|Publication number||US3766865 A|
|Publication date||Oct 23, 1973|
|Filing date||Nov 16, 1971|
|Priority date||Nov 16, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3766865 A, US 3766865A, US-A-3766865, US3766865 A, US3766865A|
|Original Assignee||Cutler M|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (22), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Seams Fates (Iutfier Oct. 23, 1973 15 1 PROTECTIVE SHIELD DEVICE 1,895,197 1/1933 Martinson... 49 .5 2,334,380 11/1943 Brinker 24/67.7  Inventor. Murray .1. C utler, 31 N. Annapohs 2,562,951 8/1972 Rose ct aim U 89/36 A AW, Aflamlc Clty' Ni 08401 2,876,022 3 1059 Kroviak 1 24/67.? Nov. Wescm Cl al. A
 Appl' NO; 199374 Primary ExaminerMervin Stein Assistant Examiner-Alex Grosz  U.S. Cl 109/49.5, 2/25, 24/675, Attorney-Robert 1( Youtie 89/36 D  Int. Cl. F41h 5/08  Field of Search 109/495; 24/67.11,  ABSTRACT 24/675; 2/25; 108/43 A penetration resistant panel, paper-holding means on  References Cited one side of the panel, and handgrip means on the other panel side. UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,250,197 12/1917 Louppe 49/.5 3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures PROTECTIVE SHIELD DEVICE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As is well known to those versed in the art, police officers require additional protection from many forms of attack. While a wide variety of protective devices have been proposed, these have not found wide acceptance and general usage primarily due to their size and bulk, and resultant awkwardness and inconvenience in use, as well as their lack of reliability in operation, and complexity in structure and relative high cost of manufacture.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is, therefore, an important object of the present invention to provide a protective device for police officers and other legal uses which overcomes the above mentioned difficulties, is relatively small and compact, and light in weight for convenience in handling, which is extremely simple and durable in structure for high reliability throughout a long useful life, which can be economically manufactured for sale at a reasonable price, and which provides multiple usage and purpose so as to obviate the need for a conventional clipboard, writing surface or the like.
Other objects of the present invention will become apparent upon reading the following specification and referring to the accompanying drawings, which form a material part of this disclosure.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrange ments of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter described, and of which the scope will be indicated by the appended claims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a rear perspective view showing a protective device of the present invention in one operative condition of use by a police officer, one face of the device being illustrated.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the device of FIG. I apart from the police officer, illustrating the other face thereof, and broken away to permit of enlarged scale.
FIG. 3 is a sectional elevational view taken generally along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now more particularly to the drawings, and specifically to FIG. 1 thereof, a police officer, operator or user is shown therein and generally designated 10, while the protective device or shield of the present invention is generally designated 11, and illustrated in shielding relation with respect to the officer, being held by the officers hand in position to protect the lungs, heart and head area.
The protective device or safety shield 11 is shown in greater detail in FIGS. 2 and 3, there being illustrated as including a generally rectangular board or panel 12, which may be of a size approximately inches by inches, or other suitable size. The panel or board 12 has its opposite faces 13 and 14 generally flat and parallel to each other, for a minimum transverse panel dimension consistent with maximum thickness and penetration resistance. Advantageously the corners and edges of the panel 12 may be rounded, beveled or otherwise smoothed.
In practice, it has been found uniquely advantageous to fabricate the panel or board 12 of fiber glass reinforced plastic, such as woven roving of fiber glass filaments reinforcing a two-part plastic composition preferably cured at an elevated temperature of not less than l80F. and under a pressure of not less than 80 pounds per square inch. A panel thickness of 5/32 inch has been found satisfactory.
Affixed to one face of the board or panel 12, adjacent to one end thereof, is a paper holder or clip generally designated 15. Thus, as best seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, the clip 15 is secured fast to the panel surface or side 13 ad- 15 jacent to the upper end edge or extremity thereof.
While the clip 15 may be conventional, a clip structure of the present invention should include a mounting member, such as the mounting member or backplate 16 secured fast to the board, and a holding member or clamp, such as the member or plate 17 connected to and resiliently urged toward the mounting member 16. In the illustrated embodiment, the holding or clamping member 17 is swingably connected, as by a pivotal connection including pin 18, to the mounting member or plate 16. Further, the holding member 17 is resiliently urged toward the mounting member or plate 16 by spring means, such as the torsion coil spring 19.
As best seen in FIG. 2, the paper holder or clip- 15 is disposed generally transversely of the panel or board 12, being secured fast thereto by suitable securement means, including a pair of rivets or fasteners 20 spaced laterally or transversely with respect to the board.
On the opposite side or face 14 of the panel or board 12, extending generally longitudinally thereof between the opposite extremities, generally vertically as illustrated in the drawing, is a handgrip or handle generally designated 25. In particular, the handgrip 25 may include an elongate strap or strip of webbing 26 having its lower end region folded under, or inwardly and upwardly, as best seen in FIG. 3, and there securely anchored to the lower end region of the board 12 by suitable fastener means, such as a fastener or rivet 27. The inwardly and upwardly folded lower end region or flap 28, see FIG. 3, serves to reinforce the anchored lower end region of the web or strap 26, while spacing the latter slightly from the board surface 14 for convenient finger entrance therebetween.
The opposite, upper end region of web or strap 26 is secured to the opposite upper end region of the board 12. More specifically, a transversely extending web or strap 29 is disposed in crossing relation with the upper end region of web or strap 26, being secured to the latter by suitable means, such as stitching 30. The transverse web or cross part 29 is disposed in facing relation with the inner side of the clip mounting member 16, extending laterally beyond opposite sides of the web 26, and has its opposite end regions anchored to the board or panel 12 by means of the securing elements, fasteners or rivets 20. Thus, the rivets 20 and cross piece or web 29 combine to define securing means effectively securing the upper end region of web or strap 26 to the board or panel 12.
In usual or nonemergency conditions, the protective device 11 may serve in the conventional manner of a paper holding writing surface or clip board, the clip serving to hold paper on the board surface 13. However, should the need arise the protective device may immediately be employed as an effective shield being held in protective relation with the body, as shown in FIG. 1, by the users hand engaged in the handgrip means 25.
From the foregoing it will be appreciated that the present invention provides a protective device or shield which is highly effective both as an ordinary recordkeeping support or writing surface, and also as a bulletproof shield. ln tests the instant protective device has been found to stop a 38 caliber bullet fired point blank at a distance of 2 /3 yards.
Although the present invention has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example for purposes of clarity of understanding, it is understood that certain changes and modifications may be made within the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A protective device comprising a panel of penetration resistant material, a mounting member fixed to said panel on one face thereof, a clamping member connected to and resiliently urged toward said mounting member for holding papers on said one panel face, and hand-grip means on the other panel face for manipulating said panel in body protecting relation, said hand-grip means comprising a strap having a pair of spaced regions fixed to said panel, securing means securing one of said strap regions and said mounting member to said panel, and fastener means securing the other strap region to said panel, said securing means comprising a cross part extending transversely of and connected to said one strap region, and fasteners extending through opposite ends of said cross part, mounting member and intermediate panel portion.
2. A protective device according to claim 1, said panel being fabricated of fiber glass reinforced plastic.
3. A protective device according to claim 2, said panel being generally rectangular with said paperholding means adjacent to one extremity and said handgrip means extending generally between said one extremity and the opposite extremity.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1250197 *||Sep 13, 1917||Dec 18, 1917||Edward Maurer||Breastplate and protector.|
|US1895197 *||Aug 10, 1931||Jan 24, 1933||Martin Martinson||Shield|
|US2334380 *||Sep 2, 1943||Nov 16, 1943||Globe Wernicke Co||Clip board|
|US2562951 *||Aug 26, 1946||Aug 7, 1951||Rose Arthur||Armor|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3848547 *||Mar 13, 1972||Nov 19, 1974||Safariland Leather Prod||Ballistic clip board|
|US4016666 *||May 6, 1976||Apr 12, 1977||Finn Charles A||Clipboard incorporating weapon|
|US4442780 *||Jul 21, 1980||Apr 17, 1984||Child Laboratories Inc.||Clipboard and shield|
|US4546863 *||Dec 8, 1982||Oct 15, 1985||Henry Kaufman||Protective shield attache case|
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|US5554816 *||May 13, 1994||Sep 10, 1996||Skaggs; Samuel R.||Reactive ballistic protection devices|
|US5787820 *||Dec 9, 1996||Aug 4, 1998||Dittoe; Thomas D.||Hand held protective shield device|
|US7146899||Jun 4, 2004||Dec 12, 2006||Magshield Technologies, Inc.||Bullet-resistant hand-held defensive object|
|US7302880 *||May 18, 2004||Dec 4, 2007||John Elasic||Ballistic shield with integral firearm|
|US7712408 *||Aug 10, 2007||May 11, 2010||Pro-Tecks, L.L.C.||Methods and apparatus for personal safety|
|US7736012||Nov 6, 2007||Jun 15, 2010||Chu Edward S||Armored clipboard device|
|US8328056 *||Jun 29, 2005||Dec 11, 2012||Berdych David E||Device for carrying sets of documents of various sizes and associated method|
|US20040259649 *||Apr 15, 2003||Dec 23, 2004||Hayao Mizoguchi||Oil painting set|
|US20050053769 *||Jun 4, 2004||Mar 10, 2005||Ray Imblum||Bullet-resistant hand-held defensive object|
|US20060000857 *||Jun 29, 2005||Jan 5, 2006||Berdych David E||Device for carrying sets of documents of various sizes and associated method|
|US20070295199 *||May 18, 2004||Dec 27, 2007||John Elasic||Ballistic shield with integral firearm|
|US20130276623 *||Nov 21, 2012||Oct 24, 2013||Dan Moore||Ballistic shield device|
|US20150307228 *||Apr 29, 2014||Oct 29, 2015||J. Wade KAVANAUGH||Accessible can top|
|USD656546||Jun 5, 2008||Mar 27, 2012||Staples The Office Superstore, Llc||Clipboard|
|USD666673||Feb 7, 2012||Sep 4, 2012||Staples The Office Superstore, Llc||Binder|
|USD674018||Feb 7, 2012||Jan 8, 2013||Staples The Office Superstore, Llc||Clipboard|
|DE202008000156U1||Jan 3, 2008||May 20, 2009||Sälzer Sicherheitstechnik GmbH||Beschusshemmendes Klemmbrett|
|U.S. Classification||109/49.5, 2/2.5, 89/36.5, 24/67.5|
|International Classification||F41H5/08, F41H5/00|