US 3766882 A
This specification discloses a conventional container from which doses of pills are intended to be taken from time to time, and which container includes a main body portion and a cap removably secured on the main body portion by a snap action fastening device. About the open end of the main body portion is a scale indicating hours and inscribed on the cap is a line which cooperates with this scale. A foam plastic pad is secured to the underside of the cap and cooperates with the upper end of the main body portion to hold the cap in an angularly adjusted position thereon.
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [1 1 Babbitt, III
[ 51 Oct. 23, 1973 DOSAGE TIME INDICATOR CONTAINER  Inventor: Dean R. Babbitt, III, Evanston, Ill.
22 Filed: Apr. 21, 1972 211 App]. No.: 246,325
52 0.5.0.. ..ll6/l2l,215/41 Primary Examiner-Donald F. Norton Attorney-Eric P. Schellin et al.
 ABSTRACT This specification discloses a conventional container from which doses of pills are intended to be taken from time to time, and which container includes a main body portion and a cap removably secured on the main body portion by a snap action fastening device. About the open end of themain body portion is a scale indicating hours and inscribed on the cap is a line which cooperates with this scale. A foam plastic pad is secured to the underside of the cap and cooperates-with the upper end of the main body portion to hold the cap in an angularly'adjusted position thereon.
5 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures The present invention relates to pill containers ineluding dosage time indicators, and is concerned primarily with improvements in a pill container of the type which is now meeting with widespread use in the distribution of drugs to the ultimate users. 7
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION At the present time, it is common practice for a doctor in prescribing the taking of pills or tablets by a pabead whichdesignates hours, and the cap with an indieating line which cooperates with said-scale.
tient to indicatethat a dose be taken at periodic intervals. Thus, by way of example, the prescription will call for the patient taking a dose every three hours.
The memory of patients is not always reliable and there are many conditions under which they forget when the last dose was taken and,therefore, are uncertain as to when the next doseis to be ingestedJThis undesirable condition has long been recognized, and many dosage indicator devices havebeen developed in an attempt to remedy this condition. However, it is believed that none of these known devices have met with any appreciable public acceptance. While it is impossible to pinpoint with any degree of certainty the exact reasons for this lack of public acceptance, it is believed that it may be attributed to any or all of the'following reasons. I
The conventional container which it is believed now is most widely used by druggists in filling a prescription comprises a cylindrical body having a closed bottom and an open top defined by an edge which is formed with an outwardly projecting bead. Cooperating with this main body is a cap comprising a flat top from which depends a cylindrical skirtfThe lower end of this cylindrical skirt is formed with an inwardly projecting bead. The body and cap are of a plastic having the properties of resiliency and elasticity'which permits the cap to be placed in closing position by snap action in which the bead on the cap passes and snaps overthe bead on the body to achieve the assembled relation.
To facilitate removal of the cap from the body, the
which is adapted to be engaged by the thumb of a user to apply sufficient pressure to cause thebeads to ride over one anotherin-removingthe cap, I
' There. is now no known dosage indicating means which is susceptibleof being included in a container of the type above described at a cost which is so low. as to be inconsequential to the manufacturers of the contain.- ers. i
The art is also singularly lacking in a container of above type which includes means for-holding the cap in an angularly adjusted position relative to thebody of the container. i
OBJECTS or THE INVENTION With the foregoing conditions in mindpthe present invention has in view the followingobjectives:
I. To provide a conventional pillcontainer comprising a cylindrical body having an open top and an outturned bead at said open top, and acapin'cluding a cylindrical skirt with an inturned bead which cooperates with the bead on the body in securing the cap in closing position with means for indicating when the last dose of pills in the container had been taken by a patient.
2, To provide, in a container of the character aforesaid, a scale on the upper end of the body justbelow the 3. To provide in a container ofthetype noted which includes an outwardly extending tab on the cap, a line which is inscribed on the cap and extends over the tab to a point where it cooperates with the scale on the body.
4. To provide, in a container of the kind described, means for holding the cap in an adjusted angular position relative to the body and which means takes the form of a foam plastic pad secured to the underside of the cap.
Various other more detailed objects and advantages of the invention, such as arise in connection with carrying out the above ideas in a practical embodiment, will, in part, become apparent and, in part, be hereafter stated as the description of the invention proceeds.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The foregoing objects are achieved by providing a container comprising a cylindrical body of plastic having an open top with an outwardly projecting bead at the open top, and a scale in the form of a band includ ing hourly designations which is applied about the cylindrical body beneath the bead, and a cap having a top wall with a cylindrical skirt depending from the top wall and having an inturned bead which cooperates with the bead on the body, and a tab projecting outwardly from the lower edge of the skirt with a line inscribed on said cap over said skirt and tab and which line cooperates with the scale, and a pad of foam plastic secured to the underside of the top wall of the cap and which, when former is formed with an outwardly projecting tab the cap is in closing position, engages the top edge of the cylindrical body to maintain the cap in an adjusted angular position relative to the body.
For a full and more complete understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following description and the accompanying drawing wherein:
' FIG. 1, is a perspective view illustrating the elements of the dosage time indicator container of this invention in exploded relation;
FIG. 2 is a side-view partly in section andpartly'in elevation, illustrating the elements of the container in exploded relation; 1 i
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the cap, and
FIG. 4 is aplan view of the scale band inan extended flat position. i r t DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawing, w herein likereference characters denote corresponding parts, and first more particularly toFlGS. l' and 2, the pill container of this invention is shown as including a main body which is referred to in its entirety by the reference character 10 i and a 'cap whichjis designated generally 11. The body 10 and cap 11 may be of any of the plastics nowcommonly used in containers of the type with which this vention is concerned. I e
Body 10 comprises a cylindrical wall 12 to the lower end of which is integrally joined a bottom 13. Cylindri cal wall 12 is formed at its upper end with an outwardly projecting bead 14 which defines an open top.
Referring for the moment to FIG. 4, a band 15, which maybe of any appropriate flexible material, displays hourly designations 16 which constitute a scale. One end of band 16 is provided with an adhesive 17 which is used in securing band in position on the upper end of cylindrical wall 12 immediately beneath bead l4.
Cap 11 comprises a top wall 18 from the periphery of which depends a cylindrical skirt 19 formed with an inturned bead 20. Extending outwardly from the lower edge of skirt 19 is a tab 21 which is provided for manipulative purposes. Top wall l8,is formed with an upraised annular surface 22 at its periphery, in accordance with conventional practice, and a line 23 is inscribed on this surface 22, the outer surface of skirt 19 and the top and outer edge surfaces of tab 21. The outer surface of skirt 19 is roughened or serrated by forming ribs 24 therein. This roughened surface is provided for the purpose of facilitating rotation of cap 11 relative to body 10. g
A foam plastic pad 25 is secured to the underface of top wall 18 within skirt 19. It assumes a position above and within bead which maintains the assembled relation of the pad in the cap. This function of bead 20 may, if desired, be supplemented by using an adhesive on the engaging surfaces of the pad in cap 11. It is important to note that the pad 25 has a diametric dimension which results in the outer peripheral portions on the underside of the pad engaging the upper surface of bead 14 when cap 11 is in closing position on body 10.
OPERATION While the manner of using and mode of operation of the subject dosage indicator container is believed to be obvious from the illustrations of the drawing and description of parts set forth above, it is briefly described as follows:
Cap 11 is secured in closing position on body 10 by merely forcing bead 20 over bead 14. Theplastic materials from which these members are formed will have the properties of resiliency and elasticity sufficient toaccommodate this action. In this position, the outer peripheral portion of pad 25 is compressed between the upper surface of bead 14 and top wall 18 of the cap. When a person'is to take a dose of pills from the containerya thumb is applied to the underside of tab 21 and upward pressure exerted to first cause the portions of beads 21 and 14 at the tab and immediately adjacent thereto to pass one another and thus free the cap 11 from body 10. The dose of pills is removed and taken by the patient. He then restores the cap to its closing position, at which time he brings the outer lower end ofline 23 into alignment with the particular hour on the scale 15 at which the dose was taken. In achieving this relative position of cap 11 with respect to body 10, cap 11 may be rotated by engaging the ribs 24 with the fingers and exerting sufficient force to rotate the cap against the frictional holding effect of'the pad 25. After wall 18 displays the designation time of last dose" at the end of line 23. It is believed that it is preferable to indicate the time of the last dose, rather than the time of the next dose.
It is evident that all that is required of the manufacturer of containers of the above noted type is to apply the band 15 to the body 10, inscribe the line 23 on the cap and secure the pad 25 in position in the cap. Thus, it is believed that the changes necessary to incorporate into such containers the dosage time indicator means involves only a slight cost and should result in their meeting with public acceptance.
While a preferred specific embodiment is herein disclosed, it is to be clearly understood that the invention is not to be limited to the exact constructions, mechanisms and materials illustrated and described, because various modifications of these details may be provided in putting the invention into practice.
What is claimed is: 1. In a dosage time indicator container: a. a main body of plastic comprising a cylindrical wall having a bottom integrally formed therein and an open top defined by an outwardly projecting bead; b. an hourly scale on said cylindrical wall immediately below said bead and including angularly spaced hour designations; c. a plastic cap comprising a top wall and an annular skirt depending from the periphery of said wall and formed with an inturned bead which cooperates with the bead on the cylindrical wall in holding said cap in closing position; d. an outwardly extending tab integral with said skirt at the lower edge thereof; e. an indicating line on said cap extending over said skirt and tab and cooperating with said scale, and f. a foam plastic pad having a diametric dimension substantially the same as the diametric dimension of the bead on the body and secured in position in said cap whereby when said cap is in said closing position,
said pad is compressed between the upper surface of the bead on the body and the underside of the top wall of cap to provide resistance against rotation of said cap relative to said body.
2. The dosage time indicator container of claim 1 in which the scale is provided in the form of a band which is applied to the outer surface of the cylindrical wall of the body beneath the bead thereon.
3. The dosage time indicator container of claim 1 in i which the outer surface of the skirt is ribbed to facilitate rotation of the cap relative to the body.
4. The dosage time indicator container of claim 1 in which the top wallof the cap has a upraised outer peripheral area and the line on the cap extends over this area.
5. The dosage time indicator container of claim 4 in which the exposed surface of the cap displays the legend time of last'dose.