|Publication number||US3760433 A|
|Publication date||Sep 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Nov 9, 1970|
|Priority date||Nov 9, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3760433 A, US 3760433A, US-A-3760433, US3760433 A, US3760433A|
|Original Assignee||Mallin S|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (11), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 1191 Mallin Sept. 25, 1973  AIR DISPLACEMENT DEODORIZER FOR 2,967,310 l/1961 O'Hare 4/227 TOILET TANKS AND THE LIKE 3,121,236 2/1964 Yadro et a1... 4/228 3,341,074 9/1967 PannuttL... 222/57  Inventor: Sidney Mallin, 236 Kingst n R 1 3,423,182 1/1969 Klasky 23/267 Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada 791,913 6/1905 Jones 4/261 905,369 12/1908 Roberts..... 4/26] X  1970 1,134,556 4/1915 Recker 4/261 x  Appl. No.: 88,074
Primary Examiner-Wayne A. Morse, Jr. Assistant Examiner-Donald B. Massenber 52 us. 01. 4/228, 4/261 & Ade g  Int. Cl. E03d 9/02, A47k 4/00 of Search 4/261 A canister hangs in the toilet tank with the lower open [561 5:115:52;:mi;533123223593225:1252: UNITED STATES PATENTS the water in the tank empties and refills, a column of 3,521,306 7/1970 Jacobs 4/228 i i di l d within the container which bubbles 2,045,473 6/1936 Kano" 4/227 through the liquid in the reservoir and evaporates 2,331,589 10/1943 Addlesburger.. 4/228 same 2,620,486 12/1952 Addlesburger....; 4/227 2,913,734 11/1959 O1-1are 4/227 1 Claim, 5 Drawing Figures v TANKS AND THE LIKE This invention relates to new and useful improvem'en'ts in air displacement deodorizers for toilet tanks.
It is common in suchdevices to place a chemical in l a container and to depend upon the normal flow of air into and out of the container as it is being emptied or filled with water or the like, said flow of air evaporating a quantity of chemical or deodorant and dispensing the resultant vapour into the surrounding air.
This is not particularly satisfactory due to the fact that there is absolutely no control on the amount of evaporation and that the evaporation varies depending upon the quantity of chemical remaining. Ambient temperature also effectsthe'evaporation and the movement of air is not normally sufficient tosupply the required deodorant action.
'The present device overcomes these disadvantages by providing a positive air displacement as the tank empties and fills, this displaced air passing over wicks impregnated with an evaporative liquid. Furthermore thedisplacement of the air also ensures that the wick material remains saturated at all times with the evaporative liquid.
' Although the term evaporative liquid is used, it should be understood that thisincludes any evaporative liquid which acts as deodorant, adisinfectant, or a fragrance or thelike. v
Another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which is easily situated within a toilet tank at any desired position.
A yet further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described which is simple in construction, economical in manufacture,
and otherwise well suited to the purpose for which it is designed.
With the considerations and inventive objects herein set forth in view, and such other or further purposes,
advantages or novelfeatures as may become apparent from consideration of this disclosure and specification,
the present invention consists of the inventive concept which is comprised, embodied, embraced, ,or included in the method, process, construction, composition, arrangement or combination-of parts, or new use of any of the foregoing, herein'exemplified in one or more specific embodiments of 'such concept, reference being had to the accompanying Figures in which:
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of the device.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the device.
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of FIG. 2 with the wick container removed.
FIG. 4 is an isometric view of the wick container per se.
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of a toilet tank with two of the deodorizers therein, shown on a reduced scale.
In the drawings like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the different figures.
Proceeding therefore to describe the invention in detail, the invention consists of a canister manufactured from plastic or metal as desired, said canister being substantially rectangular when viewed in plan.
The lower end 11 is open and means such as clips 12 are secured to one wall 13 of the canister to enable same to be engaged over the upper edge of an associated toilet tank T (see FIG. 5) with the lower end of the canister being situated below the normal water level existing within the toilet tank when said tank is filledQThis water level is indicated by reference character 14 in FIG. 2.
A reservoir 15 is formed in the upper end of the canister l0 and consists of a floor 16 or baffle spanning the interior of the canister and sealing the reservoir from the remaining air column portion identified by reference character 17. This floor is apertured as at 18 and a short length of pipe 19' is secured to the floor around the aperture so that communication is established between the portion 17 of the canister and the reservoir 15.
A wick container 19 consists of a small box-like removable container or cap having an open base 20 and this is adapted normally to be seated over the pipe 14 and to rest upon the floor. In this regard the end walls 21 of the wick container are notched as at 22 to permit communication between the reservoir and the interior of the wick container 19.
Wick material taking the form of any common absorbent material is indicated at reference character 23 and normally fills the wick container 19 and surrounds the pipe 19'. If desired, further wick material 23A may be placed within the reservoir externally of the wick container 19.
An evaporative liquid is poured within the reservoir from the open upper end 25 of the canister and normally is situated at a level part way up the walls of the reservoir and indicated by reference character 26 in FIG. 2.
In operation, as the toilet is flushed, the water level within the tank falls drawing a column of air downwardly through the open upper end 25 of the canister which forces the liquid level within the reservoir to fall, by displacement, causing the liquid level within the wick container to rise until air can bubble under the lower sides of the wick container, upwardly through the wick material 23 and thence downwardly through the pipe 19' into the canister.
As the tank refills and the level of the water rises in the canister, a column of air is displaced from the portion 117, upwardly through the pipe 19 and thence downwardly through the wick material 23 forcing the level of the evaporative liquid to fall within the wick container and to rise within the reservoir until this air also bubbles under the lower ends of the wick container and upwardly through the reservoir and through the open upper end 25.
In other words, as the toilet is flushed, air is first drawn downwardly through the canister and then forced upwardly through the canister, each movement evaporating liquid from the wick material. F urthermore this wick material is maintained in a saturated condition due to the alternate raising and lowering of the liquid level within the reservoir and wick container. The positive movement of the air as it is displaced inwardly and outwardly of the canister dispenses the resultant evaporative vapours into the air within the toilet tank and then out of the toilet tank by air displaced from the tank as the tank fills.
Various modifications can be made within the scope of the inventive concept which is herein disclosed and- /or claimed.
What I claim as my invention is:
I. A toilet tank deodorizer comprising a vertically elongated canister adapted to be positioned in a tank so that its lower portion is immersed in water when the tank is full but is exposed to air when the tank is rior of the cap, said cap being spaced inwardly from side walls of said reservoir and the lower edge of the cap being provided with a notch communicating the interior of the cap with the space between the cap and the reservoir side walls, and deodorant absorbent material provided within said cap and in said space between the cap and the reservoir side walls.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US7721358 *||Sep 11, 2007||May 25, 2010||The Clorox Company||Toilet device with improved fragrance delivery|
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|US8307467||Aug 23, 2007||Nov 13, 2012||The Clorox Company||Toilet device with indicator|
|US20090049588 *||Aug 23, 2007||Feb 26, 2009||Bulala Cherie A||Toilet device with indicator|
|US20090064401 *||Sep 11, 2007||Mar 12, 2009||Esther Park||Toilet Device With Improved Fragrance Delivery|
|U.S. Classification||4/228.1, 4/261|