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Publication numberUS3765504 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 16, 1973
Filing dateDec 6, 1971
Priority dateDec 17, 1970
Publication numberUS 3765504 A, US 3765504A, US-A-3765504, US3765504 A, US3765504A
InventorsItoh R
Original AssigneeSansui Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Speaker apparatus
US 3765504 A
Abstract
A speaker apparatus has a cabinet and at least one speaker unit secured to the cabinet, and includes at least one board for reflecting sound irregularly and diffusively into a reproducing room from the speaker unit.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent 1 1 1 1 3,765,504 Itoh Oct. 16, 1973 SPEAKER APPARATUS 2,440,078 4/1948 Devine 181131 A l B {75] inventor: Ryosuke Itoh, Tokyo, Japan 3590341 7/197] Mcxenzle I31 [73] Assignee: Sansui Electric C0., Ltd., Tokyo, FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS Japan 584,558 10/1958 ltaly l8l/3l B [22] Filed: Dec. 6, 1971 [21] Appl' 20484l Primary Examiner-Stephen J. Tomsky Att0rneyRichard C. Sughrue et al. [30] Foreign Application Priority Data Dec. 17, 1970 Japan 45/112856 Dec. 17, 1970 Japan 45/112857 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U.S. Cl. 181/31 B, 181/31 A [51] Int. Cl G10k 13/00, H04r 1/28 A speaker apparatus has a cabinet and at least one [58] Field of Search 181/31 A, 31 B, 31 R, speaker unit secured to the cabinet, and includes at 181/30 least one board for reflecting sound irregularly and diffusively into a reproducing room from the speaker [56] References Cited unit.

UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,577,727 3/1926 Karge 181/31 A 2 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures PATENT mm 16 1915 3.768; 504 SHEET 10F 3 PATENTEDHCI 16 ran 3765504 SHEET REF 3 FIG.5

FIG.6

SPEAKER APPARATUS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to a speaker apparatus and, more particularly, to an irregular reflection and diffusion type speaker apparatus suitable for effective reproduction of a lifelike sound field.

2. Description of the Prior Art The so-called lifelike sound field will be reproduced by a spatial combination of a single direct sound wave emitted from a sound source and multiple indirect sound waves derived therefrom. Listeners get a stereophonic effect by sensing mutually related direct and indirect sound waves through their left and right ears. Thus, in order to reproduce the lifelike sound field with a high degree of fidelity, it is necessary to provide an infinite number of sound transmission channels; this can scarcely be realized.

Hitherto, generally, the reproduction of sound in the form of a sound field is performed through utilization of sound reflection in a sound reproducing room; but the resultant reproduced sound field is short in terms of the indirect sound waves in comparison with a live sound field. Further, though a non-directional speaker is used to make effective use of sound reflection in the reproducing room, the overall sound effect is low in case the room has a decreased sound reflection efficiency. Moreover, there is the drawback that the aforementioned provision results only in a sound effect similar to that resulting from the use of a directional speaker because the direct sound wave going towards a listener is stronger than the indirect sound waves.

In the field of stereophonic reproduction, live sounds emitted from sound sources are picked up at two left and right locations in front of the sound sources and recorded in a recording medium. The recorded sounds are reproduced through left and right speakers positioned in the sound reproducing room so that the reproduced sound waves are spatially mixed to give listeners a sense of presence. Thus, the aforementioned conventional systems are liable to suffer the influence of the acoustic efficiency of the reproducing room because the sound waves are spatially combined in the room.

Accordingly, it is an object of the instant invention to provide a speaker apparatus suitable for reproduction of a lifelike sound field.

It is a more specific object of the instant invention to provide an irregular reflection and diffusion type speaker apparatus which emits a combination of direct sound waves and reflective indirect sound waves to produce a lifelike sound field.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION field which gives listeners the sense of presence in the live sound field.

Further, the instant invention provides a single speaker apparatus for stereophonic reproduction which is constructed so that sound waves emitted from left and right speaker units in a single cabinet are mixed spatially through irregular reflection to generate the lifelike sound field which will spread in the reproducing room. The speaker apparatus is less susceptible of influence of the sound reflection efficiency of the reproducing room with respect to its generating sound field.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of an irregular reflection and diffusion type speaker apparatus according to the invention.

FIG. 2 illustrates the state of reflection of sound waves in a horizontal plane relating to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 illustrates the state of reflection of sound waves in a vertical plane relating to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1.

FIGS. 4 and 5 are elevational side views of other embodiments of the speaker apparatus according to the invention.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a still another embodiment of the speaker apparatus according to the invention adapted for reproduction of stereo-sound.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIGS. 1 through 3, a cylindrical cabinet 1 with a bottom board, contains a speaker unit 2 secured thereto facing upward. The cabinet has sound reflecting boards 3 and 4 mounted on its upper side and above the speaker unit 2 to reflect sound waves irregularly and diffusively.

The reflecting board 3 is, for example, of the substantially semi-cylindrical type in which the interior sound wave reflecting surface is formed of a plurality of planar surfaces, with each planar surface forming an angle with an adjacent surface of less than and generally conforming to the semi-cylindrical configuration runs in a zigzag fashion, and is secured to the upper peripheral portion of the cabinet 1. Whereas, the reflecting board 4 has, for example, curved surface portions facing downward and is secured to the upper end portion of the reflecting board 3 obliquely with respect to the vertical line. Thus, the sound wave signals in space emitted from the speaker unit 2 travel as shown in FIG. 2 in a horizontal plane and as shown in FIG. 3 in a vertical plane.

In FIG. 3, reference characters I, through l, designate the courses of propagation of various sound wave signals emitted from the speaker unit 2 in various directions. The sound waves emitted from the speaker unit 2 are reflected irregularly by the reflecting boards 3 and 4 so as to have random propagation directions to thereby transform into multi-order signals having different wave surfaces.

Further, since the resultant reflected signals take different propagation courses l -l,,, they interfere with one another with differences in time and/or phase therebetween to generate interference fringes due to existence of a number of time-different sound signals or phase-different signals or the combination thereof. The

produced interference fringes spread in the sound reproducing room.

Therefore, it will be apprecaited that the reflection effect of sound reproduced in the room by the apparatus of the instant invention is remarkably high in comparision with the result of use of a conventional singledirectional speaker, and the reproduced sound field in the listening room has the sense of presence similar to the live sound field.

Though there has been described one preferred embodiment of the instant invention, it should not be limited only to the foregoing construction. The sound reflecting boards can be embodied in any forms which can provide irregular reflection of sound, and the speaker unit can be disposed in the cabinet with an angle of inclination so as to enhance the effect of sound reflection.

In FIG. 4, showing another embodiment of the instant invention, the speaker unit 2 is preferably disposed with an inclination to emit direct sound wave signals, and an additional reflecting board 5 is positioned in front of the reflecting board 3 above the speaker unit 2 to increase the effect of sound reflection of the apparatus.

In FIG. 5, showing still another embodiment, a body 6 in the form of a plurality of long, thin, irregularly shaped projections or extensions, is disposed above the speaker unit 2 as a sound reflecting means to reflect sound irregularly and diffusively.

In FIG. 6 showing one embodiment of the speaker apparatus adapted to reproduce stereophonic sound, a cabinet 3 contains a left speaker I and a right speaker 2 facing upward. The left and right speakers are supplied, respectively, with a left and a right channel signals which were previously recorded on a recording medium after pick-up at two spaced left and right locations in front of the live sound field.

The cabinet 3 has a board 4 of the dome type disposed on its upper side to reflect sound irregularly. The front of the irregular reflection board 4 is open to define a sound wave emission port.

According to the sturcture of FIG. 6, the sound waves emitted from the left and right speakers 1 and 2 reach the dome-shaped irregular reflection board 4 and are thereby reflected irregularly, then they propagate randomly to become a number of time-different or phase-different signals or their combination having mutually different wave surfaces. The resultant sound signals are mixed spatially to generate a stereophonic sound field which will then spread into the sound reproducing room through the sound emission port.

It should be noted that the irregular reflection board 4 is not necessarily limited to the dome type, but may have shapes, such as the form of a ceiling of a conventional concert hall, which reflects irregularly the sound waves emitted by the left and right speakers to create a stereophonic sound field wherein the generated sound field will spread into the reproducing room. The speakers 1 and 2 may be secured to the cabinet with an inclination, different from the state shown in FIG. 6.

In summary, the instant invention provides a speaker apparatus which includes sound reflecting means to reflect irregularly and diffusively sound emitted by a speaker unit in a speaker cabinet to generate a sound field within the apparatus having a sound emission port through which the generated sound field spreads into a reproducing room, so that instant apparatus is less susceptive of influence of sound efficiency of the room.

What is claimed is:

1. In a speaker apparatus including a cabinet and at least one speaker unit, the improvement comprising: means secured to said cabinet for irregularly and diffusively reflecting sound emitted from said speaker to generate a number of indirect sound waves having different wave surfaces, said means for reflecting sound comprising a first substantially semi-cylindrical reflector board having a plurality of planar reflecting surfaces on the interior surface thereof, each planar reflecting surface forming an angle with an adjacent planar reflecting surface of less than Ito form alternating projections and recesses around the interior of said semi-cylindrical reflector board, and a second reflector board positioned adjacent the end of said semicylindrical reflector board opposite said speaker, said second reflector board having curved reflecting surface portions, said first and second reflector boards being disposed in front of said speaker unit to irregularly and diffusively reflect sound emitted from said speaker unit, whereby an improved sound field is created in said speaker apparatus.

2. The speaker apparatus as specified in claim 1, further comprising a third sound reflecting board having a curved reflecting surface and being mounted above said speaker in a spaced-apart relationship with said first and second reflector boards, wherein the sound waves reflected from said third sound reflecting board are directed toward said first and second sound reflector boards.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1577727 *Apr 20, 1925Mar 23, 1926Karge Fred WCombination fireplace and container for radio receiving sets
US2440078 *Mar 17, 1943Apr 20, 1948Gen ElectricRadio cabinet and speaker mounting
US3590941 *Oct 10, 1969Jul 6, 1971Arvin Ind IncSpeaker enclosure
IT584558A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4190739 *Sep 26, 1978Feb 26, 1980Marvin TorffieldHigh-fidelity stereo sound system
US5446792 *Dec 21, 1993Aug 29, 1995Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaReflection-type speaker apparatus
US5988314 *Dec 15, 1993Nov 23, 1999Canon Kabushiki KaishaSound output system
US6763117Sep 27, 2001Jul 13, 2004Barry GoldslagerSpeaker enclosure
US6996243Mar 4, 2003Feb 7, 2006Audio Products International Corp.Loudspeaker with shaped sound field
US9084047Mar 14, 2014Jul 14, 2015Richard O'PolkaPortable sound system
EP0275195A2 *Jan 13, 1988Jul 20, 1988GEREN, David KeithAcoustic assembly
EP0320270A2 *Dec 8, 1988Jun 14, 1989Canon Kabushiki KaishaStereophonic sound output system with controlled directivity
Classifications
U.S. Classification181/155
International ClassificationH04R1/34, H04R1/32
Cooperative ClassificationH04R1/345
European ClassificationH04R1/34C