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Publication numberUS3762962 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 2, 1973
Filing dateMar 9, 1972
Priority dateMar 9, 1972
Publication numberUS 3762962 A, US 3762962A, US-A-3762962, US3762962 A, US3762962A
InventorsNilsson J
Original AssigneeAsea Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Solution heat treatment of hardenable aluminium alloys
US 3762962 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Nilsson Oct. 2, 1973 SOLUTION HEAT TREATMENT OF IIARDENABLE ALUMINIUM ALLOYS Inventor: Jan Nilsson, Robertsfors, Sweden Assignee: Allmanna Svenska Elektriska Aktiebolaget, Vasteras, Sweden Filed: Mar. 9, 1972 Appl. No.: 233,251

US. Cl. l48/11.5 A, l48/12.7 Int. Cl. C221 l/04 Field of Search 148/11.5 A, 12.7,

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3/1954 Rosenkranz 148/12.7

3,222,227 12/1965 Baugh et al v. 148/] 1.5 A

Primary Examiner-W. W. Stallard AztorneyJennings Bailey, Jr.

[57] ABSTRACT 3 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures LII/ll/l/ll SOLUTION HEAT TREATMENT OF HARDENABLE ALUMINIUM ALLOYS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a method of hydrostatically extruding hardenable aluminium alloys and thus simultaneously starting and partially performing the heat treatment of the alloys which is necessary to achieve homogenization and hardening of the finished billets.

2. The Prior Art The treatment under consideration is often called solution heat treatment and is performed because the cast raw billets of aluminium-alloys are often rather coarse grained and inhomogenous. By means of heating to a certain temperature the dissolving temperature, which is specific for the alloy being used, for a certain length of time adjacent grains will dissolve into each other so that the metals of the alloy, for example copper or zinc will be completely homogenously dissolved in the aluminium phase. When this solution is complete, the material must be quickly cooled, preferably in water, after which it must usually be subjected to an ageing process at normal temperature or possibly while being heated to some hundred degrees centigrade.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION v The heating for the solution heat treatment has hitherto been performed in some form of furnace. The idea according to the present invention is to avoid this step in the process and instead to use the heat procuced when the material is hydrostatically extruded. Besides avoiding one stage in the process, the invention has the advantage that the untreated, cast billet is both softer and more pliable than one which has been treated, and thus is easier to extrude. According to the invention, the cross-section of the raw billets is adjusted to the final cross section so that the cross-sectional reduction will be such that the extruded product reaches a temperature which exceeds the dissolving temperature mentioned above. The extrusion must thus be performed so quickly that the cooling from the press die does not cool the extruded product below said temperature. However, in conventional extrusion presses the extrusion rate is always so high that the heat losses during the actual extrusion process are less than percent. After extrusion, the temperature must be maintained for a certain length of time, which may also be considered to be specific for the alloy concerned. This may be done in several ways and after that the cooling must be performed quickly in order to fix the structure acquired.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, where FIGS. I and 2 illustrate the invention purely symbolically.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. I shows a high pressure cylinder 1 having a die 2 at one end and a piston 3 which is pressed into the other end. The billet 4 is located in the cylinder and is completely surrounded by a pressure medium which, due to the action of the piston 3, forces the billet out through the die. Due to the cross-sectional reduction, the billet is heated and if the initial. cross-section is sufficiently large in relation to the extruded cross-section, the product 5 will be heated to a temperature above the dissolving temperature. In order to reach the correct temperature, the billet may possibly be pre-heated to l00-300C.

In order to maintain the temperature achieved for sufficiently long, usually some tenths or tens of seconds, in certain cases even longer, the extruded product may be allowed to pass through an insulated, possi bly heated tube 6 before it is immersed for cooling, for example in a water bath 7.

It appears that the length of the tube 6 is determined as the product of the delivery rate of the extruded product and the time required for the dissolution process in the material. When products having a small cross section are being extruded, said delivery rate is often rather great, about 10 m/sec. or more, which with a treating time of l0 s means that the tube 6 must be m or longer, which is inconvenient.

In such cases, however, the product is usually a wire or the like and it is therefore natural to wind the mate rial on to a coil 8, as can be seen in FIG. 2. This coil may then be surrounded by an insulating housing 9 and kept there at the dissolving temperature or above until it is time to cool the material. It should be pointed out here that the storage time may very well exceed that prescribed since, as long as the temperature is sufficiently high, the dissolving process will move towards a stable and desired state, i.e., completely homogenous dissolution of the alloying components in the basic phase.

As mentioned previously, artificial ageing of the material is usually necessary after the cooling process in order to achieve the desired structure. However, this process is outside the scope of the present invention and may be carried out conventionally.

I claim:

1. Method of hydrostatic extrusion of a hardenable aluminium alloy, which comprises hydrostatically extruding a billet of an aluminium alloy containing substantial amounts of undissolved constituents other than aluminium at such a rate that the: extruded product attains a temperature greater than the dissolving temperature of such constituents, maintaining the temperature of the extruded product at substantially such dissolving temperature for a time at least sufficient to product dissolving of said constituents, and thereafter rapidly cooling the extruded product.

2. Method as claimed in claim 1, which comprises heating the billet before extrusion to a temperature of 100 to 300C.

3. Method as claimed in claim 1, which comprises storing the extruded product in substantial batches while maintaining the dissolving temperature and cooling the batches.


" Inventor(s) Jan Nilsson it is certified that error appears in the above-idenLHind patent {311d that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

In the heading, insert:

Claims priority, Application Sweden March 18, 1971, 3485/71.

Signed and sealed this 25th day o frDecember 1973.

I (SEAL) Attest: V

EDWARDMELETCHERJR. RENE D. TEGTIVIEYER Attesting Officer Acting Commissioner of Patents

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3990922 *Oct 20, 1975Nov 9, 1976Swiss Aluminium Ltd.Processing aluminum alloys
US4010046 *Mar 4, 1976Mar 1, 1977Swiss Aluminium Ltd.Iron, silicon, copper, boron
US4066476 *Aug 11, 1976Jan 3, 1978Swiss Aluminium Ltd.Duplex process for improving the hot workability of aluminum-magnesium alloys
US4066480 *Aug 11, 1976Jan 3, 1978Swiss Aluminium Ltd.Process for improving the hot workability of aluminum-magnesium alloys
US5342459 *Mar 18, 1993Aug 30, 1994Aluminum Company Of AmericaExtruding, cold and hot working, drawing, shaping rods, wires and bars
US5507888 *Nov 15, 1993Apr 16, 1996Aluminum Company Of AmericaExtruding alloy containing magnesium, silicon, copper, manganese into hollow tube, drawing, solution heat treating, quenching, artificial aging
US5607524 *Aug 19, 1994Mar 4, 1997Aluminum Company Of AmericaDrive shafts for vehicles and other applications and method for production
WO2001020052A2 *Sep 9, 2000Mar 22, 2001Honsel Profilprodukte GmbhMethod and device for heat treatment of extruded sections
U.S. Classification148/689, 148/690, 66/9.00A
International ClassificationB21C23/00, B21C29/00, C22F1/04
Cooperative ClassificationB21C23/007, B21C29/00, C22F1/04
European ClassificationB21C29/00, C22F1/04, B21C23/00H