|Publication number||US3767125 A|
|Publication date||Oct 23, 1973|
|Filing date||May 28, 1971|
|Priority date||May 28, 1971|
|Publication number||US 3767125 A, US 3767125A, US-A-3767125, US3767125 A, US3767125A|
|Inventors||Gehres E, Jordan G, Usen N|
|Original Assignee||Union Carbide Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (37), Classifications (8), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [1 1 Gehres et al.
[ 1 Oct. 23, 1973 MULTIPLE ORIFICE AEROSOL ACTUATOR  Inventors: Ernst Gehres, Kisco; Gilbert S. v I
' Jordan, Monroe; Norman Usen,
West Haverstraw, all of NY.
 Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation, New
 Filed: May 28, 1971 ] Appl. No.: 148,167
Related U.S. Application Data  Continuation of Ser. No. 859,659, Sept. 26, 1969,
abandoned, which is a continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 772,703, Nov. 1, 1968, abandoned.
 U.S. C1. 239/552, 239/600  Int. Cl 1305b l/14  Field of Search... 222/394, 145, 402.1402.25;
 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS v N 2,612,293 9/1952 Michel 239/573 X 2,965,271 12/1960 Sotfer et al. 239/573 2,974,880
3/1961 Stewartet a1 239/579 X 3,018,969 1/1962 Gentry 239/579 X 2,676,650 4/1954 Brierly 239/553.5 X 3,289,949 12/1966 Roth 222/394 X 3,415,426 12/1968 Kleveland 222/565 X 1,748,248 2/1930 Shepherd 239/304 X 2,974,880 3/1961 Stewart et al. 239/579 X 3,178,120 4/1965 Kappel 222/402.l X 3,199,600 8/1965 Jacobs 222/145 X 3,332,626 7/1967 Meshberg 239/579 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 389,097 6/1908 France 239/552 Primary Examiner-Samuel F. Coleman Attorney-Paul A. Rose, John F. Hohmann and John R. Doherty  ABSTRACT An aerosol actuator assembly having a multiple orifice discharge arrangement is provided by means of an insert placed within the dispensing conduit of an aerosol actuator button whose inner surface cooperates with the outer surface of the insert to form multiple dispensing conduits. The separately structured actuator button and insert provide an arrangement obviating molding problems which would arise with a one-piece multiple orifice actuator.
7 Claims, 12 Drawing Figures PAIENIEnnm 23 ms SHEEI 1 [1F 2 NNNNNN 0R5 ERNST GEHRES GILBERT 5 JORDAN N MAN USE N BY ORNEY PAIENIEflumza ms 3,767,125 sum 2 or 2 HI INVENTORS ERNST GEHRES GILBERT 5. JORDAN NORMAN USE/V turn a continuation in part of application, Ser. No.
772,703 filed Nov. 1, 1968, both now abandoned, and assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.
cation intended. In general, the spray produced in dry powder aerosol systems tends to be a rather diffuse and billowy pattern. Control and direction of the spray may be accomplished by appropriate adaptation of the ar- The present invention relates to aerosol dispensers,
and more particularly to the structure and arrangement of an aerosol actuator, specifically the discharge orifice means thereof. The invention is particularly concerned with overcoming certain difficulties which may arise in the manufacturing procedures pertaining to anactuator discharge configuration involving multiple orifices. Furthermore, the invention is regarded as having par ticular utility in connection with dispensing of dry powder aerosol formulations.
Dry powder aerosols differ in many significant ways from liquid aerosol systems and, consequently, they may require different approaches with regard to dispensing structures and techniques. An example of a dry powder system contemplated in the utilization of the present invention is described and claimed in US. Pat. No. 3,081,223 issued Mar. 12, 1963 to P. E. Gunning and D. R. Rink. This patent relates to an aerosol system which differs basically from previously known systems, particularly systems utilizing a slurry type mixture, in that it involves a self-propelled powderwhich is delivered from a pressurized container in a dry spray which is substantially liquid-free. This dry powder system comprises a free-flowing powder composition which constitutes the active material to be dispensed from the container. At least one component of the powder composition comprises particles of a liquid propellantsorbent material, with a varporizable liquid propellant being held in said sorbent material under the vapor pressure of the propellant normally existing in the container at ambient temperature. Upon exposure of the aerosol formulation to the ambient environment externally of the container, the propellant is vaporized'by reducing the pressure to which it is exposed. The dry powder system contemplated herein comprises a threephase system including a vapor phase and a homogeneous, free-flowing powdered composition, the latter containing a vaporizable propellant. The powder composition which constitutes a major portion of the system, provides the supporting phase. Thus, one important distinction between the dry powder system contemplated herein and the slurry systems previously mentioned resides in the fact that in the slurry system a liquid propellant constitutes the supporting phase whereas in the dry powder system referred to herein the powder is the supporting phase.
Other significant distinguishing features exist and because of these it becomes necessary to provide dispensing techniques and structures which are especially adaptable for utilization with dry powder systems in order to provide dispensing and application of the dry powder aerosol formulation in the most appropriate and advantageous manner.
One of the more significant aspects relating to successful, effective dispensing and utilization of dry powder aerosol formulations is the nature of the spray pattern achieved when the aerosol formulation is dispensed. The determination of a particular spray pattern which will be most advantageous under a particular set of circumstances will depend largely upon the nature of the aerosol formulation involved and the type of applirangement and configuration of the actuator assembly utilized with the aerosol system, particularly the internal conduit means provided which direct the aerosol formulation from the valve stem to the target area to which aerosol formulation is to be applied for ultimate use.- Of particular importance is the arrangement and configuration of the orifice means located at the point on the actuator structure at which the aerosol formulationuntimatelyexits from the dispensing assembly. The configuration and arrangement of the exit orifice means plays a very significant role in determining the nature and effect of the spray pattern of the aerosol formulation as it strikes the target area.
Another factor of significant importance relates to the cost of manufacture and the ability to apply presently known manufacturing techniques and apparatus in producing a particular aerosol actuator structure. The needs and requirements of the specific spray pattern desired must be successfully met in an actuator assembly which is arranged and configured in such a way that it may be readily manufactured with known techniques and apparatus at a cost which is not prohibitive and which will permit marketing of the aerosol system in a commercially competitive manner. Most aerosol actuators are made from molded thermoplastic materials and they must, therefore, be adaptive to known molding techniques and equipment. Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved aerosol actuator assembly, especially adapted for utilization with dry powder. aerosol systems, which can provide desired control of the dispensing spray pattern of an aerosol formulation and which may be manufactured in an economical and efficient manner utilizing presently known manufacturing techniques and apparatus.
Briefly, the present invention may be described as an aerosol actuator assembly comprising an actuator button having an internal conduit defined therein and separately formed insert means mounted within said internal conduit with the surface of said insert means cooperating with the wall of said internal conduit to form therebetween multiple dispensing conduit means.
In accordance with the invention there may be provided in a two-piece structure comprising an actuator button and insert means, a plurality of aerosol formulation dispensing conduits which may be arranged in nonparallel relationship while avoiding serious manufacturing obstacles which would arise if such a dispensing arrangement were to be molded in a singlepiece.
The multiple conduit arrangement enabled by the present invention permits more advantageous control of the spray pattern of a dispensed dry powder formulation. Because of the multiple conduits, a wider dispersion of aerosol formulation is possible with much greater control within the target area desired then would be possible with a single orifice configuration. By utilizing multiple conduit dispensing, greater flexibility of spray pattern configurations can be achieved while at the same time enabling more predictable control of the density and quantity of aerosol formulation inpinging upon a target area within the particular spray pattern efiected.
A better understanding of the invention may be had by reference to the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment thereof taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. I is a cross sectional view taken along the line ll of FIG. 2, of an actuator assembly embodying the principles of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the embodiment of FIG. 1, showing the pattern of multiple orifices through which aerosol formulation is dispensed;
FIG. 3 is a sectional elevation of another aerosol actuator assembly embodying the principles of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the actuator assembly of FIG. 3 showing the pattern of multiple orifices through which aerosol formulation is dispensed;
FIG. 5 is an elevational view depicting the insert of the present invention which is shown in cross section in FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a top view of the insert of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7, 9 and 11 are sectional elevations of alternative embodiments of the invention taken, respectively, along the lines 77, 99 and ll1l of FIGS. 8, l0 and 12, with FIGS. 9 and 1 1 partially broken away; and
FIGS. 8, l0 and 12 are, respectively, from views of the embodiments of FIGS. 7, 9 and 1 1 showing the patterns of multiple orifices through which aerosol formulation is dispensed.
Referrring now to the drawings wherein like reference numerals designate similar structural elements, particularly FIGS. 1 and 2 thereof, there is shown an actuator assembly 10 comprising a base member 12 and an insert 14 of molded thermoplastic material. In many respects, the actuator assembly 10 comprises a conventional structural configuration. For example, the base member 12 includes a cylindrically shaped conduit defined by an inner wall 16 with a lower portion 160 defining a larger diameter opening adaptable to fit securely over the valve stem (not shown) of an ordinary aerosol container. Flow of aerosol formulation through the actuator 10 for dispensing may be effected in a conventional manner by depressing the actuator 10 thereby to depress the valve stem positioned within conduit 16a whereby aerosol formulation is caused to flow from the valve stem through the conduit 16a, 16.
The conduit 16 communicates in fiow relationship with a plurality of conduits 18 and a centrally located conduit 18a. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the conduits 18 extend from conduit 16 in non-parallel directions and terminate in a circular pattern about centrally located conduit 18a.
Base member 12 comprises a conically shaped conduit 20, while insert 14 is similarly conically shaped and comprises an outer wall 22, with the wall of conduit 20 and outer wall 22 laying firmly against each other thereby maintaining the insert 14 by frictional engagement within the base member 12 in the manner depicted in FIGS. 1 and 2.
The insert 14 has formed on the outer wall 22 thereof six channels each defined by three side walls 19a, 19b and 190 which form three of four sides defining a conduit 18. The fourth side of conduit 18 is defined by the surface of conduit 20 overlying and opposite the side 19b of the channels of insert 14.
The base member 12 and the insert 14 are molded separately, and without the insert 14 in position within the base member 12, the member 12 by itself would comprise an aerosol actuator having a single, conically shaped exit conduit 20. However, by insertion of insert 14, this single, conical conduit may be converted'into a plurality of conduits l8 and 18a, there being a total of seven such conduits shown in the drawing of FIGS. 1 and 2.
Of course, it will be apparent that the channels defining the conduits 18 may also be formed in the base member 20 instead of on the surface of the insert 14. In order to accomplish this, it would merely be necessary to reduce the diameter of conduit 20 to that depicted by dotted line 20a. Channels would then be formed within the base member 12 with the insert 14 comprising a smooth outer surface adapted to define one side of channels 18 coinciding with side 19b.
The advantages of manufacturing the actuator assembly 10 in two parts as described herein will be more clearly understood by considering the molding difficulties that would be involved with a one-piece, unitary actuator having plural conduits as depicted in FIGS. 1 and 2. Such a one-piece actuator would require molding procedures and techniques of great complexity and difficulty in order to produce an arrangement similar to that of conduits 18. Assuming that such a molding procedure could be accomplished, it would involve an expense resulting in an actuator cost that would either be prohibitive or necessitate a virtually noncompetitive selling price.
Accordingly, it will be clear that one of the more important benefits of the present invention relates to the fact that a multiple orifice actuator may be provided with achievement of the benefits and advantages resulting therefrom, while avoiding the serious obstacles and problems that would be inherent in the manufacture of a one-piece arrangement.
A preferred embodiment of the invention which is basically similar to that previously described in connection with FIGS. 1 and 2 is depicted in FIGS. 3-6, which show an actuator button 25 of molded thermoplastic material comprising an upper curved surface 26 whose contour is adapted to comfortably accommodate the finger of a user of the aerosol system upon which the button 25 is mounted. Button 25 is formed with a generally cylindrical side wall 28, with a conical conduit defined by a conically shaped internal wall 30 terminating at the surface 28 and forming a circular opening therein as depicted in FIG. 4. A centrally located, cylindrically shaped dependent leg 32 adapts the button 25 for cooperative engagement with the valve stem (not shown) of an aerosol container by means of a cylindrical conduit defined by cylindrically shaped internal walls 34 and 34a. The larger diameter portion 34a is sized to fit tightly about an aerosol valve stem to effect actuation of the stem in a manner similar to that described in connection to the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2. Accordingly, it will be apparent that aerosol formulation may flow through the conduit 34 to the conduit defined by conical wall 30 which is in flow relationship therewith. A conically shaped insert 35 of molded thermoplastic material similar in configuration and operation to the insert 14 previously described is adapted to fit securely with frictional engagement within the conical wall 30 of button 25.
The insert 35 comprises an upper section 36 and a base section 38 both shaped as a conical frustum, with the base section 38 having a plurality of channels formed therein, said channels each being defined by a base surface 40 and a pair of side surfaces 42 and 44. Additionally, the insert 35 has a centrally located cylindrical conduit 46 extending completely therethrough in an axial direction. The insert 35 is shaped and sized to fit tightly in frictional engagement within conical wall 30 of button 25.
Although the insert 35 is securely held within conical wall 30, it is possible to effect removal therefrom by application of an outwardly pulling force. Thereby, it would be possible to replace the insert 35 with another insert which might provide a different multiple orifice arrangement for the aerosol system. For example, instead of providing seven orifices as described in the present embodiment, a different insert might provide a different number of orifices arranged in a different pattern. Accordingly, it should be noted that the inserts of the present invention can be made interchangeable.
with other inserts thereby to enable variation of the structure controlling the spray pattern of the aerosol formulation. In this manner, there may be enabled adaptation of the spray pattern to comply'with requirements of a particular aerosol formulation as well as of the specific application intended therefor.
In some cases it may be necessary to provide means other than frictional engagement to retain the insert means within the dispensing conduit. Such a need may arise, for example, if the material used comprises too smooth a surface or if the aerosol system employed produces too great a pressure within the dispensing conduit. In such a situation, any suitable means, which could involve ordinary mechanical skill, may be utilized to assist in retaining the insert means in position. For example, expedients within the ordinary knowledge of those skilled in the art might include a suitable adhesive applied to the surface of the insert means, or the insert means could be configured to include a mechanical holding arrangement.
It should be further noted that the channels defined by walls 40, 42 and 44 are provided only in the base section 38 of insert 35, and that the upper section 36 comprises a smooth conical outer surface 48 having no channels formed therein. As depicted in FIGS. 5 and 6, the surface 48 of upper section 36 terminates at its upper end at a flat, annular surface 50 which has cylindrical wall 46 terminating thereat. At its lower or base portion, upper section 36 comprises a base diameter 52 which coincides with the upper terminations of the surfaces 40 of the channels formed in base section 38. Accordingly, it will be apparent that the depth of the channels formed in base section 38, and consequently the width of the side walls 42 and 44, will be equivalent to the distance from base diameter 52 to an outer surface 54 on the lower section 38. Therefore, the width of a group of flat, horizontal curved surfaces 56 which lie between the base 52 and the upper termination 58 of side wall 54 will be equivalent to the depth of the channels defined by the walls 40, 42 and 44.
The particular configuration of the insert 35 depicted herein, with the upper section 36 comprising a smooth outer surface 48 having no channels therein, is intended to adapt the insert 35 for utilization and insertion within an opening similar to the opening defined by conical wall 30 which comprises a diminished cross section of flow area at a point approaching the valve stem conduit 34. As the flow area of the opening 30 diminishes, the cross sectional dimension of the insert 35 likewise must diminish and it is conceivable that the cross sectional area of the opening 30 could become too small to enable provision of multiple conduits having a constant cross sectional flow area extending completely to the inner end of the insert 35. Accordingly, in order to permit an insert configuration which tapers to a relatively small dimension, while simultaneously maintaining a constant cross sectional flow area along the entire length of the conduits formed in base section 38, the channels formed by the walls 40, 42 and 44 are provided only upon the base section 38 of insert 35 which corresponds to the end of opening 30 having a sufficiently large cross sectional area to accommodate an insert with channels therein.
Furthermore, it is considered advantageous to provide the smallest feasible cross sectional area at the innermost end of the insert means, e.g. at surface 50, in order to avoid packing and agglomeration of the aerosol formulation, particularly in assemblies utilizing the aforementioned dry powder aerosol system of U.S. Pat. No. 3,081,223. A large cross sectional area at the innermost end of the insert would tend to enhance the tendency for the powder to accumulate there, and thus a tapering or conical configuration is preferred.
It will be apparent that the two-piece configuration for the actuator button and the insert depicted and described herein will provide a structural arrangement which obviates serious molding problems that would arise with a one-piece integral arrangement. The button 25 represents an aerosol actuator button which may be molded in any acceptable manner known to those skilled in the art. With an insert similar to either insert 14 or 35, arranged as a separate member, it becomes a relatively simple operation to mold a multiple conduit actuator, as depicted herein. Furthermore, with the insert arranged as a separate, removable element, an ordinary actuator button having the appropriate orifice configuration may be adapted to provide a variety of multiple orifice configurations, with the orifices having the potential for being arranged in differing patterns or with a different total number of orifices. In this manner, spray pattern control may be effected to adapt a particular aerosol structure to effect a spray pattern most suitable for the specific aerosol formulation utilized as well as for the particular application intended.
Some further variations in structure and in discharge orifice patterns which are attainable by means of the present invention are depicted in FIGS. 7-12. FIGS. 7
and 8 show an arrangement wherein an insert member 135 having a smooth outer surface with no channels formed therein is positioned within an actuator button comprising an internal conically shaped conduit having six channels formed therein. It will be apparent that the construction depicted in FIGS. 7 and 8 is basically similar to that depicted in FIGS. 3-6 except that the channels which define the multiple conduits are formed in the actuator button internal surface rather than upon the outer surface of the inset member.
Insert shown in FIG. 7 is basically similar to insert 35 shown in FIGS. 3-6 with the exception that the channels formed by side walls 40, 42 and 44 in the base section 38 are not provided in insert 135. Accordingly, insert 35 may be adapted to the configuration of insert 135 by forming the outer surface 54 of the base section 38 as a smooth conical surface having no channels formed therein. The conduit 130 formed in the interior of actuator button 135 comprises a plurality of channels formed therein, said channels each being defined by a base surface 140 and a pair of side surfaces 142 and 144. Accordingly, it will be apparent that with the insert member 135 in position within conduit 130 there will be provided six nonparallel conduits through which aerosol formulation may be dispensed, each of said conduits being defined between surfaces 140, 142 and 144, and an outer smooth surface 154 of insert 135.
For the purpose of maintaining a smooth flow path, the channels in the conduit 130 are tapered at the inlet end, and as will be apparent from FIG. 7, the surface 140 comprises a tapered inlet portion 141 which terminates at the surface of conduit 130 forming a smooth merger therewith. The surfaces 142 and 144 taper to a point at the inlet end of conduit 130 where surface 141 merges with the surface of conduit 130. This configuration is intended to provide a smoother flow path avoiding flat surfaces upon which aerosol formulation, particularly the dry powder type, might tend to agglomerate.
FIGS. 9 and 10, and FIGS. 11 and 12, depict, respectively, two other alternative embodiments of the invention. In the alternative embodiment of FIGS. 9 and 10, both the insert member and the actuator button are formed with channels therein. In this manner, the cross-sectional flow area of each of the multiple conduits may be increased-or doubled if the channels in the insert are of equal depth with the channels in the actuator button-merely by aligning the channels in each member so that they are juxtaposed each opposite another as shown in FIG. 10. In the alternative embodiment of FIGS. 11 and 12 the number of dispensing conduits may be doubled when the insert member is slightly rotated so that the channels formed therein are positioned between the channels formed in the actuator button, with each of the channels in one member being juxtaposed opposite a smooth portion of the surface of the other member.
Referring now in further detail to the alternative embodiment of FIGS. 9 and 10, there is shown an insert member 35A and an actuator button 125 which is identical to the actuator button of FIGS. 7 and 8. The insert 35A is identical with the insert 35 shown and described in FIGS. 3-6, with the exception that in FIG. 9, a sloped or slanted surface 56A replaces the horizontal curved surfaces 56 shown in the embodiment of FIGS. 3-6. The reason for slanting the surface 56A relates to the tendency previously described of the dry powder aerosol formulation to accumulate or agglomerate upon a flat surface. With the slanted surface 56A, a smoother flow path is produced. With the exception of surface 56A the insert member 35A is formed identically to insert 35 and comprises channels defined by walls 40A, 42A and 44A formed only in the base section 38A of insert 35A, with the upper section 36A thereof comprising a smooth outer surface 48A.
As previously described, the actuator button 125 comprises an internal dispensing conduit 130 having formed therein a plurality of channels defined by walls 140, 142 and 144. In FIGS. 9 and 10, the insert member 35A is placed within the conduit 130 in an angular of the channels in the insert member 35A is equivalent to the depth of the channels in the conduit 130. Other dimensional configurations will be clearly apparent to anyone skilled in the art.
By the expedient of angularly displacing the channels in the insert member 35A, the number of dispensing conduits may be doubled while the flow area of each conduit is halved. This embodiment is shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, which comprises a structure identical to the structure shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 with the insert member 35A rotated to place the channels formed therein between the channels formed in the internal conduit 130. As best shown in FIG. 12, the channels in the insert member 35A which are formed by walls 40A, 42A and 44A are placed opposite the smooth outer surface 54A of insert member 35A, surface 54A being that portion of the outer surface of the insert member 35A extending between the channels formed therein. The channels defined by walls 140, 142 and 144 which are formed in conduit are likewise positioned between the channels formed in the outer surface of the insert member 35A. The channels in conduit 130 are juxtaposed opposite the smooth surface 54A of insert member 35A. Thus, it will be apparent that in the embodiment depicted in FIGS. 11 and 12 there has been effected a doubling of the number of discharge conduits by the expedient of forming channels in both the insert member and in the actuator button and by placement of the insert member within the actuator button in an appropriate angular position.
Accordingly, it will be apparent that several alternative structural embodiments are possible within the concepts of the present invention. By replacing or rotating the insert member, a single actuator button may be utilized to effect one of a variety of differing multiple conduit patterns and arrangements. Thus, an actuator assembly for an aerosol system could be configured to adapt to a variety of differing applications and uses, with the present invention being particularly advantageous when utilized with a dry powder aerosol system since there may be provided control and variation of the spray pattern whereby the active aerosol ingredient may be deposited upon a target area in a more advantageous manner.
What is claimed is:
1. An aerosol actuator assembly comprising an actuator button including means for engaging a valve stem of an aerosol container having aerosol formulation therein, said button being operative to actuate said valve stem to effect discharge of said aerosol formulation therefrom, conduit means defined by an internal surface of said actuator button directing flow of said aerosol formulation from said valve stem to a dispensing location, and insert means positioned within said conduit means structurally distinct and separately formed from said actuator button, the surface of said insert means and said internal surface of said actuator button defining .therebetween a plurality of nonparallel channels for dispensing said aerosol formulation, said insert means comprising two integrally formed sections with one of said sections comprising said channels and with the other of said sections comprising a tapered configuration forming the smallest cross-sectional area of said insert means and adapted to be placed within said conduit means at a location within the flow path defined thereby which is closest to said valve stem.
2. An aerosol actuator assembly according to claim 1 Wherein said insert means is removably mounted within said conduit means in tight frictional engagement therewith. V
3. An aerosol actuator assembly according to claim 1 wherein said insert means includes a conduit completely defined by an internal surface of said insert means extending through said insert means in a manner whereby aerosol formulation may be dispensed therethrough.
4. An aerosol actuator assembly according to claim 1 wherein said insert means and said actuator button are separately molded from thermoplastic material.
5. An aerosol actuator assembly comprising an actuator button including means for engaging a valve stem of an aerosol container having aerosol formulation therein, said button being operative to actuate said valve stem to effect discharge of said aerosol formulation therefrom, conduit means defined by an internal surface of said actuator button directing flow of said actuator formulation from said valve stem to a dispensing location, and insert means positioned within said conduit means structurally distinct and separately formed from said actuator button, the surface of said insert means and said internal surface of said actuator button having formed therein a plurality of channels for dispensing said aerosol formulation, said insert means being variably positionable within said actuator button thereby to vary the juxtaposition between the channels in said button and the channels of said insert means.
6. An aerosol actuator assembly according to claim 5 wherein said insert means is positioned within said actuator button conduit means with the channels on said insert means and the channels in said button juxtaposed opposite each other to form between them said plurality of dispensing conduits.
7. An aerosol actuator assembly comprising an actuator button including means for engaging a valve stem of an aerosol container having aerosol formulation therein, said button being operative to actuate said valve stem to effect discharge of said aerosol formulation therefrom, conduit means defined by an internal surface of said actuator button directing flow of said actuator formulation from said valve stem to a dispensing location, and insert means positioned within said conduit means structurally distinct and separately formed from said actuator button, the surface of said insert means and said internal surface of said actuator button having formed therein a plurality of channels for dispensing said aerosol formulation, said insert means being positioned within said actuator button in a manner whereby the channels in said conduit means are angularly displaced from the channels on said insert means.
. P0405) UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTIQN Patent NO. 7,125 Dated October 23, 1973 Inventor(s) Ernst Gehres et al.
It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 8, lines 15-23 (page 14, lines 21-26 of Application No. 148,167) ,"smooth outer surface 54A of insert member 35A, surface 54A being that portion of the outer surface of the insert member 35A extending between the channels formed therein. The channels defined by walls 140, 142 and 144 which are formed in conduit 130 are likewise positioned between the channels formed in the outer surface of the insert member 35A. The channels in conduit 130 are juxtaposed" should read smooth portions of the surface of conduit 130 extending between the channels formed therein. In a similar fashion, the channels formed in conduit 130 which are defined by walls 140, 142 and 144 are likewise positioned between the channels formed in the outer surface of the insert member 35A, being juxtaposed Signed and Sealed this twenty-eight Day Of October 1975 [SEAL] Attest:
. RUTH c. MASON c. MARSHALL DANN Arresting Office Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks
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|U.S. Classification||239/552, 239/600|
|International Classification||B05B1/14, B65D83/16|
|Cooperative Classification||B05B1/14, B65D83/20|
|European Classification||B65D83/20, B05B1/14|
|Apr 10, 1991||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FIRST BRANDS CORPORATION
Free format text: RELASE OF SECURITY INTEREST RECORDED AT REEL 4645 AND FRAME 280-363 ON 12-08-1986.;ASSIGNOR:MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:005717/0599
Effective date: 19900802
|Dec 8, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MANUFACTURERS HANOVER TRUST COMPANY
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FIRST BRANDS CORPORATION, A CORP OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004645/0280
Effective date: 19860701
|Oct 8, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:MORGAN BANK (DELAWARE) AS COLLATERAL AGENT;REEL/FRAME:004665/0131
Effective date: 19860925
|Sep 15, 1986||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: FIRST BRANDS CORPORATION, 39 OLD RIDGEBURY RD., DA
Owner name: UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, A CORP OF NY
Effective date: 19860630
|Sep 15, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FIRST BRANDS CORPORATION, 39 OLD RIDGEBURY RD., DA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, A CORP OF NY;REEL/FRAME:004611/0201
Effective date: 19860630
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, A CORP OF NY;REEL/FRAME:004611/0201
|Jan 9, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MORGAN GUARANTY TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK, AND MOR
Free format text: MORTGAGE;ASSIGNORS:UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION, A CORP.,;STP CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE.,;UNION CARBIDE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS CO., INC., A CORP. OF PA.,;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004547/0001
Effective date: 19860106