|Publication number||US3761029 A|
|Publication date||Sep 25, 1973|
|Filing date||Jul 21, 1972|
|Priority date||Jul 21, 1972|
|Publication number||US 3761029 A, US 3761029A, US-A-3761029, US3761029 A, US3761029A|
|Inventors||Seney J Seymour|
|Original Assignee||Du Pont|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
[451 Sept. 25, 1973 United States Patent [191 Seney YARN WINDING APPARATUS Primary Examiner-Stanley N. Gilreath Assistant ExaminerMilton S. Gerstein Attorney-Howard P. West, Jr.
 Inventor: John Seymour Seney, Seaford, Del.
EJ. Du Pont de Nemours Company, Wilmington, Del.
ABSTRACT 8S hfl o 0. 0. Pu US 0 mm a n a MD. 6 1 b Mm wm 0 Sr m ri m mm .l CV m 0. oms i h mm h mw a w. AW 2 7 9 l 7 I U3 u7 J2 0 N P MD. FA 1.] 21 22 carried on chucks alternately movable into surface driven engagement with a drive roll on the windup.
When actuated the transfer device swings into engageven chuck carrying an empty su 0 2 w U J M 6 5 0 ON w. k Ils A sm n d4 mm lfi w n u m C N 6 ment with a dri 1970, abandoned.
yarn advancing to the package being doffed and threads the severed end of the feed yarn through a hollow shaft in the chuck by means of an air transport c W W 0 P P 8500 Mb 25 46 B8 -l A a 8 4 H 2 2 n 4 u 2 m m "mm r J l d s m UhF 111 111 2 8 555 [11.
system. The severed end of yarn is centrifugally clamped in the driven chuck shaft until the centrifugal  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS force applied drops low enough to release it to the end of the package support forming a readily accessible transfer tail thereon.
3,310,247 3/1967 Emery. 242/18 A 3,428,266 2/1969 242/18 PW 9 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PATENTEDSEPZSIBYS SHEET 3 BF 4 FIG.5
M U g 8 YARN WINDING APPARATUS CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Ser. No. 56,501 filed July 20, 1970 and now abandoned.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates generally to a winding apparatus and, more particularly, to the equipment with which yarn, advancing continuously from a source, is wound on successive packages.
Windups which include a print or drive roll to which yarn advances from a reciprocating traverse guide and from which yarn is deposited on a surface driven package are known. To avoid waste during doffing such Windups have been provided with rotatable chucks alternately movable into surface driven engagement with the drive roll and auxiliary equipment for accomplishing transfer of the yarn from a full to an empty support package carried by a chuck.
It is also known in the art to include a transfer tail in the initial length of yarn wound on a support. The purpose in providing a transfer tail on the yarn package is to enable an uninterrupted flow of yarn from one package to another in textile processes by providing an end length of yarn that is freely available for tying to the leading end of an adjacent package.
Equipment is available for winding yarn with transfer tails on package supports'and securing the tail thereto. For example, the winding operation may be initiated by snagging the running yarn in snaring and severing elements on the chucks to secure the transfer tail thereto. A windup of this type incorporating such equipment is disclosed by Emery in U. S. Pat. No. 3,310,247, dated Mar. 21, 1967.
Although this technique is effective for severing then holding the starting end of yarn securely in position during winding, the transfer tail is not readily accessible when the time comes for doffing the package and it must be manually untangled from the cutter mechanism before the package can be doffed. It is highly desirable to eliminate the need for this time consuming step.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A yarn transfer device for use in a windup which includes a frame, a drive roll, a plurality of rotatable chucks having yarn package supports thereon mounted to the frame for alternate movement into surface driven engagement with the drive roll and a traverse guide through which yarn advances around the drive roll to a package support on a driven chuck. The transfer device includes an elongated housing which has a yarn cutting means at one end, an open ended passage is formed in the housing, the chucks are equipped with hollow tubular shafts and a waste port is located in the frame. When the housing is in position for transferring the yarn, the cutting means severs the yarn which is threaded through the passage, the tubular chuck shaft and into the waste port by means of an air transport system. Subsequently, the yarn is positioned on the driven support for winding a package and the length of yarn leading to the waste port is cut off at the waste port and forms a tail inside the chuck shaft for the package being wound. A clamping device for holding the tail in the shaft for slow release and winding on the end of the package support after the package: reaches a particular size is also contemplated as well as a guide linked to the operation of the housing for moving yarn to and from an engaging position with the traverse guide during transfer.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view of a windup into which the transfer device of this invention has been incorporated;
FIG. 2 is an abbreviated view similar to FIG. 1, show ing the yarn transferdevice in operative engagement with the windup;
FIG. 3 is a top view of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a section view of FIG. 2 taken along 4-4;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged partial view of FIG. 4 showing the yarn clamping means;
FIG. 6 is an end view of the yarn clamping means of FIG. 5.
FIG. 7 is a schematic illustration of the control features for the windup and the transfer device;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective illustration of the yarn cutting means mounted on the transfer device.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIGS. l-3, it will be seen that the windup chosen for purposes of illustration includes generally, as components thereof, an equipment frame 10, a pair of articulated swing arms 12, 14 mounted for relative rotation about a common pivot 16, rotatable chucks 18, 20 on stub shafts at the extremities of arms 12, 14, a drive roll 22, a reciprocating traverse guide 24 through which yarn 26 normally advances around drive' roll 22 to a package 28 on chuck 20 and a transfer device 50.
At the timed completion of package 28, a piston and cylinder assembly 32 and coupled linkages are actuated to release a pawl 34 and to prepare the illustrated cams for descent of arm 14 to a point where the stub shaft rests on a cradle 36. Simultaneously, a piston and cylinder assembly 38 is actuated to withdraw a brake shoe 40, against the bias of a spring (not shown) so that the chuck will continue to rotate and take up yarn when it reaches the position shown in phantom at 20'. A piston and cylinder assembly 41 is actuated to pivot a latch 42 clockwise, thereby releasing arm 12 from its ready" position to one in which an empty support tube 44 on chuck 18 is in surface driven engagement with drive roll 22.
As described more fully hereinafter, the descent of package 28 trips a switch 46 to initiate pivotal movement of device 50 to a level position (FIG. 2) beneath drive roll 22 and in engagement with the driven but empty package support 44. When yarn 26 has been transferred to and is winding on support 44, device 50 is returned to the position shown in FIG. 1 and braking means (not shown) engages chuck 20'. This leaves package 28 ready for doffing, which is accomplished after arm 14 has been swung manually to a position where it is held in a notch 48 on latch 42. After replacement of the full package with an empty tube 44, arm 14 remains in this position while the package is being built on chuck 18. his then automatically unlatched at 48 and swung further to the ready position, i.e., before the instant of transfer, to the position shown for arm 12 in FIG. I. In the meantime, a package is being built on chuck 18.
In general, yarn transfer device 50 includes an elongated frame member 52 mounted for swinging movement about shaft 54 attached to frame 10. Member 52 is under lateral tension by spring 56 which coacts with the frame member, the shaft 54 and cam 58 on the outboard end of the shaft to urge the transfer device into engagement with chuck 18. Arm 51 pivotally attached at one end to cylinder 30 couples to duct section 53 hinged to frame 52 via leaf spring 55 attached to the arm. A fixed stop 57 is keyed to shaft 54 and an adjustable stop 59 adapted to engage the fixed stop is connected to frame member 52. A centrally located slot 60 runs longitudinal through one end of frame member 52. At this same end of member 52 is located a yarn tension control jet 62 supplied with air through port 64. The jet functions to take up any slack that may develop in the yarn 26 running to an undriven package being doffed. This insures that the yarn remains under uniform tension in the bottom of slot 60. Adjacent the jet is an electromagnetically operated cutting means 66 comprised of shear elements 65, 67 disposed on opposite sides of the yarn path through slot 60. Cutting means 66 is activated by energizing solenoid .69 encircling the extended shaft 68 of shear element 67. Retraction of shaft 68 into coil 69 moves the threadline 26 to position 26' where it is severed between the shear elements 65, 67 (FIG. 8).
In order to get into slot 60, the yarn 26 is first disengaged from traverse guide 24 by guide 31 positioned above drive roll 22 (FIG. 2). This guide is mounted for pivotal movement about fixed pin 33 and operated for simultaneous movement with transfer device 50 such movement being made via double acting pneumatic cylinder 70 which is pivotally mounted on traverse housing 71 and connected to guide 31. Pneumatic cylinder 70 is operated through air lines 70a, 70b simultaneously with cylinder 30 which operates transfer device 50. When device 50 is moved into transfer position (FIG. 2), guide 31 disengages yarn 26 from traverse guide 24 and moves it to the alternate path indicated as 26' which movement along with the action of jet 62 allows the yarnto align with and enter into slot 60. When transfer device 50 is moved out of position, cylinder 70 is operated to move guide 31 back toward housing 71 releasing yam 26 so it will again be engaged by traverse guide 24.
The structure of chucks 18, 20 has been shown in detail in FIGS. 4-6 and in general each chuck includes a body 70, rotatably mounted on a hollow tubular shaft 72 fixed to swing arm 12 which in turn is held in ready position by latch 42. An elbow 11 in frame places one end of shaft 72 in communication with a waste port 13 in the frame. The other end of the shaft is in communication with one end of passage 74 in duct 53. Passage 74 is open on one side as shown but is enclosed when frame member 52 is in the position shown in FIG. 2. The other end of passage 74 opens to slot 60 and opposite this end is a nozzle 76 connected to an air supply port 78.
Centrifugal clamping means 80 are mounted in body 70 and cooperate with the shaft for holding severed yarn in the shaft during part of the formation of a package. An outwardly biased seal 79 is coupled with clamping means 80 to initiate its operation as well as provide for a continuity of passage 74 and the hollow shaft 72 through rotating inner shaft tube 73 attached to clamping means 80. The rotation of tube 73 prevents twisting yarn 26 while a package is being wound.
Referring to FIGS. 5-6, it will be seen that clamping means 80 comprises an inner bolt section 82 being solid on one end and hollow on the other end, fitted into an outer tube 84 having one end closed by a solid portion 86. Section 82 is fitted with a spring loaded pin 88 which penetrates opposed slots 81 in section 84. In the position shown, pin 88 engages the upper edge 83 of slot 81 preventing outward movement of tube 84. Attached to seal 79 is another spring loaded pin 85 which engages pin 88 with an end that is slightly smaller than the opposed end of pin 88. Pin 87 locks bolt 82 into body member 70. Spring 89 around section 82 biases section 84 of the clamp inwardly toward the center of the chuck.
The condition of various related control components while a package is being wound on chuck 20 has been shown schematically in FIG. 7. Completion of the package is determined by a timer 120 which closes a switch 122 to connect solenoids 124, 126 and 128a to the illustrated source of power 121. With the energization of solenoid 124, a coupled valve plug 130 is rotated to admit air under pressure to assemblies 38, 41 thereby withdrawing brake shoe and releasing arm 12 from its ready position. Energization of solenoid 128a pulls the spring biased actuator on coupled valve plug 132 to the right, thereby delivering air through conduit 100 to swing transfer device 50 to its operable position (FIG. 2) and supply air to tension control jet 62 and the back end of cylinder 70. Energization of solenoid 126 rotates a coupled valve plug 134 to its second position in which thelower ends of cylinders 30, 32 and the front end of cylinder 70 are exhausted to atmosphere. Resulting movement of the associated linkages causes clockwise rotation of pawl 34, permitting descent of arm 14. In its movement, pawl 34 also reverses the position of switch 136, thereby de-energizing solenoid 126 and energizing a solenoid 138. Deenergization of solenoid 126 permits the counterclockwise return of valve plug l34to supply air to the lower end of cylinder 30 and both ends of cylinder 32.
With both ends of cylinder 32 pressurized, the piston therein returns relatively slowly to its initial position. Responsive to the action of a spring, pawl 34 also returns to its initial position where it can block descent of arm 12. In the meantime, momentary energization of solenoid 138 has opened switch 140 which then closes against the action of an attached dashpot, thereby insuring that solenoid 126 will not be energized a second time during the doffing cycle. Yarn guide 31 moves yarn 26 from traverse guide 24 and it then follows a path through slot 60 to the full package which still has enough rotational inertia to take up yarn.
The descent of a full package trips and closes switch 46, closing the circuit to a solenoid 142 which reverses the position of a switch 144. The latter action energizes coil 69 to operate cutting means 66 and energizes solenoid 128!) which pulls the actuator on valve plug 132 to pressurize conduit 102 admitting air to the nozzle 76 through air supply port 78 (FIG. 4). At the instant the yarn is severed, air from nozzle 76 forces the severed yarn end through passage 74 around guide pins 75, 77 in duct 53, seal 79, through rotating tube 73 inside shaft 72, elbow 11 and through port 13 in frame 10 to a waste collecting system (not shown) in communication with port 13. Guide pins 75, 77 serve to prevent the yarn from snagging at the inside corners of passage 74.
Pressurization of the lower end of cylinder 30 moves transfer device 50 back to the position shown in FIG. 1 and returns guide 31 to its original position. When the transfer mechanism 50 clears bobbin 44 on chuck 18, latch 42 drops arm 12 to the winding position on shoulder 43 of the latch (FIG. 4). This movement of shaft 72 past spring loaded elbow 11, the contacting surfaces (Ilia, 72a) of which form a sharp shear, cuts the yarn inside the shaft 72 forming a uniform length transfer tail for the package being wound.
The yarn clamping means 80 has as its prime purpose the retention of the transfer tail in the shaft 72 so that it will not be whipped out of the shaft after it has been cut and become overwound into the package when the package is just starting to be formed. Later as the package builds up in size, the bobbin rotational speed has decreased until the centrifugal force can no longer maintain the clamp closed on the yarn and the tail is then slowly released from rotating tube 73 and winds on the outer end of bobbin 44 to form a readily accessible transfer tail of uniform length. In its operation contact of duct 53 and seal 79 (FIGS. 4-6) forces the seal back into chuck l8 and pin 88 is forced back into bolt section 82 by pin 85 carried by seal 79. This places pin $8 inside tube 84 and tube 84 due to centrifugal force from rotating chuck 18, moves outward against pin 85 and the clamp St is cocked for action. When duct 53 is swung away from seal 79, the seal moves outward withdrawing pin 85 from its locking position in slot 81 allowing full closure (due to centrifugal force) of tube 84 against bolt section 82, thus, clamping the yarn in tube 73. As the package builds up and the bobbin rotational speed decreases, spring 89 opens the clamp against the reduced centrifugal force on tube 84.
in an actual embodiment, all of the functional events described in connection with transfer device 50 and its operation occur within a relatively short period of time. Thus, yarn is not only transferred reliably and uniformly but also with the formation of defect free, unattached transfer tails, permitting truly automatic donning and drifting.
it is apparent that many changes and modifications of the disclosed windup may be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention which is accordingly intended to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. in a winding apparatus of the type which includes a frame, a drive roll and a plurality of rotatable chucks having yarn supports thereon mounted to said frame for alternate movement into surface driven engagement with said drive roll around which yarn normally advances in a path to a package support on a driven chuck, a device for initiating winding the yarn on a driven support and severing the yarn while it is still advancing to a full package on another chuck said device comprising: an elongated member provided with means for cutting yarn adjacent one of its ends, said member having a passage therethrough, said chucks having tubular shafts, there being a port in said frame; means mounting said member for swinging movement of said one end to a position adjacent said driven chuck, said cutting means and one end of said passage being in alignment with said path and the tubular shaft of the driven chuck being in communication with the other end of said passage and said port when said one end of said member is at said position; and means coupled with said member for swinging it to said position then actuating said cutting means and threading the severed yarn through said passage, said shaft and said port.
2. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, said means for threading the severed yarn through the passage, the shaft and the port being an air transport system comprising an air supply nozzle on the opposite side of the yarn path from said one end of the passage and a waste collecting system in communication with said port.
3. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, including centrifugal clamping means coupled with said shaft for holding the severed yarn within the tubular shaft during a part of the formation of the package.
4. The apparatus as defined in claim 1, including cooperating means on said shaft and said port for severing the yarn during said alternate movement.
5. In a winding apparatus of the type which includes a frame, a drive roll, a pair of rotatable chucks having yarn package supports thereon mounted to said frame for alternate movement into surface driven engagement with said drive roll and a traverse guide through which yarn normally advances around the drive roll to a package support on a driven chuck, a device for initiating winding the yarn on the driven support and severing the yarn while it is still advancing in a path to a full package on the other chuck, said device comprising: an elongated housing provided with a means for cutting yarn adjacent one of its ends, said housing having a pas sage therethrough, said chucks having tubular shafts, there being a port in said frame; means mounting said housing for swinging movement of said one end to a position adjacent said driven chuck, said cutting means and one end of said passage being in alignment with said path, the tubular shaft of a driven chuck being in communication with the other end of said passage and said port when said one end of said housing is at said position; means coupled to said housing for sequen tially swinging it to said position and actuating the cutting means for severing the yarn; an air transport system for threading the severed yarn through said passage, said shaft and said port; and clamping means coupled with said shaft for holding the severed yarn within the shaft during initial formation of a package.
6. The apparatus as defined in claim 5, including co operating means on said shaft and said port for severing the yarn at said port during said alternate movement.
7. The apparatus as defined in. claim 5, including means for maintaining tension on said yarn advancing to a full package on another chuck.
8. The apparatus as defined in claim 5, said chucks having rotatable tubular shafts.
9. The apparatus as defined in. claim 5, including guide means mounted in the passage of the housing.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3310247 *||Oct 26, 1964||Mar 21, 1967||Du Pont||Continuous yarn windup mechanism|
|US3428266 *||Apr 25, 1967||Feb 18, 1969||Du Pont||Yarn winding apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3865321 *||May 25, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka||Pneumatic control system for use in automatic yarn transfer system|
|US3876161 *||Apr 26, 1973||Apr 8, 1975||Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka||Automatic yarn transfer system|
|US3915398 *||Jul 31, 1972||Oct 28, 1975||Celanese Corp||Automatic doffing apparatus|
|US4078736 *||Sep 13, 1976||Mar 14, 1978||Celanese Corporation||Automatic doffing method|
|US4138070 *||Jul 22, 1977||Feb 6, 1979||James Mackie & Sons Limited||Yarn winder|
|US4213573 *||Mar 7, 1979||Jul 22, 1980||Reiter Machine Works, Ltd.||Air coupling|
|US4317545 *||Feb 14, 1980||Mar 2, 1982||Vyzkumny Ustav Bavlnarsky||Method of and apparatus for exchanging full bobbins for empty ones in textile machines, particularly open-end spinning machines|
|US4497450 *||Aug 26, 1982||Feb 5, 1985||Sulzer Brothers Limited||Filament winding machine|
|US4524918 *||Aug 26, 1982||Jun 25, 1985||Rieter Machine Works, Ltd.||Filament winding machine|
|Cooperative Classification||B65H2701/31, B65H67/04|