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Publication numberUS3766913 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 23, 1973
Filing dateApr 29, 1970
Priority dateApr 29, 1970
Also published asCA985591A1
Publication numberUS 3766913 A, US 3766913A, US-A-3766913, US3766913 A, US3766913A
InventorsBalin J
Original AssigneeKendall & Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical drape with absorptive region
US 3766913 A
Abstract
A disposable surgical drape, having a fenestration therein through which the surgeon has access to the surgical site of the patient covered by the drape; the top surface of the region of the drape adjacent the fenestration being fluid repellent and non-absorptive; and another region of the drape adjacent said fluid repellent, non-absorptive region which is capable of absorbing fluids being located on the drape surface at a level below the level of the fenestration and in the path of flow of fluid from the surgical site across the repellent, non-absorptive region.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 11 1 Balin Oct. 23, 1973 1 SURGICAL DRAPE WITH ABSORPTIVE [73] Assignee: The Kendall Company, Boston,

Mass.

[22] Filed: Apr. 29, 1970 [21] Appl. No.2 32,950

3,060,932 10/1962 Pereny et al 128/132 D 3,538,912 11/1970 Becker 128/132 D 3,565,067 2/1971 Bayer 128/132 D Primary Examiner- Lawrence Charles Attorney-Powell L. Sprunger [5 7] ABSTRACT A disposable surgical drape, having a fenestration therein through which the surgeon has access to the 52 us. c1. 128/132 11 Surgical Site of Wig"t by drape; 51 1m. (:1. A6lf 13/00 Surface drape adjacent the [58] Field or Search..;. 128/132 269 fenesmti being fluid and another region of the drape adjacent said fluid re- [56] References Cited pellent, non-absorptive region which is capable of ab- 1 sorbing fluids being located on the drape surface at a UNITED STATES PATENTS level below the level of the fenestration and in the m i :32 g path of flow of fluid from the surgical site across the 3 561 439 2/1971 Ba y fij: 128/132 D repellent non'absorpflve region 3,410,266 11/1968 Krzewinski et a1. 128/132 D 9 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures J 6 ma SURGICAL DRAPE WITH ABSORP'IIVE "REGION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to disposable apparel articles for covering at least a portion of the bodyduring a surgical or obstetrical procedure, such as surgical drapes.

The use of surgical disposable drapes which are repellent and impervious to the passage of water and blood therethrough has for some time been recognized as desirable to provide a more efficient barrieragainst bacterial penetration or migration during surgical or obstetrical procedures, than is obtained with cloth drapes. Widespread use of fluid repellent-and impervious disposable drapes, however, creates subsidiary problems attendant their use. Primary among these problems is the runof of blood and other fluids during surgery onto the surgeon, other members of the operating team, the floor, or the operating table.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide a disposable surgical drape which reduces, controls or eliminates such undesirable fluid runoff.

A further object of this invention is to provide a disposable surgical drape having a top surface area adjacent the surgical site providing a path of fluid flow to another area of the drape for collection of the fluid.

In accordance with this invention, the disposable surgical apparel article is composed of a drapable sheet of material which is resistant to the passage of bacteria therethrough. The sheet is drapable so as to conform to the contours of the body of the patient when it is positioned over the body to cover it during a surgical or obstetrical operation. The top surface of the sheet, i.e., the surface facing away from the patient, comprises a region which is fluid repellent and non-absorptive to fluids. This region may be resistant or impervious to the passage of fluid therethrough. The region is located on the surface of the drape so as to be adjacent to the surgical site when the drape covers the body of the patient. The top surface of the sheet also has a region which is capableof absorbing fluids. This absorptive region is located adjacent the fluid repellent, non-absorptive region, and is separated from the site of surgery by the fluid repellent, non-absorptive region. The fluid absorptive region of the drape is normally located at a lower level than said fluid repellent, non-absorptive region when the drape is in use covering a body or portion thereof. The fluid absorptive region is so located as to be in the path of flow of fluid from the surgical site across the repellent non-absorptive region.

In a preferred embodiment, the fluid repellent, nonabsorptive region is located within a central section of the drape. This region is provided with a fenestration through which the surgeon has access to the surgical site in those instances where the drape is to cover all regions adjacentthe site of the surgery.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS While some of the more salient features, characteristics, objects, and advantages of the present invention have been referred to above, others will become apparent from the following disclosure taken together with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view ofone embodiment of a drape according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of another embodiment of a dape constructed according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a section taken at 3.3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 isa sectional view of adrape of this invention at the fenestration therein showing the structure thereof at the fenestration different from the structure shown in FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a drape constructed according to the invention as employed during a surgical procedure.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS I In the following drawings the same numerals are used to designate like elements in the drapes. The numeral '10 designates generally asurgical drape. The drape is comprised ofa drapable main sheet I2, having a generally rectangular shape common to :many surgical drapes in conventional use a pair of end edges Ila and Ilb,

anda pair of side edges 13a and 13b connecting the end edges 11a and b. The sheet 12 is resistant to the passage of bacteria therethrough and is fluid repellent, and generally fluid nonabsorptive, and may be resistant or impervious to penetration of fluid from one surface thereof to the opposite surface thereof. The sheet 12 has a fenestration 14 therein located substantially centrally between the outer margins of the drape 10. It is through the fenestration 14 that a surgical or obstetrical procedure may be performed. A layer of fluid absorbent'material 16 is attached to the sheet 12 along centralportions of each of the longitudinal side edges of the drape. At least a portion of the peripheral edge of each of the layers 16 in FIG. 1 is located inwardly from the outer marginal edges of the drape l0 and is spaced away from the periphery of the opening 14.

There is thus provided on the top surface of the drape 10 shown in FIG. 1 a region A which is fluid repellent and non-absorptive and a region B which is fluid .absorptive. Although the layer of flruid absorptive material 16 may be porous and permit the passage of fluid therethrough, the region B is repellent or impervious to fluid by reason of the underlying section of sheet 12 As clearly shown in FIG. 5, the fluid absorptive layer 16 is located at a lower level than that portion of the fluid repellent, non-absorptive layer 12 intermediate the fenestration l4 and the absorptive layer 16 when the drape is in use covering a body or portion thereof. The absorptive layers 16 are, furthermore, located in the path of flow of fluid from the surgical site at the fenestration 14 across the repellent sheet 12. In many instances of surgery, the direction of fluid runoff from the surgical site is toward the sides of the operating table 18. In these instances the drape shown in FIG. I would be used, positioned as shown in FIG. 5 with the layers 16 of absorbent material attached to the sheet 12 between the periphery of the fenestration 14 and the loagitudinal edges of the drape l0. I

The drape shown in FIG. 2 has a layer 16 of fluid absorbent material forming a fluid absorptive region B completely surrounding the fenestration 14. The peripheral edges 15 of the region which are located inwardly from the outer marginal edges of the drape 10 are spaced from the periphery of the fenestration l4 and border a fluid repellent, non-absorptive region A. to thus provide a fluid absorptive region B juxtaposed to a fluid repellent region A, the region B normally being located at a lower level than the region A. when the drape is in use.

As more clearly shown in FIG. 3, the region A comprises a sheet of fluid repellent, non-absorptive material which may be the same as sheet 12, having a fenestration therein in registration with the fenestration l4 and attached to and covering a portion of the layer 16 immediately adjacent and surrounding the fenestration 14.

FIG. 4 is an illustration of an alternate structure of a drape in the section surrounding the fenestration 14. In this instance.the absorbent material is recessed from the fenestrations, and the drape 10 at the peripheral edge of the fenestration 14 consists of a two-ply laminate of the sheets 12 and 20. The edge surfaceof the fenestration 14 thus formed is fluid repellent and nonabsorptive. In comparison, the structure shown in FIG. 3 has an exposed edge surface of the layer 16 along the peripheral edge of the fenestration 14. The drape shown in FIG. 2, with either of the structures at the fenestration 14 shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, has the advantage of greater protection against fluid runoff. Such drape configurations are usable in a variety of-surgieal procedures. Further, the multi-plies serve to reinforce the drape in the area immediately adjacent to and surrounding the fenestration 14.

Within the scope of the invention, the absorbent layer 16 may be composed of any absorbent material, fibrous or otherwise, and includes textile fabrics, either woven or nonwoven, paper, and porous cellular plasties, to give a few examples. Combinations of these materials may be advantageously employed. The sheet 12 may be composed of any material which in sheet form is resistant to the passage of bacteria and is nonabsorptive. Sheet 12 may be fluid repellent or impervious. Sheets of plastic films which are drapable and have the desired properties are thin sheets of polyvinyl chloride film and polyolefin films, such as films of polyeth-' ylene and polypropylene.

What is claimed is:

l. A disposable article of surgical apparel for covering at least a portion of the body during a surgical procedure comprising:

a drapable sheet of fiber-containing material resistant to the passage of bacteria therethrough,

said sheet having a top surface providing the top surface of said surgical apparel comprising a fluid repellent and nonabsorptive region and a fluid absorptive region,

said fluid repellent, non-absorptive region of said top surface located on the surgical apparel for positioning adjacent the surgical site,

said fluid absorptive region of said top surface juxtaposed to said fluid repellent, non-absorptive region and located at a lower level than said repellent, non-absorptive region when said apparel is in use covering a body or portion thereof and in the path of flow of fluid'from the surgical site across the fluid repellent, non-absorptive region.

2. A disposable drape comprising a drapable sheet of fiber-containing material resistant to the passage of bacteria and fluid therethrough, said sheet having a fenestration therein, the top surface of said sheet having at least one region wherein an absorbent material is laminated thereto, said region being spaced from the periphery of the fenestration and located on said'drape at a lower level than the fenestration when said drape is in use covering a body or a portion thereof and located in the path of flow of fluid from the surgical site at the fenestration across the top surface of the drapable sheet.

3. A disposable drape comprising a first drapable sheet of fiber-containing material resistant to the passage of bacteria and fluid therethrough, said first sheet having a fenestration therein, the top surface of said first sheet having a region which extends to the periphery of the fenestration wherein an absorbent material is laminated thereto, and a second sheet resistant to the passage of fluid of dimensions less than the overall dimensions of said region, said second sheet having a fenestration therein, said second sheet being superimposed over and laminated to said region with the fenestrations in said first and second sheets in register.

4. A disposable drape for covering at least a portion of a patients body, comprising:

a main sheet of fiber-containing material resistant to the passage of bacteria and fluid therethrough. said sheet having a fluid repellent, non-absorptive top surface facing away from the patient when the drape is placed on the patient, a pair of end edges, a pair of side edges connecting the end edges, and a fenestration;

a fluid absorbent material secured to the top surface of said sheet with at least a portion of the absorbent material being positioned intermediate said fenestration and at least one of said side edges.

5. The drape of claim 4 wherein said absorbent material surrounds said fenestration.

6. The drape of claim 5 including a fluid repellent, non-absorptive reinforcement sheet secured to the absorbent material and surrounding the fenestration, said reinforcement sheet having a fenestration and covering a portion of the absorbent material.

7. The drape of claim 4 wherein said absorbent material is recessed from said fenestrations.

8. The drape of 'claim 4 wherein the absorbent material has an edge surface along the peripheral edge of the fenestration of the main sheet.

9. A disposable drape for covering at least a portion of a patients body, comprising:

a main sheet of fluid repellent, fiber-containing material having a top surface facing away from the patient when the drape is placed on the patient, a pair of end edges, a pair of side edges connecting the end edges, and a fenestration;

a fluid absorbent material secured to the top surface of said sheet, with at least a portion of the absorbent material being positioned intermediate said fenestration and at least one of said end edges.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3030957 *Mar 6, 1959Apr 24, 1962Melges Frederick JDisposable obstetrical and/or surgical cover means
US3060932 *Jul 21, 1960Oct 30, 1962Protective Treat S IncSterile surgical drape and method
US3410266 *Jun 24, 1966Nov 12, 1968Johnson & JohnsonSurgical apparel
US3503391 *Feb 14, 1967Mar 31, 1970Melges Frederick JNon-woven surgical shield or cover member
US3538912 *Aug 26, 1968Nov 10, 1970American Hospital Supply CorpFenestrated surgical drape and method of forming the same
US3561439 *Dec 12, 1968Feb 9, 1971Mars Mfg Co IncLaparotomy sheet with plastic center strip having absorbent layer
US3565067 *Sep 23, 1968Feb 23, 1971Mars Mfg Co IncLaparotomy sheet with plastic reinforcement
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3921627 *May 14, 1974Nov 25, 1975Spartan Mills IncSurgical drape with drainage troughs
US5203350 *Sep 24, 1991Apr 20, 1993Rotecno AgMedical surgical cover sheet
US5305765 *Oct 28, 1992Apr 26, 1994Little Rapids CorporationCystoscopy splash shield
US5341821 *Dec 30, 1991Aug 30, 1994Boundary Healthcare Products CorporationSurgical drape and method of making a surgical drape
US5540979 *May 16, 1994Jul 30, 1996Yahiaoui; AliPorous non-woven bovine blood-oxalate absorbent structure
US5611356 *Feb 12, 1996Mar 18, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanySurgical drapes having tape attachment strips
US5640975 *Nov 23, 1994Jun 24, 1997Diao; EdwardSurgical drape for use in upper extremity operations
US5765566 *Jul 11, 1994Jun 16, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanySurgical drapes having tape attachment strips
US6070587 *Oct 1, 1997Jun 6, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyOne-piece opthalmic drape and methods
US6105579 *Sep 29, 1998Aug 22, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyOphthalmic drape with tear line and method
US6279578 *Jan 19, 1999Aug 28, 2001Rexam Medical Packaging, Inc.Medical drape
US6286511Mar 31, 2000Sep 11, 20013M Innovative Properties CompanyOphthalmic drape with tear line and method
US6405730Aug 2, 2001Jun 18, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyOphthalmic drape with tear line and method
US6497233 *Mar 13, 2001Dec 24, 2002Deangelis Luciano S.One-piece sterile drape for use on surgical instrument carts
US6748952May 30, 2001Jun 15, 2004Rexam Healthcare Flexibles Inc.Medical drape
EP1996110A1 *Mar 20, 2007Dec 3, 2008Mölnlycke Health Care ABSurgical drape having an absorbent edge
WO1993005741A1 *Sep 11, 1992Apr 1, 1993Little Rapids CorpCystoscopy splash shield
WO2006097635A1Mar 16, 2006Sep 21, 2006VygonMethod and device for arthroscopy
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/853
International ClassificationA61B19/00, A61B19/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61B19/08
European ClassificationA61B19/08
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 1, 1990ASAssignment
Owner name: BOUNDARY HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS CORPORATION, MISSISSI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KENDALL COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005254/0070
Effective date: 19900126
Feb 1, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY, AS AGENT
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KENDALL COMPANY, THE;REEL/FRAME:005251/0007
Effective date: 19881027