US 3760938 A
A magazine for new safety razor blades for storing and dispensing blades for use and a receiver and guard for covering the head of a safety razor having a blade therein to protect the edge of the blade against damage and prevent the blade from damaging other items. The dispenser and guard is designed for use with double edge blade razors and for single edge blade razors. A receptacle for used blades is also incorporated.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Ferrier, Jr.
[451 Sept. 25, 1973 1 COMBINED MAGAZINE RECEPTACLE FOR USED BLADES AND PROTECTIVE COVER FOR SAFETY RAZOR HEADS HAVING BLADES THEREIN  Inventor: Ted L. Ferrier, Jr., PO. Box 1451,
22 Filed: Sept. 28, 1970 211 App]. No.: 75,892
 US. Cl. 206/16 BC, 30/90, 206/16 A  Int. Cl. B65d 85/54  Field of Search 206/16 A, 16 B, 16 BC,
I 206/16 C, 38 R, 47 R; 30/34 R, 40, 90; 132/80; 312/246; D4/17, l9; D33/23, 26; D9/l86 [5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,344,962 3/1944 Benjamin 206/16 BC 2,697,276 12/1954 Austin 30/90 UX D149,6l4 5/1948 Carr 30/90 UX D148,931 3/1948 Hopkins 30/90 UX 2,330,639 9/1943 Testi 206/16 C UX 1,979,123 10/1934 Taylor, Jr.....
1,937,756 12/1933 Glass 30/90 X 2,935,183 5/1960 Barnes, .lr. 206/16 A FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 708,825 10/1931 France 30/90 Primary Examiner-Herbert F. Ross Assistant Examiner-Steven E. Lipman AttorneyE. Hastings Ackley [5 7] ABSTRACT A magazine for new safety razor blades for storing and dispensing blades for use and a receiver and guard for covering the head of a safety razor having a blade therein to protect the edge of the blade against damage and prevent the blade from damaging other items. The dispenser and guard is designed for use with double edge blade razors and for single edge blade razors. A receptacle for used blades is also incorporated.
12 Claims, 31 Drawing Figures PATENTEU 3.760.938
SHEET 2 [IF 5 INVENTOR Ted L. Ferrier, Jr.
, .w\ W WM 8 \M n I I I l l I h I l I I ll M PAIENIED 'Q 3.760.938
sum 3 or 5 INVENTOR Ted L. Fe rrier, Jr.
ATTORNEY EA'IENIED 3.760.938
sum u or 5 INVENTOR Ted L. Ferrier, Jr.
H922 BY ATTORNEY mnmmfirzswu 3.760.938 SHEET 5 0F 5 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Ted L. Ferrier, Jr.
1 COMBINED MAGAZINE RECEPTACLE FOR USED BLADES AND PROTECTIVE COVER FOR SAFETY RAZOR HEADS HAVING BLADES THEREIN This invention relates to new and useful improvements in protective guards for the heads of safety blade razors, and to magazines for dispensing blades for use in such razor.
It is one object of the invention to provide a new and improved protective cover for the head of a safety razor having a blade therein to protect the edges of the blade against damage and to prevent the blade from cutting items against contact.
A particular object of the invention is to provide a protective guard for a safety razor head having a blade therein for protecting the blade against damage and for preventing the blade from damaging other items, and wherein a magazine of new blades is a composite part of the protective guard,.and. wherein a receptacle may be provided for used blades.
Another object of the invention is to provide aprotective cover or guard for heads of safety razors having blades therein adapted-to fit the commonly used safety. razors, having a magazine dispenser for new blades attached to the guard for dispensing new blades for carrying new blades handy to the safety razor, for use therewith, and a receptacle is provided for used blades when the blade of the safety razor has beenreplaced with a,
An important object of the invention is to provide a guard for the head of a safety razor having a blade therein for protecting the blade and preventing the blade from damaging other items with which it may come in contact, and wherein a-magazine new blade dispenser is incorporated as a part of ,the protective device, the protective device being adapted to be combined with commonly available magazine dispensers of at least one type presently on the market.
Another object of the invention is to providea pro tective cover or guard for the, head of safety razors having blades therein which is economical to manufacture, simple to use, small in size and provides means for carrying a magazine of new blades with the safety razor for use therewith as needed, and for receiving used blades to prevent discarding the same where persons could be injured by them.
Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be readily apparent from the reading of the following description of a device constructed in accordance with the invention and reference to the accompanying drawings thereof, wherein;
FIG. 1 is a perspective view from above of the upper portion of a safety razor guard, dispensing magazine and used blade receptacleadapted to fit double edged blade safety razors; g v
FIG. 2 is an isometric view'of the underside of the guard and dispenser of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the case and the blade carrying support for the magazine and base of the used blade receptacle; I
FIG. 4 is an end view of the device showing the retaining end of the guard; I
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view taken on the line 5 5 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5-A is a greatly enlarged sectional view of the upper portion of the device as shown in FIG. 5.
which it might be brought into FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the connecting web between the spring and the dispensing support for the new blades;
FIG. 7 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the line 7 7 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7-A is a greatly enlarged sectional view of the new blade dispenser and used blade receptacle comprising the upper portion of the device as shown in FIG.
FIG. 8 is an isometric view from above and the rear end 'of a modified form of the guard and dispenser;
FIG. 9 is an isometric view from below and the rear of the other side of the device of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is an exploded view of the guard and used blade receptacle and the dispenser with the means for securing the dispenser in place on the guard;
FIG. 11 is an isometric view of the securing means shown in FIG. 10 from a point above and the inner side of the same;
FIG. 12 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the guard, receptacle and dispenser of FIG. 8;
FIG. 13 is a vertical transverse sectional view taken on the line 13 13 of FIG. 12 and showing a razor in place in the guard chamber;
FIG. 14 is an end view of the device taken on the line 14 14 of FIG. 12;
FIG. 15 is a fragmentary horizontal cross-sectional view taken on the line 15 15'of FIG. 12;
FIG. 16 is a vertical transverse sectional view similar to FIG. 13 showing the device in use with another type of safety razor;
FIG. 17 is an isometric view of a modified form of the guard, receptacle and-dispenser for single edge injector blade razors;
FIG. 18 is an isometric view from below of the opposite side and end of the guard and dispenser of FIG. 17;
FIG. 19 is a transverse vertical sectional view of the guard, receptacle and dispenser receiver taken on the line 19 19 of FIG. 18; I
FIG. 20 is a plan view of a metal blank from which a modified type of metal protective device or guard, used blade receptacle and dispenser holder is formed;
FIG. 21 is a view showing'the metal guard and receptacle partially shaped from the blank of FIG. 20;
FIG. 22 shows the guard and receptacle of FIG. 21 completely folded into shape;
FIG. 23 is an exploded view showing a blade dispenser being fitted into place in the guard and receptacle;
FIG. 24 shows the dispenser in place in the guard as a combination guard, dispenser and used blade receptacle;
FIG. 25 is a plan view of a metal blank for a further modified form of protective guard, used blade receptacle and dispenser holder made of metal;
FIG. 26 is a view similar to FIG. 21 showing the guard and receptacle being folded into shape from the blank;
FIG. 27 shows the guard and receptacle completely folded into shape;
FIG. 28 is an exploded view similar to FIG. 20 showing the dispenser in position to be fitted into the guard and receptacle to complete the assembly; and
FIG. 29 shows the completed modified guard, dispenser and receptacle. g
In the drawings, the numeral 10 designates generally a combined guard, blade magazine and used blade receptacle for double edged blade safety razors. A housing or shell 11 is preferably made of a slightly flexible or resilient plastic, such as polyallomer or high or medium impact styrene, and is formed in substantially a rectangular configuration in plan view and has a longitudinally extending reduced mid-portion 12a and 13a in its sides 12 and 13, respectively, extending from end to end thereof and providing upstanding internal longitudinal supporting shoulders 14 and 15 within the housing or shell at substantially mid-height for carrying a base or dividing plate 16, forming the lower portion or base of a blade storage and dispensing mechanism 17 (FIG. 3), also made of resilient plastic like the housing,
which fits in the upper portion of the housing. The
blade dispensing mechanism includes a support 18 for new blades and a spring arm 19 carried at one end of the base 16 for biasing the support 18 toward an aperture or operating access opening 20 in the upper cover 21 of the housing or shell, through which the blades may be manipulated to be dispensed manually as will be hereinafter explained. A latch tongue 22 is formed integral with the upper end of the end wall 23 of the blade dispensing mechanism which extends upwardly from the base plate 16, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 5. A pair of inwardly extending lugs 25 and 26 are formed on the interior of the side walls 12 and 13, respectively, of the shell or housing above the shoulders 14 and 15, and these lugs engage over and hold the free end 16a of the base plate 16 downwardly against the upwardly facing shoulders 14 and 15 in the upper section 11a of the shell. A detent recess 14a, shown as V-shaped, is formed in the upper surface of the shoulder 14 and a similar recess is formed in the shoulder 15 for receiving detent catch members 14b and 15b on the opposite sides of the cover plate 16. Dove-tail locking lugs 23a and 23b are formed on the opposite sides of the upright end member 23 and engage in corresponding dove-tail recesses or slots 24a and 24b formed in the ends of the upper portions of the side walls 12 and 13, respectively, for locking the dispenser mechanism 17 in place in the upper section 11a of the shell or housing 11. The latch tongue 22 also has retaining detent catch members 22a and 22b, shown as V-shaped, formed on its opposite edges which engage in correspondingly V-shaped catch recesses 20a and 20b, formed in the opposing side edges of the opening 20, as shown in FIG. 1, to securely lock the dispenser mechanism in place in the housing. The end wall 23 closes the open end of the upper section 11a of the housing through which the mechanism is inserted above the shoulders 14 and 15.
A new blade exit or dispensing aperture 30 and tapered used blade inlet or receiving aperture 31 are formed in the opposite integral closed end wall 32 of such upper section of the housing or shell, and a flexible inwardly and upwardly inclined lip 31a closes the middle portion of the inlet 31. The end wall 32 of the shell extends downwardly to a point spaced above the bottom wall or base 33 of the shell and provides means for limiting movement of a razor blade head in the lower section or receiver chamber 11b formed in the lower portion of the shell below the dividing plate 16.
A longitudinally extending inwardly tapered recess 35 is formed in the bottom wall of the housing and has a pair of spaced substantially circular segmental arcu ate retaining recesses 37 and 38, respectively, for gripping the handle H of a razor below the head to prevent displacement of the razor from within the receiver chamber 11a. The inner recess 38 at the inner end of the slot 35 is smaller than the adjacent recess 37 and is designed to receive and grip the smaller razor handles, while the recess 37 receives and grips the larger handles of commonly available razors, and the protuberances 36 and 39 at the edges of the arcuate recesses, and the resilient plastic of the case, permit the handles to enter the recesses without destruction or damage to the bottom wall 33 of the receiver chamber 111; which forms a guard for the razor head R and the exposed sharp edges of the blade B carried by the razor head.
The blade support and pressure plate member 18 of the dispenser mechanism is connected transversely at its central portion by a thin web 40 to the outer reduced end 41 of the spring arm 19 of the dispenser mechanism, as clearly shown in FIGS. 3, 5 and 6. The web extends completely across the width of the pressure or support plate 18, and permits the plate to tilt about that line of connection, as well as move downwardly as result of flexing of the elongate tapered spring arm 19.
A plurality of razor blades of the double edged type, designated generally B, are supported on the upper surface of the pressure plate 18 and are pressed upwardly into engagement with the lower ends of a plurality of laterally spaced longitudinally extending rib slide members 46, 47, 48 and 49 formed on the underside of the top or cover 21 of the housing. The ribs reduce the frictional contact of the upper surfaces of the blades with the cover of the housing. Relieved spaces 46a and 49a are provided in the outer ends of the blade dispensing aperture 30 laterally outwardly of the ribs 46 and 49, respectively, to prevent the sharp edges of the blades from contacting the cover of the case. Similarly, relieved sections 180 and 18b are formed along the side edges of the upper surface of the pressure plate or support member 18 for the same purpose.
The blades are held against movement rearwardly off the pressure plate toward the end wall 23 of the dispenser by an upstanding undercut stop shoulder extending transversely on the upper rear surface of the plate, and are guided by a pair of upstanding longitudinally aligned spaced guide ribs 51 and 52 formed on the central portion of the pressure plate 18 and extending longitudinally thereof. The guide rib 51 is spaced inwardly from the outer end of the support or pressure plate, while the rib 52 is disposed near the stop shoulder 45 on the plate, and these ribs extend upwardly through and cooperate with the axial openings in the blades to hold the blades in place on the support against lateral movement thereon and to guide the longitudinal movement of the blades as they are moved out of the dispensing mechanism.
As a blade is moved by the thumb of the user pressing against the upper blade through the opening 20 in the cover 21 of the housing 11, the rear portion of the support plate 18 may tilt downwardly pivotally about the web 40 to permit the blade to pass over the sloping rear upper surface 52a of the projecting guide rib 52, so that the closed end at the rear of the opening in the blade will pass over the guide rib. The blade will be guided in its longitudinal movement by the engagement of the sides of the opening in the blade with the guide rib 51, and will slide along the lower edges of the slide ribs 46 49, inclusive. As the blade is moved toward the exit or delivery opening 30, the closed rear end of the axial opening in the blade will engage and move over the sloping rear upper surface 51a of the guide rib 51, and
the outer end 18c of the support member 18 may tilt downwardly about the web 40 on the spring arm 19 to permit the rear end of theaxialopening or slot in the blade to pass over the guide rib 51 and the blade to pass out through the delivery opening 30. As the support plate 18 tilts, the guide rib 52 on the support plate prevents additional blades from moving with the uppermost blade and retains the blades in place on the support plate. The upper edges of the guide ribs 51 and 52 are convexly shaped and the underside of the tongue 22 is concavely relieved at 22d to permit the upper blade to move therepast without catching thereon, but also to permit only one blade to be moved off the support plate at a time.
It will therefore be seen that the razor blades B may be slid off the support plate 18, being guided by the guide ribs 51 and 52 in their longitudinal movement through the delivery opening in the end' wall 32 of the housing 11, until the blade may be engaged in the usual manner on the razor head between the two clamping portions of the head for use. It will also be seen that the guide ribs 51 and 52. retain the additional new blades in place on the supporting plate 18 until'another new blade is to be. dispensed.
Used dull blades taken from the razor head'may be inserted through the receiving aperture 31 in the end wall 32 of the housing 11 into the space in the upper section 11a of the housing between the base or divider plate 16 and the blade supporting pressure plate 18 and below the spring arm 19 where they will be retained by the lip 31a and remain until the housing is discarded after all new blades have been used. A deflector 19a on the underside of the pressure plate 18 guides the blades downwardly past the end 41. of the spring arm as the blades are inserted in the used blade receptacle.
When the razor is not in use, the head R having the blade B therein, as shown in dotted lines, maybe inserted through the open end 34 of the receiver guard chamber 11b and slipped longitudinally of the head into such chamber until the head engages the end wall 32 at the opposite end of the chamber, or until the handle is disposed in one of the retaining recesses 37 and 38 in the slot 35. The lower chamber section 11b of the housing therefore provides a positive cover or guard for the razor head having the sharp exposed edges of the blades therein, to protect the blade edges against damage and prevent the edges of the blade from damaging other materials with which they might otherwise come in contact.
It will be seen that the device provides not only a guard for the head and blade in place in the head, but also provides a dispensing magazine for storing and dispensing new blades when desired for use. In addition, the upper section 11a of the housing between the supporting plate 18 and the divider plate 16 may be used as a receptacle for used blades which have been removed from the razor after they have become dull with use or otherwise. All parts of the case, the guard, the dispenser and the receptacle are preferably formed of a resilient plastic which is of sufficiently strong formulation to retain its shape and to provide the desired resiliency for the spring arm and the handle gripping recesses, and which does not have sharp or scraping edges, or hard surfaces which would dull blades in the dispenser magazine or guard chamber should they contact it.
It is particularly worthy of note that the razor head having the blade clamped therein may be used for shaving, then'rinsed and wiped or shaken relatively dry and inserted within the guard receiver chamber 11b where 5 the blade edges are protected from damage and from damaging other personal items, such as a shaving kit,
or wearing apparel, or the hands'of the user, or the like,
and that new blades for the razor are carried in the dispensing mechanism 17 forming a part of the guard. 0 Also, that a separate receptacle section is provided for used dull blades after they have been removed from the razor.
While a particular dispensing mechanism and used blade receptacle has been illustrated and described, it is believed readily apparent that dispensers and used blade compartments such as are shown in the patents to Shnitzler, US. Pat. No. 2,671,555, and Metzler, US. Pat. No. 2,669,348, may be incorporated in the housing 11 above razor head guard receiver chamber 11b for use with such guard chamber.
A modified form of the guard and dispensing mechanism is shown in FIGS. 8 through 16, wherein the guard body is formed of one of the flexible resilient plastics of desired characteristics and is provided with means for receiving an injector blade dispensing magazine M of the type used for single edged blades of the well known Schick or similar single edged blades, for single edge injector type razors.- The dispenser itself is, one commonly available on the market and may be inserted in place in the guard for use without modification, or, if desired, the guard may be reused time after time with additional dispensers.
} In this form of the device, the guard and used blade receptacle 100 is shown as substantially rectangular in shape, with a case or body portion 111 having upright side walls 112 and 113, one closed end wall and a short retainer wall 114 at the other end, and a planar bottom 116. A longitudinal horizontal supporting wall 117 is formed in the intermediate portion of the body 111 and extends from the closed end 115 thereof to a point spaced from the lower end of the retaining wall 114. The supporting wall 117 extends between the side walls 112 and 113 of the case and forms a cover for the receiver or guard chamber 1 10 and used blade receptacle 110a formed in the case 111 between the supporting wall 117 and the bottom 116. The upper surface of the support wall 117 is disposed below the upper edge of the end closure wall 115, and a triangular retaining rib 118 and a projecting lug 119 are formed adjacent the side walls 112 and 113, respectively, of the housing spaced above the upper surface of the supporting wall 1 17 for engaging over each side of the projecting flange 120 on the bottom of the dispenser magazine M to hold the free end of the dispenser having the insert key 121 thereon in place in the upwardly opening trough 125 formed above the support wall 117 between the side walls 112 and 113 and the end walls 114 and 115.
As shown in F IG. 15, the triangular retaining member 118 engages over one corner of the flange 120 of the dispenser magazine M, while the lug 119 is spaced inwardly from the wall 113 a slight distance and engages in the opening between the end wall 1211b and the bottom flange 120 of the dispenser as seen in FIGS. 13 and The retaining wall 1 14 has an angular toothed detent catch 123 formed on its inner surface and disposed to engage in a mating aperture 126 formed in the outer surface of a latching member 130, which has a rectangular boss 131 on its opposite surface adapted to engage in the recess 122 in the rear end of the dispenser magazine M. When the boss 131 is engaged in the recess 122, the depending leg 132 of the latch member 130 may be inserted downwardly through the space between the end 117a of the supporting wall 117 and the retaining end wall 114 of the case or housing. A central transverse rib 133 formed on the inner surface of the latch member 130 is disposed in the chamber 110 substantially medially between the supporting wall 1 17 and the bottom 116 of the case. A lip member 134 is formed on the lower end portion of the inner surface of the leg 132 of the latch member and is shaped to be disposed in the open end of a used blade entrance slot or opening 1 16a at that end of the base 1 16 of the housing. A pair of V-shaped catches 135 project laterally along the lower end of the leg 132 outwardly from the sides of the lip member 134 and are arranged to engage in complemental V-shaped notches 136 formed in the upper surface of the base 116 on either side of the slot 116a to hold the leg 132 in place between the sides 112 and 113 of the case. The detent catch member 123 on the housing engages in the detent recess 126 on the latch member to hold the latch member in place in the housing and prevent undesired displacement of the dispensing magazine M from its position in the chamber 125.
A supporting and retaining tongue member 140 is provided in the receiver guard chamber 110 of the body, being formed integral at its lower end 141 with the base 116 and having an upright portion 142 extending upwardly within the side wall 112 of the chamber 110, and longitudinally between the closed end 115 and a point 143 below the end 117a of the support wall 117. The tongue member has an arcuate flexible supporting tongue 145 which extends downwardly and inwardly from the upper end of the upright portion 142 thereof into the chamber 110 to provide a concavoconvex flexible razor head support which may be flexed in said chamber. The tongue member 140 is sufficiently flexible and resilient to permit the support tongue 145 to swing about the connection of the lower end 141 of the upright portion 142 with the base, while the support tongue 145 may also flex about its connection with the upper end of the upright portion 142 to permit the guard and blade edge of a single edge injector blade type safety razor of the Schick type to be inserted through a lateral aperture or opening 144 in the side wall 112 to engage the upper convex surface of the support tongue 145 and be supported thereby within the receiver guard chamber 110.
A longitudinally extending lock rib 147 is formed on the underside of the supporting wall 117 spaced inwardly and lying parallel to the upper edge of the aperture 144 in the side wall 112, and this rib provides a catch and detent means for engaging the pressure plate 104 of the razor head H of a non-adjustable injector razor, as shown in FIG. 16. The head will slip into the opening 144 with the face bar or guard sliding along the convex surface 146 of the resilient supporting tongue member 145 until the inner portion of the handle next to the head rests against the upper portion of the upright section 141, and the upper end of the blade clamp member 104 engages the depending latching rib 147, as shown in FIG. 16. Also, however, another form of injector blade safety razor, such as the adjustable blade exposure Schick, may be inserted in the chamber until the catch rib 104a on the pressure plate of the razor engages within the space between the latching rib 147 and the upper edge of the opening 144, as shown in FIG. 13, to hold the head of the razor in place in the receiver guard chamber 110 with the sharp blade edge enclosed in the chamber. Longitudinal vent slots 148 are provided in the side wall 113 of the guard housing below the supporting wall 117 and above the resilient supporting tongue member 145 to permit the razor head and blade to dry, to prevent rusting, and to prevent the trapping of water in the container or transmittal of water to clothing or luggage.
It is believed readily apparent that a used razor blade may be inserted through the opening 1 16a into the used blade receptacle 110a below the flexible support tongue 145, and that the rib 133 on the leg 132 of the latch member extending between the side walls 112 and 113 closes the upper end of the used blade receptacle 110a between the end 143 of the support tongue 145 and the leg of the latch member to retain the used blades in place in the used blade receptacle.
It will be seen that in this form of the combination razor guard, new blade dispenser magazine and used blade receptacle, the body or housing 1 1 1 of the guard is designed to receive, support and hold in place therein a commercially available type of blade dispensing container magazine for flat single edged blades. Also, if desired the guard may be used repeatedly with the new blade magazine dispensers as the blades of each magazine are completely used up and disposed of by the user, though such is not usually desirable or convenient. Also, the used blades may be emptied from the receptacle 110a when the latch member is operated to release the dispenser from its position in the housing.
The guard and dispenser may be used as a stand to hold the razor handle upright. The flat surface above the aperture through which the user engages the blades to dispense them provides a surface for supporting the guard and the dispenser and the razor with the handle upright.
Also, this double edged blade guard and dispenser are adapted to have the dispenser offset laterally of the guard so that the dispenser lies in a common plane with the guard and the blades may be dispensed from either end of the dispenser. Also, the dispenser may be mounted on the guard with the closed end of the blade handling mechanism integral with the closed end of the guard chamber, and the case for the dispenser form a sleeve slidable onto the blade dispensing mechanism for dispensing blades outwardly from the opposite end thereof, and for receiving used blades at such opposite end. The handle of the razor would come out through the slot on the end of the guard opposite the dispenser.
A slightly modified form of the combination guard, blade dispenser and used blade receptacle is shown in FIGS. 17 through 19, wherein the guard body or housing 211 is also formed of resilient flexible plastic material in the same manner as the form of FIGS. 8 through 16. In this form, however, the razor head receiver or guard chamber 210 isopen at its opposite ends through the closed end wall 215 at one end and through the leg 232 of the latch member 230 at the opposite end of the body. The side wall 212 of the body is connected directly to the bottom 216 thereof and the upright section 241 of the tongue supporting member extends up- 9 wardly from the bottom 216 and has the resilient flexible tongue member 245 extending inwardly and downwardly from the upper end 242 of the upright portion 241 toward the side wall 212, as shown in FIG. 19. The end 242 of the tongue member 245. adjacent the end wall 215 is free of connection thereto and disposed closely adjacent the inner surface of that end wall so as to flex downwardly within the chamber 210 below the divider supporting wall 217. The opposite end 243 of the tongue member is disposed adjacent the inner surface of the leg 232 of the latch member so that the tongue member 245 provides the used blade receptacle 2100 between the base 216 and the underside of the tongue member 245 and the end wall 215 andlatch member leg 232. The upper surface of the tongue member 245 has the portion 251 between its mid portion and the end nearest the end wall 215 of the housing offset vertically from the upper surface 252 of the tongue member nearest the latch member 230. The shoulder 253 between the two offset surfaces is inclined to facilitate entry of razor heads into the receiver chamber 210.
Adjustable type single edge blade injector razors have a greater thickness in the head portion than the non-adjustable injector razors shown in FIG. 16. Accordingly, the adjustable razors are inserted through the opening 255 through the latch member 230 and the portion of the head at the handle engaged on the surface 252 with the blade disposed within the chamber 210. Non-adjustable blades have a lesser thickness between the face bar or guard and the pressure plate of the head and are inserted through the opening 256 in the end wall 215 and engage the offsethigher surface 251 on the tongue member to be retained thereby in the guard chamber 210. Similarly, the upright portion 241 of the tongue member 240 exposed in the receptacle 210 is offset toward the side wall 213 to provide an upset portion 261 coextensive with the upset portion 251 near the opening 256 in the end wall 215. The inclined offset surface 263 between the surface 241 and the upset surface 261 facilitates movement of the razor heads through the chamber. The narrower nonadjustable razor head, such as is shown in FIG. 16, is
thus disposed in the portion of the chamber 210 with the parts of the head adjacent the blade engaging the upset offset portions 251 and 261 of the upright arm 241 and the supporting tongue member of the guard member, while the adjustableblade injector shaver razors are disposed in engagement with the surfaces 241 and 252 of the upright member and the tongue member, respectively.
All other parts of the device are identical to those of the form illustrated in FIGS. 8 through 16, and will not be again described.
In this form of the device, the razor head is inserted longitudinally into the guard member 210 and frictionally engages the swingable tongue member 245 to be held in place therein. The used blades are inserted through the opening 216a in the bottom wall 216 in the same manner as in the form previously described. The injector is also mounted on the guard body 211 in the same manner as the formv first described, being secured thereon by the latch member 230 which is held in engagement with the magazine M by the retainer wall 214 in the manner'already described.
All advantages of the device of FIGS. 8 through 1 are also present in this form of the device.
Still another form of the combination razor guard, dispenser and used. blade receptacle is shown inFlGS. 20 through 24. This form of the device is made of sheet metal from a blank 301 having a base 316 outlined by side fold lines 316a and 31Gb and an end fold line 316c. A side wall 312 is outlined by fold lines 312a at one end and 3l2b at its opposite ends and by the fold line 316b of the base. An end closure wall 364 projects from one end of the side wall 312 and has upper and lower edges and a side edge defined by a fold line 364a between the end wall and a flap 365, and an opposite side edge defined by the fold line 312a. Similarly, an end wall 366 has upper and lower ends and side edge defined by the fold line 31% and a cut-away 366a formed therein, and an opposite side edge defined by a fold line 366k between the end wall 366 and a supporting flap 367. A side wall 313 is defined by the fold line 316a and by end fold lines 313a and 313b, respectively, aligned with the ends of the base and of the fold lines 312a and 312b, respectively, of the opposite side wall. An end closure wall 314 is joined to the side wall 313 by the fold line 313a, and a similar end closure wall-315 is joined to the end of the side wall 313 along the fold line-3l3b and has a cut away slot 370 formed in the outer edge of the end wall 315 spaced from the fold line 313b and disposed to register with the cut away portion 366a of the end flap 366. A stop wall 333 is joined by a fold flap 334 along the fold line 333a and the fold flap 334 is joined with the base 316 along the fold line 3160. A cut line 340a defines a resilient supporting tongue member 340 formed integral with the side wall 312 to be formed therefrom when the device is erected. As clearly shown in FIG. 20, the cut line 340a extends across the fold line 316b and a fold line340b is formed between the ends of the out line 340a and the base 316.
Suitable vent perforations 348 may be provided along the upper portion of the side wall 312 parallel to the fold lines 316a. Also, connecting and supporting tabs are formed in the end walls 314, 364 and the tab 367, and side wall 313 and disposed to be deflected or deformed inwardly toward the interior of the housing to engage in registering openings in the end walls and side walls when the same is folded into shape, as is seen in FIG. 21, to connect the members together. Stop and connecting tabs in the end wall 315 and registering apertures or tabs formed in the end wall 366 provide stops for the dispenser magazine as will be describd'hereinafter.
The blank 301 is folded along the fold lines and the stop member 333 is brought into the upright position shown in FIG. 21 by bending the fold flap 334 back inwardly over the upper surface of the base 316 and the stop member upwardly perpendicular to the base. The side wall 312 is bent along the fold line 316a to an upright position and the end wall 364 is bent along the fold line 312 to lie parallel to the fold line 3160 of the base member, and the flap 365 bent to lie along the fold line 316b. The connector flap 367 is bent inwardly along the fold line 366b to lie along the fold line 3161; parallel to the inner surface of the side wall 313. The end wall 366 is bent along the fold line 312b and the lugs in the end closure walls, flap and side walls are deformed inwardly through the registering lug openings to connect the closure flap, side wall and end walls together to hold the same in an erect condition and to provide stops and retainer lugs for the outlet end of the dispenser magazine M.
The end wall 364 at the opposite end of the side wall 312 is folded along the fold line 312a to lie above and in alignment with the adjacent end of the base 316 defined by the fold line 3160, and the flap 365 is bent along the fold line 364a to lie along the inner surface of the side wall 313. The closure wall 314 is bent along the fold line 313a to abut the end wall 364 and the tabs in the end closure walls 314 and 364 are bent inwardly to secure the end walls together in erected position and provide projecting stop means for the rear end of the dispenser mechanism M. When the device is assembled in thisfashion, the free end of the cut away tongue member 340 is bent along the fold line 340b to form an upright portion 341 extending upwardly in the opening 344 defined by the cut line 340a, and the free end of the tongue member is bent along the fold line 342 inwardly into the chamber 110 to extend. inwardly and downwardly from the fold line 342 at the upper end of the upright portion 341 toward the side wall 312. The metal guard case now closely resembles the plastic guard case of the form of FIGS. 8 through 16, inclusive. The downwardly extending edge portion of the side wall at the opening 344 in the side wall is bent along the fold line 344a to provide a stop shoulder 344b for engaging the groove 104 of the razor head pressure plate 104a to hold the same in place in the guard chamber 310. The space beneath the inturned tongue member 345 and the base 316 and between the end wall 315 and the stop member 333 provides a used blade receptacle 310a. A slot 316d is formed in the base 316 adjacent the upstanding stop member 333, through which the blades may be inserted into the blade receptacle 310a.
The flange 120 on the bottom of the dispenser magazine M is supported by the lower tabs on the end walls 315 and 366 and the side wall 313 and tab 367, while the upper lugs engage in the opening 120a in the lower portion of the end wall 120b of the magazine above the flange 120 while the upper lugs on the side wall 313 and tab 367 engage above the opposite corner of the flange 120 to hold the forward or discharge end of the magazine in place in the guard housing. Similarly, the rear end of the magazine base is supported on the lower lugs in the end walls 364 and 314, while the upper lugs in such end walls engage above the base plate at such end of the magazine to retain the magazine in place in the upper open chamber 325 of the housing. The space between the base or lower wall of the magazine M and the flexible tongue member 345 provides the guard chamber 310, while the space beneath the tongue member 345 and the bottom wall 316 of the housing defines the used blade receptacle into which blades may be inserted through the aperture 316d in such bottom wall.
In this form of the combination guard, dispenser and used blade receptacle, the magazine M is securely connected or secured to the guard body and is not adapted to be removed therefrom for any reason. This provides an inexpensive guard and used blade receptacle. If desired, a rib similar to the rib 147 of FIG. 13 may be formed along the underside of the base 120 of the magazine spaced inwardly from the catch shoulder 344b, whereby the pressure plate 104a of the non-adjustable injector blade safety razor may be inserted into the guard chamber 310 and have the pressure plate groove 104 engage the rib 347 to hold the head in place in the chamber with the sharp blade edge enclosed therein for protectiong against damage.
In addition, the adjustable type injector razor, such as is shown in FIG. 13, may be inserted through the aperture 344 until the pressure plate 104a thereof engages the catch shoulder 344b is engaged between the stop shoulder 3441b and the flange or rib 347 on the magazine in the same manner as in the device shown in FIG. 13.
The metal case is adapted for manufacture as a part of the magazine dispenser to provide a guard chamber and used blade receptacle which may be attached to the injector type razor head for protecting the blade in the head against damage, or against damaging other items or persons or property, in the same manner as the forms previously described.
A still further slight modification of the device of FIGS. 20 through 24 is shown in FIGS. 25 through 29, inclusive, wherein the side wall 313 of the device is provided with a fold flap 380 joined to the side wall 312 along a fold line 380a and joined at its opposite side along fold line 380b to a supporting flange 381 which has a fold line 381a defining one edge thereof and also defining one edge of one side 382 of a V.-shaped rib member 383. The opposite side 384 of the V-shaped rib member 383 is defined by a fold line 382a which forms the apex of the rib between the sides 382 and 384. The V-shaped rib member 383 is formed by bending the side 384 toward the member 382 along the fold line 382a and then bending the side 382 along the fold line 381a until the free edge of the side 384 abuts the underside of the projecting flange 381. The fold flap 380 is bent along the fold line 380a to lie along the inner surface of the side wall 312, as clearly shown in FIG. 26, and the flange member 381 is disposed perpendicular to the side wall 313 with the V-shaped rib member 385 projecting toward the base wall 316. Drain apertures 348a in the flap 380 register with the apertures 348 in the side wall 312 when the flap is folded to contact the side wall.
The flange member 381 is disposed to lie parallel to and in a common horizontal plane with the stop catch member 344b and to provide a catch rib corresponding to the catch rib 147 of the form of the device shown in FIGS. 8 through 16, inclusive, for engaging the pressure plate groove 104 of the non-adjustable injector blade razor. The upper surface of the flange 381 also provides a support for the underside or bottom of the magazine M when the magazine is inserted in the case.
All other features of construction of this form of the combination guard, magazine and used blade receptacle are the same as those of the form illustrated in FIGS. 20 through 24, inclusive, with the exception of the supporting flange 381 and retainer rib 383.
It will also be seen that the forms of FIGS. 1 through 7 may be used as a stand to hold the razor handle upright, the flat surface of the upper cover 21 being placed on any flat surface, such as a medicine cabinet shelf or the like, to support the razor with the head down for proper drying or the like and the handle up for ease of grasping for use. Shelf space is conserved by such use of the device.
It is also readily apparent that the double edged blade guard and dispenser may be arranged with the dispenser offset laterally of the guard portion of the housing, so that the dispenser lies in a common plane with the guard and blades are dispensed from the end of the dispenser alongside and parallel to the guard chamber. The dispenser for the double edged blade may also be mounted on the guard chamber in such a manner that the closed end of the blade handling mechanism 17 is formed integral with the closed end of the guard chamber and the case for enclosing the blade handling or dispensing mechanism is slidable onto such mechanism with the openings for dispensing the blades disposed at the end of the sleeve opposite the guard so that the blades are dispensed outwardly from the end of the sleeve opposite the opening in the opposite end of the guard for receiving the razor head in the guard chamber. Also, the used blades may be receivable in an opening at such end. The latter two variations of the guard and dispenser for the double edged blades is not believed as desirable as the form illustrated and described in FIGS. 1 through 7, but are obvious modifications thereof. I
It will, therefore, be seen that a combination guard for the head of safety razors,'having the sharp edges of razor blades clamped therein and exposed, has been provided with a magazine for dispensing new blades for use in the razor and a receptacle for receiving and containing used, dull blades. It will also be seen that the device is adaptable for use with double edged blade razors and with single edged injector type razors. While the device has been described as useable with single and double edge razors it is readily apparent that it is adapted for use with any other type safety blade razor.
It will be noted that all forms of the device completely enclose the cutting edge or edges of the razor blade in the razor head when the head is inserted into the guard chamber, and that the cutting edge of the blade is held out of engagement with any part of the guard chamber or housing while the razor head is being inserted in the guard chamber and in which it is disposed so that the blade is not damaged while in place in the guard chamber, or while being removed from same. i
The foregoing description of the invention is explanatory only, and changes in the details of the constructions illustrated may be made by those skilled in the art, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser mechanism including: a housing having elongate side walls and end walls joining said side walls, a top cover and a bottom cover extending parallel to and spaced from each other forming a receptacle, one of said side and end walls having an opening therethrough into said receptacle adapted to pass into said receptacle the head of a safety razor to receive and hold in a protected position in said receptacle the head of a safety razor with ablade clamped therein with its cutting edge exposed; and a dispenser mechanism in said housing on the top cover of said receptacle containing and dispensing new, unused razor blades for use in the razor, said dispenser mechanism having means providing an opening therein opposite the top cover of said receptacle providing access therethrough to the one of the new blades contained therein disposed in a position adjacent the opening, said razor head being removable from said receptacle to receive a new blade from said dispenser.
2. A combination razor guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 1, including: means on inserted into or 14 said receptacle for receiving the handle of the razor; and retaining means for holding the handle to retain the 'head against unintentional displacement from the receptacle.
Y 3. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser mechanism of the character set forth in claim 1, wherein the dispenser mechanism comprises: an elongate casing, and resilient blade support means in said casing biasing new blades in said dispenser mechanism toward the top cover thereof; and a blade exit opening in one end wall of the casing through which the blades may be ejected therefrom.
4. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser mechanism of the character set forth in claim 1, wherein the dispenser mechanism comprises: a generally rectangular casing having side walls, end walls, a cover and a bottom, said casing having at one end wal a blade exit opening; blade supporting means supporting new razor blades in stacked rotation within the casing; said casing having an opening in its cover exposing the adjacent blade in the casing in position to be moved from the casing.
5. A combination razor guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 4, wherein said casing has an imperforate bottom carrying a resilient arm and forming a dividing wall between said dispenser mechanism and the razor head receptacle therebelow.
6. A combination razor guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 4, wherein a used blade inlet opening is formed in an end wall of the casing of the dispenser opening in the casing below the blade support and above the bottom of the dispenser mechanism to provide a receptacle for used blades.
7. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser mechanism of the character set forth in claim 4, wherein the receptacle for receiving the razor head has a longitudinally extending opening from one end thereof to the middle and retaining means is provided at the inner end of the longitudinal opening for engaging the handle of a razor disposed in said guard receptacle.
8. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 4, wherein said dispenser mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of stacked double edge razor blades having longitudinal slots in theirmid portion; said means supporting said blades in stacked relation and including upright guide means extending longitudinally along the mid-portion of the supporting means toward the exit opening, a resiliently supported blade support biasing the stack of blades toward the opening in the cover of the casing into position adapted to be engaged by the thumb or finger of the user for movement of the blade nearest said opening from the support through the exit opening in the end wall of the casing.
9. A combination receiver and guard for a safety razor head having a blade clamped therein with its cutting edge exposed in operative position and a dispenser for new blades including: a body having side walls, end walls, atop, and a bottom; a receiver and guard chamber in said body, having an entrance opening formed in a sidewall of said body being adapted to receive through said entrance opening and hold in said chamber in a protected enclosed position the head of a safety razor having a blade clamped therein with its cutting edge exposed in operative position, said razor head being supported in said chamber with the cutting edge of the razor blade in said head being inserted first through said opening transversely of the chamber; detent means on the body adjacent the entrance opening engaging and holding said razor head in place in said chamber; magazine dispenser means in the top of said body parallel to and substantially coextensive with and spaced from the receiver and guard chamber holding and dispensing unused razor blades for use in the safety razor; and a receptacle in said body, parallel to and spaced from said dispenser means and from said receiver and guard chamber, having an opening thereinto through one of said end walls, said receptacle being adapted to receive through said opening the used or dull blades from the safety razor and to hold said blade therein against displacement from said receptacle.
10. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser mechanism including: a housing having a razor head guard receptacle therein adapted to receive and hold in a protected position the head of a safety razor with a blade clamped therein with its cutting edge exposed; a used blade receptacle adapted to receive and contain used or dull blades; trough means on said housing, spaced from and disposed substantially parallel to the razor head guard receptacle, having an opening thereinto facing to the exterior of the housing on the side thereof opposite said razor head guard receptacle, said trough means receiving and supporting a blade dispensing mechanism therein spaced from and adjacent the head guard receptacle and retaining means on said housing releasably engaging and holding said blade dispensing mechanism in position in said trough means.
11. A safety razor head guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 10, wherein the head guard receptacle, the used blade receptacle and the dispenser supporting trough means and retaining means are formed as a unit.
12. A razor guard and blade dispenser of the character set forth in claim 10, wherein detent retaining means and a resilient supporting means are provided in the razor head guard receptacle engaging and resiliently retaining the razor head in place in the guard receptacle with the blade covered.