|Publication number||US3762130 A|
|Publication date||Oct 2, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 28, 1970|
|Priority date||Jan 9, 1970|
|Also published as||CA956881A, CA956881A1, DE2100741A1|
|Publication number||US 3762130 A, US 3762130A, US-A-3762130, US3762130 A, US3762130A|
|Inventors||R Davies, L Thornton, M Veness|
|Original Assignee||Molins Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Elmted States Patent 1 91 1111 3,762,130
Davies et a1. Oct. 2, 1973  PACKING MACHINES 3,553,925 1/1971 Gianese 4. 53/148 X 3,608,270 9/1971 Rudszinat et al7 53/148 X [751 Inventors: wlnlam Dams; Maxwell 3,543,471 12/1970 Youngman 53 234 'x Francis Veness; Leonard Thornton, an of London SE. England Primary ExaminerOthell M. Simpson  Assignee: Molins Limited, Deptford, London, Assistant E i E F D d England Attorney-Markva, Smith & Kurger  Filed: Dec. 28, 1970 211 Appl No.: 102,013 [571 ABSTRACT A packing machine for cigarettes comprises a number f rotatable drums which are driven intermittentl D 1 O Y  Foreign Apphcamni prlonty a a Carton blanks and foil-wrapped bundles of cigarettes Jan. 9, 1970 Great Britain 1,193/70 are fed y Separate transfer drums to a Common p ping drum, which has pockets into each of which is in-  Cl L bZ g g serted first a blank and then a cigarette bundle. Partial [511 f B65b l 6 i 183 4 folding of the blank occurs while it is on the blank  new of 3 transfer drum, further folding as it is inserted into a 53/2 pocket of the wrapping drum, and yet further folding C, d after insertion of the cigarette bundle. The blank is par- [56} Re erences tially gummed before it reaches the blank transfer UNITED STATES PATENTS drum and further gumming is effected on a further 2,196,666 4/1940 Moore 53/29 drum to which the cigarette bundles with their (now 3,545,172 12/1970 11 111...- 53/236 X folded) blanks are transferred from the wrapping drum. 1,870,533 8/1932 Scott et al 1 53/148 X 3,527,014 9/1970 Wahle et al 53/234 X 12 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEDBBT 2 3.762.130
5r mmra mi M AIMf/VEYS PACKING MACHINES The present invention relates to packing machines and more particularly to a machine which is suitable for packing cigarettes.
When packing cigarettes three basic operations are carried out, namely, a bundle of cigarettes is first formed, the bundle is then wrapped in foil, and finally a blank is folded and stuck around the wrapped bundle to form a packet containing the bundle. The present invention is concerned with a machine which will fold the packet blank around the wrapped bundle and stick the blank to form the cigarette packet, the bundle having previously been formed and wrapped on another machine or machines. However, the invention is not limited to machines for the packing of bundles of cigarettes but could be embodied in machines for packing or wrapping other articles.
According to the present invention a packing or wrapping machine has a plurality of rotary members, each member being adapted to carry at least one article to be packed or wrapped and having associated with it functional means for carrying out at least one part of a packing or wrapping operation, means for moving the ariticle to each of the rotary members in turn to effect the whole packing or wrapping operation, and means for driving the rotary members intermittently in order to bring each article carried by each rotary member to successive predetermined positions, at or between which positions said functional means are placed.
By using rotary members as opposed to the reciproeating mechanisms used in previous packing machines, a higher rate of output can be obtained from the machine.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention the machine has a first rotary member adapted to pick up on its periphery articles to be packed or wrapped and to rotate to bring the articles into register with pockets formed in the periphery of a second rotary member; a third rotary member, adjacent the second rotary member, adapted to pick up carton blanks and transfer them to the pockets in the second rotary member so that each pocket in the second rotary member is in turn filled with a carton blank and an article to be wrapped; and a fourth rotary member positioned adjacent the second rotary member and adapted to receive on its periphery articles from the second rotary member packed or wrapped in the blanks from the third rotary member, the fourth rotary member having means associated with it for gumming portions of the blank.
A fifth rotary member may be positioned adjacent the said fourth rotary member in order to receive the packed or wrapped articles, the fifth rotary member having means associated with it for ejecting unsatisfactorily packed or wrapped articles and for replacing such ejected articles with substitutes.
The aforesaid preferred embodiment of the invention will now be described, by way of example only, in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic representation of a cigarette-packing machine embodying the invention; and
FIG. 2 illustrates a packet blank for use on the machine of FIG. 1, prior to being folded.
The machine to be described requires a supply of wrapped bundles of cigarettes. As shown diagrammatically in FIG. 1, cigarettes are first formed into a bundle comprising three rows of cigarettes by apparatus 1 which forms no part of the present invention. The bundles of cigarettes are then fed to a second apparatus 2, also forming no part of the invention, which wraps the bundles in metal foil.
The wrapped bundles are then passed to the input of the packing machine embodying the present invention.
This machine comprises basically five rotary members in the form of drums 3 to 7 which in operation are rotated intermittently by indexing mechanisms driven from a common power source (not shown).
The first drum 3 is desiged to accept the wrapped bundles from the apparatus 2 and transfer them to the second drum 4 to be enclosed in packet blanks fed to the drum 4 by the drum 5.
The drum 5 is in turn supplied with packet blanks from the reservoir 8 by a conveyor 9. A detector 10 for detecting whether a blank is missing or whether two blanks one on top of the other are being fed along the conveyor 9 is provided. Downstream of the detector 10 is positioned a gummer 11 by which portions of the blank have gum applied to them.
The manner in which the apparatus operates will now be described. Reference will be made to FIG. 2, from which it will be seen that the packet blank has a plurality of panels B1-B19 separated by cuts (double solid lines) or scores (single broken lines).
Each blank as it passes along the short conveyor 9 has the panels B14, B15 and B18 gummed by the gummer 11 and the panel B1 folded over by conventional folders (not shown) and stuck to the panel B14.
As the blank reaches the blank transfer drum 5 the latter is stationary and the blank is transferred to the drum at A and after transfer the blank transfer drum 5 is rotated through 60 in an anticlockwise direction. This rotation will bring a previously loaded blank into the position B in register with the periphery of the wrapping drum 4. The packet in the position B will then be transferred into a pocket in the periphery of the drum 4 and in being transferred will be partially shaped to accept a wrapped bundle from the bundle drum 3.
When the drum 5 rotates between the position A and the position B it causes the panels B3, B6, B9 and B12 to be bent through against conventional stationary folders (not shown) positioned adjacent the blank transfer drum 5. In moving between the position A and the position B the blank transfer drum 5 is indexed three times, i.e., it takes three steps for a blank to travel from the position A to the position B.
As well as folding the panels B3, B6, B9 and B12 in moving from A to B it could also be arranged to fold the panels B4, B5, B10 and B11.
However, in the embodiment illustrated, upon being transferred at the position B from the blank transfer drum 5 to the wrapping drum 4 the panels B4, B5, B10 and B11 are folded by the insertion of the blank into the pocket on the drum 4. Furthermore, as this transfer takes place the panels B15 and B18 are folded so that the panel B3 and the panel B12 stick to the panel B15, and the panels B6 and B9 to the panel B18.
As the wrapping drum 4 is then indexed, rotated through 90 (in two 45 steps) in an anticlockwise direction, to move a given pocket from the postion B to the position C adjacent the bundle drum 3, that pocket runs past guides (not shown) which serve to hold back the panels B14 and B19 in order to keep them out of the way of the opening now formed in the blank, which is now a partially formed packet. When the pocket is at the position C a wrapped bundle is pushed from the bundle drum 3 through said opening into the partially formed packet held in the pocket in the wrapping drum 4.
The wrapping drum 4 then continues to be rotated in 45 steps in an anticlockwise direction, so as to pass through three intermediate positions I1, I2, 13 before reaching the position D where the packet and bundle are brought into register with the periphery of the drum 6. in moving between the position C and the position D the panels B1, B14 and B19 are folded down by stationary folders positioned adjacent the drum 4, this folding operation occurring as the packet moves from the position C through 45" to its first intermediate position I], In moving through the next 45 to the second intermediate postion I2 no operation is carried out on the packets but upon reaching the second intermediate position 12 any defective packets can be ejected. Assuming there is no ejection, the packet then moves through a further 45 into the third intermediate position 13 at which the panels B2, B7, B8 and B13 could be gummed. The packet then moves through a further 45 into the position D at which a plunger carried by the wrapping drum 4 urges the packet and enclosed bundle radially outwardly into a pocket on the periphery of the drum 6.
The drum 6 could be designed both to gum portions of the packet and also to dry the gum. The drum 6 could also be employed to effect a wrapping operation on the packet. These operations would be carried out as a given packet is moved from the position D to the position B through three intermediate positions 14, I and 16 by clockwise rotation of the drum 6.
Alternatively, all the gumming operations could be carried out on the blank as it is carried by the conveyor 9.
At the position E the finished packet is ejected on to the periphery of the drum 7. The drum 7 rotates in an anticlockwise direction in 45 steps and takes any given packet from the position E through 270 to the position F at which the packet is ejected from the drum 7 on to a conveyor 20. However, before reaching the position F the packet can be rejected after having moved through 45 from the position E, if the packet is defective.
Any rejection at this point or at the position 12 of the wrapping drum 4 will result in gaps in the stream of packets emanating from the drum 7 at the point F. Such gaps will have to be filled and for this purpose an arrangement, indicated by 21, is provided by which packets can be fed into the stream of packets emanating from the drum 7 in order to fill any gaps therein.
The general operation of apparatus constructed according to the present invention has been described without reference to any details concerning the specific construction of the various drums employed. These could take various forms for carrying out the operations described above.
What we claim as our invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A packing machine comprising a. a first rotatably mounted drum having a plurality of pockets in the periphery thereof, each for receiving a carton blank and subsequently an article to be contained therein,
b. first functional means arranged to insert carton blanks in succession into each of said pockets, said first functional means including means for partially folding and sealing said carton blank forming the base panel with four adjacent perpendicular side panels, the remaining panels attached to at least one of said side panels being left unfolded and unsealed,
c. second functional means arranged to insert at least one article into each of said partially folded cartons in succession while said partially folded cartons are retained in said pockets,
(1. at least one further rotatably mounted drum having a plurality of pockets therein,
e. means for transferring each partially folded carton with the article contained therein between two pockets, each in a different drum,
f. third functional means arranged to fold and seal the remaining panels of said carton blank to complete formation of the carton after insertion of the article, and
f. means for driving the drums intermittently to bring each partially folded carton to successive predetermined positions.
2. A machine as claimed in claim 1, in which said third functional means comprises stationary folders engageable by said panels of each blank while the driving means is operative.
3. A machine as claimed in claim 2 wherein said one drum carries at least one plunger arranged to serve as the means for transferring blanks with articles from the pockets of one drum to the pockets of another drum, and said third functional means includes fourth functional means associated with said further drum and arranged to apply gum to portions of each blank carried by the further drum and fifth functional means for drying the gum so applied.
4. A machine as claimed in claim 3, including means for applying gum to portions of each carton blank before insertion thereof in one of the pockets of said one drum.
5. A machine as claimed in claim 4, including a blank feed conveyor and a blank transfer drum also associated with the driving means and adapted to transfer the carton blanks one at a time from said blank feed conveyor to the pockets of said one drum.
6. A machine as claimed in claim 5, including means for gumming portions of each blank and means for folding one panel of said blank, both said gumming and said folding means being associated with said blank feed conveyor so as to operate successively on each blank carried thereby.
7. A machine as claimed in claim 6, including further functional means comprising stationary folders associated with said blank transfer drum to fold portions of each blank as said drum carries the blank past said folders.
8. A machine as claimed in claim 7, including an article transfer drum arranged to deliver an article to each pocket of said one drum after that pocket has received a carton blank.
9. A machine as claimed in claim 8, including an additional transfer drum arranged to receive finished packets and transfer said packets to an output conveyor, and means associated with said additional transfer drum for rejecting faulty packets before they reach said output conveyor.
10. A machine as claimed in claim 1 wherein said partially folding and sealing means comprises a. means for folding four side panels joined about four sides of said base panel to positions perpendicular to said base panel,
b. means for folding two tabs on opposite ends of each of two of said side panels to positions perpendieular to said two side panels, said two side panels being at opposite sides of said base panel, and
c. means for gumming the other two side panels on the other two opposite sides of said base panel and extending between said opposite ends of said first two side panels,
d. whereby said tabs are glued to said other two side panels when said first functional means inserts each carton blank in a pocket.
11. A machine as claimed in claim 10 wherein said first functional means includes conveyor means for feedlng blanks in succession and a rotatably mounted transfer drum driven by said driving means adapted to transfer the carton blanks one at a time from said conveyor to the pockets of said first drum.
12. A machine as claimed in claim 11 wherein said second functional means includes an article transfer drum driven by said driving means and arranged to deliver an article to each pocket of said first drum after receiving a carton blank.
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|US2196666 *||Nov 21, 1938||Apr 9, 1940||Humoco Corp||Method and means of making containers|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3956865 *||Aug 8, 1974||May 18, 1976||Alfred Schmermund||Method and apparatus for producing a container|
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|US4738073 *||Oct 15, 1986||Apr 19, 1988||G. D. Societa Per Azioni||Device for forming and controlling the outer wrapping of packs in a cigarette packaging machine|
|US4814072 *||May 20, 1987||Mar 21, 1989||Korber Ag||Method of and apparatus for replacing defective packets in a stream of randomly distributed satisfactory and defective packets|
|US5970682 *||Feb 26, 1997||Oct 26, 1999||Focke & Co. (Gmbh & Co.)||Method and device for the manufacture especially of hinge-lid packs for cigarettes|
|U.S. Classification||53/574, 53/53, 53/207, 987/160|
|Cooperative Classification||H05K2203/0726, B65B19/223, H05K2203/0152|