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Publication numberUS3760430 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 25, 1973
Filing dateMay 4, 1971
Priority dateMay 4, 1971
Publication numberUS 3760430 A, US 3760430A, US-A-3760430, US3760430 A, US3760430A
InventorsBrenden D
Original AssigneeBrenden D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adapter apparatus for a portable sewage disposal system
US 3760430 A
Abstract
The improved portable sewage disposal system of the invention includes a portable toilet, a sewage holding tank therefor, a tank drainage pipe, a tubular, preferably flexible, conduit connected to the drainage pipe and an adapter, preferably of molded plastic or rubber, inserted at one end in the conduit with the other reduced end thereof being externally threaded for releasable threaded engagement with a fixed sewage drain cleanout tee. The adapter system includes the conduit and adapter releasably inter-connected. Gripping means may be provided for releasably securing the conduit and adapter in gas-tight, liquid-tight relation, and the adapter may have a shoulder which aids in positioning the conduit over the insert end thereof. The gripping means may include unidirectional serrations on the exterior surface of the insert end or a flexible collar or a releasable ring clamp. The described systems permit liquid- and gas-tight removal of sewage wastes from the portable holding tank into a fixed disposal drain cleanout tee in a rapid, simple and efficient manner.
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United States Patent 1191 Brenden A ADAPTER APPARATUS FOR A PORTABLE SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM [76] Inventor: Donald Wilford Brenden, 1362 w.

26 St., San Pedro, Calif. 90731 22 Filed: May 4,1971

21 Appl. 1516.; 140,378

[52] U.S. Cl .Q 4/114, 4/1, 4/10, 138/40, 138/45, 285/177, 285/252 [51] Int. Cl. B60r 15/04 [58] Field of Search 4/114, 115,116, 4/10, 1; 138/40, 45; 285/177, 252, 253

{56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,772,420 12/1956 Carter .L 4/114 x 3,602,531 8/1971 3,275,349 9/1966 Choran 285/252 1,050,615 1/1913 Coates.... 285/252 X 2,514,230 7/1950 P64 131 4/114 2,602,701 7/1952 Walter 138/40 3,407,449 Tetzlaff et a1 285/253 x [1 1] 3 760 3 .[45] Sept. 25, 1973 Primary Examiner- -l-lenry lg. Artis Attorney--l-Ienry M. Bissell 571 ABSTRACT The improved portable sewage disposal system of the invention includes a portable toilet, a sewage holding tank therefor, a tank drainage pipe, a tubular, preferably flexible, conduit connected to the drainage pipe and an adapter, preferably of molded plastic or rubber, inserted at one end in the conduit with the other reduced end thereof being externally threaded for releasable threaded engagement with a fixed sewage drain cleanout tee. The adapter system includes the conduit and adapter releasably inter-connected. Gripping means may be provided for releasably securing the conduit and adapter in gas-tight, liquid-tight relation, and the adapter may have a shoulder which aids in positioning the conduit over the insert end thereof. The gripping means may include unidirectional serrations on the exterior surface of the insert end or a flexible collar or a releasable ring clamp. The described systems permit liquidand gas-tight removal of sewage wastes from the portable holding tank into a fixed disposal drain cleanout tee in a rapid, simple and efficient manner.

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures ADAPTER APPARATUS FOR A PORTABLE SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention.

Thepresent invention generally relates to portable sewage storage and disposal systems.

2. Description of the Prior Art.

Generally, portable sewage units do not include means for easily, simply, rapidly and efficiently removing sewage into a fixed sewage drain system without the release of noxious odors and fluids. Such of those systerns which are available for performing the indicated function without such release are usually cumbersome, large, inefficient and/or relatively expensive, requiring specialized equipment. It has become increasingly important to provide means for disposing of sewage as conveniently and as rapidly as possible in order to encourage the practice of proper procedures of sanitation, ecological conservation and environmental preservation. Generally speaking, such procedures, through they may be desirable, are not consistently practiced unless the equipment to perform thesame is simple and inexpensive and is easy and rapid to use. The recent great proliferation of campers andtrailers increases sewage disposal problems and, accordingly, there is a growing need for a improved sewage disposal means for use with such portable sewage systems as are carried by campers, trailers and similar vehicles.

' SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is briefly summarized in .the Abstract. The invention fills the needs. as specified above for a highly mobile, relatively inexpensive, quickly and efficiently usable, easily 'storable sewage disposal unit. This unit includes the adapter system of the invention, as well as a portable toilet, sewage holdingtank and other accessory components, as set forth above. Both systems include means for rapidly connecting to and disconnecting from the usual fixed sewage drain cleanout tee customarily available and accessible in most homes, industrial plants and other buildings for passage of the sewage to the community sewage disposal system. I

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A better understanding of the present invention may be had from a consideration of the following detailed description, taken in. conjunction with'the accompaning drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic side elevation of a preferred embodiment of the improved portable sewage disposal system of the invention, including the improved adapter apparatus therefor;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematicfragmentary side elevation of a second embodiment of the improved adapter apparatus of the invention with portions brokcn away to illustrate the internal construction thereof; and

FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic fragmentary side elevation of a third embodiment of the improved adapter apparatus of the invention with portions broken away to illustrate the internal construction thereof.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown schematically in FIG. 1, one embodiment of the mproved portable sewage disposal system 10 of the invention is illustrated in side elevation and includes a toilet 12 interconnected (by means not shown) to a sewage holding tank 14, which tank includes a waste drain pipe 16. Sewage holding tank 14, toilet 12 and means interconnecting the same are disposed within a portable or mobile carrier 18 such as a trailer, camper, or the like. System 10 further includes a tubular conduit 20, preferably comprising a flexible rubber hose or the like, which is releasably received on and interconnected to the drain pipe 16 at one end of the conduit, the opposite end 22 of the conduit 20 being received over the insert end 24 of a hollow tubular adapter 26, preferably fabricated of molded plastic, although other suitable materials may be used. Conduit 20 most preferably comprises light rubber, rubberized fabric, or plastic flexible tubing or the like supported at intervals with metal rings, etc., or by a coiled metal wire along its length. The opposite end 28 of adapter 26.is threaded on the external surface 30 thereof and is reduced in size so as to fit the standard fixed drainage system cleanout tee 32, as shown in FIG. 1, in releasable threaded engagement. As a non-limiting example, the adapter 26 may have its threaded end with an inside diameter of 2 inches and an outer diameter of 2 A inches, its other end having a 2 14 inch ID and a 3 inch O.D., joined by an intermediate section tapered to match the two ends and with an extended shoulder of 3 1% inches 0D. for abutting the end of the flexible tubing. The adapter 26 may be, for example, 6 inches long. Conduit 20 may be, for example, thin walled plastic piping of,3 inch ID.

Accordingly, the improved adapter apparatus of the improved sewage disposal system 10 can be used to rapidly and effectively interconnect the remaining por tion of system 10 with the fixedsewage drainage tee 32. The improved adapter apparatus is generally designated as 34 and comprises the previously described conduit 20 and adapter 26. System 34 can be easily connected and disconnected to tee 32 and pipe 16 an stored when not in use. The conduit 20 portion thereof should be sufficiently long with adapter 26 so as to conveniently extend between carrier 18 and the usual cleanout tee 32 wherever it may be located (generally at or near ground level and adjacent a driveway for ready access). For most purposes, conduit 20 may be, for example, 5 to 10 feet long.

The improved adapter means of the invention is schematically shown in side elevation in further detail in FIG. 2. As indicated therein, the improved adapter means 50 includes a flexible conduit 52, end 54 of which is shown disposed over the insert end 56 of adapter 58. Adapter 58 further includes an outwarding directed peripheral shoulder 60 against which end 54 is abutted. Shoulder 60 iids in positioning of end 54 over the insert end of adapter 58. Adapter 58 further includes a necked-down, intermediate portion 62 and a reduced opposite end 64, the external surface 66 of which bears external threads 67 for interconnection with a fixed drain tee (not shown). Adapter 58 also includes a flexible collar 68, preferably fabricated of rubber or the like, connected at one end thereof to shoulder 60, extending towards conduit 52 and adapted to releasably secure conduit 52 against end 56 of adapter 58. In the embodiment of FIG. 2, collar 68 assures gastight and liquid-tight sealing of conduit 52 and adapter 58 together to avoid liquid sewage leakage and relase of noxious vapors. In securing conduit 52 to adapter 58, end 54 of conduit 52 is slid over insert end 56 of adapter 58 until shoulder 60 is abutted. This is accomplished while flexible collar 68 is stretched to permit receiving of end 54 therewithin. Flexible collar 68 is then released to grip the outer surface of end 54 in the described sealing engagement.

Another embodiment of the adapter means of the invention is schematically shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings. in this regard, an adapter means 70 is schematically illustrated in side elevation and includes a flexible conduit 72 and an adapter 74, the insert end 76 of which is inserted within the adjacent end 78 of conduit 72 until end 78 abuts shoulder 80 of intermediate section 82 of adapter 74. Section 82 is tapered to interconnect end 76 with a reduced diameter end 84 externally threaded at 86 for releasable interconnection with a fixed sewage drain cleanout tee (not shown). Gripping means are provided in the form of a clamp 88 which includes lock 90 releasably securing together rims 92 and 94 which are hingeably pivoted at point 96. End 76 of adapter 74 also includes at the exterior surface 98 thereof a plurality of serrations 100 directed towards end 84 and providing additional means for releasably holding end 78 and end 76 in sealing engagement.

Accordingly, improved portable sewage disposal means and improved adapter means incorporated therein are provided which facilitate the ready disposal of sewage from portable sewage containment into a fixed drainage-system.

Although there have been described above specific arrangements of an improved portable sewage system and adapter apparatus therefor, in accordance with the invention for the purpose of illustrating the manner in which the invention may be used to advantage, it should be appreciated that the invention is not limited thereto. Accordingly, any and all modifications, variations, and equivalent arrangements which come within the scope of the appended claims should be considered to be a part of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. An adapter for coupling the flexible drain conduit of a portable sewage system in liquidand gas-tight coupling relationship to a fixed sewage system via a cleanout tee thereof to permit the ready transfer of wastes from the portable system to the fixed system comprising:

a generally cylindrical member having two opposed ends of different diameters,

the smaller diameter end having an outer, externally threaded portion adapted to threadably engage the internally threaded opening of a conventional cleanout tee of the fixed sewage system,

the larger diameter end having an unthreaded portion for releasably and slidably receiving the end of a flexible conduit comprising the outlet of the portable sewage system; and

a tapered intermediate portion joining the two ends in a unitary structure.

.2. An adapter in accordance with claim 1 wherein the larger diameter end has an outer surface including a plurality of serrations angled toward the intermediate portion for facilitating the insertion of the adapter into the end of the flexible conduit.

3. An adapter in accordance with claim 1 further including an outwardlyextending peripheral shoulder for abutting against the end of the flexible conduit.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1050615 *Aug 23, 1911Jan 14, 1913Leo CoatesHose-coupling.
US2514230 *Dec 24, 1947Jul 4, 1950Feazel Pearle MVehicle sewage disposal system
US2602701 *Aug 3, 1950Jul 8, 1952Walter Richard SHose nozzle recoil eliminating coupling
US2772420 *Sep 20, 1954Dec 4, 1956Carter George EMobile toilet
US3275349 *Dec 12, 1963Sep 27, 1966Westinghouse Air Brake CoHose connection device
US3407449 *Mar 3, 1967Oct 29, 1968Wittek Mfg CoHose clamp with hose-attaching means
US3602531 *Oct 20, 1969Aug 31, 1971Adjusta Post Mfg CoTubing coupler
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4223702 *Dec 26, 1978Sep 23, 1980James CookDrain line for recreational vehicles
US4550453 *Aug 2, 1984Nov 5, 1985Marion E. NormanCompact, portable drain to empty and clean a recreational vehicle holding tank
US4643229 *Jun 12, 1985Feb 17, 1987Ray HickinSewage disposal hose
US4667351 *Apr 23, 1985May 26, 1987Williams Frank MSpray flushing attachment for vehicle holding tanks and the combination thereof
US4758027 *Dec 24, 1986Jul 19, 1988Todd Brothers, Inc.Recreational vehicle sewerline adapter
US5311753 *Jun 11, 1992May 17, 1994Shiro KanaoDrain hose for washing machine and which includes a corrugated intermediate portion
US5417460 *Jul 19, 1993May 23, 1995Valterra Products, Inc.Apparatus for mounting a drain hose to an RV waste removal valve assembly
US6785934 *Mar 8, 2002Sep 7, 2004Cornice Technologies IncUniversal vacuum extension kit
US6910230 *Nov 16, 2000Jun 28, 2005Urilift B.V.Submergible public sanitary device
US7722091Feb 8, 2007May 25, 2010Camco Manufacturing, Inc.RV waste discharge sewer line two-part adapter assembly with flexible seal and locking mechanism
US8444188 *Nov 5, 2009May 21, 2013Illinois Tool Works Inc.Adapter
US20100117356 *Nov 5, 2009May 13, 2010Illinois Tool Works Inc.Adapter
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/111.1, 285/252, 138/40, 138/45, 285/148.18, 4/323
International ClassificationB60R15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB60R15/00
European ClassificationB60R15/00