|Publication number||US3762857 A|
|Publication date||Oct 2, 1973|
|Filing date||Dec 27, 1971|
|Priority date||Dec 27, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3762857 A, US 3762857A, US-A-3762857, US3762857 A, US3762857A|
|Original Assignee||F Andeweg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (49), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Andeweg 1 Oct. 2, 1973 1 CANDLE INTERNAL ILLUMINATOR AND 2,532,800 12/1950 Adinamis et al. 240/10 B MOUNT BASE FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1 lnvemorl Friis Andeweg, 7737 Royal 1,032,053 3 1953 France 2411/10 B Dallas, Tex. 75230  Filed; De 27, 1971 Primary Examiner-Carroll B. Dority, Jr.
Appl. No.: 212,218
 US. Cl. 431/253, 431/289, 240/10 B, 240/10.1
 Int. Cl. F23d  Field of Search 240/10.1, 10 B, 10.64; 431/126, 253, 289
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,684,882 8/1972 Mininno 240/10 B 1,351,562 8/1920 Foster 3,686,494 8/1972 Naylor 240/10.l
Atlorneywarren H. Kintzinger  ABSTRACT A support and light source structure providing internal illumination to a cavity within a candle for diffused passage of light through candle wax. It is a candle mounting base that in addition to having a light source can include moveable colored glass or plastic for varied color illumination of the candle. Some bases also include a speaker and cassettetape player along with an internal rechargeable power pack and some have a power line to a standard electric plug.
10 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED BET 2 FIG-4 r,
62 AE /V1771 FRITS J. ANDEW EG BY WWWWW ATTORNEY CANDLE INTERNAL ILLUMINATOR AND MOUNT BASE This invention relates in general to candles and candle bases, and in particular, to candle mounting bases for internally illuminated candles with light source structure of the bases illuminating a cavity within wax of individual candles capable of being burned from the top in a conventional manner.
This application is directed to novel subject matter having some relation and some degree of commonality to the subject matter of another application entitled INTERNALLY ILLUMINATED CANDLE" having a common filing date with this case and with common applicant. Candles with internal illumination whether being burned at the top at the same time or not in combination are enhanced with a great variety of bases useable in many configurations. These are quite useful in candle base center pieces that are unusual in the range of options available. Candle mounting bases not only support light source structure for candles with cavities supported thereon but may be bases with self contained batteries, rechargeable power packs, or electric cords to external power sources. The candle mounting bases may be of substantial size including variable colored glass moveable to vary the color of internal candle illumination. These may assume a number of forms such as rotatable sleeve about a light supported above the base within a candle body, a disc with different color windows moveable either manually or motor driven to vary color of light projected to a candle interior and diffused from within for achieving the desired esthetic candle glow from within. Some bases include a music box or a tape recorder that may be used to play music along with the candle internal illumination operational function of the bases.
It is therefore, a principal object of this invention to provide a base providing light source internal illumination for internally illuminated candles supported on the base.
Another object is to provide color variation adjustment for the candle internal illumination light.
A further object is to provide such color variation adjustment with a rotating structure changing colors of the candle continuously during each rotation.
Still another object is to provide music emanating from such candle bases in conjunction with internal illumination of candles supported by the bases.
Features of the invention useful in accomplishing the above objects include, in a candle internal illuminator and mount base, light source structure providing internal illumination to a cavity within a candle placed on a base with the light source structure. Some of these bases also include moveable varicolored transparent material positionable in the path of light from the light source structure to color vary internal light diffused through candle wax. Further, many bases also include speaker and recorder media type player systems along with a power supply system that may be self contained or have external connection to power lines. Some units use the drive motor of a player system in the base to also drive a rotable structure of varicolored transparent material to color vary internal light transmitted to candles placed on the bases.
Specific embodiments representing what are presently regarded as the best modes of carrying out the invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 represents a cut away and sectioned side elevation view such as taken along line 1--1 of FIG. 2 as if FIG. 2 were a whole view instead of a partially broken away and sectioned view;
FIG. 2, a top partially broken away and sectioned view as projected along line 2-2 of FIG. 1 for the candle and color disc portion of the base;
FIG. 3, a partially cut away and sectioned side elevation view ofa base and a candle supported thereon with the base having a light bulb pedestal mounting a rotating transparent varicolored sheath about the light bulb within an internally illuminated hollow wax body mounting a burning candle section at the top;
FIG. 4, a partially cut away and sectioned side elevation view of a base and candle supported thereon with the base having an internal light source bulb, a rotating color wheel disc, and a tape player with speaker; and,
FIG. 5, a partially cut away and sectioned side elevation view of a base and candle supported thereon with the base having a light bulb pedestal projecting up into the interior ofa candle mounted on the base, and a tape player with a speaker contained within the base.
Referring to the drawing:
The candle mount base 10, for mounting a candle 11 having an internal cavity 12 and a burnable wick 13 at the top, is shown to have an internal light source bulb 14 within a reflector 15 for beaming upward into the candle cavity 12. A transparent varicolored disc 16 is rotatably mounted for rotation about the center of rotation shaft 17 to bring different colored windows 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 into the path of light beamed upward from light bulb 14 and reflector 15. This may be accomplished either manually with the edge 24 of disc 16 protruding from the side 25 through base slot 26 or by rotation drive of motor 27 when switched on as desired. The same internal rechargeable battery pack 28 may be employed to power both the light bulb 14 through power line 29 and motor 27 through a power line through a control switch provided therefor. The
base 10 of FIG. 1 is shown in FIG. 2 to also be equipped with a tape cassette 30 player 31 controlled by control buttons or keys 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, and 37 and including speaker 38 to one side of candle 11. One or more of the keys 32-37 may be used for turning on light 14 and motor 27 if desired and a cord with a plug (not shown) may be used for an external power supply when desired.
Referring now to the embodiment of FIG. 3 base 40 is shown to have a vertically extended pedestal 41 mounting a light bulb 42 within cavity 43 of candle structure 44. While not shown base 40 could include a speaker and recorder media type player system along with an internal power supply such as shown with the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 or other type as may be desired. A frame extension 45 from pedestal 41 has a top pivot point 46 for free easy rotational pivot mounting 47 of a sheath 48 and vane section 49 assembly. Sheath 48 is a rotatable cylinder of transparent varicolored material that is driven in rotation by heated air rising from around the lighted bulb 42 through the vane section 48 during internal illumination operation of the base 40 and candle structure 44. Since air flow is important for such operation an air passageway 50 is provided in base 40 and air vent holes 51 are provided in holder 52 for upper burnable wax portion 53 with wick 54. This iswith the holder 52 supported on the top of wax body 55 in the candle structure 44.
in the base 60 embodiment of FIG. 4 a light bulb 61, mirror 62 and speaker 63, of tape player 64 are all contained within a base opening 65 generally in vertical alignment with the cavity 43 of wax body 55 in candle structure 44 such as shown with the embodiment of FlG. 3. With the arrangement of FIG. 4 sound emanatingfrom speaker 63 along with light from bulb 61 and reflected by mirror 62, that is mounted on bulb pedestal 66, is passed upward into cavity 43 with sound issuingthrough air vent openings 51 in holder 52 (referring again to FIG. 3 for this detail). A pivot mount extension 67 extends from bulb pedestal 66 to pivotally rotationally mount transparent multicolored plastic or glass vane assembly 68. Here again an air passageway 50' is provided in base 60 along with the air vent openings 51 in holder 52 for air flow with rising heated air around bulb 61 and mirror 62 driving vane assembly 68 for continually color varying internal illumination of candle structure 44 and glow through the wax body 55.
With the base 70 embodiment of FIG. a pedestal 71 extends upward to support light source light bulb 72 within cavity 43 of wax body 55 of a candle structure 44 such as used with the embodiments of FIGS. 3 and 4. Pedestal 71 is supported on a open grill or cross rod structure 73 at the top of base top opening 74 in order that music from speaker 75, contained within base opening 76 along with tape player 77, be passed upward through the cavity 43 and out through air vent openings 51 in holder 52 (shown in FIG. 3).
Whereas this invention is herein illustrated and described with respect to a plurality of embodiments thereof, it should be realized that various changes may be made without departing from the essential contributions to the art made by the teachings hereof.
1. ln a mount base and internally illuminated candle structure: an internally illuminated candle structure having an internal cavity and an upper burnable wax portion with burnable wicking imbedded therein and extended from the top; a mount base including light source means positioned for illuminating the internal cavity of said candle structure with the candle structure in place on said mount base; and power supply means connected for powering said light source means.
2. The internally illuminated candle mount base of claim 1, wherein moveable varicolored transparent structural material is positionable in the path of light from said light source means.
3. The candle mount base of claim 2, wherein a tape player and speaker means are enclosed within said base.
4. The candle mount base of claim 2, wherein said light source means includes alight bulb within the base; and said moveable varicolored transparent structural material is in a disc rotatably mounted in said base with varicolored portions of the transparent structural material rotatable into the path of light from said light bulb to the interior of a candle placed on said base.
5. The candle mount base of claim 4, wherein the said disc has an exposed portion to the exterior of said base for manual setting of the disc to desired candle internal illumination coloring.
6. The candle mount base of claim 4, wherein motor drive means is mounted in said base and drive connected to said disc for driving said disc in rotation in varying the internal illumination coloring of the candle.
7. The candle mount base of claim 1, wherein recorder media player means and speaker means are enclosed within said base.
8. The candle mount base of claim 7, including air passage means'in said base permitting air flow by said light source means.
9. The candle mount base of claim 7, with said speaker positioned to direct sound upward to and through the internal cavity of said candle structure.
10. The mount base and internally illuminated candle structure of claim 9, with air hole means provided from the internal cavity of said candle structure to the exterior adjacent said upper burnable wax portion.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3890085 *||Sep 24, 1973||Jun 17, 1975||Frits J Andeweg||Illuminated candle structure|
|US4804323 *||Nov 18, 1986||Feb 14, 1989||Kim Kyung Hee||Music candle|
|US5057005 *||May 25, 1989||Oct 15, 1991||Kwok Wai Shi||Candle device|
|US5101806 *||Aug 15, 1990||Apr 7, 1992||Moffat Appliances Limited||Gas infra-red burner in a heater tube or heat exchanger|
|US5791774 *||Sep 24, 1996||Aug 11, 1998||Briles; Roger D.||Outdoor illumination device|
|US5846070 *||Sep 22, 1997||Dec 8, 1998||Kim; Youngchoon||Party candle having visually commemorative effect|
|US6241362||Jul 19, 1999||Jun 5, 2001||David J. Morrison||Lighted display emitting variable colors|
|US6267584 *||Mar 27, 2000||Jul 31, 2001||Cindy Zou||Prayer candle device|
|US6270339 *||Nov 22, 2000||Aug 7, 2001||Cindy Zou||Prayer candle device|
|US6273710 *||Nov 20, 2000||Aug 14, 2001||Cindy Zou||Prayer candle device|
|US6361188 *||Oct 13, 2000||Mar 26, 2002||Thomas A. Kuts||Method and apparatus for generating three dimensional light patterns|
|US6491516 *||May 9, 2000||Dec 10, 2002||Guy Tal||Active Hanukkah candelabrum|
|US6520770 *||Jun 4, 2001||Feb 18, 2003||Cindy Zou||Prayer candle device|
|US6685345 *||May 15, 2002||Feb 3, 2004||Theresa Velasquez||Convertible candle lamp and method|
|US6729748||May 16, 2002||May 4, 2004||Kevin Reilly||Internally illuminated candle|
|US7098600||Aug 26, 2004||Aug 29, 2006||Market Reconnaissance Group, Llc||Candle with internal illumination|
|US7229280||Nov 1, 2004||Jun 12, 2007||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Wick holder magnetic retention means|
|US7247017||Feb 17, 2004||Jul 24, 2007||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Melting plate candles|
|US7287978||May 6, 2005||Oct 30, 2007||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle holder with improved air flow|
|US7318724||May 6, 2005||Jan 15, 2008||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly|
|US7413435||Sep 10, 2004||Aug 19, 2008||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle|
|US7442036||May 6, 2005||Oct 28, 2008||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight|
|US7467944||Aug 9, 2005||Dec 23, 2008||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder|
|US7467945||May 6, 2005||Dec 23, 2008||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly and fuel element therefor|
|US7497685||Jul 20, 2005||Mar 3, 2009||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Wick-holder assembly|
|US7524187||Sep 10, 2004||Apr 28, 2009||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Wick holder locking mechanism|
|US7591646||Jul 17, 2007||Sep 22, 2009||S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Heat exchange method for melting plate candle|
|US7607915||Oct 27, 2009||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Heat exchange method for melting plate candle|
|US7637737 *||Jun 21, 2007||Dec 29, 2009||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly with light emitting system|
|US7654822||Feb 2, 2010||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion|
|US7699603||Feb 16, 2006||Apr 20, 2010||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Multisensory candle assembly|
|US7731492||Aug 5, 2005||Jun 8, 2010||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick|
|US7850327||Jul 11, 2005||Dec 14, 2010||Enchanted Lighting Company, Llc||Apparatus, logic and method for emulating the lighting effect of a candle|
|US8562186||Apr 17, 2012||Oct 22, 2013||Winvic Sales Inc.||Electrically illuminated flame simulator|
|US8573967||Oct 1, 2010||Nov 5, 2013||S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.||Candle assembly and fuel element therefor|
|US8858043||Jan 10, 2014||Oct 14, 2014||Winvic Sales Inc.||Electrically illuminated flame simulator|
|US8998461||Oct 16, 2013||Apr 7, 2015||Winvic Sales Inc.||Electrically illuminated flame simulator|
|US9039233 *||Oct 16, 2013||May 26, 2015||Winvic Sales Inc.||Battery powered electronic candle with speaker|
|US20050110417 *||Aug 26, 2004||May 26, 2005||Li Xiao F.||Candle with internal illumination|
|US20060119287 *||Jul 11, 2005||Jun 8, 2006||Kurt Campbell||Apparatus, logic and method for emulating the lighting effect of a candle|
|US20060215397 *||Mar 25, 2005||Sep 28, 2006||Lipan Industrial Co., Ltd.||Lamp structure with a function of candlestick|
|US20090170044 *||Feb 27, 2008||Jul 2, 2009||Samho Ind Co., Ltd||Decoratively illuminating apparatus using a candle|
|US20150204530 *||Jan 22, 2014||Jul 23, 2015||Jerry Lee||Candlelight simulation electronic candle|
|DE10314703A1 *||Mar 31, 2003||Mar 10, 2005||Achim Perleberg||Dekorative Kerzenleuchte|
|EP0268473A2 *||Nov 18, 1987||May 25, 1988||Wai-Shi Kwok||A candle device|
|WO2001048420A1 *||Dec 22, 2000||Jul 5, 2001||Danika Ltd||Candle with internal illumination|
|WO2004008026A1 *||Jul 11, 2002||Jan 22, 2004||Sauza Jose Joaquin Uribe||Musical candle lamp comprising an expendable candle and method of producing said candle|
|WO2004090417A1 *||Apr 11, 2003||Oct 21, 2004||Uribe Sauza Jose Joaquin||Touch-controlled sound-emitting candle system acting as a consumable candle holder|
|WO2007075645A1 *||Dec 19, 2006||Jul 5, 2007||Johnson & Son Inc S C||Candle assembly with light emitting system|
|U.S. Classification||431/253, 362/810, 362/86, 362/183, 431/289|
|International Classification||F21S13/00, F21S10/00, F21S19/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F21S13/00, F21S19/00, Y10S362/81, F21S10/00|
|European Classification||F21S10/00, F21S19/00, F21S13/00|