|Publication number||US3764575 A|
|Publication date||Oct 9, 1973|
|Filing date||Jul 6, 1970|
|Priority date||Jul 9, 1969|
|Also published as||DE1934787A1|
|Publication number||US 3764575 A, US 3764575A, US-A-3764575, US3764575 A, US3764575A|
|Inventors||Anderko K, Diez A, Stark M|
|Original Assignee||Schmidt Gmbh Karl|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
O Umted States Patent 1 1 1 1 3,764,575
Anderko et a]. Oct. 9, 1973  SALT CORE CONTAINING SYNTHETIC 3,385,345 5/1968 Miraldi 164/43 RESIN AND WATER GLASS AS BINDERS 2,712,533 7/1955 Mite hell 3,179,523 4/1965 MOI'III 164/43 X Inventors: Kurt Anderko, Heilbronn; Manfred 3,550,670 12/1970 Greenewold 164/43 x Stark, Neckarsulm; Adolf Die z, 3,645,491 2/1972 Brown et a1. 260/38 X Heilbronn, all of Germany Primary Examiner-Morris Liebman  Assignee. ggllnsacgmldt GmbI-I, Neckarsulm, Assistant Examiner s M. Person Attorney-Burgess, Dinklage and Sprung  Filed: July 6, 1970 211 App]. No.: 52,716  ABSTRACT In the manufacture of a casting havmg a cavity, wherein a water-soluble salt core is suspended in a Foreign Applicatiml Priority Dam mold, molten material is poured into said mold about July 9, 1969 Germany P 19 34 787.6 1 said core, the molten material is allowed to harden to the desired casting, and the core is washed away with  U.S. Cl 260/37 R, 164/36, 164/43 water to leave a hollow casting, the improvement 2 0/ 1 40 which comprises employing as said core one compris-  Int. Cl C088 51/04 ing a water-soluble salt, about 5 to 20 percent by Field Of Search R, 40; weight of watepglasg and about 2 to 15 percent by 43 weight of a synthetic resin as binder. The invention also extends to the core and the process by which it is  References Cited d UNITED STATES PATENTS 12/1970 Hill et al. 106/383 X 8 Claims, No Drawings SALT CORE CONTAINING SYNTHETIC RESIN AND WATER-GLASS AS BINDERS This invention relates to a water-soluble salt core for use in foundries.
Cavities in castings are generally formed with the aid of sand cores. With cores which are difficultly accessible, the application of that method is limited because the complete removal of residues of the sand core after the casting operation is not always ensured. In view of these difficulties it is better to embed hollow cores of steel or copper in the casting and subsequently to remove the same by etching with nitric acid. That process too has serious disadvantages, which oppose its commercial application in foundries.
For this reason it has been proposed in the Swiss Pat. specification No. 246,046 to use cast cores of potassium carbonate in the manufacture of aluminum castings. Such cores have not been successful in foundries because they are hygroscopic.
These disadvantages have been eliminated to a large extent by the use of cast cores of sodium silicate (French Pat. specification No. 813,689). The latter cores have the disadvantage, however, that the silicates have relatively high melting points and a relatively low solubility so that the castings must be rinsed with water for a long time to remove the core. The cores are too brittle to be usedin ingot molds because the contact with the hot melt results in a premature formation of incipient cracks in the core. Molten material can enter these incipient cracks so that the casting has an irregular surface.
To eliminate this disadvantage, it is taught in the US. Pat. specification No. 3,356,156 to use cores of watersoluble salts, such as sodium chloride or potassium chloride, which are pressed and subsequently sintered at temperatures between 500 and 750C. When the casting has been cooled, the salt cores embedded therein are completely removed from the casting with water. That process has been fully satisfactory with castings having simple contours. With complicated contours, e.g., with abrupt changes in cross-section, the changes in temperature and the mechanical stresses result in higher stresses in such salt cores which may cause a destruction of the salt cores at the critical points. I
For this reason it has been proposed in the Published German application No. 1,483,641 to improve the thermal and mechanical properties of pressed and sintered salt cores by adding up to percent of borax, magnesia or talcum, individually or in admixture, to the salt in order to promote the sintering process so that the compressive and bending strengths are much improved.
It is an object of the invention to provide an inexpensive core which can be produced without compression and sintering which nonetheless is of adequate compressive and bending strength.
This and other objects and advantages are realized in accordance with the present invention wherein there is provided a salt core composition comprising a watersoluble salt, about 5 to 20 percent by weight of waterglass and about 2 to 15 percent by weight of a synthetic resin as binder.
The water-soluble salt, which may range from about 65 to 93 percent and preferably from about 76 to 87 percent by weight of the composition, preferably comprises an alkali or alkaline earth metal chloride, sulfate or borate. The water-glass is preferably present in about 8 to 12 percent by weight. The synthetic resin binder advantageously comprises a condensation product based on furane or phenol and preferably is present in about 5 to 12% by weight.
To make the salt core, it is sufficient to ram the salt core composition according to the invention into a suitable core die and, in accordance with another feature of the invention, to cure the composition at a temperature of about to 150C. Cores so made may be subjected to the machining operations required for the mounting of such cores, such as thread cutting, milling or turning, without destruction of or damage to the cores.
To avoid evolution of gases when the salt cores made from the core composition according to the invention are embedded in molten material, the salt core may be heated to a temperature of about 450 to 650C and preferably about 500 to 600C for a short time, e.g., for about 5 to 30 minutes and preferably for about 10 to 20 minutes, before it is thus embedded. By these high temperatures carbonization of the synthetic resin binder occurs without undue reduction in the compressive and bending strengths of the salt cores. When the casting has solidified, the salt core can be removed from the cavity by rinsing without difficulty and without need for special measures.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention the salt core is coated with a layer of water-glass in a thickness of up to 0.1 millimeter to ensure the formation of a smooth surface on the casting and to increase the compressive and bending strengths of the salt core. This is done before heating to 450 to 650C.
The invention will now be explained more fully with reference to the following illustrative embodiment:
EXAMPLE A core composition consisting, by weight, of
80 percent NaCl 11 percent water-glass and 9 percent synthetic resin is rammed into an annular core mold of wood and then cured in a drying oven at a temperature of C for 2 hours. The annular salt cores are then provided with tapped bores and milled planar surfaces. The salt core is heated at 550C for 15 minutes in an electrically heated air-circulating furnace embedded in an eutectic aluminum-silicon alloy melt. When the casting has been cooled, the salt core is dissolved out of the cavity, without leaving any residue, by passing cold water therethrough for 2 minutes.
It will be appreciated that the instant specification and examples are set forth by way of illustration and not limitation, and that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.
1. A core for use in making foundry castings having cavities, comprising a water-soluble salt, about 5 to 20 percent by weight of water-glass and about 2 to 15 percent by weight of a synthetic resin as binder.
2. A core according to claim 1 wherein said watersoluble salt is present in about 76 to 87 percent by weight and comprises one or more alkali or alkaline earth metal chlorides, sulfates or borates.
3. A core according to claim 2 wherein said waterglass is present in about 8 to 12 percent by weight and 6. A process according to claim 5, wherein hardening is effected by heating at about to C.
7. A process according to claim 6, including the further step of thereafter heating said core at about 450 to 650C whereby any gases contained therein are evolved.
8. A process according to claim 6, including the further step of thereafter heating said core at about 500 to 600C for about 5 to 30 minutes whereby any gases contained therein are evolved.
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|US3179523 *||Nov 15, 1961||Apr 20, 1965||Mo Och Domsjoe Ab||Methods of making foundry cores and moulds|
|US3385345 *||Mar 4, 1966||May 28, 1968||Ashland Oil Inc||Method of making rapid curing foundry cores|
|US3548914 *||May 29, 1967||Dec 22, 1970||Wellworthy Ltd||Soluble core fabrication|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3991811 *||Jan 15, 1975||Nov 16, 1976||Karl Schmidt Gmbh||Process for manufacturing a light alloy piston having an annular cooling passage in its head portion|
|US5089186 *||Jul 11, 1990||Feb 18, 1992||Advanced Plastics Partnership||Process for core removal from molded products|
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|US7013948||Dec 1, 2004||Mar 21, 2006||Brunswick Corporation||Disintegrative core for use in die casting of metallic components|
|US7717994 *||Feb 10, 2004||May 18, 2010||Ashland-Sudchemie-Kernfest Gmbh||Coating materials for cores|
|US8403028 *||Feb 7, 2012||Mar 26, 2013||Kolbenschmidt Aluminum Technologie GmbH||Water-soluble salt cores|
|US20070000410 *||Feb 10, 2004||Jan 4, 2007||Herbert Pitamitz||Coating materials for cores|
|US20070036941 *||Dec 11, 2004||Feb 15, 2007||Emil Muller Gmbh||Water-soluble salt cores|
|US20090250587 *||Sep 29, 2006||Oct 8, 2009||Kaefer Dieter||Core and a Method for the Production Thereof|
|US20120132785 *||Feb 7, 2012||May 31, 2012||Kolbenschmidt Aluminium Technologie Gmbh||Water-soluble salt cores|
|USRE35334 *||Feb 17, 1994||Sep 24, 1996||Advanced Plastics Partnership||Process for core removal from molded products|
|DE10359547B3 *||Dec 17, 2003||Mar 3, 2005||Emil Müller GmbH||Water soluble salt core prepared by compressing a mixture of water soluble salts and a binder under pressure and heating useful in casting operations|
|DE102006031532B3 *||Jul 7, 2006||Apr 17, 2008||Emil Müller GmbH||Wasserlöslicher Salzkern mit Funktionsbauteil|
|DE102008039208A1||Aug 20, 2008||Feb 12, 2009||Heppes, Frank, Dipl.-Ing.||Core for use in prototyping, especially for pressure casting or powder metallurgy, is obtained using metal sheath, molding material, mechanical shaping device and high pressure compression tube|
|WO2005058527A1||Dec 11, 2004||Jun 30, 2005||Emil Müller GmbH||Water-soluble salt cores|
|WO2007036563A1 *||Sep 29, 2006||Apr 5, 2007||Ceramtec Ag Innovative Ceramic Engineering||Core and a method for the production thereof|
|WO2010133596A2 *||May 18, 2010||Nov 25, 2010||Ceramtec Ag||Cores on the basis of surface-treated salt|
|WO2010133596A3 *||May 18, 2010||Feb 3, 2011||Ceramtec Gmbh||Cores on the basis of surface-treated salt|
|U.S. Classification||523/143, 523/144, 164/36, 249/61, 164/132, 524/442|
|International Classification||B22C9/10, B22C1/00, B22C1/16|