|Publication number||US3760973 A|
|Publication date||Sep 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Sep 7, 1971|
|Priority date||Sep 7, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3760973 A, US 3760973A, US-A-3760973, US3760973 A, US3760973A|
|Inventors||Canning W, Kramer R|
|Original Assignee||American Thermoform Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (12), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Canning et al.
[ Sept. 25, 1973 RESEALABLE CONTAINER  Inventors: William P. Canning, San Marino; Richard R. Kramer, Los Angeles, both of Calif.
 Assignee: American Thermoform Corporation, Pico Rivera, Calif.
 Filed: Sept. 7, 1971  Appl. No.: 178,267
 US. Cl. 220/23.8, 206/ 1.9, D9/ 184  Int. Cl A47g 19/00  Field of Search 220/238, 23.2, 27; 206/1.5, 1.7,1.8, 72, 1.9; D9/184, 187, 191, 192, 222, 241
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,021,001 2/ 1962 Donofrio 220/23.8 3,469,686 9/1969 Gutsche et al 206/72 3,597,326 8/1971 Liner 220/23.8 Dl87,054 l/1960 lrwin et al 220/23.8
Primary Examiner-George E. Lowrance Assistant Examiner--Steven M. Pollard Attorney-Robert H. Fraser et al.
[5 7] ABSTRACT A resealable container includes a generally planar, integrally fonned base such as of vacuum formed styrene having a plurality of depressions therein forming receptacles which extend outwardly from the plane on one side thereof and which have beaded portions extending outwardly on the opposite side of the plane to form the open ends of the receptacles. The container also includes a generally planar, integrally formed cover, also of vacuum formed sytrene or similar material, which is mounted on the base so that a plurality of shallow depressions in the cover extend into the various recepta cles of the base. Individual lids defined by die cut scorings in the cover and which include the various shallow depressions therein are preferably sealed to the beaded portions of the receptacles such as by use of an appropriate adhesive to form an air-tight enclosure where theyremain as the remainder of the cover is pulled away. Thereafter the lids are peeled away from the various receptacles to provide access thereto, after which the lids can again be inserted into the beaded portions of the receptacles to reseal the receptacles by virtue of an interference fit therewith.
I I ll ClaI ms, 5 Drawing 7 PATENTEU SEP2 51973 SHEEI 1 0F 2 INVENTORS WILLIAM F. CANNING BY RICHARD R. KRAMER ATTORRIEYS v PATENTED Z 3.760.973
SHEEI 2 0F 2 FORM BASE FORM covER SCORE COVER FILL v RECEPTACLES IN BASE LOCATE COVER R WILLIAM P. CANNING i BY RICHARD R. KRAMER SEAL covER T0 BASE M M ATTORNEYS on BASE INVENTORS RESEALABLE CONTAINER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the lnvention The present invention relates to containers of the type which form a plurality of encloseable receptacles for the storage of paints, small parts or other materials, and more particularly to containers of this type in which some or all of the various parts are formed of plastic-like materials such as by vacuum forming styrene.
2. History of the Prior Art There is frequently a need to mass-produce packages of the type having a plurality of receptacles for containing a variety of different items such as paints, small parts or objects and the like. For many such applications as in the case of childrens paint sets or paint-bynumber kits, the container must be of the type which not only packages the materials for transportation and sale to the ultimate consumer but which continues to serve as an appropriate repository for the materials during use thereafter by the consumer. For still other applications such as in the packaging of foods in freeze dried or other storable form a container having a plurality of different receptacles for the storage of different foods may only be used once or twice, yet must provide an air-tight seal in a container configuration which is readily and inexpensively mass produced. Other requirements may be imposed on the container in such applications such as the ability to meetsanitation standards and to be combustible after use.
The problem of designing containers of the type described is difficult enough when the particular material being stored is not perishable. Thus in the case of water color paint sets, for example, the various paints in solid form are typically placed in receptacles within a metal box. The user then simply mixes water with chosen ones of the paints to form liquid paints when the set is used. With proper care, the solid paints may be continuously exposed to the elements and repeatedly reused before drying out or cracking.
The problem of providing a suitable container is complicated, however, in situations where the stored material must be stored in receptacles which are resealable after each use. For example in the case of paint sets in which the paint is stored in liquid form and is subject to drying out or other deterioration if not properly protected, the receptacles containing such paint should be sealed air-tight during transportation and storage and should be capable of reclosure to form at least a mechanical seal after each use of the paint.
One type of prior art container which has found recent use in conjunction with perishable materials such as paints stored in liquid form utilizes a base of pressed board or other inexpensive construction having, holes into which vacuum formed cups are inserted to form receptacles for the paints. Each cup is fitted with a separate cap. Such containers have proven to be needlessly complex and therefore expensive to manufacture, largely becauseof the need for individual handling of the receptacles. Moreover such containers typically do not provide a seal of the type needed to preserve the paints or other stored material. Furthermore, the receptacle of some containers of this type are recloseable in that the caps can be fitted over the receptacles after they are removed, but the caps typically form a very ineffective seal allowing the paints or other stored material to rapidly deteriorate once the initial seal is broken by the user.
One alternative approach is to utilize a number of sepparate containers of principally plastic construction such as a plurality of separate blister packs to store the paint, food or other material. However the use ofa plurality of such separate containers has proven to be highly impractical for many applications such as in the case of a paint set where relatively small quantities of liquid paint are to be stored together in a complete set. The individual blister packs themselves have been found to provide something far less than a suitable seal when the lids thereof are put back in place after initially opening the packs.
Vacuum formed products are now widely employed for packaging, because of the low cost of the materials used and the low cost and simplicity of the forming technique itself. For full realization of the potential of this technique, manual handling must be kept to a minimum, so that processed component parts should in some manner be handleable repetitively without special fixtures or other equipment. Heretofore, with individual reclosable or non-reclosable vacuum formed containers, this has not been feasible.
Accordingly it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved container.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide a container of the type in which a plurality of different receptacles may be initially sealed and thereafter reclosed'or rescaled to protect the contents thereof.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a resealable multi-receptacle container of relatively simple and inexpensive construction which is easily and inexpensively fabricated using known techniques.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Containers in accordance with the invention include a base which is integrally formed so as to provide a plurality of open ended receptacles for storage of material. The container also includes an integrally formed cover having small depressions which fit into and are preferably sealed to the open ends of the receptacles. Scorings in the cover which surround the various shallow depressions therein define lids for the various receptacles which remain in place as the rest of the manually strippable cover is torn away from the base by the user of the container. The seal between the lids thus formed and the various receptacles is such that the lids may be peeled from the associated receptacles to provide access to the contents of the receptacles. Thereafter the individual lids are reinserted with their shallow depressions extending into the open ends of the receptacles to provide a mechanical seal due to an interference fit between the shallow depressions and the mating receptacles.
The base and cover may be formed of any appropriate similar or dissimilar material, with plastic-like materials such as styrene being preferred for ease of manufacture. Thus, in accordance with one preferred method of making a resealable container according to the invention, the base and cover are independently formed of appropriate material such as styrene using well-known vacuum thermoforming techniques. Thereafter, the cover is scored or otherwise perforated so as to define the individual lids using die cutting or other appropriate techniques, after which the various open receptacles are filled with appropriate material to be stored therein and the various shallow depressions formed in the cover are inserted into the open ends of the receptacles and sealed thereto, using an adhesive or other appropriate material or technique.
Such manufacturing techniques in accordance with the invention enable the use of extremely low cost materials in what can be essentially continuous operation involving a minimum of mechanical handling. For example the individual bases and covers may be independently but simultaneously thermoformed from two continuous strips of material with the receptacles in the base being filled as the cover is scored. The bases and covers thus formed can thereafter be matingly engaged with another and sealed where appropriate prior to cutting or otherwise severing the base and cover from adjacent bases and covers to form the individual container.
In one alternative arrangement of a container in accordance with the invention, the scorings in the cover may be such as to define a hinge on each lid, which hinge is thereafter permanently sealed to the base upon installation of the cover over the base. This technique forms a permanent flexible hinge between the base and each of the lids upon removal of that part of the cover surrounding the lids, enabling the lids to be removed from and resealed over the receptacles while at the same time insuring that the lids are not lost or otherwise detached from the base.
In a further alternative arrangement of a container in accordance with the invention, the scorings in the cover are configured so as to define pull tabs which facilitate removal of the lids from the various receptacles during use of the container.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the invention, as illustrated by the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one preferred arrangement of a resealable container in accordance with the invention having the cover separated from the base for clarity of illustration;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the container of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the container of FIG. 2 taken along the line 33 thereof;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of mating portions of a base and cover of a container in accordance with the invention showing alternative features in accordance with the invention; and
FIG. 5 is a block diagram describing the successive steps in one preferred method of making a container in accordance with the invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION A resealable container in accordance with the invention as illustrated in FIGS. 1-3 includes an integrally formed base 12 and an integrally formed cover 14 being formed similar to and configured to effect a mating fit with portions of the base 12 as described hereafter. The base 12 includes a generally planar central portion 16 having a plurality of depressions l8 therein, the depressions 18 which are illustrated as six in number for convenience of illustration only extending in a direction away from the central portion 16 on one side thereof so as to form a plurality of generally cylindrical receptacles 20. The various receptacles 20 have raised or beaded portions 22 which extend away from the central portion 16 on the opposite side of the plane thereof from the depressions 18 to define the open ends of the receptacles 20. The base 12 includes a surrounding peripheral portion 24 which extends away from the plane of the central portion 16 in the same direction as the depressions 18. The peripheral portion 24 forms a mounting structure for the base 12.
The cover 14 also has a generally planar central portion 26 and a surrounding peripheral portion 28. The cover 14 also includes a plurality of shallow generally cylindrical depressions 30 therein which extend outwardly from the central portion 26 on one side of the plane thereof. Different ones of the shallow depressions 30 are matingly received within the open ends of different ones of the receptacles 20 when the central portion 26 of the cover 14 is brought into contact with the central portion 16 of the base 12.
A plurality of different scorings or other perforations 32 formed in the central portion 26 of the cover 14 encircle individual ones of the shallow depressions 30 to define lids 34 for the individual receptacles 20. The lids 34 are individually sealed to the different receptacles 20 such as by using an adhesive which is sensitive to heat or pressure or both. Thus, as seen in FIG. 3, adhesive 36 may be placed between the beaded portions 22 of the various receptacles 20 and the underside of the central portion 26 of the cover 14 surrounding the shallow depressions 30 so as to seal the lids 34 onto the various receptacles 20 when the cover 14 is placed in position over the base 12.
With the various lids 34 sealed in place over the receptacles 20, the cover 14 becomes manually strippable such that the central portion 26 of the cover 14 may be torn along the perforations or scorings 32 to separate the various lids 34 from the interconnecting matrix 38 formed by the remaining portion of the central portion 26 of the cover 14. With the matrix 38 and surrounding peripheral portion 28 of the cover 14 removed and discarded, various lids 34 remain in position over the various mating receptacles 20. As described in more detail hereafter, the individual lids 34 may be selectively peeled away from the beaded portions 22 of the associated receptacles 20 upon initial access to the contents of the receptacles 20. The base 12 and the cover 14 are formed such that the outside diameters of the shallow depressions 30 in the cover 14 are slightly larger than the inside diameters of the associated receptacles 20, providing an interference fit between each lid 34 and its associated receptacle 20. Accordingly, each receptacle 20 may be mechanically sealed simply by forcing the shallow depression 30 in the lid 34 into the open end of the receptacle 20.
The base 12 and the cover 14 may be fabricated of any appropriate material which is easily formed, thereafter scored and then sealed together. The base 12 and cover 14 may be made of transparent material or opaque material as desired. Transparent material permits the viewing of the contents of the receptacles 20 and is useful such as where paints of different colors are to be stored in the various receptacles 20. Where desired, the base 12 and cover 14 may comprise dissimilar materials instead of like materials. Different thicknesses may be chosen for the base 12 and cover 14 as appropriate, and the parts 12 and 14 may assume other appropriate shapes than that shown in FIGS. 1-3 where desired.
One material which has been found to work well when used to form the base 12 and the cover 14 is styrene. Styrene or other plastic-like materials are generally preferred in accordance with the invention among other reasons due to the ease with which such materials may be formed into the desired shapes using appropriate conventional techniques such as vacuum thermoforming, pressure thermoforming, a combination of vacuum and pressure thermoforming, injection molding or cold forming. I Since the base 12 and the cover 14 are integrally formed, the container is comprised of only two separate parts which can be formed independently and simultaneously. The independent formation of the base 12 and the cover 14 comprises the first three steps of a preferred method of fabricating a container in accordance with the invention as shown in block diagram form in FIG. 5. The third such step comprises the scoring or perforation of the cover 14 after formation thereof using die cutting or other well known techniques. For convenience only, the various circular scorings 32 are shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 as four separate cuts which together with the very small adjoining portions of the cover 14 therebetween form circles defining the outer peripheries of the lids 34.
With the base 12 and the cover 14 formed and scored, the next step in the method of FIG. 5 is to fill the various receptacles in the formed base 12 with paint, small parts or any appropriate material which they are to store. Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 5, the cover 14 is located in mating position on top of the base 12 so that the various shallow depressions may be forced into the receptacles 20 to enclose the receptacles 20. As shown in FIG. 3 where the materials stored in the receptacles 20 comprise paints 40, the level of the paints 40 is maintained below the bottom surface of the shallow depressions 30 so as to allow a small clearance therebetween when the depressions 30 are inserted into the open ends of the receptacles 20.
Containers in accordance with the invention can be readily fabricated using two continuous rolls of styrene or other appropriate material, in which event various ones of the method steps of FIG. 5 can be performed simultaneously. Thus a continuous succession of bases and covers can be thermoformed in the two continuous rolls with the covers as so formed being thereafter scored using a die cutting punch at the same time as the various receptacles of the formed bases are being filled with material which they are to store. Separate pairs of the bases and covers so formed and prepared are then brought together in mating engagement with sealing being effected as appropriate prior to cutting the joined base and cover from adjacent bases and covers to form the individual and completed container. Alternatively the formed bases and covers may be separated from the adjacent bases and covers prior to assembly, or other techniques can be employed, as desired.
It will be' appreciated by those skilled in the art that containers in accordance with the invention can be mass produced employing a repetitive, continuous operation that requires a minimum of handling. Moreover, the materials typically used are extremely low in cost when compared with materials used in most prior art containers.
Although they need not be, the various lids 34 are preferablysealed to the beaded portions 22 of the base 12 as noted in the last step of FIG. 5. Sealing of the various lids 34 to the base 12 is particularly important in instances where the stored material comprises liquid paint, food or other perishable substances which are ideally stored under air-tight conditions. Such a seal should be strong enough to withstand shipping and other handling of the container 10 prior to use, and should facilitate tearing away of the matrix 38 from the lids 34 without simultaneous removal of the lids from the mating receptacles 20. At the same time, however, the seal must be peelable to permit removal of the lids 34 without destruction or damage thereto and without destruction or damage to the beaded portions 22 of the base 12.
As noted earlier, one preferred technique for sealing the lids 34 to the beaded portions 22 of the base 12 is to place an appropriate amount of adhesive 36 between the lids and beaded portions as seen in FIG. 3. The adhesive 36 may be of the type which responds to heat, to pressure or to both. Alternatively the base 12 and the cover 14 may be selected of materials which will form a seal without the need for the adhesive 36 when a proper amount of heat is applied. Also the cover 14 may comprise a laminate, one'of the layers of which is an adhesive or otherwise responds to heat or pressure or both to seal the cover 14 to the base 12 at the desired locations.
As shown in FIG. 4, the configurations of the scorings 32 may be varied as desired so as to provide either a pull tab 42 or a hinge 44 or both when the matrix 38 is torn away from the lids 34. The pull tab 42 may be of any appropriate shape and aids in the removal of the lids 34' from the receptacles 20 by providing a convenient place where the lids 34 may be gripped by the user. The hinge 44 provides an alternative to the arrangement of FIGS. 1-3 where the various lids 34 can be removed completely from the vicinity of the container 10. The hinges 44 are sealed or otherwise affixed to the base 12 upon installation of the cover 14 providing a convenient living hinge so as to facilitate the repeated opening and rescaling of the various receptacles 20.
One method in accordance with the invention which provides for hinges 44 on the various lids 34 involves the use of a cover 14 which is coated or otherwise provided with an adhesive that responds to pressure to provide a peelable seal and to a combination of pressure and heat to provide a permanent seal. Where such technique is used, the cover 14 is positioned in place on the base 12 after which pressure is applied around the circumference of the beaded portions 22 and in the vicinity of the hinges 44 to provide peelable seals thereat. Thereafter, heat is applied in the vicinity of the hinges 44 to turn the peelable seals into permanent or nonpeelable seals. With the matrix 38 tom away, the various lids 34 form seals with the receptacles 20 which are peelable on initial access to the contents of the receptacles 20. At the same time the hinges 44 are permanently or non-peelably sealed to the base 12 making it very difficult for the lids 34 to be completely removed from the base 12.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that containers in accordance with the invention are relatively simple and inexpensive to fabricate and yet provide plural receptacles which may be initially chemically sealed and thereafter repeatedly mechanically sealed during use of the container. The fabrication of the cover 14 as an integral member which is scored so to be thereafter manually separable into a plurality of lids greatly simplifies the fabrication of the containers, and in any event avoids the necessity for separately and independently fabricating the different lids for the receptacles. The interference fit between the various shallow depressions 30 and the receptacles 20 provides a mechanical seal of the various receptacles each time the lids 34 are used to recover the various receptacles 20.
While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A container comprising the combination of:
an integrally formed base member having a plurality of depressions therein defining encloseable receptacles; and
an integrally formed "cover member adapted to be matingly fitted to and generally coextensive with the base member and having a pattern of perforations therein dividing the cover member into a plurality of lids joined by remaining portions of the cover member, the lids forming covers for and remaining with the receptacles in the base member upon removal of the remaining portions of the cover member therefrom.
2. A container in accordance with claim 1, wherein the cover member includes a plurality of shallow depressions therein, each of which forms a central part of a different one of the lids and extends into the interior of the associated receptacle with the lid in place over the receptacle.
3. A container in accordance with claim 2, wherein each of the lids is chemically and peelably sealed to the associated receptacle, and each of the shallow depressions in the cover member is slightly larger in size than the associated receptacle providing an interference fit therewith and a mechanical seal thereof.
4. A multi-receptacle container, having a plurality of individual receptacles which are individually resealable, comprising:
a generally planar, integrally fonned base having a plurality of depressions therein extending outwardly from the plane of the base on one side thereof to form the individual receptacles and which extend outwardly from the plane of the base on the other side thereof to form beaded open ends of the receptacles; and generally planar, integrally formed cover disposed generally parallel to the base and including a plurality of shallow depressions therein, each of the shallow depressions being configured to and extending into the beaded open end of a different one of the receptacles to form a mechanical seal therewith, the cover being scored in a selected pattern to define a plurality of lids which are separable from the rest of the cover, each of the lids including one of the shallow depressions in the cover and being chemically and peelably sealed to the associ ated receptacle.
5. A multi-receptacle container in accordance with claim 4, wherein the base and the cover comprise thermoformed elements of generally plastic composition.
6. A multi-receptacle container in accordance with claim 4, wherein the chemical seal between each lid and the associated receptacle is provided by an adhesive disposed between the underside of the lid surrounding the shallow depression and the beaded open end of the receptacle.
7. A multi-receptacle container in accordance with claim 4, wherein the receptacles and the shallow depressions are generally cylindrical in configuration and the outside diameters of the shallow depressions are slightly larger than the inside diameters of the beaded open ends of the receptacles to form the mechanical seal therebetween.
8. A multi-receptacle container in accordance with claim 4, wherein each of the lids has a tab-like portion facilitating removal thereof from the associated receptacle.
9. A multi-receptacle container in accordance with claim 4, wherein each of the lids has a portion thereof which is sealed to the base to form a hinge for the lid.
10. A container comprising the combination of:
an integrally formed base member having a plurality of depressions therein defining encloseable receptacles; and
an integrally formed cover member adapted to be fitted to the base member and being readily separable along endless lines which encompass the depressions in the base member and which are separable from an interconnecting matrix comprising the remainder of the cover member to form individual lids for the encloseable receptacles.
11. A container comprising the combination of:
an integrally formed, generally planar base member having a plurality of depressions therein extending outwardly from the plane of the base member on one side thereof to form receptacles and extending outwardly from the plane of the base member on the other side thereof to form raised open ends for the receptacles; and
an integrally formed, generally planar cover member adapted to be disposed in generally parallel relation with and matingly fitted to the base member, said cover member having a pattern of perforations therein which define lids for the individual receptacles of the base member and which are detachable from the cover member.
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|U.S. Classification||220/23.8, 206/1.9|
|International Classification||B65D43/04, B65D75/28, B65D43/02, B65D75/34, B65D75/36|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D75/323, B65D75/367, B65D2575/365|
|European Classification||B65D75/36H, B65D75/32B3|