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Publication numberUS3765837 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 16, 1973
Filing dateSep 3, 1971
Priority dateSep 3, 1971
Publication numberUS 3765837 A, US 3765837A, US-A-3765837, US3765837 A, US3765837A
InventorsB Aycock, G Tesoro
Original AssigneeBurlington Industries Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flame retardant finish for polyester/cotton blends
US 3765837 A
A process for decreasing the flammability of textiles comprising a cellulosic fiber component and preferably a nitrogen-free thermoplastic fiber component which comprises treating the cellulosic fiber component with a condensate or a physical admixture of an allylurea and a phosphine/formaldehyde condensate such as a tetrakis (hydroxymethyl)-phosphonium salt to introduce allyl groups into the cellulosic component, and subsequently halogenating, preferably brominating, the allyl groups thus introduced.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [191 Aycock et al.

[451 Oct. 16, 1973 1 FLAME RETARDANT FINISH FOR POLYESTER/COTTON BLENDS Inventors: Ben F. Aycock, Greensboro, N.C.;

Giuliana C. Tesoro, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.

Burlington Industries, Inc., Greensboro, N .C.

Filed: Sept. 3, 1971 Appl. No.1 177,857

[73] Assignee:

US. Cl. 8/1l5.7, 8/116 P, 8/129, 8/195, 8/196, 8/DIG. 4, 106/15 FP, 117/136, 117/138.8 F, 252/81, 260/553 R, 8/120 Int. C1.D06m 13/28, D06m 13/44, D06m 13/54 Field of Search 8/116.2, 116 P, 120, 8/129, 115.7, 195, 196; 117/136; 106/15 FP; 252/8.1

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 5/1961 Coates et al. l17/62.2

3,374,292 3/1968 Zahir 117/136 Primary Examiner-Charles E. Van Horn 1 Assistant Examiner-J. Cannon Attorney-Cushman, Darby & Cushman [5 7] ABSTRACT 15 Claims, No Drawings FLAME RETARDANT FINISH FOR POLYESTER/COTTON BLENDS The present invention pertains to a process for decreasing the flammability of textile materials, and more particularly of textiles comprising cellulosic fibers preferably in conjunction with nitrogen-free thermoplastic fibers such as polyesters or polyolefins.

The problem of textile flammability has been of interest for many years, and many approaches have been proposed to the solution of this problem. Many processes are known for decreasing the flammability of textile materials, and some among these have attained commercial importance. However, known processes are generally effective only for those textile materials or fabrics made entirely from one type of fiber in most instances cellulose. For example, treatment with organophosphorus compounds is known to decrease the flammability of cellulosic textiles, and insolubilization of appropriate phosphorus-containing reagents in or on cellulosic textiles can impart flame-retardant properties that withstand a great number of launderings, dry cleanings, or other cleaning procedures.

In view of the recent commercial importance attained by fabrics made from blend yarns, and particularly of polyester/cellulose fabrics, consideration has also been given to processes intended to decrease their flammability. The problem of imparting flameretardant properties to textile materials containing more than one fiber, and more specifically polyester and cellulose fibers (in blends or mixtures) has proved to be of enormous complexity. When flame-retardant chemicals known to be effective on cellulosic fibers are added to such fabrics, the flammability of the treated material is generally not decreased. In fact, the treated fabric in some instances bums more readily than the untreated one because, after ignition, molten polyester continues to burn in and around the cellulosic fibers (even though these have been rendered noncombustible by the flame-retardant treatment) instead of dripping away from the flame, and the entire structure is consumed. Several investigators have documented these observations (e.g., W. Kruse and K. Filipp, Melliand Textilber, 49, 203 (1968); and W. Kruse, Melliand Textilber, 50, 460 (1969)) and various interpretations have been proposed for the observed phenomena. It has been postulated that flameretardant polyester/cellulose can be obtained only when appropriate flame-retardant chemicals are present in or on both fibers (e.g., G. C. Tesoro & C. H. Meiser, Tex. Res. 1., 40, 430 i970); and P. Linden, S. B. Sello, H. S. Skovronek, Proceedings Annual Meeting l.C.F.F., New York, Dec. 1970) and that it would not be possible to obtain flame-retardant polyester/cellulose fabrics of adequate performance by modifying the cellulose with flame-retardant chemicals while leaving the polyester component essentially unchanged. Attempts to treat fabrics with chemicals or combinations of chemicals that could be insolubilized in or on both fibers have led to unsatisfactory results, primarily because the chemical inertness of polyester necessitates the use of high concentrations of reagents in chemical systems which form polymeric coatings on fiber surfaces, which coatings inevitably impair the flexibility, aesthetic properties, and hand of the treated textiles. Accordingly, there is a great need in the industry for processes to decrease the flammability of polyester/cellulose fabrics, and more generally of fabrics made from cellulosic fiber in conjunction with nonnitrogenous thermoplastic fiber.

Copending application Ser. No. 140,256, filed May 4, 1971 by Guiliana C. Tesoro, and now abandoned, describes the unexpected discovery that it is possible to impart flame-retardant properties to polyester/cellulose fabrics by processes modifying the cellulosic fiber component while leaving the polyester component essentially unchanged. The modification of the cellulosic component is carried out by (a) treatment with a reagent containing unsaturation, and (b), in a subsequent step, halogenation (preferably bromination) of the unsaturated groups introduced. The reagent containing unsaturation may also contain, in the same molecule, elements known to have flame retardant effectiveness in cellulosic polymers such as phosphorus (phosphine, phosphonate, phosphonium, etc.) and, optionally, nitrogen (amide, amine, etc.). On the other hand, the incorporation of such flame-retarding elements can be carried out as a subsequent step (c). When halogen is introduced into the cellulosic component as shown in the process of said earlier application, the amount of additional flame-retarding compound (e.g. organophosphorus) needed is lower, and its effect on fabric properties is reduced. The overall result is to obtain a polyester/cellulose textile in which the cellulose contains compounds of halogen (bromine), phosphorus, and (optionally) nitrogen in such amounts as to cause the flammability of the textile to be significantly decreased without substantial. impairment of other properties. The extent of decrease in flammability will depend on the amounts of flame-retardant chemicals present in the cellulose, on the ratios of flame-retarding elements introduced, and also on the percentage of cellulose present in thepolyester/cellulose substrate and available for modification. In many situations, it is posand blended cellulosic textiles, such as polyester/cellulose and polyolefin/cellulose textiles, can be decreased, the effect being durable to laundering, dry cleaning, and other conditions of use.

It is a further object of the present invention to decrease the flammability of blended cellulosic and particularly of polyester/cellulose textiles by introducing the flame-retardant chemicals solely or primarily into the cellulose component, leaving the polyester or other fiber essentially unchanged.

The objects of the invention can be attained by treating percent cellulosic, blended cellulosic or particularly polyester/cellulose fabric with an allylurea, e.g. allyl-, diallyl-, and/or triallylureas combined either chemically or in physical admixture with a phosphinelformaldehyde condensate, optimally a tetrakis( hydroxy-methyl)phosphonium chloride or phosphate, optionally further fixing the reagents by curing with ammonia, and thereafter brominating the product at the allyl groups.

The processes of the present invention can be used to obtain flame-retardant textiles suitable for many end uses (apparel, furnishings, industrial, military. etc.).

The following types of substrates are among those suitable for practicing the process of the invention:

a. Woven, knitted, or nonwoven fabrics made from 100 percent cotton or from blended yarns, particularly of polyester/cotton, in which the cotton content is at least 20 percent;

b. Fabrics made from blended yarns containing polyester and regenerated cellulose (rayon, modified rayon) in which the regenerated cellulose content is at least 20 percent;

0. Woven fabrics made from 100 percent cellulose yarns (cotton or regenerated cellulose) in the warp or filling direction, and 100 percent polyester, or polyester/cellulose blend yarns in the other direction;

d. Knitted fabrics made from plied yarns in which cellulose yarns are combined with polyester filaments.

Generally speaking the cellulose content of the substrate should be at least 20 percent and preferably 35 percent or more in order for the process to be effective.

The allylureas suitable for carrying out the process of the invention comprise compounds having the formula where X and X may be hydrogen or an ally], or lower alkyl, e.g. methyl, or ethyl radical, or where the two groups taken together may constitute an ethylene or substituted ethylene group --CHCH-,

where R and R are hydrogen, or lower alkyl, e.g. methyl or ethyl; i.e.,

CH=CHCH-N NH R- H H-R II The preferred urea is allylurea itself,


Other suitable ureas include N,N-diallyl urea, N,N- diallylurea, triallylurea, N-allyl-N-methylurea, N-allyl- N'-methylurea, N-allyl-N'-ethylurea, N-allylethyleneurea, and the like.

The phosphine/formaldehyde condensates useful in the process of this invention comprise tetrakis(hydroxymethyl )-phosphonium tetrakis( hydroxymethyl phosphonium tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)- salts such as the chloride, bromide, iodide, sulfate, acid sulfate, acid phosphate, and diacid phosphate, or mixtures thereof; tris(hydroxymethyl)phosphine; tris(hydroxymethyl)- phosphine oxide; and other like derivatives. The preferred condensate is tetrakis(hydroxymethyDphosphium chloride, referred to hereinafter as THPC.

The allylureas and the phosphine/formaldehyde condensates may be reacted with cellulosic fibers either in the form of mixtures with each other or as essentially 1:1 precondensates. A preferred combination is the 1:1 precondensate of allylurea made with an equimolar or a slightly greater than equimolar proportion of THPC, the structure of which condensate is believed to be predominantly Precondensates of this general type, but derived from urea and lacking the essential allyl groups of our invention, are described in U. S. Pat. No. 2,983,623, as is also the process for fixing the precondensate to cotton with an ammonia cure, an optional additional step in the process of our invention.

The methods and conditions employed for obtaining the flame-retardant textiles of the present invention depend, in part, on the substrate and chemical system employed, and on the level of performance required. Cellulose/polyester fabrics, believed to be the substrates most benefitted by the invention, may be treated with a variety of allylureas and phosphine/formaldehyde condensates, these latter being either physically mixed or chemically precondensed, by padding from aqueous solutions, drying, curing in the presence or absence of ammonia, and optionally washing to remove constituents not firmly fixed to the substrate fabric. Drying and curing conditions can be widely varied depending on the textile and treating agents analyzed. However, drying conditions of l00C. for l-lO minutes and cur ing at l50-275C. for 2-10 minutes can be given as illustrative.

Although either or both may preferably be used under certain conditions, it is not believed that the ammonia cure or the use of a precondensate is always essential. One fact which has emerged is that unless a precondensate is formed, the bath life of the mixture of an allylurea and a phosphine/formaldehyde condensate may be rather short. The course of the invention also seems to be adversely affected by excessively acidic conditions in certain formulations, precipitation from the treating solutions for instance having been observed at times if the pH was lower than about 5. Addition of alkali to near neutrality overcomes this tendency when it is observed. Excessively alkaline conditions are also generally to be avoided because they are known to cause decomposition of THPC and related salts. One skilled in the art will be able to adapt these variables of reaction conditions to specific combinations by simple experimentation within the scope of the invention.

Catalysts are not believed necessary in the invention, but neither is their use meant to be excluded from the scope.

The reagents added to cellulose during the padding/- cure phase serve as a means for durable incorporation of nitrogen and phosphorus into the fabric, meanwhile providing a site for later addition of bromine to the carbon-carbon double bond of the allyl group. Using the precondensate of THPC and allylurea (Formula IV) as an example, one may postulate initial attachment through an ether-like linkage t o cellulose as follows;

The pendant allyl groups in the cellulose ether are then halogenated by treatment with a solution of elemental halogen under mild conditions. Bromine is the preferred halogen for a number of reasons: it is an effective flameretardant element, it reacts rapidly with the unsaturated groups, and it does not attack, discolor or impair the cellulosic component in the substrate. The bromine may be dissolved in water or in an inert organic solvent. The concentration of bromine, the time and temperature of the bromination reaction, and the medium employed are not critical and may be determined in each case by appropriate experiments.

A surprising feature of this invention is the fact that, as shown in the examples, it provides products which pass the strenuous vertical flammability test, AATCC 34-1969, at comparatively low levels of P, N, and Br content.

One of the major advantages of the process of the invention is that covalently-bound bromine is introduced readily and uniformly throughout the modified cellulose fibers. This cannot be done by employing brominated reagents for the cellulose modification, since limitations in the solubility and penetration of such brominated reagents generally result in the reagent being concentrated on fiber surfaces, with consequent unsatisfactory efficiency, and poor durability of the treatment in laundering, in cleaning, and in use.

The evaluation of the flammability of treated textiles is conveniently and accurately carried out by the Limiting Oxygen lndex (LOI) Method as described in several recent publications (e.g., lsaacs .1. Fire & Flammability, 1, 36-47 (1970)). The higher the U31, the lower the flammability. LOl values above .240.260 are believed to reflect self-extinguishing behavior in vertical flammability tests such as AATCC 34-1969 and are thus indicative of satisfactory flame-retardant properties in use.

Except when otherwise indicated, test fabrics were 100 percent cotton sheeting, 3.75 oz/yd 95 X 84 count, and 50/50 polyester/cotton sheeting, 3.68 oz/yd 96 X 88 count. Samples for treatment were usually about l7 X 20 inches.

The durability of flame-retardant properties to laundering or other cleaning procedure is easily evaluated by exposing the treated textiles to appropriate washing or cleaning procedures and checking the L01 after exposure. Analytical determination of halogen and of other elements introduced in the cellulose modification can also be used to establish that the desired flameretarding elements are firmly bound to the cellulose molecules, and retained after exposure to laundering and other conditions.

The following examples are illustrative of the invention described:

EXAMPLE 1 N,N-diallylurea was prepared for use in Example 4. A solution of 49.4 g (0.51 mole) of diallylamine, 70 g (0.5l mole) of phenyl carbamate, and 500 ml of benzene was refluxed for 20 hours. The solution was stripped on a rotary evaporator, and the residue was taken up again in benzene. The solution was washed three times with l00-ml portions of percent NaOH, dried overnight over sodium sulfate, filtered, and again stripped on the evaporator, leaving 41 g, 56 percent yield, of N,N-diallylurea, melting 63-65C.


Calcd: C 60.00, H 8.57, N 20.00 percent Found: C 60.04, H 8.65, N 20.81 percent The NMR spectrum supported the desired stigicture, k

and no impurity bands were observed.

EXAMPLE 2 N,N'-diallylurea was prepared for use in Example 5. To a solution of 171 g (3.0 moles) of allylamine, 303.6 g (3.0 moles) of triethylamine, and one liter of benzene in a three-liter flask was added, dropwise and below 30C., 234.9 g (1.5 moles) of phenyl chloroformate. After 30 minutes more of stirring, the precipitated amine hydrochloride was filtered off, and the filtrate was refluxed for 24 hours. When its infrared spectrum indicated that reaction was incomplete, the mixture was treated with another 57 g (1 mole) of allylamine and refluxed 17 hours longer, at which point the spectrum indicated complete reaction. The solution was washed three times with 400-ml portions of 15 percent sodium hydroxide, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and stripped on the rotary evaporator. The residue weighed 196 g, 93.3 percent yield, melting 93-94C. Analysis:

Calcd: C 60.00, H 8.57, N 20.00 percent Found: C 59.62, H 8.46, N 20.34 percent EXAMPLE 3 An aqueous 80 percent solution of THPC (223 g, 0.94 mole) was stirred into g, 0.75 mole, of allylurea (Aldrich Chemical Company) in 180 ml of water, and the mixture was refluxed for one hour and cooled. NMR analysis indicated that conversion of the allylurea to its 1:1 Tl-IPC precondensate had been essentially quantitative, the excess Tl-lPC remaining unreacted.

EXAMPLE 4 Refluxing, as in Example 3, a solution of 74.5 g of THPC, 35 g of the N,N-diallylurea of Example 1, and 60 g of water yielded a solution whose NMR analysis indicated substantially quantitative conversion to the 1:1 THPC-N,N-diallylurea precondensate.

EXAMPLE 5 Refluxing, as in Example 3, a solution of 298 g of 80% THPC, 137 g of the N,N' -diallylurea of Example 2, and 240 g of water yielded a solution whose NMR analysis indicated only about a 55 percent conversion to the desired l:l THPC-N,N' -diallylurea precondensate, the remainder of the solution appearing to be unreacted starting materials.

EXAMPLE 6 A 200-g portion of the allylure'a-THPC preconden sate of Example 3 was diluted with 134 ml of water and the solution was used as a pad bath for samples of percent cotton and 50/50 polyester/cotton sheeting. The samples, 16.5 X 20 inches, initial weight determined after overnight conditioning at 65 percent relative humidity, were padded twice at 30 psi roll pressure to wet pickups of about 70 percent, dried four minutes at 93C., wrapped on stainless steel cylinders and exposed to gaseous ammonia for 10 minutes, and then soaked in 10 percent aqueous ammonia for 10 minutes. After this the samples were washed in one liter of water containing 5 g of soap and 2 g of 30% H 0 first at 40-50C. for 10 minutes, then in fresh peroxide and soap solution at 90-95C. for 10 minutes longer, rinsed in hot water, dried two minutes at C., and finally conditioned overnight at 65% RH. before final weighing, analysis, and testing. Portions of each sample were padded with water, soaked for 30 minutes in 350 g of chloroform containing a large excess of bromine, rinsed in cold water, washed for 12 minutes with water containing 0.001% detergent in a home washing mas i 1 7 ausble tisstss snsfl TABLE 2 Precondensate, Ammonia, and Bromine Before bromination After bromination Vertical Percent Percent Percent Percent char Fabric add-on P N LOI Br LOI length 100% cotton 12. 94 0. 94 l. 67 .216 3. 52 .240 4. 3 o 13. 28 O. 98 1.68 .216 2. 81 .240 5. 50150polyester/cotton.... 14.18 0.83 l. X .216 2.51 .231 8.3" Do 14.07 1.58 1. 74 .210 3.58 .235 8.3"

Treatment of 100% Cotton and 50/50 Polyester/Cotton Sheeting with 'IHPC-Allylurea Precondensate, Ammonia, and Bromine Alter bromina- EXAMPLE 8 Before bromination tion A l V F b fi g L01 Percvgt L01 A 200-g portion of the N,N-diallylurea-THPC con- 3 a r densate of Example 5 was diluted with 63 ml of water,

22 -52? gg; g8} and the solution was used in the sequence of treatments 50/50 Demeter/56115111.: I I 14. 1 of 100% cotton and 50/50 polyester/cotton detailed in 0 13 Example 6. Results are shown in Table 3.

TABLE 3 Treatment of 100% Cotton and 50/50 Polyester/Cotton Sheeting with THPC-N ,N-diallylurea Preeondensate, Ammonia, and Bromine Before broniination Alter bromination Vertical Percent Percent Percent Percent char Fabric add-on l r LOI length These results show unusually high LOI values in the brominated samples. By way of contrast, Pyrovatex C? on 100 percent cotton reaches an LOI of only around 0.260 in single applications and can be forced as high as 0.300 only by expensive multiple applications. On 50/50 polyester/cotton the contrast is even more marked, for here experience has shown that the maximum LOl achievable with Pyrovatex CP is around 0.230-.235, this being below the limit desired for highly flame-resistant fabrics. Pyrovatex CP is a related and well-known N-hydroxymethyl compound of the structure (Cl-[ O) P(O)CH CH CONHCH OH, much used in the art of fabric flame-retardance.

EXAMPLE 7 To the N,N-diallylurea-THPC precondensate of Example 4 was added 54 g of water, and this solution was padded onto and reacted with samples of 100 percent cotton and 50/50 polyester/cotton sheeting. Res llts of Despite the analytical evidence, in Example 5, that the precondensation may not have proceeded to completion, bromination of the fabrics treated with the reaction mixture produced a marked increase in flameretardance. Also, both here and in Example 7 it is believed remarkable that the samples passed the vertical test at such low levels of P, N, and Br.

EXAMPLE 9 TABLE 4 Laundering Tests on /50 Polyester/Cotton Treated with Bufiered THPC and Allylurea, Followed by Oxidation and Bromination After oxidation Alter bromination After 10 launderings Percent weight Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent gain N P LOI Vert. N P LOI P N LOI Vert.

These results how unusually high LOI measurements after bromination, virtually complete retention of phosphorus and nitrogen throughout the operations, and an unusual capacity for passing the vertical test after laundering. The fall of the LOI after 10 launderings still leaves it at a relatively high level, this fall being apparently the result of a partial loss of bromine.

EXAMPLE 10 In this example the ammonia cure was omitted, the allylurea and the phosphine/formaldehyde condensate were not precondensed, and a condensate known commercially as Pyroset TKP, a product of the American Cyanamid Company, was substituted for THPC. The exact formula for Pyroset TKP has not been published, but analysis indicates it to contain tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium cations and P HPO and/or HJO," anions. The product is sold as an aqueous solution containing approximately 70 percent solids.

A pad bath was made up from 30 parts of Pyroset TKP, 15 parts of allylurea, 0.1 part of nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxyethanol detergent, and 55 parts of water. The solution was padded twice onto 17 X 20-inch pieces of 50/50 polyester/cotton and 100 percent cotton sheeting at 30 psi roll pressure, dried four minutes at 93C., cured three minutes at 175C., and laundered in the washing machine as in Example 6. Half of the samples were then padded twice with H 0, at 30 psi and again laundered. The samples, after separation of appropriate segments for analysis, were then padded with water, brominated in chloroform, and laundered, as in Example 6. Analysis and testing of the samples gave the results shown in Table 5.

TABLE 5 group consisting of tetrakis phosphonium hydroxide, a tetrakis (hydroxymet hyly phosphonium salt, tris(hydroxymethyl)phosphine and tris(hydroxymethyl)phosphine oxide whereby allyl groups are introduced into said cellulosic fibers, and subsequently halogenating the allyl groups thus introduced, said treatment involving the use of a solution which contains a member of the group consisting of (a) a condensate produced by reacting the allyl urea with an equimolar or slightly greater than equimolar proportion of the phosphine/formaldehyde condensate and (b) a solution containing a physical admixture of the allyl urea and the phosphine/formaldehyde condensate wherein the respective materials are present in equimolar proportion or the phosphine/formaldehyde condensate is present in slightly greater than equimolar proportion.

2. The process of claim 1 wherein the allylurea and phosphine/formaldehyde condensate are used together in physical admixture.

3. The process of claim 1 wherein the allylurea and phosphine/formaldehyde condensate are used together in precondensate form.

4. The process of claim 1 wherein the allylurea is allylurea itself.

5. The process of claim 1 wherein the allylurea is N,N-diallylurea, N,N-diallylurea, triallylurea, N-allyl- N-methylurea, N-allyl-N'-methylurea, N-allyl-N'- ethylurea or N-all ylethyleneurea.

6. The process of claim 1 wherein the phosphine/formaldehyde condensate is tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)- phosphonium chloride.

Treatment of 100% Cotton and 50/50 Polyester/Cotton Sheeting with Pyroset TKP and Allylurea, Followed by Brominatlon Before brominatlon After brominatlon Percent. Percent Percent Percent Fabric add-on 1 Br L01 100% cotton:

Unoxidized 17. 0 1. 72 242 0. 54 .273

Oxidized 17.0 1.83 .240 1. 55 3.90 .273 50/50 polyester/cotton:

Unoxidized 14.6 1. 53 .223 1. 43 l. 59 242 Oxidized 14. 6 1. 51 220 1. 27 1. 30 236 The results, although rather scattered, show marked increases in flame-retardance as the result of addition of Pyroset TKP, allylurea, and bromine.

It will be recognized that various other modifications may be made in the invention in addition to those described above. Hence, the scope of the invention is limited only by the following claims wherein:

What is claimed is:

l. A process for decreasing the flammability of a textile comprising cellulosic fiber which comprises treating the textile with an allylurea of the formula where X and X are hydrogen, an allyl or lower alkyl or, taken together, constitute the group where R and R are hydrogen or lower alkyl and a phosphine/formaldehyde condensate selected from the 7. The process of claim 1 wherein the textile is treated with a 1:1 precondensate of allylurea and tetrakis(hydroxymethyl)phosphonium chloride.

8. The process of claim 1 wherein the textile comprises a cellulosic/polyester blend.

9. The process of claim 1 wherein the textile comprises a blend of cellulosic fiber and a different nitrogen-free thermoplastic fiber. 1

10. The process of claim 1 wherein the halogenating is brominating.

11. The process of claim 1 wherein the textile is treated with the allylurea and phosphine/formaldehyde condensate by padding with an aqueous solution containing the allylurea and the condensate, followed by drying and curing.

12. The process of claim 11 wherein curing is carried out in the presence of ammonia.

13. The process of claim 11 wherein the textile is washed after curing.

14. The process of claim 11 wherein the aqueous solution has a pH of at least about 5.

15. The textile obtained by the process of claim 1.

it b i i N d qxy e v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE 0F CORRECHON Patent No. 3,7653 37 Pated October 973 Inventor(s) Ben F, Aycock a'nd Giuliana C. Tesoro It: is certiffuzad that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

1) Column 3',-jl ines 56-58 should read comprise tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium hydroxide; tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium salts such as 2) Column 8, in the Table 3 heading, insert a prime mark in the word --THPC-N,N'-diallylurea--.

Signed and sealed this 9th day of April 19m (SEAL) Attest: I

EDI JARD M.FLETCI-IER,JR. I C. MARSHALL 'DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM eo-loso (10-69) v Uscomwoc 7 I U I. GOVlIIIIINI "IIIHIG OIIICI IIOI O li'lll I UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE CERTIFICATE OF CQRRECTEUN Patent No. 3,765, 37 hated October 973 Inventor(s) Ben F. Aycock and Giuliana C. Tesoro It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

1) Column 3',--ilines 56-58 should read --...comprise tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium hydroxide; I tetrakis hydroxymethyl phosphonium salts such as 2) Column 8, in the Table 3 heading, insert a prime mark in the word --'IHPC-N,N'-diallylurea--.

Signed and sealed this 9th day of April 197M..-

(SEAL) Attest: I

EDWARD M .FLETGHER JR. c MARSHALL mum v Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents "ORM PO-IOSO (10-69) uscOMM-DC 00310-900 I u evumlnn "mums onvcl nu o-su-no

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3864076 *Aug 31, 1972Feb 4, 1975Ciba Geigy AgProcess for flameproofing organic fibers with phosphorus-containing condensation products and the products produced
US4102923 *Sep 8, 1975Jul 25, 1978The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of AgricultureFlame retardants
US4784918 *Mar 30, 1987Nov 15, 1988Ppg Industries, Inc.Curable flame retardant coatings
US4806620 *Mar 30, 1987Feb 21, 1989Ppg Industries, Inc.Curable coating from reacting phosphonium compound, urea, phosphoric acid; oligomers
US8507711Dec 20, 2011Aug 13, 2013Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.Flame-retardant compound, flame-retardant particle, resin composition and resin formed body
US20100330351 *Dec 10, 2008Dec 30, 2010Lenzing AgYarns, high wear resistance fabrics and objects made therefrom
US20110275264 *May 10, 2010Nov 10, 2011Mcbride Daniel TDurable flame resistant fabrics
U.S. Classification8/115.7, 106/18.14, 8/120, 252/607, 427/393.3, 8/196, 8/129, 564/15, 106/18.18, 8/195, 564/58, 8/DIG.400
International ClassificationD06M15/431, D06M13/432
Cooperative ClassificationY10S8/04, D06M13/432, D06M15/431
European ClassificationD06M15/431, D06M13/432
Legal Events
Nov 9, 1987AS03Merger
Owner name: BI/MS HOLDS I INC.
Effective date: 19870903
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Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BI/MS HOLDS I INC.;REEL/FRAME:004827/0512