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Publication numberUS3758445 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 11, 1973
Filing dateDec 21, 1970
Priority dateMar 1, 1968
Also published asCA943694A, CA943694A1, US3709690, US3788855
Publication numberUS 3758445 A, US 3758445A, US-A-3758445, US3758445 A, US3758445A
InventorsL Minsk, H Cohen, J King
Original AssigneeEastman Kodak Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Novel polymers and photographic elements containing same
US 3758445 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,758,445 NOVEL POLYMERS AND PHOTOGRAPHIC ELEMENTS CONTAINING SAME Hyman L. Cohen, James R. King, Jr., and Louis M. Minsk, Rochester, N.Y., asssignors to Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, NY.

No Drawing. Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 709,812, Mar. 1, 1968. This application Dec. 21, 1970, Ser. No. 100,487

Int. Cl. C08f 27/08 U.S. Cl. 260--78 SC 24 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Polymers comprising quaternary nitrogen atoms and at least two aromatic nuclei in the polymer cation for each quaternary nitrogen atom are described. In one embodiment at least /3 of the units of said polymer comprise quaternary nitrogen atoms. In another embodiment polymers comprising at least two aromatic nuclei in the polymer cation, such as aryl groups, for each quaternary nitrogen atom can be used in photographic elements to provide excellent mordants for dyes.

This is a continuation-in-part of United States Ser. No. 709,812, filed Mar. 1, 1968, now abandoned.

This invention relates to novel polymeric compounds. In one aspect this invention relates to novel polymeric compounds which are good mordants for dyes used in photographic systems. In another aspect this invention relates to elements containing said polymers which are useful in photographic systems.

Various materials have been used as mordants in imbibition printing and in color photographic products etc. to prevent migration of dyes. Among the many mordants that have been employed are polymers containing acid salts such as are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,048,487 and U.S. Pat. No. 3,184,309 both to Hyman L. Cohen and Louis M. Minsk. Mordants of these types exhibit good dye retention under certain conditions. However, these mordants can diffuse out of the blanks in which they are used and into the matrix when contacted therewith. The result is that as repeated dye transfers are made from a given matrix more mordant diffuses into the matrix, combines with some of the dye and is held there.

The mordant-dye complex formed in the matrix increases with successive transfers, finally reaching a point where it interferes with the transfer process so that satisfactory images cannot be made. It thus becomes necessary to subject the matrix to a special treatment between transfers thereby increasing the cost of the process. This special treatment, in addition to its cost, very often has a deleterious effect upon the image quality-definition, for example. Thus, it is desirable to provide a mordant which is substantially free of matrix poisoning.

Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide new mordant compounds.

It is another object of the invention to provide new polymeric mordants with improved characteristics for acid dyes.

It is another object of this invention to provide new compositions containing the dye mordants which can be used in photography.

It is still another object to provide new photographic ice elements containing certain mordants which do not develop high levels of matrix stain or matrix poisoning upon repeated use in dye transfer processes.

It is still another object to provide new photographic layers in a dye image-receiving element composing mordants which do not develop high levels of stain or dye.

It is still another object to provide a new light-filtering layer coated from a composition comprising a hydrophilic colloid and a dye mordant composition of this invention.

It is a further object to provide a photographic element comprising a support, a silver halide layer and at least one layer which comprises a polymer of this invention.

Another object is to provide a silver halide emulsion containing the polymer of this composition.

Still another object is to provide an integral negative receiver photographic element comprising a support having thereon a layer containing the polymeric mordant of this invention and at least one photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer of which has contiguous thereto a dye image-providing material.

These and other objects are accomplished using a polymeric compound composed of a polymer having quaternary nitrogen groups and at least two aromatic nuclei for each quaternary nitrogen atom in the polymer cation (i.e. having at least two aromatic nuclei for each positively charged nitrogen atom), said polymeric compound being substantially free of carboxy groups. Compared to the prior art quaternary nitrogen-containing mordants wherein the nitrogen atom is alkyl-substituted, the aryl or aralkyl group-substituted polymers of the invention have been found to be superior mordants. While definition may or may not be affected, matrix poisoning and stain are greatly reduced. Moreover, it has also been found that matrix staining or poisoning bears a direct relationship to the average number of aryl or aralkyl groups per nitrogen atom in the carbon portion of the copolymers of the invention. We have found that as the average number of aryl or aralkyl groups in the cation portion increases, the matrix stain or poisoning decreases. Thus, the greater the average number of aryl or aralkyl groups per quaternized nitrogen atom in the cation portion of the aryl or aralkyl-substituted, quaternized nitrogen containing interpolymers, the more effective the mordant from the standpoint of matrix stain or poisoning prevention. The only limitation placed on the number of aryl or aralkyl groups per nitrogen atoms present in the copolymer is that dictated by water or methanol solubility and compatibility with the hydrophilic colloids.

Preferred polymers according to this invention comprise units of the following formula in copolymerized relationship with units of at least one other ethylenically unsaturated monomer.

hydrogen atoms, lower naphthyl, etc.; Q can be a divalent alkylene or arylene or aralkylene or arylenealkylene radical such as other radicals including where R is an alkylene radical typically having 1 to 4 carbon atoms or R can be taken together with Q to form a R and R and R are lower alkyl including substituted alkyl, e.g. aralkyl, cyanomethyl, alkoxymeth'yl, carboalkoxymethyl, carbamoylmethyl, etc., aryl including substituted aryl, e.g., phenyl, naphthyl, tolyl, etc., or R and R and the nitrogen atom to which they are attached can be taken with Q to represent the atoms and covalent bonds necessary to form a quaternized nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring such as a Z-pyridinium and X is an anion, i.e. a monovalent negative salt forming radical or atom in ionic relationship with the positive salt forming radical or polymer cation, such as a halide, alkyl sulfate, sulfonate, for example, such as p-toluenesulfonate, dialkyl phosphate, and the like; wherein said polymer is substantially free of carboxy groups and wherein said polymer cation, i.e., the positive salt forming radical of said polymer comprises at least two aromatic nuclei for each quaternary nitrogen atom in said polymer. In one embodiment of the invention /3 of said polymer is comprised of units represented by said for mula. It is to be understood that Q cannot be taken together simultaneously with R and R and R 69 I N R The polymers of the invention are water or methanol soluble polymers having a polyhydrocarbon backbone and are composed of rceurring units supplying quaternized nitrogen atoms and having at least tWo aromatic nuclei, such as aryl groups, e.g. phenyl, pyridinium, etc., per quaternized nitrogen atom. The polymers should be substantially free of carboxy groups for the presence of carboxy groups in the interpolymers interferes with effective dye mordanting.

It is understood that the aromatic nuclei can be located on any unit of the polymeric chain as long as there are two aromatic nuclei for each quaternized nitrogen atom in said polymer. In one preferred embodiment at least one of R R or R in the above formula contain an aromatic nucleus. The aromatic nuclei contain at least, 5 carbon atoms often 5-12 carbon atoms and can be represented by the structure:

wherein A is an aromatic nucleus which can be substituted, if desired, with non-interfering groups such as alkyl and nitro groups and n is an integer of 0 to 4. The aromatic nuclei of this invention contain at least one aryl group. Typical groups are phenyl, benzyl, naphthyl, phenethyl, phenylpropyl, naphthylmethyl, naphthylpropyl, biphenylyl, alkyl substituted phenyls, and the like. In general at least about /3 of the recurring units in the 4 polymers which are good dye mordants contain quaternary nitrogen atoms.

The mordants of the invention are generally prepared by quaternizing an intermediate polymer having tertiary nitrogen atoms with an alkylating or aralkylation agent. The method of preparation of the intermediate polymer containing the tertiary nitrogen atoms for subsequent quaternization is not critical. Any of the methods known in the art such as mass, solution, or head polymerization, as well as condensation polymerization, can be used, and the catalysts known to the art such as ultraviolet light, peroxides, azo compounds, e.g., azobisisobutyronitrile, etc. can be employed.

It is often advantageous to prepare the intermediate basic polymers as derived polymers such as, for example, the styrene-maleimide polymers described in Cohen and Minsk US. Patent 3,048,487 which are made by the reaction of a maleic anhydride interpolymer and a dialkylaminoalkylamine. Typical suitable intermediate polymers include copoly [styrene-N- 3-dimethylaminopropyl) acrylamide] copoly styrene-N- 3-dimethylaminopropyl) maleimide] copoly(styrene-2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) cop oly (styrene-4-vinylpyridine poly (2-vinylpyridine copoly [2-vinylnaphthalene-N- 3-dimethylaminopropyl) maleimide],

copoly [4-vinylbiphenyl-N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) maleimide],

copoly{styrenel l ,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene- 1 [2- (N,N-

diethylamino )ethyl] maleimide},

copoly [p-nitrostyrene- 1- (N,N-dimethylaminomethyl) maleimide],

copoly{o-methylstyrenel- [3- (N,N-dibutylamino propyl] maleimide},

copoly{2,4-dichlorostyrene-N- [4- (N,N-dimethylamino) butyl] acrylamide},

copoly{ l-methylstyrene-N- [2- (N,N-diethylamino) ethyl]methacrylamide},

copoly{styrene-N- [2- (N',N'-dimethylamino ethyl} acrylamide},

copoly{4-cyanostyrene-N-[2-(N',N-dimethylamino) ethyl] acrylamide},

copoly{4-chlorostyrene-N- [2- (N',N'-dibenzy1amino) ethyl] acrylamide},

copoly [vinyl benzoate-vinyl-ot- (N,N-dimethylamino) acetate],

copoly{=benzyl acrylate-l- 3- (N,N-dimethylamino) propyl] maleimide},

copoly{phenyl acrylate-N- [3- (N,N-diethylamino) propyl] methacrylamide},

copoly{Z-methylstyrene-N-[2-(N',N-diethylamino) ethyl]methacrylamide},

copoly{styrene- 1- [4- (N,N-dimethylamino) phenyl] maleimide},

copoly{styrene-l-[4-(N,N-diethylamino)phenyl] maleimide},

copoly{4-nitrostyr ene-1-[4-N,N-diethylaminomethyl) phenyl]maleimide},

copoly{styrene- 1- [4- N,N-dimethylaminomethyl) phenyl] maleimide},

copoly{styrenel- [4- (N,N-dimethylaminomethyl benzyl] maleimide},

poly 2-methyl-5 -vinylpyridine and the like.

Generally these intermediate polymers are addition copolymers comprising at least 30 mole percent of tertiary amine-containing units and preferably at least 50 mole percent, the remainder of the units being derived from other ethylenically unsaturated monomers.

In an alternate embodiment, the quaternary nitrogencontaining mordants of this invention can be prepared by reacting an intermediate polymer having recurring units containing an active halogen group, for example, a

chloro-acetyl group, with a tertiary amine, preferably a tertiary amine containing at least one aryl or aralkyl group attached to the nitrogen atom, to obtain directly the quaternary nitrogen-containing mordants of the invention. Intermediate polymers which can be employed in this procedure include poly(vinyl chloroacetate) and copolymers of vinyl chloroacetate and other ethylenically unsaturated monomers. Typical suitable tertiary amines which may be employed in this alternate procedure include N,N dimethylbenzylamine, N,N dibenzylmethylamine, N,N-dimethylnaphthylmethylamine, pyridine, and the like.

Typical ethylenically unsaturated monomers which can be used to form ethenic interpolymers, including copolymers, terpolymers and the like, according to this invention include ethylene, propylene, l-butene, isobutene, 2- methylbutene, 1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene, styrene, alphamethylstyrene; monoethylem'cally unsaturated esters of aliphatic acids such as vinyl acetate, isopropenyl acetate, allyl acetate, etc.; esters of ethylenically unsaturated monoor dicarboxylic acids such as methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, ethyl acrylate, diethyl methylenernalonate, etc.; monoethylenically unsaturated compounds such as acrylonitrile, allyl cyanide, and dienes such as butadiene and isoprene. In one embodiment a preferred class of ethylenically unsaturated monomers which may be used to form the ethenic polymers of this invention includes the lower l-alkenes having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, styrene, and tetrarnethylbutadiene.

Quaternization of tertiary nitrogen-containing groups in the interpolyrner of the invention may be effected by using an alkylating or arylating agent which can be represented by the structure R X wherein R is as defined above, and X is a negative monovalent salt-forming atom or radical such as monoalkyl sulfate, sulfonate, dialkyl phosphate, halide, etc. Examples of suitable R groups are methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, and the like, phenyl, naphthyl, benzyl, phenethyl, phenylpropyl, naphthylmethyl, naphthylpropyl, and the like. The quaternizing agent selected can depend of course on whether or not the nitrogen atom appended to the interpolymer chain already contains an aromatic nucleus attached thereto. The quaternization may be effected in a solvent such as water, acetone, benzene, dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, dimethylacetamide, or an alcohol such as methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, Z-ethoxyethanol, (Cellosolve) and the like. Generally the quaternization is carried out to quaternize at least and preferably 50% of tertiary nitrogen atoms. Temperatures from room temperature to 125 C. are generally used and if quaternization of only a part of the tertiary nitrogen atoms is desired, the amount of quaternizing agent may be reduced to correspond with the number of tertiary nitrogen atoms to be converted.

Some compounds which illustrate the mordants of the invention are the following:

Copoly[styrene: N-(3 acrylamidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl- N- (4-nitrobenzyl) ammonium chloride] Copoly[styrene: N-(3 acrylamidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl- N-( l-naphthylmethyl) ammonium chloride].

Copoly[styrene: N-(3 maleimidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl- N- (4-phenylbenzyl) ammonium chloride] Copoly[styrene: N-(2 methacryloyloxyethyl)-N,N-di- Copoly (styrene: 1-benzyl-4-vinylpyridinium chloride).

Other copolymers useful as mordants within the scope of this invention are illustrated by the following:

copoly[styrene-1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl-N-benzyl-N- (Z-maleimidoethyl) ammonium bromide],

copoly[styrene-1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl- N-benzyl-N- (Z-maleimidoethyl ammonium iodide],

copoly[styrene-1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl- N-benzyl-N- (Z-maleimidoethyl) ammonium ptoluenesulfonate] copoly[styrene- 1, 1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl- N-benzyl-N- 2-maleimidoethyl) ammonium acetate],

copoly[styrene-1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl- N-benzyl-N- Z-maleimidoethyl) ammonium methyl sulfonate] copoly[styrene-1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene-N,N-diethyl- N-benzyl-N- (Z-maleimidoethyl) ammonium chloride],

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium chloride),

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylrnethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium bromide),

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylamrnonium iodide),

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate) copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium acetate),

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium methylsulfonate),

copoly (p-nitrostyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N-maleimidomethylammonium chloride),

copoly [o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- (4-biphenylylmethyl) -N- (3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium acetate],

copoly [o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- (4-biphenylylmethyl)-N-(3-rnaleimidopropyl)ammonium bromide] copoly [o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- 4-biphenyly1- methyl -N- 3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium iodide],

copoly o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- (4-biphenyly1- methyl) -N- (3-maleimidopropyl ammonium p-toluenesulfonate] copoly [o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- 4-biphenylylmethyl) -N- (3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium methylsulfonate] cop oly [o-methylstyrene-N,N-dibutyl-N- 4-biphenylylmethyl) -N- (3-maleimidopropyl ammonium chloride] copoly(vinyl benzoate-N,N-dimethyl-N-benzyl-N-vinyloxycarbornethylammonium chloride),

copolyDbenzyl acrylate-N,N-dimethyl-N-naphthylmethyl- N- 3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium chloride] copoly [Z-methylstyrene-N,N-dimethyl-N- (4-phenylbenzyl) -N- (Z-methacrylamidoethyl ammonium bromide],

copoly [styrene-N- (4maleimidophenyl) -N,N,N-trimethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate],

copoly [styrene-N-benzyl-N,N-diethyl-N- (4-maleimidophenyl) ammonium methosulfate] copoly [4-nitrostyrene-N- 4-maleimidobenzyl -N,N,N-

triethylammonium bromide],

copoly [styrene-N-benZyl-N,N-dimethyl-N- (4- maleimidobenzyl) ammonium methosulfate] copoly [styrene-N- (4 maleimidomethylbenzyl -N,N,N-

trimethylammonium p-toluenesulfonate] copoly [styrene-N-benzyl-N,N-dimethyl-N- (4-maleimidomethylbenzyl ammonium chloride] copoly [styrene-N-benzyl-N-carbamoylmethyl-N- 3- maleimidopropyl)-N-methylammonium chloride],

copoly [2-methyl-5 -vinylpyridine-1-benzyl-2-methyl-5 vinylpyridinium chloride],

copoly [styrene-N-benzyl-N-ethoxycarbonylmethyl-N- 3- maleimidopropyl) -N-methylammonium chloride],

copoly [styrene-N-benzyl-N-cyanomethyl-N- 3-maleirnidopropyl)-N-methylammonium chloride], and

copoly[styrene-N-benzyl-N-cyanomethyl-N-(3-maleirnido propyl -N-methylammonium chloride],

As indicated above, interpolymers of the above polymers useful as mordants within the scope of the invention can also contain units derived from more than one polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated monomer including ethylene, isobutylene, propylene, Z-methylbutene, Z-methylpentene, Z-methylhexene, Z-methylheptene, Z-methyloctene, 1,1,4,4-tetramethylbutadiene and alkyl or aryl acrylates such as methyl acrylate and phenyl acrylate, or alkyl or aryl methacrylates, such as methyl methacrylate and phenyl methacrylate.

This invention can be further illustrated by the following examples of preferred embodiments thereof although it Will be understood that these examples are included for purposes of illustration.

EXAMPLE I Preparation of copoly [styrene N- (3-acrylamidopropyl)- N,N-dimethyl-N-4-nitrobenzylammoniurn chloride] Into a 300 ml., l-neck flask fitted with a magnetic stirrer and condenser is placed a solution of 26 g. (0.1 mole) of copoly (styrene N,N dimethylaminopropylacrylamide) dissolved in ml. of benzyl alcohol. To this solution is added 18 g. (0.105 mole) of alpha-chloro-p-nitrotoluene. The solution is then stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. The viscous dope is poured into 2 liters of stirred ethyl acetate and the precipitate is filtered by suction and Washed in fresh ethyl acetate. The precipitate is filtered and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 38 g. of water-soluble product.

Analysis.Calcd. (percent): Cl, 8.2; N, 9.8. Found (percent): Cl, 6.5; N, 7.7.

EXAMPLE II Preparation of copoly[styrene:N-(3-acrylarnidopropyl)- N,N-dimethy1-N-( l-naphthylmethyl) ammonium chloride] Into a 500 ml., 3-neck flask fitted with a magnetic stirrer, condenser, and thermometer is placed 250 ml. of distilled dimethylformamide and 13 g. (0.05 mole) of c0poly( styrene 3-dimethylaminopropylacrylamide) This mixture is stirred to a homogeneous solution at room temperature at which time 17.6 g. (0.1 mole) of l-chloromethylnaphthalene is added in bulk. The solution is then stirred at ambient temperature for 48 hours, then at 96 C. for 1 hour. The viscous dope is filtered by suction and the filtrate is poured into 2 liters of manually stirred diethyl ether. The precipitate is hardened and washed in fresh diethyl ether overnight. The precipitate is filtered and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 19.6 g., soluble in (3-1) water methanol.

Analysis..-Calcd. (percent): Cl, 8.1; N, 6.4. (percent): Cl, 8.3; N, 6.3.

EXAMPLE m Found Preparation of copoly[styrenezN-(3-acrylamidopropyl)- N-benzyl-N,N-dimethylammonium chloride] To a solution of 14.3 g. (0.05 mole) of copoly(styrene:N,N-dimetl'iylaminopropylacrylamide) dissolved in 150 ml. of benzyl alcohol is added 12.6 g. (0.1 mole) of alpha-chlorotoluene. The resulting solution is then tumbled for 48 hours at 30 C. The viscous dope is poured into 1.5 liters of stirred diethyl ether. The precipitate is filtered off, Washed and hardened in fresh ether, filtered off and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 15.4 g. of water-soluble product.

Analysis.-Calcd. (percent): C, 71.1; H, 83; Cl, 9.1; N, 6.6. Found (percent): C, 71.5; H, 8.3; Cl, 7.3; N, 6.3.

9 EXAMPLE 1v Preparation of copoly[styrene:N-(3-maleimidopropyl)-N, N-dimethyl-N-(4-phenylbenzyl)ammonium chloride] Into a. 500 ml., 3-neck flask fitted with mechanical stirrer, condenser, and thermometer, is placed 14.3 g. (0.05 mole) of copoly[styrene:N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)maleimide] and 250 ml. of distilled dimethylformamide. This mixture is stirred to a homogeneous solution at room temperature at which time 20.2 g. (0.1 mole) of 4-chloromethylbiphenyl is added. The mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 48 hours then at 96 C. for 1 hour. The viscous dope is filtered by suction and the filtrate is poured into 2 liters of manually stirred diethyl ether. The precipitate is hardened and washed in fresh diethyl ether overnight. The precipitate is then filtered by suction and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 12 g. of water-soluble polymer.

EXAMPLE V Preparation of copoly[styrene:N-(Z-methacryloyloxyethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-N-benzylammonium chloride] Into a 500 ml., 3-neck flask fitted with magnetic stirrer, condenser, and thermometer, is placed 250 ml. of distilled dimethylformamide and 13 g. (0.05 mole) of copoly(styrenez2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate). This mixture is stirred to a homogeneous solution at room temperature at which time 12.6 g. (0.1 mole) of alpha-chlorotoluene is added. The solution is stirred at ambient temperature for 48 hours, then at 96 C. for 1 hour. The dope is then precipitated into 2 liters of manually stirred diethyl ether. The precipitate is washed and hardened in fresh diethyl ether overnight. The precipitate is filtered by suction and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 17.7 g. of water-soluble product.

Analysis.-Ca1cd. (percent): CI, 9.2; N, 3.7. Found (percent): Cl, 9.4; N, 3.6.

EXAMPLE VI Preparation of terpoly(styrene:4-vinyl-N-benzylpyridinium chloride:4-vinylpyridinium acetate) In a 500 ml., 3-neck flask fitted with condenser, magnetic stirrer, and thermometer, is prepared a solution of 20.9 g. (0.1 mole) of copoly(styrene:4-vinylpyridine) in 200 ml. benzyl alcohol at room temperature. To this solution is added 25.2 g. (0.2 mole) of alpha-chlorotoluene and the solution is stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. The solution is then stirred and heated at 95 C. for 1 hour. The dope is slowly poured into 2 liters of diethyl ether. The white precipitate is hardened and washed in 2 liters of fresh diethyl ether, filtered by suction and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. The precipitate is redissolved in 250 ml. of methanol and again precipitated into ethyl ether, washed and dried as above. Yield 27.4 g.

Analysis.Calcd. (percent): Cl, 10.5; N, 4.2. Found (percent): Cl, 10.2; N, 3.8.

The dried product is dispersed in distilled water and just enough acetic acid was added to effect solution.

EXAMPLE VII Preparation of copoly[2-vinylpyridine:2-vinyl-N- (1-naphthylmethyl)pyridinium chloride] Into a 500 ml., l-neck flask fitted with condenser and magnetic stirrer, is placed a solution of 21 g. (0.2 mole) of poly(2-vinylpyridine) dissolved in 250 ml. of dimethylformamide. To this solution is added 52.8 g. (0.3 mole) of 1-chloromethy1naphthalene. The solution is stirred and heated at 80 C. for 42 hours. The viscous dope is poured into diethyl ether and the resulting precipitate is washed in fresh diethyl ether. The precipitate 10 is filtered by suction and dried at room temperature under reduced pressure. Yield 22 g. of Water-soluble product.

Analysis.-Calcd. (percent): C1, 12.5; N, 4.9. Found (percent): Cl, 7.8; N, 9.5.

EXAMPLE VIII Quaternization of copoly [styrene:dimethylaminopropylmaleimide] with 1-chloromethylnaphthalene A solution of 6.5 g. of copoly[styrenezdimethylaminopropylmaleimide] and 3.8 g. of l-chloromethylnaphthalene in ml. of benzyl alcohol is heated on a steambath overnight. The mixture is cooled, precipitated in diethyl ether, washed with acetone and vacuum dried. The solid is dissolved in methanol, precipitated in ether, washed and vacuum dried. Yield 8 g. of product soluble in warm water.

Analysis.--Calcd. (percent): C, 72.7; H, 6.7; N, 6.1; Ci, 7.6. Found (percent): C, 69.8; H, 7.1; N, 5.4; CI, 6.8..

EXAMPLE IX Quaternization of copoly[styrene:dimethylaminopropylacrylamide] with l-chloromethylnaphthalene A solution of 10 g. of copoly[styrene:dimethylaminopropylacryamide], and 7.0 g. chloromethylnaphthalene in 100 ml. benzyl alcohol is heated overnight under nitrogen in a 100 C. bath. The mixture is cooled, isolated and purified as in Example VIII. Yield 10 g. of product soluble in warm water and methanol.

Analysis.Calcd. (percent): C, 71.5; H, 8.1; N, 5.6; Cl, 7.6. Found (percent): C, 74.4; H, 7.6; N, 6.4; Ci, 8.1.

EXAMPLE X Quaternization of copoly[styrene:dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate] with l-chloromethylnaphthalene A solution of 5 g. of copoly[styrenezdimethylaminoethyl methacrylate] and 10 "g. of l-chloromethylnaphthalene in 50 ml. of dimethylformamide is heated overnight in a 100 C. bath. The mixture is cooled and the product isolated and purified as in the previous example. Yield 7 g. of product soluble in water and methanol.

Analysis.Calcd. (percent): C, 74.1; H, 7.3; N, 3.2; Ci, 8.1. Found (percent): C, 69.8; H, 7.4; N, 3.4; Ci, 8.6.

EXAMPLE XI Preparation of copoly[N acrylamidopropyl N,N-dimethyl-N-vinyloxycarbomethylammonium chloridetN- benzyl N,N dimethyl N vinyloxycarbomethylammonium chloride] A solution of 36 g. (0.3 mole) of poly(vinyl chloroacetate) and 20.25 g. (0.15 mole) of dimethylbenzylamine in 500 ml. dimethylformamide is allowed to stand overnight at room temperature. The mixture is precipitated in ether, washed and vacuum dried.

Ten grams of this solid (0.0267 mole), 7.7 g. (0.25 mole) of dimethylaminopropylacrylamide and ml. of dimethylformamide is tumbled overnight. The solution is precipitated in diethyl ether, washed with acetone and vacuum dried. Yield 10.5 g.

Analysis.Calcd. (percent): C, 56.2; H, 7.4; Cl, 13.3; N, 7.9. Found (percent): C, 56.1; H, 7.4; Cl, 12.9; N, 6.4.

EXAMPLE X11 Preparation of copoly[2 vinylnaphthalene:N (l-naphthylmethyl) N,N dimethyl N maleimidopropylammonium chloride] Nine grams of l-chloromethylnaphthalene is added to a solution of 9 g. of copoly[2-vinylnaphthalene:dimethylaminopropylmaleimide] in 32 ml. of dimethylformamide. After tumbling for 3 days, the mixture is precipitated in ether, washed and vacuum dried. Yield 12.7 g.

EXAMPLE XIII Preparation of copoly[styrene-N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)maleimide] A solution of 250 g. of copoly(styrene-maleic anhydride (commercially available from the Monsanto Chemical Company under the trade name of Lytron 810-) in 2500 ml. of dry dimethylformamide is made by stirring in a -liter flask, containing a reflux condenser, thermometer, stirrer, and dropping funnel. The mixture is heated to 110 C. and 230 g. of N,N-dimethyl-1,3-propanediamine is added slowly at a rate to keep the mixture boiling slightly. Polymer precipitates as a gummy mass at first but goes back into solution after about half of the amine is added. The condenser is replaced by a distillation column and about 500 ml. of material is removed by distillation with stirring. The residue is cooled, precipitated in water, collected by filtration and air-dried at room temperature for two days. The solid is dissolved in acetone, and again precipitated in Water and air-dried. Yield=260 g. of off-white, friable solid.

Analysis.-Calcd. for C H N O (percent): C, 71.4; H, 7.7; N, 9.8. Found (percent): C, 72.0; H, 7.5; N, 9.0.

EXAMPLE XIV Preparation of copoly[styrene-N-benzyl-N,N-dimethyl- N- 3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium chloride] The polymer prepared in Example XIII above (110 g.) is dissolved in 1100 ml. of N,N-dimethylformamide and 100 g. of benzyl chloride is added rapidly with stirring. After standing about 16 hours, the mixture is heated two hours on a steam bath. The product is precipitated in acetone, Washed twice with acetone and dried under vacuum. The solid is redissolved in methanol, reprecipitated in dioxane, washed with acetone, and vacuum-dried to yield about 130 g. of off-white solid.

Analysis.-Calcd. for C H N O C (percent): C, 69.8; H, 7.0; N, 6.8; Cl, 8.6. Found (percent): C, 69.5; H, 7.1; N, 6.6;Cl, 8.3.

As indicated above, the polymers of this invention are useful in the mordant layer of dye image-receiving elements. This is illustrated in the following examples:

EXAMPLE XV Single layer dye image-receiving element containing copoly[styrene N benzyl N,N dimethyl N (3- maleimidopropyDammonium chloride] as polymeric mordant without vehicle A dye image-receiving element is prepared by coating the following liquid composition on a polyethylene coated paper support.

G. Polymeric mordant (6% aqueous soln.) 480 Coating aid* (5% aqueous soln.) 10 Distilled water to 500 g.

*The coating aid is isooctyl phenyl polyethoxy ethanol (commercially available from Rohm and Haas trade name of Triton X100).

The polymeric mordant is prepared in a manner after Examples XIII and XIV.

12 EXAMPLE XVI Multilayer dye image-receiving element containing copoly[styrene-N benzyl-N,N dimethyl N (3-maleimidopropyl) ammonium chloride] as polymeric mordant in gelatin and a polymeric acid scavenging layer A dye image-receiving element is prepared by coating the following liquid composition as the top most layer of a polyethylene coated paper support containing a polyacrylic acid layer:

Gelatin (10% aqueous soln.) g 56.0 Polymeric mordant (6% aqueous soln.) g 371.0 Coating aid* (5% aqueous soln.) ..ml 10.0 Formaldehyde (10% aqueous soln.) ml 0.3 Distilled water to 500 g.

*The coating aid is isooctyl phenyl polyethoxy ethanol (commercially available from Rohm and Haas under the trade name of Triton X).

The polymeric mordant is prepared in a manner after Examples XIII and XIV.

The coating is prepared to contain 200 milligrams polymeric mordant and 50 milligrams gelatin per square foot of support.

The element thus formed is then tested by employing the photosensitive element and process as described in Example 1 of Beavers and Bush US. Pat. 3,445,228. After completion of development, the receiving element is separated from the photosensitive element, resulting in the transfer of a well-defined dye image having relatively good color balance and dye stability.

EXAMPLE XVII Preparation of poly[2-metliyl-5-vinylpyridine:l-benzyl- 2-methyl-5-vinylpyridinium chloride] EXAMPLE XVIII Multilayer dye image-receiving element containing copoly[2 methyl 5 vinyl-pyridine:l-benzyl-Z-methyl- 5-vinylpyridinium chloride] A dye image-receiving element is prepared by coating poly(methyl vinyl ether/maleic anhydride) on a polyethylene coated paper support. On the polymeric acid anhydride layer is coated a white pigmented interlayer formed from TiO and a polymeric binder, in accordance with the teaching of Beavers and Bush, US. Pat. 3,445,- 228. Over this layer is coated the following composition containing the above polymeric mordant:

Gelatin 10% aqueous soln.) g 154 Polymeric mordant (10% aqueous soln.) g 308 Formaldehyde (10% aqueous soln.) ml 10 Coating aid (5% aqueous soln.) ml 10 Distilled water to 500 g.

*The coating aid is isooctyl phenyl polyethoxy ethanol (commercially available from Rohm and Haas under the trade name of Triton X-100).

The polymeric mordant is prepared in a manner after Example XVII.

The polymeric mordant coating is prepared to contain 400 milligrams of polymeric mordant and 200 milligrams of gelatin per square foot of support.

The element thus formed is then tested by employing the photosensitive element and process as described in Example 1 of Beavers and Bush US. Pat. 3,445,228. After completion of development, the receiving element is separated from the photosensitive element, resulting in the transfer of a well-defined dye image having relatively good color balance and dye stability.

Mordanting amounts of the novel polymers of the invention can be employed as such from an aqueous or methanolic medium, or can be incorporated in water-permeable hydrophilic organic colloids or other polymeric binder materials and the resulting mixture used in the preparation of dye imbibition printing blanks, receiving layers for color transfer processes, such as those described in Land US. Pat. 3,362,819, Rogers US. Pat. 2,983,606, Whitmore U.S. Pat. 3,227,552 and US. Pat. 3,227,550, and in antihalation layers such as those described in Jones et al. U .8. Pat. 3,282,699. Satisfactory colloids which can be used for this purpose include any of the hydrophilic colloids generally employed in the photographic field, including, for example, gelatin, colloidal albumin, polysaccharides, cellulose derivatives, synthetic resins such as polyvinyl compounds, including polyvinyl alcohol derivatives, acrylamide polymers and the like. In addition to the hydrophilic colloids, the vehicle or binding agent can contain colloids such as dispersed polymerized vinyl compounds, particularly those which increase the dimensional stability of photographic materials. Suitable compounds of this type include water-insoluble polymers and copolymers of alkyl acrylates or methacrylates. In general a mordanting amount can be employed in a dye mordanting or dye image-receiving element layer. A binder may or may not be used along with the polymeric mordant in the layer. The amount of dye mordant to be used depends on the amount of dye to be mordanted, the mordanting polymers, the imaging chemistry involved, etc. The amount can be determined easily by one skilled in this art. The dye image-receiving element can comprise a support having the polymeric mordant of this invention thereon. The element may also comprise other layers, such as a polymeric acid layer, and can also include a timing layer as taught in US. Pat. 3,362,819 or a light reflective interlayer comprising a light reflective white pigment such as TiO' and the polymeric binder in accordance with the teaching of Beavers and Bush US. Pat. 3,445,228.

The mordanting polymers of this invention are also especially useful in light-filtering layers, such as in antihalation layers of the type disclosed in Jones and Milton US. Pat. 3,282,699. Here the light-filtering layer preferably can comprise a hydrophilic colloid and the polymer of this invention. The layer is adapted to contain a dye held or fixed by the mordant.

In addition, the novel mordants of this invention can also be employed in integral negative-receiver photographic elements such as those described in US. application Ser. No. 27,990 of Cole, filed Apr. 13, 1970, US. application Ser. No. 27,991 of Barr et al., filed Apr. 13, 1970 and US. Patent No. 3,415,644, issued Dec. 10, 1968. In general, these integral photographic elements comprise a support having thereon a layer containing one or more of the novel mordants described herein and at least one photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer, the silver halide of which has contiguous thereto a dye image-providing material.

When a water-permeable colloid is used, the quantity of mordant employed can be varied, depending upon the particular mordant and its chemical characteristics, as well as the dyes to be fixed in the mordanting layer. In general, the quantity of mordant should be at least by weight, based on the weight of hydrophilic colloid. Larger amounts of mordant can be employed in the hydrophilic colloid layers and amounts as high as 50% by weight, based on the weight of the hydrophilic colloid, give quite useful results.

The mordants can also be used for fixing the dyes, and particularly acid dyes, used in the preparation of photographic filter, antihalation and gelatino-silver halide emulsion layers. Such layers can be coated on conventional phot-ographic supports, such as flexible sheet supports (e.g., cellulose acetate, polyester films, polyvinyl resins, etc.) or paper, glass, etc.

More than one of the mordanting polymers of this invention can be used together, in a single layer or in two or more layers. The mordanting polymers of this invention can also be used in admixture with other mordants in the same layer or in separate layers of the same element.

The layers containing the polymers of this invention can be prepared from not only aqueous systems but also methanol or alkaline compatible systems as well.

The emulsions containing the interpolymers can be chemically sensitized with compounds of the sulfur group, noble metal salts such as gold salts, reduction sensitized with reducing agents, and combination of these. Furthermore, emulsion layers and other layers present in photographic elements made according to this invention can be hardened with any suitable hardener such as aldehyde hardeners, aziridine hardeners, hardeners which are derivatives of dioxane, oxypolysaccharides such as oxystarch, oxy plant gums, and the like. The emulsion can also contain additional additives, particularly those known to be beneficial in photographic emulsions, including for example, stabilizers or antifoggants, particularly the water soluble inorganic acid salts of cadmium, cobalt, manganese and zinc as disclosed in US. Pat. 2,829,404, the substituted triazaindolizines as disclosed in US. Pats. 2,444,605 and 2,444,607, speed increasing materials, plasticizers and the like.

Mordanted blanks treated in accordance with this invention are useful for receiving acid dyes from hydrophilic colloid relief images according to prior art techniques. Typical acid dyestuffs which can be transferred to the treated blanks of the invention are Anthracene Yellow GR (400% pure Schultz No. 177), Fast Red S Conc. (Colour Index 176), Pontacyl Green SN Ex. (Colour Index 737), Acid blue black (Colour Index 246), Acid Magenta 0 (Colour Index 692), Naphthol Green B Conc. (Colour Index 5), Brilliant Paper Yellow Ex. Conc. 125% (Colour Index 364), Tartrazine (Colour Index 640), Metanil Yellow Conc. (Colour Index 138), Pontacyl Carmine 6B Ex. Conc. (Colour Index 57), Pontacyl Scarlet R. Conc. (Colour Index 487) and Pontacyl Rubine R Ex. Conc. (Colour Index 179).

The mordants of this invention are evaluated for their degree of matrix poisoning in an Imbibition Dye Transfer Process as follows:

To a fine grain silver bromoiodide emulsion containing 295 g. of gelatin/mole of silver halide, there is added some saponin solution as a coating acid, 42 cc. of 50 percent aqueous glycerine, and 17.5 cc. of a 10 percent formaldehyde solution. The emulsion is coated on a cellulose ester support at a coverage of approximately 390 mg. of silver/ ft.

Mordant (1.2 g.) and gelatin (2.7 g.) are dissolved at 40 C. in suicient water to make a total weight of g. of solution. The pH of the solution is adjusted to 4.2, and 0.17 cc. of a 10 perent aqueous solution of formaldehyde is added. This solution is then coated over the fine grain silver bromoiodide emulsion layer described above at a coverage of 260 mg. of gelatin/ftfi.

A series of six transfers of dye are made from a gelatin relief matrix onto strips of the film coating containing the mordant. A new matrix is used for each series of transfers.

After the six transfers are made, the minimum density of the matrix is measured through a filter complementary in color to that of the transferred dye. The minimum density of the unused matrix is subtracted from this density to give the dye stain on the matrix which is taken as an 15 indication of the degree of the matrix which is taken as an indication of the degree of matrix poisoning.

The matrix for each transfer is dyed for 2 minutes 50 seconds in an acid dye bath at a temperature of 90 F. The dyed matrix is removed from the dye bath, allowed to drain 10 seconds, washed for 15 seconds in running water at a temperature of 80 F. and immediately blown off with an air squeegee to remove surface water. The dyed matrix is then rolled into contact with a strip of the mord-anted film coating which has been soaked in distilled water, squeegeed and redyed for the next transfer in the TABLE 1.-MORDANTING RESULTS Reference Number General formula R X A. CH (Control) C1H SO am-on -CH CH 3 :0 ITIH (0112):; X9 CH3IIICH;

B Sameasabove C1 D do Sameas above 01 F CH3- (Control) C1H1S0 OHzOH -OH-CE A I I A (3:0 0:0 bl: M X OH -I| IOH3 S b 01 g ameasa ove CHZ I CH3 CHz-(Control) C1H7SO39 A A J 1 2): X9 CH3-lI] -CH3 b 01 J Same asa ove @011? K n CH C1 TABLE IContinued Reference Number General formula R X L CH;- Control O H S 9 am-019 CH-O 7 M Same as above 016 N CH;(Control).--.. C H 9 ong-e19 -CHC l 1 l x l I A. Q

2): C :|NCHa S easabo e....... 01

P OKs-(Control) 6 11 80 -'CH:-OH n I N R Q, Sameasabove 319 The testing results are reported in the following Table 2:

TABLE 2.MORDANTIN G RESULTS The following example is included to further show the advantageous effect of the mordants of the invention on matrix strain compared to interpolymers containing aikyl-substituted quaternary nitrogen atoms and to demonstrate the adverse effect of carboxyl groups in the Defini- Matrix tion Density Ran N0 Stain w Z1 VS. 2 Remarks copolymers. The compounds were all tested according to fin m H ha 1 the general procedure discussed above and all the data. A. 0.11 De tono ys g y ess. M7 Definition equal on first has been reduced to resolutions of the rmageformed on transfer but degraded after the first transfer strip 1n terms of lines per millimeter. The 0 03 the first data 1s, of course, relative to the controls. The compounds 0.02 H aft 1 tested are identified in the following Table 3. 0.02 az er rocessn 0.06 g y p g TABLE 3 0.01 0.02 Com- 0. 11 Image poisoning after first pound Name Structure transier. 0.12 I Copoly(metha- CH; CH, 0.01 crylic acid I (B 0. 18 to Density decreased with N,N-diethy1-N- --GH2- C-CHr successive transfers. methyl-N- L (5 I 0. 01 No visible matrix poisoning methaeryloyi- 00 OH =0 n after the sixth transfer. oxyethylammo- (g 0. l1 Image poisoning. nium p-toluene- 0. 01 Density slightly less. suifonete). ([1 High Bgdsinage poisoning after H2):

1' fans er. 0.02 H6c2-'N C2Hl 0.28 Image poisoning. H

3 1 Z=The guanylhydrezone of poly(methyl vinyl ketone) is used as n 9 standard mordent for comparison (See U.S. Patent 2,945,000). C1H1SO TABLE 3-Continued TABLE 3Continued Com- Compound Name Structure pound Name Structure II Pol N,N-dieth- CH; 1X-.. Copoly[styreneyl l l-methyl-N- l l 5 N-(S-acrylami- CHz-CHr CH -CH methaeryloyl- -oHi-c p pyD- A l /y n oxyethylammo- L l I N,N-tn methyl nium p-toluene- C=O o um D- oHt C O sulionate) I toluenesul- I fonate]. NH ((13112): (A1112): Briefin -club Nwnoa CH; 01H1s0a 1 1 4 The results of the tests are reported in Table 4 below.

15 111. Poly(2-vinyl-N 1 TABLE 4 methylpyridin- GHz-CH- Resoium p-toluenel lution Comlines/ Matrix -CH3 pound mm. stain Comments i I This mordant permits diffusion of the dye and is unsatisfactory. Itdproduces fog and n increases threshold spee in emulsions in C H so 9 contact with filter layers.

7 7 3 II High This mordant gave excellent definition, at 0. 28 least fas goodt ascgml l olrlltrid IIII, orig a IQJIS er ens y US S 0W9! an IV The guanyl' Compound III. I g y hydrazone of CH1r-C In High poly(methyl jn NH 0. 28 vinyl ketone) II IV 42 (L07 l i oiic acid =N-NHC-HOCH2COOH 30 High sa 0.28 CH1 VI 42 0.15 VII 42 0.07 30 $11-.-- 42 04 0. V Poly -(3'aerylam dopropyD- {CH2CH fig g g g The invention has been described in considerable detail l t with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, but it 0m NH will be understood that variations and modifications can be effected within the spirit and scope of the invention 2 a as described hereinabove and as defined in the appended 9 0 3): claims.

cinisoa What is claimed is:

40 1. A polymer having at least of the units represented VI Copoly[styrene f by the following formula in copolymerized relationship N-(3-acrylamiwith units of at least one other ethylenically unsaturated dop p D- A /y n N ,N-trimethylmonomer ammonium p- 0 H; =0 l tolzliinesulfo- 111B l g I no 6 1 -0H- L eni mour),

Guns oi 9 R VII Copoly[styrenef ggg g f' 7 wherein R and R are hydrogen atoms or lower alkyl beiiz i h y groups and R can additionally be a group containing f at least one aromatic nucleus; Q can be momum ohlo- I ride]. (I) (I) 0 C -b-oR-, -oo-R or -ii-NH-R HaN -CHa 9 wherein R is an alkylene radical or R can be taken CH2 C1 I together With Q to form a Calls 6() 0 VIII C0 olylstyrene- -C 18-(3-acn7lami- CH2GH CHr-CH dopropyD-N j: j, n N R N-dImethyI-N- (l-naphthyl- 0H5 =0 6r methyDammoo nium chloride]. IIqH 0 group; R R and R can be lower alkyl or aryl, or R e cm- N-om and R and the nitrogen atom to which they are attached C1 can together with Q represent the atoms and bonds necessary to form a quaternized nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring, wherein when Q is at least one of R R and R is an aryl group having at least two aromatic nuclei, and X is a monovalent negative salt forming radical or atom in ionic relationship with the positive salt forming radical; wherein said polymer is substantially free of carboxy groups and wherein the positive salt forming radical of said polymer comprises at least two aryl groups for each quaternary nitrogen atom in said polymer.

2. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein said polymer comprises at least three aromatic nuclei for every quaternary nitrogen atom. a

3. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein said ethylenically unsaturated monomer is styrene.

4. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein said ethylenically unsaturated monomer is 2-vinylnaphthalene.

5. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein said ethylenically unsaturated monomer is ethylene.

6. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein said ethylenically unsaturated monomer is 4-vinylbiphenyl.

7. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein one of R R or R is a group comprising at least one aryl group.

8. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein at least 50 mole percent of the units are represented by said formula.

9. A polymer according to claim 7 wherein the said aryl group is benzyl.

10. A polymer according to claim 7 wherein the said aryl group has at least two aromatic nuclei.

11. The polymer according to claim 10 wherein the aryl group is naphthylmethyl.

12. The polymer according to claim 10 wherein the aryl group is phenylbenzyl.

13. The polymer according to claim 12 which is copoly[styrene-N-(3-acrylamidopropyl) N,N dimethyl-N- dimethyl-N- 4-phenylbenzyl ammonium chloride] 14. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein R is taken together with Q to form a group.

15. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein Q is 16. A polymer according to claim 1 wherein Q is 17 A polymer according to claim 1 wherein R and R and the nitrogen atom to which they are attached can together with Q represent the atoms and bonds necessary to form a quaternized nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring.

18. The polymer according to claim 17 wherein said heterocyclic ring is a pyridinium ring.

19. The polymer according to claim 11 which is copoly[2-vinylpyridine 2-vinyl-N-(1 naphthylmethyl)pyridinium chloride].

20. The polymer according to claim 9 which is copoly[styrene-N-benzyl N,N dimethyl N (Ii-maleimidopropyl) ammonium chloride].

21. The polymer according to claim 9 which is copoly[styrene-N-(2 methacryloyloxyethyl) N,N dimethyl-N-benzyl ammonium chloride].

22. The polymer according to claim 11 which is copoly[styrene N (3-acrylamidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl- N-( l-naphthylmethyl)ammonium chloride].

23. The polymer according to claim 11 which is copoly[styrene N (3 maleimidopropyl)-N,N-dimethyl- N-( l-naphthylmethyl) ammonium chloride].

24. The polymer according to claim 9 which is copoly(2-methyl-5-vinylpyridine l-benzyl-2methyl-S-vinylpyridinium chloride).

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,780,604 2/ 1957 Clarke et a1. 2602.1

2,980,657 4/1961 Melarned 26086.l

3,398,092 8/1968 Fields et a1. 21024 3,557,066 1/1971 Cohen et a1. 260-78.5

FOREIGN PATENTS 807,488 1/ 1959 Great Britain 260-89.7

906,083 Great Britain 96-84 A JOSEPH L. SCHQFER, Primary Examiner J. KIGHT III, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

96-84 A; 26078.5 T, 80.3 N, 80.73, 80.8, 80.81, 82.3, 83.7, 85.5 S, 85.7, 86.1 N, 88.1 PN, PA, 88.2 S, 88.3 R, 89.1, 89.7 NS, 94.7 N, 94.9 GB

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Classifications
U.S. Classification525/326.8, 525/327.1, 525/374, 525/328.2, 430/518, 430/941, 525/359.6, 526/307, 525/328.4, 525/359.4
International ClassificationG03C1/835, C08F8/44, G03C8/56, G03C7/25
Cooperative ClassificationY10S430/142, C08F8/44, G03C1/835, G03C8/56, G03C7/25
European ClassificationG03C7/25, G03C8/56, C08F8/44, G03C1/835