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Publication numberUS376411 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 10, 1888
Filing dateMar 31, 1887
Publication numberUS 376411 A, US 376411A, US-A-376411, US376411 A, US376411A
InventorsMichel L. Lion
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
of london
US 376411 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


No. 876.411. Patented Jan. 10, 1888.

N. PETERS, Pmwmnngmpner, wnhingm n.0.





SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 376,411, dated January 10, 1888.

Application led vMarch 3l, 1887. Serial No. 233,151. (No model.) Patented in England August 23, 1836, No. 10.751; in France March 17, 1887, No. 182,237; in Germany March 22, 1887, No. 40,915; in Belgium May 12, 18:57, No. 77,037; in Italy May 14,

1887, XXI, 21,674, and in Spain July 21,1887, No. 6,9-11.

To all whom, it may concern: c

Be it known that we, MICHEL LION LION,

of 32 Chiswell Street, London, England, boot-v to fore been granted to us by the Government of Great Britain, dated August-23, 1886;V France, dated March 17, 1887, No. 182,237; Germany, dated March 22, 1887 Belgium, dated May 12, 1887, No. 77,087; Spain, dated July 21, 1887, and Italy, dated May 14, 1887, Vol. 21, No. 21,674,) ofV which the following is a specifica tion. c

This invention has for its object improvements in the manufacture of boots and shoes, 2O whereby they can be made more readily and economically than heretofore,of a better shape and finish, and also more durable and comfortable in wear. For this purpose, according to our present improvements, we manufacture boots and shoes by lasting the upper of the boot or shoe to the inner sole, and attaching the outer sole by means of nails, rivets, or screws, or other suitable fasteners, in the following manner: First, we prepare a headed barbed fastener (nail, rivet, or screw) a little less in length than the total thickness of materials or substances into which it is to be driven. This fastener may be made of iron or other suitable material, flanged and terminating with a cone at its point. Ve then, without previously punching holes, drive or force these barbed fasteners or nails through the inner sole,about a quarter of an inch from the edge all round, by means of suitable machinery, and the fasteners,thus forcibly driven through the material of the inner soles, are firmly and rigidly retained thereby, the flat heads of the nails being flush with the surface of the face side of the inner sole and toward the wearers feet. rlhe lining or sock is then solutioned, or affixed in any convenient manner, to the face vside of the inner sole over the heads of the fasteners. The inner sole, thus prepared with fasteners and soek,is then inverted and placed on an ordinary iron last, the heads u of the nails or fasteners being against or to` ward the last and thepointsstandingup. The upper is now put over the last and drawn tight upon the said last by means of a suitable tool, andthe edges of the upper are forced down over the inverted points of the fasteners, one at a time, by means of a hammer and hollow tool or punch, with which the operator presses down the leather by placing it over the point of each nail or fastener separately, and then hammers it down, and thus forces each such. nail to pierce through the upper, and'presses the latter right down against the inner sole without bending or impairing the nail,which, passing up the center of the hollow tool or punch, need not be touched thereby, thus leaving thesaid nail still rigid and firmly embedded iu the inner sole with upper attached and the points still rigidly projecting upward, of suf- Y cient length to receive the outer sole thereon. The upper is thus made to take the exact shape of the last, and is held in 'this .position at all points by the said nails or fasteners only until the sole is fixed downthereon and the boot or shoe completed. The outer sole and the heel' are prepared and nished complete, and the oueer sole withV heel attached is then placed in positionon the points of the fasteners and forced down by a press or hammer tight against the upper. All the parts are thus securely fastened together, and the boot or shoe is now complete and may be removed from the last.

It will be obvious that the precise process of manufacture hereinbefore described may 8' be varied in some of the minor details-aas, for instance, the outer solecan be attached without the heel and the boot or shoe completed, save the heel, which can be attached and finished subsequently in the ordinary way; also, in some cases the barbed nails or fasteners are not used round the heel part, the upper being affixed to the inner sole at such part of the heel in the ordinary manner.

And in order that our invention may be the more easily understood and readily carried into practice we will proceed to describe the same with reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a plan of the under side of the inner sole-A, with nails or fasteners driven by asuitable nail-driving machine directly through such inner sole (without previously punching or piercing holes therefor) and projecting upward. Fig. 2shows side view of last D, the inner sole A, with fasteners B, and the lining or sock C, solutioned on, being inverted on the last D. Fig. 3 is same view as Fig. 1, with the edges of the upper E drawn over and forced'down, as before described, upon the points of the fasteners B, which pierce through. Fig. 4 is a similar View to Fig. 2, showing the upper E lasted to the inner sole, A, and the points of the fasteners B projecting sufficiently to receive the outer sole, F, and heel F', attached thereto. rlhe outer sole, F, and heel F are finished and completed before being fixed or closed down onto the upper and inner sole. Fig. 5 shows the outer solo, F, and heel F, attached thereto, closed down on the points of the fasteners B', which thus hold the outer sole securely without coming through. The outer sole, F, and heel F are closed down by hammering or pressing, and the boot or shoe is now complete and may be removed from the last D. Fig. 6 shows, on a larger scale in elevation and plan, the form of barbed nail or fastener B which we tind it advantageous to employ.

Having now particularly described and aseertained the nature of our said invention and in what manner` the same is to be performed, we would remark that we are aware that barbpointed nails and staples have previously been used in the manufacture of boots and shoes, but in a very different manner, and the attempts hitherto to use such fasteners have been im practicable, or these previous methods could not be adapted for the kind of work we can produce by our process; that therefore we make no claim, separately, to the barbing of fasteners; but

Vhat we do claim as novel and as our own invention is- The process herein described of manufacturing boots and shoes, which consists of the following steps: first, driving metallic fasteners, with barbed hooks or points, through the inner sole near the edge thereof; secondly, fastening the lining or sock on the inner sole over the heads of the fasteners; thirdly, placing the inner sole, with the fasteners and lining, on an iron last; fourthly, drawing the edge of the upper over the points of the fasteners, and, finally, pressing or hammering the finished sole onto the points ofthe fasteners, substantially as set forth.


\Vit n esses:


31 Souhampon Buildings, London. VALTER J. SKERTEN,

17 Graccchurch Street, London, E. C'.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4420894 *Apr 19, 1982Dec 20, 1983Joel GlassmanSnap shoe
US4956927 *Dec 20, 1988Sep 18, 1990Colgate-Palmolive CompanyMonolithic outsole
Cooperative ClassificationA43B9/02