt line '42, "or o'r should read or Columnh, line 18, "in-eludes" should read includes line 29, "mem-ber" should read member Signed and sealed this 18th day of June 197A.

(SEAL) Attest: v

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. C. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer I Commissioner of Patents FORM (10459) v v I USCOMM-DC OOS'IB-POO v U.SI GOVERNMENT FRINTING OFFICE: II, OSISSI,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2827642 *Oct 6, 1955Mar 25, 1958Catherine A HuffDevice for moving a patient on a bed
US3363269 *Sep 20, 1966Jan 16, 1968Louis C. KossuthPortable rescue apparatus
US3639926 *Jul 2, 1970Feb 8, 1972Steelman Gerald ELitter device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4127120 *Nov 8, 1976Nov 28, 1978Applegate Lee CTorso-board straps and method of using the same
US4617706 *Jul 29, 1985Oct 21, 1986Wallace WaletzkoDevice for manipulating cadavers
US4747170 *Aug 15, 1986May 31, 1988Knouse Bobby WPatient mover
US4868938 *May 10, 1988Sep 26, 1989Knouse Bobby WPatient moving method
US5016299 *Jan 24, 1990May 21, 1991Claude BoulangerEmergency evacuation harness
US6341393Oct 17, 1998Jan 29, 2002Ergodyne CorporationPatient transfer and repositioning system
US7340784Jun 13, 2005Mar 11, 2008Stryker CorporationPatient transfer device
US7591030Mar 10, 2008Sep 22, 2009Stryker CorporationPatient transfer device
US8156582Apr 8, 2009Apr 17, 2012Stryker CorporationPatient repositioning system
US9173798Aug 4, 2014Nov 3, 2015Hillenbrand Management Company LlcPatient repositioning system with hand crank capability
US9205012Mar 15, 2013Dec 8, 2015Hillenbrand Management Company LlcPatient repositioning system
US9248064Sep 8, 2014Feb 2, 2016Hillenbrand Management Company LlcSheet receiver for patient repositioning system
US20060090258 *Jun 13, 2005May 4, 2006Stryker Martin WPatient transfer device
US20080148479 *Mar 10, 2008Jun 26, 2008Stryker CorporationPatient transfer device
US20090255057 *Apr 8, 2009Oct 15, 2009Stryker CorporationPatient repositioning system
USD748537Sep 13, 2013Feb 2, 2016Hillenbrand Management Company LlcRetainer for a patient repositioning system
USD749991Sep 13, 2013Feb 23, 2016Hillenbrand Management Company LlcSheet for a patient repositioning system
CN102652699A *Apr 19, 2012Sep 5, 2012梅德松Split-type half soft stretcher
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/628
International ClassificationA61G1/003
Cooperative ClassificationA61G1/003
European ClassificationA61G1/003